County of Corbeil

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The county Corbeil was during the 11th century a Feudalterritorium France and corresponded in its scope as far as possible the eastern half of the present-day departments of Essonne . The main town that gave it its name was Corbeil-Essonnes on the Seine .


The county belonged to the immediate domain of the early French kings from the house of the Capetians , the Île de France . Corbeil was between the most important cities in this area, Paris and Orléans , and was therefore of great strategic importance. For this reason the kings were careful to give this county to people they trusted. Nevertheless, at the beginning of the 12th century, Corbeil became a center of a powerful aristocratic opposition to the crown.

The first known count was Haymon de Corbeil , who was installed in Corbeil by Hugo the Great and who was probably also Count of Mortain . After Aymon's death, his wife Elisabeth's second husband, Burchard the Venerable ( le Vénérable ), took over Corbeil. Burchard was already Count of Vendôme and also a close confidante of Hugo Capet, from whom he also received the county of Paris . Count Albert was probably a son of Aymon and bequeathed Corbeil to his daughter Germaine, through whose marriage the county came to the Normans Mauger.

Mauger was a son of the Norman Duke Richard I and was an important support for King Henry I in his dispute with Queen Konstanze and Prince Robert in 1032/1033. Mauger's son and successor Guillaume Warlong ( Guerlenc ), in his capacity as Count von Mortain, was involved in conflicts with Duke Wilhelm II and moved to Apulia around 1063 after his exile . With Guillaume's grandson Burchard II the Haughty ( le Superbe ), Corbeil increasingly moved into the center of anti-royal forces, he even raised a claim to the crown and revolted against King Philip I. Between 1071 and 1080, Burchard was led by Count Stephan II. killed by Blois in battle.

Under Burchard's son Odo, Corbeil was to remain a source of unrest. Since the repudiation of Lucienne of Rochefort by King Ludwig VI. In 1107 the multi-faceted nobility of the Île de France, under the leadership of Lucienne's Montlhéry-Rochefort family , rose up against royal authority in the so-called "uprising of the little barons". Lucienne's brother Hugo von Crécy captured both stepbrothers Odo von Corbeil around 1108 because he refused to take part in the uprising. A little later, however, Odo was freed by the royal seneschal Anseau de Garlande, who in turn was a brother-in-law of Hugues.

After Odos heirless death in 1112 Corbeil was from King Ludwig VI. drawn in as a completed fiefdom, this immediately called Odo's nephew Hugo III. from Le Puiset . Hugo, who came from the Le Puiset family, who were related to the Montlhérys , also took part in the uprising against the king. In 1111 his castle was destroyed and he himself was thrown in the dungeon at Château-Landon . King Ludwig VI. released Hugo in 1112 after he had to drop any claims on Corbeil, but at large he allied himself again with the other insurgents around Hugo von Crécy. After changeable battles the king was able to subdue the rebels until 1118, despite the death of his seneschal Garlande in front of the castle Puiset, Hugo von Le Puiset had to surrender to the king, he then went to the Holy Land where he died in 1132.

Corbeil was integrated into the crown domain and handed over to a vice count.

Count of Corbeil

  • Aymon , installed by Hugo Capet
  • Burchard I , Count of Vendôme († 1005/7), married Aymon's widow Elisabeth Le Riche
  • Albert
  • Germaine, his daughter ∞ Mauger of Normandy, Count of Corbeil (uxor nomine)
  • Guillaume Warlong († 1067), their son
  • Bouchard II († before 1101), his son ∞ Adélaide de Crécy , mistress of Gournay-sur-Marne
  • Odo († 1112), his son
    • Adélaide / Alix († after 1126), sister of Odos
    • Hugo III by Le Puiset († 1132), son of Adélaide and Erhard; must do without Corbeil in 1112