A racetrack is a demarcated route on which speed competitions are held.
In a competition with vehicles ( motorsport race tracks ) and in the Alpine winter sports ( ski ) is called runway in bike race from track ( velodrome ) and horse races from race track (harness racing track, race track) or turf . Race courses for water vehicles (rowing boats, sailing boats, motor boats, ships) are marked out with buoys and markings. Race tracks for aircraft (gliders, powered aircraft, airships) are often flown between landmarks or markings.
Racetracks can be open or closed. On open racetracks, the start and finish areas are separated from each other, while closed racetracks are driven several times as a circular route.
A distinction is also made between permanent and temporary racetracks.