Athletics facilities in the open air or in sports halls are used to practice the athletics disciplines of walking , running , jumping , throwing and pushing . Summaries of individual systems that serve this purpose are called arenas.
There are special individual systems for the individual disciplines. There are running tracks as circular tracks, short-distance tracks and obstacle tracks with a moat. There are four different facilities for the jumping disciplines: high jump facility, pole vault facility, long jump facility and triple jump facility. The discus throwing system, the hammer throwing system and the javelin throwing system serve as throwing systems. The shot put system consists of a circle and a sector.
The individual systems are summarized in arenas. There are four types and several combinations. The dimensions and equipment, e.g. B. with jumping and throwing facilities are regulated in DIN 18035-1 "Sports grounds - Part 1: Outdoor facilities for games and athletics, planning and dimensions". The differences are e.g. B. can be recognized by the number of running tracks and the total length of the sports field:
- Type A arena: 8 lanes, total length of the sports field 176.91 meters
- Type B arena: 6 lanes, total length of the sports field 172.03 meters
- Type C arena: 4 lanes, total length of the sports field 167.18 meters
- Type D arena: throwing and jumping facilities
The floor coverings for running disciplines and jump / drop zones consist of a floor covering or plastic ( Rekortan , Tartan , Spurtan , Regupol ). The color is usually red, as the cinder tracks have also been laid out in earthy colors. Since the 2009 World Championships in Berlin, blue lanes have also become increasingly popular. Landing zones for throwing and impact devices consist of grass surfaces. The long and triple jump takes place in a sand pit, the high jump and pole vault on soft floor mats.
Many stadiums built before World War II have the term arena in their name. Well-known are, for example, the Adolf-Jäger-Kampfbahn in Hamburg , the Glückauf-Kampfbahn in Gelsenkirchen and the Kampfbahn Rote Erde in Dortmund , which was later renamed the Rote Erde Stadium .
More information in DIN 18035-1, in the international competition rules of the German Athletics Association (DLV).
- All sorts of interesting facts about the structure and length of a 400m running track by Detlev Ackermann in Laufen-in-Koeln, October 30, 2009
- How to Run Track Workouts on a 400m Outdoor Track (infographic) by Jason Fitzgerald in Strength Running, April 2015