|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 48 ° 4 ' N , 11 ° 5' E
|Administrative region :||Upper Bavaria|
|County :||Landsberg am Lech|
|Management Community :||Schondorf am Ammersee|
|Height :||582 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||8.21 km 2|
|Residents:||2263 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||276 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||86926|
|Area code :||08192|
|License plate :||LL|
|Community key :||09 1 81 123|
|LOCODE :||DE FEN|
|Community structure:||4 parts of the community|
|Address of the
|Mayoress :||Patricia Müller (L (i) worthy village)|
|Location of the community of Greifenberg in the Landsberg am Lech district|
Greifenberg ( [ 'ɡraɪ̯fn̩bɛrk ] ) is a municipality and a town in the Upper Bavarian district of Landsberg am Lech .
Greifenberg am Ammersee is located on a moraine wall of the Ammerseegletscher, on the Bundesautobahn 96 Lindau - Munich and the Augsburg - Geltendorf - Weilheim railway, around 17 kilometers east of Landsberg am Lech and 40 kilometers west of Munich, not far from the northwestern end of the Ammersee.
The municipality has four officially named municipal parts (the type of settlement is given in brackets ):
- Beuern ( Kirchdorf )
- Greifenberg ( parish village )
- Neugreifenberg (settlement)
- Painhofen ( hamlet )
Valloch and Theresienbad are not officially designated parts of the municipality and are part of Greifenberg.
There are the districts of Beuern and Greifenberg.
Until the 19th century
Greifenberg is one of several places of the former Hofmark am Ammersee, which was administered from Greifenberg Castle .
The early history of the community is largely unknown. Archaeological finds, monuments and place names in the vicinity suggest that the Greifenberger Flur was also settled in the early days. Nearby are fourteen barrows from the Hallstatt period, some 2500 years old . Until 500 BC The Illyrians probably lived in the region and were then pushed into the Alpine valleys and to the east by the Celts . Numerous coin finds in the corridor east of Greifenberg prove the presence of the Romans . The Alemanni then moved into the Ammersee area around 600 AD .
Greifenberg itself was probably founded by the Counts of Andechs , who owned goods from Amper to Paar in the first half of the 10th century . When the last Count of Andechs died in 1248, the fortress came into the hereditary possession of one of its ministerial families, in whom the baptismal name Grypho (= Gripho, Griffo, Greiff ) was particularly common. The name Greif was called the family name and the hereditary castle "Greifenberg". Gripho de Andechs is seen as the buyer and founder of Greifenberg, who is named in a foundation letter from 1230 to Scheyern as a servant and feudal man of Duke Otto von Meran and who appeared in 1257 as "Gripho de Greifenberg". In 1396 Hans the Greif took part in King Sigismund's crusade against the Turks who had invaded Hungary . The battle of Nicopolis in the Wallachian Danube lowlands ended with a heavy defeat for the crusaders and the victorious Sultan Bajesid had thousands of knights and men of the crusaders executed. Among them was Hans the griffin, the last of his line.
The fortress Greifenberg was inherited by the Schweiker von Gundelfingen, who shared their inheritance in 1404. Georg von Gundelfingen was now sitting on Greifenberg, but he sold the fortress back to the Duke of Bavaria's family in 1410. Erhard von Perfall was then appointed Burgvogt by Duke Wolfgang and in 1478 received the castle and maintenance from him together with all Hofmarksgüter for 4,000 guilders . In 1507 the ducal brothers finally sold the Hofmark Greifenberg to their court master Erhard von Perfall as a so-called "free, single owner". Until the 19th century, Perfall was always a lord of Greifenberg in uninterrupted succession . The Patrimonial Court of Hofmark, which exercised the lower jurisdiction, was also subordinate to him until 1849 . In front of the judge's estate, the stone judge's seat from 1442 stood as a landmark until 1959.
19th and 20th centuries
In 1849 the local patrimonial court, to which the localities of Beuern , Eching , Pflaumdorf , Oberschondorf and partly also Unterschondorf were assigned, was dissolved, and jurisdiction was transferred entirely to the district judge in Landsberg , today the district court .
In 1935, the BDM's upper runner school was set up in Greifenberg . From the beginning of rail operations on the Ammerseebahn in 1898 until May 1984, there was a station in the Neugreifenberg district known as Greifenberg (Oberbay).
On May 1, 1978, part of the dissolved municipality of Beuern was incorporated.
Between 1988 and 2019 the community grew from 1277 to 2263 by 986 inhabitants or by 77.2% (in the period mentioned the peak value in the Landsberg a. L. district).
- Evangelical Lutheran Parish Office in Dießen-Utting (responsible for Greifenberg)
- Catholic rectory in Greifenberg
The community is a member of the administrative community Schondorf am Ammersee .
City council and mayor
Traditionally, the municipal council is not elected via party lists, but rather via public lists of citizens of the districts of Greifenberg ( common good ), Beuern ( Beurer list ) and Neugreifenberg ( Neugreifenberg electoral group ). The list takes place at three citizens' meetings. For the 2008 election, a fourth (non-public) group of voters was founded, the Active Community and for the 2020 election, a fifth (non-public) group of voters, the LWD - L (i) liveable village .
|year||Common good||Neugreifenberg||Beurer list||Active community||Lovable village||total||voter turnout|
|2020||1 seat||3 seats||2 seats||3 seats||5 seats||14 seats||66.0%|
|2014||3 seats||5 seats||2 seats||4 seats||14 seats||63.8%|
|2008||7 seats||3 seats||1 seat||3 seats||14 seats||65.4%|
|2002||7 seats||4 seats||1 seat||-||12 seats||57.9%|
Mayor from May 2008 to May 2020: Johann Albrecht (common good).
Mayoress from May 2020: Patricia Müller (LWD), elected with 51.4% after the runoff election with Hagen Adler (WG Neugreifenberg).
Coat of arms and municipal flag
Blazon : “Split; in front in silver on a red three-hill a black bear walking to the left, in the back divided three times in a wave shape by red and silver. "
The black bear comes from the coat of arms of the Perfall, the stripes come from the coat of arms of the griffins. In 1962 the municipality was given the municipality coat of arms created by District Administrator Bernhard Müller-Hahl .
The community flag in red-white-black also shows the coat of arms.
Architectural monuments and ground monuments
Economy and Infrastructure
Economy including agriculture and forestry
In 1998, according to official statistics, there were 107 employees in the field of agriculture and forestry, 105 in the manufacturing sector and 81 in the field of trade and transport at the place of work. In other economic areas, 129 people were employed at the place of work subject to social security contributions. There were a total of 545 employees at the place of residence subject to social insurance contributions. There were none in the manufacturing sector and three in the construction sector. In addition, in 1999 there were 16 agricultural holdings with an agriculturally used area of 295 hectares , of which 126 hectares were arable land and 169 hectares were permanent green areas.
North of the community on the A 96 is a fully developed commercial area with 30 hectares, 17 hectares of which are still unused.
The municipal tax revenue in 2006 amounted to 2,116,000 euros (2005 1,850,000 euros), of which 437,000 euros were trade tax revenues (net) (2005 410,000 euros). The property tax B is 260 points, the trade tax multiplier is 300 points (as of 2004). The debt per capita is around 224 euros (2005 403 euros).
- Shopping center: In the center of Greifenberg there has been a shopping center with a small discounter, beverage market, bakery, butcher, general practitioner, gynecologist, dermatologist, dentist, pharmacy, savings bank and Raiffeisen bank since the mid-1990s .
- Warm outdoor pool and fitness center: The warm outdoor pool with three heated pools (26 degrees), a heated pool, solarium and large sunbathing lawns, restaurant and kiosk is located directly on the A 96 Munich – Lindau motorway. The warm bath has been closed since 2018 and is to be rebuilt in 2020. Adjacent is a private, year-round fitness center .
- Schondorf tourist office
- Catholic parish home Rupert Mayer House. The home is also available for youth groups and the village community for events.
- Recycling center
Every first weekend in August there is a community festival that is traditionally organized by the volunteer fire brigade . From 2005 to 2008 an information and trade show of local companies, tradespeople and freelancers was held annually in April in order to convince the population of the efficiency of the medium-sized companies based in the Ammersee region. The organizer is the Association of Independent Ammersee North-West ( BDS ).
In the north of the municipality the federal motorway 96 (A 96) runs from Munich to Lindau , where the Greifenberg exit exists in the northeast of the town. In addition, State Road 2055 runs through the municipality, which connects the motorway exit with the town center.
The single-track Ammerseebahn runs through the community of Greifenberg from Mering via Geltendorf and Dießen to Weilheim . It is managed by Deutsche Bahn as the route book route 985. At the Ammerseebahn there were formerly two train stations in Greifenberg, both of which have been closed. The station Greifenberg (Oberbay) is located in the west of Greifenberger hamlet Neugreifenberg , about 1.5 kilometers west of the Greifenberger town center, and was shut down in 1984th The Theresienbad stop , which is about 400 meters south of Greifenberg, existed until 1964. Although the Theresienbad stop was closer to the center of Greifenberg than Greifenberg train station, it was less used because it was in the Windach Valley and was more difficult to reach .
The Ammerseebahn was opened on June 30, 1898 by the Royal Bavarian State Railways . The Greifenberg train station and the Theresienbad stop were built on it. Because of its proximity to the municipality of Windach , the Greifenberg station was planned as the Windach stop in the preliminary planning in 1896 and 1897 . The two-storey station building was erected as an unplastered clinker building with a tent roof . In 1936 it was replaced by another two-storey building with a gable roof in the local style , which is still there today. After the signal box was initially located in an extension on the track side of the building, after the renovation it was housed on the ground floor. On the south side of the building there is a mural that was installed in 1936 and last refreshed in 1951. A farmer is stylized while sowing and a second who tills the field with a team of horses. In the background the church of Hechenwang is shown in simplified form. To the north of the station building is a goods shed in a plastered wood construction. The track system of the station consisted of the continuous main track on the house platform and a loading track , which consisted of a ramp and an extension section. It was connected on both sides until the 1960s and was used to load agricultural products and equipment until the station was closed. Due to the low number of travelers and the high personnel costs in operations and traffic services, the traffic stop was canceled in 1984, the loading track and the last two switches were dismantled. Until the summer timetable in 1985, the station continued to exist as the Greifenberg depot, with manned ticket issuance and dispatchers, until the signaling systems were also dismantled in 1985. In December 1996, the house platform was torn down and the eastern wooden canopy was sawn off, as there was a bottleneck there for oversized loads that could be driven at a maximum of 5 km / h. With brief exceptions, the main building was empty from around 1986 to 2004. After negotiations, the community of Greifenberg acquired the entire station area from Deutsche Bahn in 2009. The community of Greifenberg tried several times unsuccessfully to reactivate the station.
The Theresienbad stop consisted of a wooden single-storey service building and a house platform on the main track. The stop was closed in 1964 due to low passenger numbers. The building is now privately owned.
Greifenberg is connected to the Landsberger Verkehrsgemeinschaft (LVG), in which the rail traffic is not integrated.
The following LVG bus routes currently operate in Greifenberg:
- 40: Inning - Eching - Schondorf - Greifenberg - Pflaumdorf - Eresing - Windach - Landsberg am Lech
- 41: Inning - Eching - Geltendorf train station - Eresing - Sankt Ottilien - Greifenberg - Windach - Ramsach - Penzing - Schwifting - Pürgen - Stoffen - Landsberg am Lech
- 913: Winkl - Prittriching - Scheuring - Weil - Ramsach - Eresing - Sankt Ottilien - Pflaumdorf - Greifenberg - Schondorf - Utting - Riederau - St. Alban - Dießen
- Kindergartens : 135 approved kindergarten places with 106 supervised children
- Primary school : in the neighboring municipality of Windach
- Grammar schools : Landheim Schondorf Foundation , Rhabanus-Maurus-Gymnasium in St. Ottilien and Ammersee-Gymnasium (since 2006/2007 school year) in Dießen am Ammersee .
- Adult Education Center (VHS) Ammersee-Nordwest: The VHS is the communal institution of the community Utting and the administrative community Schondorf am Ammersee with its member communities Eching am Ammersee , Greifenberg and Schondorf a. A.
- Community of Greifenberg am Ammersee
- Information page for the Ammerseebahn with stories about the Neugreifenberg and Theresienbad stations
- Greifenberg: Official statistics of the LfStat
- ↑ "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ^ Community Greifenberg in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on September 8, 2019.
- ^ A b Maximilian von Perfall :: Documentary notifications about Greifenberg Castle and its owners . Munich 1846 ( full text ).
- ^ A b Maximilian von Perfall : Historical description of several localities in the area around Greifenberg . Munich 1848 ( full text ).
- ^ Municipality of Greifenberg, abridged, adapted version ( Memento of May 9, 2008 in the Internet Archive )
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 580 .
- ↑ General Encyclopedia of Sciences and Arts . First section: A – G , part 90, Leipzig 1871, p. 80.
- ↑ Mayor. Community of Greifenberg, accessed on August 4, 2020 .
- ^ Entry on the coat of arms of Greifenberg in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- ^ Andreas Janikowski: The Ammerseebahn. Traffic development in western Upper Bavaria . Transpress, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-344-71033-8 , pp. 13-14 .
- ^ Andreas Janikowski: The Ammerseebahn. Traffic development in western Upper Bavaria . Transpress, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-344-71033-8 , pp. 83-86 .
- ^ Andreas Janikowski: The Ammerseebahn. Traffic development in western Upper Bavaria . Transpress, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-344-71033-8 , pp. 55-56 .
- ↑ Description of the Greifenberg train station ( Memento of the original dated August 31, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on Ammerseebahn.de
- ^ Andreas Janikowski: The Ammerseebahn. Traffic development in western Upper Bavaria . Transpress, Stuttgart 1996, ISBN 3-344-71033-8 , pp. 56-57 .
- ↑ Description of the Theresienbad stop ( memento of the original dated August 31, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. on Ammerseebahn.de
- ↑ Line network of the Landsberger Verkehrsgemeinschaft ( Memento of the original from December 3, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 69 kB) on lvg-bus.de
- ^ Planning association for the outer economic area of Munich, municipality of Greifenberg | url = https://www.pv-muenchen.de/fileadmin/Medien_PV/Leistungen/Daten_und_Studien/Gemeindedaten/GDE_Datengrund_2018/GDE__Greifenberg__Datengrundlagen_2018.pdf