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Fort Napoleon (Ostend) : the painter Heinrich-Otto Pieper (* 1881) installed a painting above a chimney called The Barbarian . It is an allegorical parody of the Bremen Town Musicians

A pastiche [ pɛʁsiflaːʒ ] (of French persifler [ pɛʀsifle ], "taunt, ridicule") is a witty, imitative and often critical Ver spot processing of a genre of an artistic work or a particular state of mind in general. The term is mainly used in the performing and visual arts , especially in literature and journalism.


The form of persiflage combines well with the rhetorical strategies of satire compare, in particular through the stylistic devices of hyperbole and exaggeration . This is not about a content- related or stylistic transformation as in parody or travesty , but the ingenious satirical distortion of content, topics or motifs is in the foreground. The corresponding verb is "satirize (someone)".


Tree swing cartoon
oldest known version from 1973

linked image
(please note copyrights )

A suitable example is Georg Kreisler's "Geh'n ma Tauben poison ...", a parody of spring songs .


While the parody in literature is a comical, exaggerated imitation in the same form but with ridiculous content, imitation of the form is not necessary in the parody. A parody can, for example, consist of changing a text in such a way that the external form is adopted, but the text is given a completely new content. In the case of the parody, on the other hand, the same content with critical undertones tends to be witty and witty ridicule. In the media reporting - often to the chagrin of the artists - wrongly no distinction is made between the two. Persiflage is often used as a synonym for parody or as a generic term for parody and travesty .

Web links

Wiktionary: Persiflage  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations
Wiktionary: satirize  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. parody . In: Brockhaus Konversations-Lexikon 1894–1896, Volume 12, p. 1042.
  2. satirizing, also satirical . Digital dictionary of the German language (DWDS), accessed on February 2, 2015.
  3. Georg Kreisler: Spring song (pigeons poison in the park)
  4. ^ Gero von Wilpert : Persiflage. In: Subject dictionary of literature (= Kröner's pocket edition . Volume 231). 4th, improved and enlarged edition. Kröner, Stuttgart 1964, DNB 455687854 , p. 506.
  5. Theodor Verweyen and Gunther Witting: Parodie. In: Klaus Weimar et al. (Ed.): Reallexikon der Deutschen Literaturwissenschaft . Walter de Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2007, Vol. 3, ISBN 978-3-11-091467-2 , p. 28 (accessed via De Gruyter Online)