James Bond 007 - In the Face of Death
|German title||James Bond 007 - In the Face of Death|
|Original title||A view to a kill|
|Country of production||United Kingdom|
|original language||English , French , Russian|
|Age rating||FSK 12|
Richard Maibaum ,
Michael G. Wilson
Albert R. Broccoli ,
Michael G. Wilson
John Barry ,
theme song: Duran Duran
James Bond 007 - View to a Kill (original title: A View to a Kill ) is the 14th of Eon Productions produced the James Bond - movie . For the seventh and final time, Roger Moore acted as MI6 agent. His opponent is Max Zorin, played by Christopher Walken . The main female roles are Stacey Sutton, played by Tanya Roberts , and May Day, played by Grace Jones . Patrick Macnee ( With umbrella, charm and bowler hat ) also played as Sir Godfrey Tibbett . For the third time, John Glen was in charge of the direction.
A microchip developed in France , which is said to be completely insensitive to electromagnetic radiation from a nuclear explosion ( NEMP ), falls into the hands of the KGB . In the opening sequence, Bond finds one of these chips with the dead agent 003 in the Arctic, whereby Bond only barely escapes the Soviets.
In search of the background, 007 is set on the French industrialist Max Zorin. This is considered to be of integrity in government circles, but is viewed critically by the Secret Service, because his racehorse breeding often produces winners who are considered inferior by connoisseurs. In a Paris club he meets an informant and receives information about Zorin. However, the informant is killed in front of Bonds, whereupon he takes up the chase. After jumping from the Eiffel Tower and chasing through Paris, the killer escapes in Zorin's boat. It's about the extravagant May Day, who fights alongside his personal assistant Jenny Flex at Zorin's side
Disguised as the horse lover James St. John Smythe, Bond and Sir Godfrey Tibbett, an MI6 employee who pretends to be Bond's chauffeur, go to one of Zorin's breeding shows at his own castle and observe a deal between Zorin and geologist Stacey Sutton whose background initially remains in the dark.
While searching the camp, Bond and Tibbett discover that cleverly controlled microchips lead the horses to victory: They use electrical impulses to control the natural (and therefore undetectable) production of steroids in the horses and thus suppress fatigue during a horse race. Zorin's stud, however, only serves as a cover for hoarding the world's surplus microchip production. In order to control the world market alone, Zorin plans to break the supremacy of the largest microchip company conglomerate in Silicon Valley .
During the search, however, Bond and Tibbett are discovered by Zorin's men. Although they can overcome this, they make themselves suspicious and are exposed by Mayday. Zorin has obtained information about Bond's work as an agent and tried to kill him on a horse ride and make it look like an accident, but fails. Bond escapes on horseback and comes across the vehicle his driver was supposed to drive to wash. But this was killed by May Day and Bond is captured. When trying to drown him in his car, Bond escapes by breathing in air from a tire valve underwater.
Zorin has dubious connections with the KGB, from which he was trained and which demands discipline. In a dispute at his stud, however, he falls out with KGB General Gogol and continues to pursue his own goals. He wants to win a group of investors for his worldwide supremacy in the production of micro-chips and brings them together in his airship. You should invest money to defeat Silicon Valley, which is to be destroyed for it. When one of the investors voiced concerns about the criminal targets, he was thrown from the airship.
Bond learns from CIA liaison officer Chuck Lee that Zorin's breeding advisor, Dr. Carl Mortner didn't just treat animals with steroids. The German scientist, whose real name is Hans Glaub, carried out tests on embryos for the KGB. During the Second World War he tested the preparations on pregnant women in Nazi concentration camps, most of whom did not survive, and ended up at the KGB after the war. The experiments showed that some of the children had phenomenal IQs , but were born schizoid and subsequently became psychopaths . Zorin himself is one of those child prodigies.
Bond learns of strange things going on in one of Zorin's pumping stations and visits them. There he meets the KGB agent Pola Ivanova, who and her companion have been able to steal an audio cassette with secret information. While her companion is killed, she can escape and secure the tape. Bond takes her to safety and spends a night with her. When she later sneaks away and hands the tape to General Gogol, they discover that Bond has swapped the tape unnoticed. Through the recording, Bond learns of Zorin's plans.
In America, Bond meets Stacey Sutton again. After meeting Mr. Howe, Stacey's manager, at San Francisco City Hall, Bond follows Stacey home. When she discovers him and tries to confront him, both of them are attacked by Zorin's people, but they can run away. Together with her, Bond now realizes Zorin's plan: Zorin is interested in the pipelines of the Sutton Oil company, which Stacey's late father bequeathed to her. Zorin plans to detonate a bomb underground at a weak point in the San Andreas Fault. The large quantities of salt water that he previously pumped through the pipelines into the San Andreas Fault on the pretext of having to test them would then flood and destroy Silicon Valley . But this would look like a natural disaster as a result of earthquakes. Smaller earthquakes, artificially triggered by the pumping work, are interpreted by Bond and Stacey as proof of their theory. They go to San Francisco to warn the city authorities, but they fall on deaf ears and Stacey is fired.
Together with Chuck Lee, they advise on how to proceed. Stacey and Bond want to go to town hall again to get maps of the area from the land registry. Before they leave, May Day murdered Lee in his car. In the City Hall archives they are surprised by Zorin, who forces Howe to send an emergency call and then shoots him. Zorin locks Bond and Stacey in the elevator and sets a fire in the building. Both managed to escape from the burning town hall, but were arrested. After the spectacular escape in a fire engine across San Francisco, they break into Zorin's mine, which is located directly on the San Andreas Fault. A site plan makes it clear that Zorin wants to trigger an earthquake there.
During the showdown in the mine, Zorin triggers an explosion to flood the mine and get rid of his confidants. Many workers and almost all of his subordinates are killed by the water and MP volleys from Zorin. May Day escapes, however, and changes sides because of the attempted murder. Together with Bond, she detonates the explosive device outside the mine and sacrifices her life in the process. Zorin's plan failed. Zorin kidnaps Stacey with his airship , but Bond can grab a hanging rope and fly with him. Zorin plans to smash Bond at full speed at the top of the Golden Gate Bridge , but Bond manages to cushion the impact and in return tie Zorin's airship to one of the bridge piers so that it can no longer escape. Stacey's intervention causes the airship to collide with the pillar. After a final fight with Bond, Zorin falls to his death from the bridge pier. His "father" Mortner also dies after a last attempt to kill Bond with dynamite when the explosive charge in the airship explodes.
Bond is the first non-Soviet citizen to receive the Order of Lenin for his services . The plot ends with MI6 looking for Bond, who is missing after the action on the Golden Gate Bridge. Finally, however, Q succeeds in tracking down the secret agent using a camera robot: He is in the shower with Stacey in their house. Bond ends up throwing a towel over the spying robot to interrupt the unwanted video transmission to MI6.
Director John Glen wanted George MacDonald Fraser to be the scriptwriter, who had already co-written the script for Octopussy , but he was not available. So once again it was Richard Maibaum who worked on a script in collaboration with executive producer Michael G. Wilson. In recent years computer technology has become more and more popular, so it was decided to let the story be about the planned destruction of Silicon Valley .
In an early draft of the script, Silicon Valley was supposed to be destroyed by the villain changing the orbit of Halley's Comet . However, this idea was discarded because it was considered too fantastic and did not want to produce a Bond film that was as far removed from reality as that of the late 1970s.
The film is named after Ian Fleming's short story From a View to a Kill (dt. Death in the rearview mirror to which it extends from the Jagdlied) D'Ye Ken John Peel was inspired, which states: "From the drag to the chase. From the chase to the view. From the view to a death in the morning. “Apart from Paris as the setting, film and short story have nothing in common.
When Zorin's airship flies over the Golden Gate Bridge, May Day says in the original: "Wow, what a view!" Zorin replies: "... to a kill!"
During the credits of Octopussy yet From a View to A Kill as the title of the next James Bond film is announced, the title was later to A View To A Kill shortened.
After Roger Moore's original three Bond film contract with The Spy Who Loved Me was fulfilled, he negotiated each of the subsequent Bond films individually. Therefore, with the start of pre-production of In the Face of Death, it was not certain whether he would play the main role again. As with In deadly Mission and Octopussy , Moore let it be known in advance that he did not want to play Bond again, and just like before, he was ultimately convinced, not least through a further increased fee. This time, however, Moore agreed with Broccoli in advance that this would definitely be his last Bond film.
As Bonds opponent Max Zorin the actor Christopher Walken was occupied, which for 1978 released film The Deer Hunter had an Academy Award for "Best Supporting Actor" get. He was the first actor in a Bond film to already win an Oscar. Lee Van Cleef , Rutger Hauer and David Bowie were reportedly also in discussion for the role .
Bond was given Patrick Macnee in the role of Sir Godfrey Tibbett, who had previously played with Roger Moore in the television film Sherlock Holmes in New York (1976) and the hit movie The Sea Wolves (1980). Reportedly, Moore Macnee recommended the producer and was delighted to have him work with him again. Macnee had already portrayed an agent of the British secret service in the television series Mit Schirm, Charme und Melone , and through his appearance in In the Face of Death he followed in the footsteps of Mit Schirm, Charme und Melone colleagues Honor Blackman and Diana Rigg , who had already done so had taken on roles in two different Bond films.
The new Bond girl Stacey Sutton was portrayed by Tanya Roberts, known from Charlie's Angels .
Grace Jones was also cast as May Day and Lois Maxwell as Miss Moneypenny.
Dolph Lundgren makes his first brief screen appearance as one of General Gogol's KGB agents. He visited his girlfriend at the time, Grace Jones, on the set and was asked by the director to play the small role.
Maurice Binder was again responsible for the title sequence . For the first time, at the end of the film, the title of the next planned Bond film was not announced.
Filming began in July 1984 and lasted until January 14, 1985.
On June 27, 1984, the “007 sound stage” built for The Spy Who Loved Me , in which filming of In the Face of Death was planned for the fall, burned down . It was decided to rebuild. On January 7th it was officially reopened and got the new name "Albert R. Broccoli 007 stage". It was used as a filming location for Zorin's mining complex.
Willy Bogner , with whom the producers had worked several times since On Her Majesty's Secret Service, was responsible for the recordings of the introductory sequence set in Siberia . He recorded the scenes in 10 days at Lake Jökulsárlón on the Vatnajökull glacier and near Höfn . Both locations are in Iceland . Further scenes in the introductory sequence were shot on the Vedretta di Scerscen Inferiore glacier in the canton of Graubünden in Switzerland .
The Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud , which is driven by Sir Godfrey Tibbett in the film, belonged to the producer Albert R. Broccoli, who provided the car for the film. The car sunk in the lake by Zorin and May Day was a replica.
Maud Adams made a cameo . During the harbor scene when Bond talks to Chuck Lee, she can be seen in the background as an extra. Adams was on set as a visitor when director Glen spontaneously appointed her as an extra.
Shortly before the release, the real company Zoran , which manufactures microchips, became aware of the name "Zorin" and filed a complaint with the producers of the film, who had chosen the name in ignorance of "Zoran" The opening credits (at least in the English and some translated versions) indicate that there is no connection between the "Zoran Corporation" and the fictional company of Max Zorin.
The film was shot in the following countries:
- United Kingdom
- Vatnajokull glacier
- United States
- A mini ship disguised as an iceberg.
- Bug finder (disguised as a razor) for tracking down electronic eavesdropping devices .
- An electronic “credit card” to turn off alarm systems.
- A remote-controlled surveillance “duck” with which Q 007 visits at the end of a tête-à-tête in the shower.
- A camera integrated into Bond's ring.
- A utensil disguised in the design of a well-known fashion company, with which Bond makes a carbon copy of Zorin's checkbook.
- Special glasses (polarization filter) that Bond can use to anti-reflective windows.
The soundtrack was composed again and again by John Barry. He wrote the theme song together with the British pop group Duran Duran , which also interprets it. It is the only Bond theme song to date to reach number 1 in the US charts. The song reached number 2 in the British charts, making it, together with Adeles Skyfall , the highest-ranked Bond theme song to date in the British charts.
In the film, the songs California Girls are also played in a cover version by the band Gidea Park and The Four Seasons by Vivaldi in an interpretation by Trevor Pinnock and The English Concert, but are not included on the soundtrack.
The soundtrack was first released in 1985 by EMI Records on LP and CD . It reached number 38 in the US album charts . The LP version had the peculiarity that it was produced with a digital sound process that was new at the time , which was specially noted on it. After the 40th James Bond anniversary, a new revised version was released by Capitol Records in 2003.
The synchronization was carried out by Cine Adaption GmbH in Munich. The dialogue book was written by John Pauls-Harding and the dialogue was directed by Michael Brennicke.
|role||actor||German voice actors|
|James Bond||Roger Moore||Niels Clausnitzer|
|Zorin||Christopher Walken||Heiner Lauterbach|
|Stacey||Tanya Roberts||Madeleine proud|
|May Day||Grace Jones||Sabina Trooger|
|Tibbet||Patrick Macnee||Gert Günther Hoffmann|
|Scarpine||Patrick Bauchau||Michael Cramer|
|Chuck Lee||David Yip||Gudo Hoegel|
|Pola Ivanova||Fiona Fullerton||Dagmar Heller|
|Bob Conley||Manning Redwood||Norbert Gastell|
|Jenny Flex||Alison Doody||Christina Hoeltel|
|Dr. Mortner||Willoughby Gray||Manfred Lichtenfeld|
|Q||Desmond Llewelyn||Manfred Schmidt|
|M.||Robert Brown||Wolf Ackva|
|Moneypenny||Lois Maxwell||Helga Trümper|
|Gogol||Walter Gotell||Herbert Weicker|
|Frederick Gray||Geoffrey Keen||Paul Bürks|
|aubergine||Jean Rougerie||Erik Schumann|
|Howe||Daniel Benzali||Horst Sachtleben|
|Kimberly Jones||Mary Stavin||Eva Kinsky|
|US Police Captain||Joe Flood||Hartmut Neugebauer|
|O'Rourke||Bill Ackridge||Joachim Höppner|
The German dubbed version was changed due to National Socialist references. In the German version, Zorin's mentor is Dr. Carl (or Charles) Mortner, a Polish scientist named Jan Kopersky, who carried out experiments with embryos for the KGB. In the English original, Mortner was a National Socialist scientist named Hans Glaub. During the Second World War he carried out experiments on pregnant women in concentration camps.
The dubbing voice of Sir Godfrey Tibbet, MI6 employee, who disguises himself as a chauffeur and works with Bond, speaks Gert Günther Hoffmann, who lent his distinctive voice to James Bond in the earlier films with Sean Connery in the lead role.
There are several errors in the German dubbed version:
- So throughout the film continuously falsely of silicone (English: silicone ) as a raw material for microchip production of the question. Should be corrected as silicon (English: silicone ) are called.
- In the mine scenes, Norbert Gastell speaks to both Conley and the similar-looking foreman.
- In the final scene, in which M speaks to Gogol, the German dubbed version features Paul Bürk as the dubbing voice of Robert Brown during a take . In the off and the other scenes, however, he is spoken by Wolf Ackva , while Paul Bürks in turn lends his voice to Geoffrey Keen .
Face to Face was the first James Bond film to premiere outside the UK. It took place on May 22, 1985 in San Francisco. It opened in US cinemas on May 24th. The European premiere took place on June 12, 1985 in the "Odeon Leicester Square" in London in the presence of Prince Charles and Princess Diana . It opened in German cinemas on August 9, 1985.
The film was released on VHS by Warner Bros. in Germany from 1986. Warner held this right until the late 1990s, when it was given to 20th Century Fox Entertainment. The first DVD version was released as part of the Special Edition in 2000. The Blu-ray version followed in 2012 for the 50th anniversary of the series.
The film ran for the first time on German free TV on April 11, 1993 on ARD.
The budget was an estimated $ 30 million. The film was a commercial success that grossed over $ 50 million in the United States alone, but lagged behind the results of other Bond films. The worldwide box office result was approximately 152 million US dollars.
The inflation-adjusted box office figure is given worldwide at 321 million US dollars, which is the second worst result of a Bond film as of 2011. The number of visitors in Germany is given as 3.4 million, which corresponds to 17th place out of 23 Bond films.
Already at the time of its publication In the Face of Death received mainly negative criticism, often aimed at the advanced age of the main actor.
Claudius Seidl wrote in the time , "the once so funny James Bond visibly degenerates into a tragicomic figure: the audience is getting younger and younger [...], but the hero is approaching retirement age." Hellmuth Karasek criticized the film with the words, "[w ] what once took a joke approach to the must-have at that time has meanwhile become totally smelly itself ”. He called the script "as idiotic as if it were an original full-length Fleming."
The film service awarded the work two out of five possible stars and rated it as "an aseptic action fairy tale with elaborate stunts that quotes itself and its numerous predecessors without great ingenuity and, above all, without much wit."
In the Face of Death was the last James Bond film with Roger Moore in the lead role. The Roger Moore era, which began in 1973 with Live and Let Die , ended after seven films. In retrospect, Moore's Bond films placed humor more in the foreground than was the case in the earlier or later films, "the Bond series became [...] an agent comedy".
In In the Face of Death , Roger Moore was already "visibly aged" in the film and was doubled by 18 stuntmen during the filming. Moore, who was 57 years old at the time of filming, later jokingly admitted that he was "at most 400 years too old for the role" in the film, and he also expressed criticism of the film, he said in an interview in 2012 was shocked "how many shootings there were lined up. [...] That was no longer Bond for me. "
In retrospect, the film is considered to be a below-average contribution to the James Bond series, which is also reflected in the placements in various rankings in recent years.
In 2006, more than 20 years after the film was released, Entertainment Weekly magazine ranked the James Bond films, In the Face of Death came 16th out of 21 films and praised the "good cast".
Five years later, visitors to the James Bond fan site MI6-HQ.com voted for the best Bond films, with In the Face of Death only coming in second to last.
In 2012, the Bond films were rated by the readers of 007 Magazine . In the Face of Death took 21st of 24 places. In a list also published in 2012 by Rolling Stone , In the Face of Death ranks 17th out of 24 James Bond films. The film scores slightly better in the special issue 50 Years of James Bond des Stern , published in 2012 , where it was rated 3 out of 5 stars (“solid”). The representations by Grace Jones and Christopher Walken are praised. That same year, In the Face of Death was named the third worst of the 22 Bond films by Time Out magazine . Brad Brevet also called it one of the five worst James Bond films.
- 1986 - Nominations in the categories Best Science Fiction Film and Best Supporting Actress (Grace Jones)
- 1986 - Nomination for Best Original Song - Motion Picture
- Tanya Roberts received a nomination for Worst Actress.
- Awarded the Golden Canvas in 1986.
The German Film and Media Assessment (FBW) in Wiesbaden awarded the film the rating “valuable”.
- Danny Morgenstern, Manfred Hobsch: James Bond XXL. The world's most comprehensive 007 reference work . (Volume 1: A-K , 796 pages; Volume 2: L-Z , 861 pages). Schwarzkopf and Schwarzkopf, Berlin 2006, ISBN 978-3-89602-545-6 or ISBN 3-89602-545-7
At the end of the film, Bond is said to be the first non-Soviet citizen to be awarded the Order of Lenin . However, the medal was awarded to foreigners even before the film was released, including the American Gus Hall in 1959 .
- James Bond 007 - In the face of death in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- James Bond 007 - In the face of death at Rotten Tomatoes (English)
- James Bond 007 - In the face of death at Metacritic (English)
- James Bond 007 in the face of death in the online movie database
- James Bond 007 - In the face of death in the German dubbing file
- Web page with pictures of the film set (English)
- Comparison of the cut versions FSK-12 tape - FSK-12 DVD by James Bond 007 - In the face of death at Schnittberichte.com
- Release Certificate for James Bond 007 - In the Face of Death . Voluntary self-regulation of the film industry , July 2012 (PDF; test number: 55 658 V).
- Production Notes - A View To A Kill on mi6-hq.com , accessed on December 3, 2012 (English).
- FAQ for James Bond 007 - In the Face of Death on imdb.com , accessed on December 3, 2012 (English).
- James Bond Retrospective: A View To A Kill on whatculture.com , accessed December 3, 2012.
- Trivia - A View To A Kill on mi6-hq.com , accessed on December 3, 2012 (English).
- Box office / Business for James Bond 007 - In the face of death . On: imdb.com . Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- Steve Rubin, Siegfried Tesche: The background story to 25 years of Bond Kino Verlag, Hamburg 1987, ISBN 3-89324-026-8 , p. 202.
- James Bond Mystery SOLVED: Maud Adams Found in 'A View To A Kill' on commanderbond.net , accessed on December 4, 2012 (English).
- Siegfried Tesche: The great James Bond atlas. Wissen Media Verlag, Gütersloh / Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-577-07305-9 , p. 52/53
- Music (A View To A Kill) on mi6-hq.com , accessed on December 4, 2012 (English).
- A View to a Kill at mjnewton.demon.co.uk , accessed December 4, 2012.
- 'Skyfall' Soundtrack: Highest-Charting Bond Album in 27 Years. On: billboard.com . Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- German synchronous files
- Start dates for James Bond 007 - In the face of death on imdb.de , accessed on December 4, 2012 (English).
- http://007homevideo.com/vtape_de_postcert.html ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from January 12, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- YEAR 1980 - 2000. Retrieved February 18, 2018 .
- office results worldwide In: Stern-Edition 2/2012 , pp. 72–73.
- Claudius Seidl : Age-weakened. In: The time . August 9, 1985, accessed on March 8, 2013 : "Because the once so funny James Bond is increasingly degenerating into a tragicomic figure: the audience is getting younger and younger (and director John Glen is hard at work in Hollywood children's cinema, from" Indiana Jones "to to "Superman"), but the hero is approaching retirement age. "
- Hellmuth Karasek : Number 14. In: Der Spiegel No. 32. August 5, 1985, accessed on March 8, 2013 : “What used to be a joke about the mustache at that time is meanwhile itself totally muffled. [...] The script and story are as idiotic as if they were an original full-length Fleming. "
- James Bond 007 - In the Face of Death. In: Lexicon of International Films . Film service , accessed February 22, 2020 .
- Five decades of James Bond on stern.de , accessed on December 23, 2012.
- Direct hit and gunfire: all Bond missions in maneuver criticism In: Stern-Edition 2/2012 50 years of James Bond , pp. 64–71.
- Steve Rubin, Siegfried Tesche: The background story to 25 years of Bond Kino Verlag, Hamburg 1987, ISBN 3-89324-026-8 , p. 207.
- James Bond's Best and Worst: Peter Travers Ranks All 24 Movies on rollingstone.com , accessed on December 22, 2012 (English).
- Roger Moore: "Today I would be dead after the first day of shooting" ( Memento of the original from May 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. at mopo.de , accessed on December 23, 2012.
- Countdown: Ranking the Bond Films on ew.com , accessed on December 26, 2012 (English).
- Best Bond Film Results. In: mi6-hq.com , accessed December 26, 2012 (English).
- 007 MAGAZINE readers vote On Her Majesty's Secret Service as greatest ever Bond film! at: 007magazine.co.uk , accessed December 26, 2012.
- The best and worst James Bond movies: a ranked list In: timeout.com , accessed on March 8, 2013 (English).
- Best and Worst of the James Bond Movies . In: ropeofsilicon.com . Retrieved March 8, 2013.
- James Bond 007 - In the Face of Death. In: FBW . German Film and Media Rating (FBW), accessed on March 17, 2020 .