from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Melun coat of arms
Melun (France)
region Île-de-France
Department Seine-et-Marne
Arrondissement Melun
Canton Melun (main town)
Community association Melun Val de Seine
Coordinates 48 ° 32 '  N , 2 ° 40'  E Coordinates: 48 ° 32 '  N , 2 ° 40'  E
height 37-102 m
surface 8.04 km 2
Residents 40,032 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 4,979 inhabitants / km 2
Post Code 77000
INSEE code

Saint Etienne island in Melun

Melun [ məlœ ] is a French city with 40,032 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the Region Ile-de-France . It is prefecture of the Seine-et-Marne department .


The city is located on the Seine 50 km southeast of Paris , 16 km from Fontainebleau , 100 km from Chartres and 100 km from Orléans .


The settlement was initially on an island on the Seine. Caesar mentions the settlement of Melun (Latin: Meluneum ) in his records of the Gallic War . He writes about an old important settlement. The Normans sacked the city in 845.

Elisabeth von Melun was allowed to enter into a new marriage in the 10th century after the death of her husband Aimon von Corbeil , provided that the fortresses of Melun and Corbeil belonging to Elisabeth were handed over to a confidante of the king. The choice fell on Burchard the Venerable , Count of Vendôme and one of Hugo Capet's closest confidants , who appointed Elisabeth's father Fulcrad to be his vice-count in Vendôme. However, King Robert II , Hugo Capet's son and successor, took the town back in 999 and later sold it to Count Odo II of Blois .

Old families and houses

  • The first house was founded by Josselin I, Margrave of Melun, who lived in the rank of prince at the court of Hugo Capet and his son King Robert II. In 998 the village of Noisy-le-Sec was transferred to the monastery of Saint-Maur-des -Fossés passed. Josselin I had himself ordained and died there on March 19, 998 or 999. On February 26, 999, Josselin I of Melun's grandson annexed Manasses, supported by Odo, the Count of Chartres, and the mayor of Melun, the strategically important River castle and the village. King Robert defeated the conspirators with his generals Bouchard and Herve. Odo and the mayor were hanged. Lore about the whereabouts of Manasses are lost.
  • According to records, Herve, Margrave of Melun, lived in the miracles of Saint Liesne in 1030. He was Ursion's father.
  • Ursion I was the father of Guillaume I.
  • Guillaume I , Margrave of Melun, was also called the “coffin maker” because no opposing weapon could withstand his blows. Guillaume took part in the German Crusade of 1096 . He was the father of Ursion II of Melun.

Recent history

In 1913, near Melun, an express train crashed into a mail train with serious consequences , killing at least 40 people.


Melun is connected to the Paris Gare de Lyon by the Paris – Marseille railway line .

A few kilometers north of Melun is the Melun-Villaroche airfield .


See also: List of Monuments historiques in Melun

  • The 11th century collegiate church of Collégiale Notre-Dame on the island of Saint Etienne
  • The Vaux-le-Vicomte castle with its park is a smaller predecessor of the palace complexes of Versailles . The castle and the castle park were built between 1656 and 1661 in the classicist Baroque style.
  • The Catholic parish church of St-Aspais was built in the 15th century and has stained glass windows from the Renaissance .
Rue du Miroir, in the Saint-Aspais district


sons and daughters of the town

People with a relationship to the city

  • Robert von Melun (≈1100–1167), British philosopher and theologian who taught here in the 1140s
  • Anna Gavalda (* 1970), writer and journalist; lives in Melun

Town twinning


  • Le Patrimoine des Communes de la Seine-et-Marne. Flohic Editions, Volume 2, Paris 2001, ISBN 2-84234-100-7 , pp. 858-894.

Web links

Commons : Melun  - collection of images, videos and audio files