A pastiche [ pɛʁsiflaːʒ ] (of French persifler [ pɛʀsifle ], "taunt, ridicule") is a witty, imitative and often critical Ver spot processing of a genre of an artistic work or a particular state of mind in general. The term is mainly used in the performing and visual arts , especially in literature and journalism.
The form of persiflage combines well with the rhetorical strategies of satire compare, in particular through the stylistic devices of hyperbole and exaggeration . This is not about a content- related or stylistic transformation as in parody or travesty , but the ingenious satirical distortion of content, topics or motifs is in the foreground. The corresponding verb is "satirize (someone)".
|Tree swing cartoon|
|oldest known version from 1973|
While the parody in literature is a comical, exaggerated imitation in the same form but with ridiculous content, imitation of the form is not necessary in the parody. A parody can, for example, consist of changing a text in such a way that the external form is adopted, but the text is given a completely new content. In the case of the parody, on the other hand, the same content with critical undertones tends to be witty and witty ridicule. In the media reporting - often to the chagrin of the artists - wrongly no distinction is made between the two. Persiflage is often used as a synonym for parody or as a generic term for parody and travesty .
- parody . In: Brockhaus Konversations-Lexikon 1894–1896, Volume 12, p. 1042.
- satirizing, also satirical . Digital dictionary of the German language (DWDS), accessed on February 2, 2015.
- Georg Kreisler: Spring song (pigeons poison in the park)
- Gero von Wilpert : Persiflage. In: Subject dictionary of literature (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 231). 4th, improved and enlarged edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 1964, , p. 506.
- Theodor Verweyen and Gunther Witting: Parodie. In: Klaus Weimar et al. (Ed.): Reallexikon der Deutschen Literaturwissenschaft . Walter de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2007, Vol. 3, ISBN 978-3-11-091467-2 , p. 28 (accessed via De Gruyter Online)