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Blizna (Poland)
Basic data
State : Poland
Voivodeship : Subcarpathian
Powiat : Ropczyce-Sędziszów
Gmina : Ostrów
Geographic location : 50 ° 12 '  N , 21 ° 37'  E Coordinates: 50 ° 12 '0 "  N , 21 ° 37' 0"  E
Residents : 250
Telephone code : (+48) 17
License plate : RRS
Economy and Transport
Next international airport : Rzeszów-Jasionka

Blizna is a village with 250 inhabitants in south-eastern Poland . It belongs to the rural community ( gmina wiejska ) Ostrów in the powiat Ropczycko-Sędziszowski , Subcarpathian Voivodeship . Near Blizna was the SS - Truppenübungsplatz Heidelager .

After the bombing of the Peenemünde Army Research Center by the British Operation Hydra, the training and experimental battery 444 was relocated to this military training area in October 1943 in order to continue the test starts under field conditions with the unit 4 (A4) - later also referred to as the V2 retaliation weapon. The operating teams for field starts on the western front were also trained there. Polish partisans of the Polish Home Army AK found a dud from these experimental and training starts in the woods near Blizna. The Polish partisans had already observed and photographed the take-offs and reported them to London. On July 25 and 26, 1944, the "Operation III Most (Wildhorn III)" campaign started. The essential parts of the A4 could be transported in an adventurous way by plane with a C 47 Dakota via Italy to England, where they were examined and evaluated. For the first time, parts of the A4 came into the hands of the Allies.

After 1990, a memorial for the partisans' action was erected at the site.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Entry about Blizna on ( memento from April 17, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on June 6, 2014
  2. Ruth Kraft : Island without a beacon . Berlin 1959