|Head of Program:||Hansruedi Schoch|
|Start of broadcast:||July 20, 1953|
|Closing date:||As a company on January 1, 2011
As a trademark on December 16, 2012
|Legal form:||public law|
|Program type:||Full program|
|List of TV channels|
The Swiss television ( SF ) was the public television of German-speaking Switzerland and Romansh- speaking Switzerland . On January 1, 2011, Schweizer Fernsehen merged with Schweizer Radio DRS to form the new company Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen (SRF). On December 16, 2012, the SF brand on television was replaced by SRF.
SF was a corporate unit of the SRG SSR (Swiss radio and television company). Until 2005 the program was called SF DRS ( Swiss television in German and Romansh Switzerland ).
On January 1, 2011, Schweizer Fernsehen (SF) and Schweizer Radio DRS were merged into the merged corporate unit Schweizer Radio und Fernsehen (SRF). On December 16, 2012, Schweizer Fernsehen and Schweizer Radio DRS also merged with one another in terms of brands.
Swiss television was officially a company under private law (SRG is an association under private law), but in the context of the public service it had the character of a public-law broadcaster thanks to a special license from the Federal Council .
The studios of Swiss television had been in the Leutschenbach area in the north of Zurich since the 1970s . The term “Leutschenbach” was often used metonymically for the company by the German-speaking Swiss .
After the first public television test demonstrations had already taken place in 1939 on the occasion of the National Exhibition in 1939, the SRG broadcast a one-hour program on five evenings a week from 1953 as a kind of television test operation from the Bellerive studio in Zurich's Seefeld district .
Since there was social and culturally pessimistic pressure not to use radio money, the broadcast of advertising was considered from the end of 1954. In 1958, an agreement was made with the Swiss Newspaper Publishers Association for ten years or, alternatively, until 180,000 licensees were reached, to refrain from advertising when broadcasting television programs. In return, the publishers paid television two million francs a year. There was great pressure from advertising customers to end the contract with the number of concessionaires that had already been reached in 1961. In 1964 the AG for advertising television was founded, in which the publishers held 40 percent and business associations the rest; 13 minutes of advertising were allowed per day and on February 1, 1965, advertising was broadcast for the first time. Part of the agreement was also the radio section, which would continue to be operated free of advertising. Interrupted advertising was allowed in 1992 and since 1998 the advertising ban on Sundays and public holidays no longer applies.
Criticism of the design of the television program reached a climax at the beginning of the 1970s, when members of the Swiss Television and Radio Association fought against the Bernese historian and politician Walther Hofer against the “political leftism” of reporting.
In 1974 the consumer magazine Kassensturz was broadcast for the first time .
The SRG sports chain , launched in 1982, relieved the main program of the increasing number of broadcast sporting events.
In 1997 the station SF2 went on air. In 1999, SFi (SFinfo) started in the greater Zurich area , and since 2001 the station has been broadcast throughout German-speaking Switzerland. In 1998 there was a fraud in the program “Risk” : A candidate sneaked 95,000 francs because he already knew the questions to be answered.
End of January 2003 was in the Engadin the DVB-T started -Testbetrieb, followed by Ticino and the Lake Geneva region . In mid-May 2005, the production of PALplus broadcasts was stopped. On December 5, 2005, SF DRS was renamed SF Schweizer Fernsehen. The station SF2 is now called SF two. The news programs Tagesschau and 10vor10 received a new decor. The weather program Meteo , the discussion program Der Club and the information magazine Rundschau followed until summer 2006.
Since summer 2006, sporting events have only been broadcast in 16: 9 . Since December 1, 2007, the programs recorded in 16: 9 have been broadcast completely anamorphically in 16: 9 and are no longer converted to 4: 3 letterbox. In October 2007, the establishment of the DVB-T network in Switzerland was completed.
Since December 2007 SRG SSR (SF, TSR , RSI ) has broadcast the HDTV program HD suisse . HD suisse was broadcast in 720p50 format and only showed programs in native HD (films, sports, operas, etc.). The program was broadcast on the Eutelsat Hot Bird 8 communications satellite and could also be received on the UPC Switzerland cable network , as well as on Swisscom TV.
Swiss television operated three television channels:
PresseTV has its own broadcasting license for programs on SF Zwei and SF info. The Radio and Television Rumantscha (RTR) emits its broadcasts in Romansh language as Telesguard (Tagesschau) Cuntrasts and Istorgia since buna Notg from (bedtime story) about SRF first
SF operated the television program 3sat together with ARD , ZDF and ORF . In the news and entertainment sector, SF worked closely with ARD and ZDF. SF also delivered individual programs for the German-French cultural program ARTE .
SF participated in several Eurovision programs, especially in the area of folk music : SF produced the Musikantenstadl and the Open Air Wenn die Musipiele with ARD and ORF ; also Aiderbichl, a heart for animals and Christmas at Gut Aiderbichl were co-productions . At the Grand Prix of Folk Music, alongside SF, ZDF and ORF, Rai Südtirol also worked as a producer. In 2012 the SF rose from the television show Wetten, dass ..? Which had been produced together with ZDF and ORF up to then . out. The ORF 2002, the SF 2003, rose from the wanted broadcast jointly with ZDF and ORF since 1968 .
Regular or most important programs and magazines
- 10vor10 , news magazine (Mon-Fri)
- 1 against 100 , quiz show (with Susanne Kunz )
- Arena , political discussion
- Club , discussion show on social issues
- Controvers , discussion program on social issues in Romansh
- Cuntrasts , news and documentary program in Romansh
- DOK , documentaries and documentary series
- ECO , weekly business magazine
- Einstein , knowledge magazine
- 5GEGEN5 , quiz show (with Sven Epiney )
- Giacobbo / Müller , weekly late night show
- glanz & gloria , daily people magazine
- Horizons , documentaries of an educational nature
- Kassensturz , consumer magazine
- Kulturplatz , weekly culture magazine
- Minisguard , news program for children in Romansh
- night awake , call-in broadcast
- Puls , weekly health magazine
- Reporters , reports
- Rundschau , weekly politics and business magazine
- Samschtig-Jass , Jass broadcast
- Schawinski , Talk (with Roger Schawinski )
- Schweiz aktuell , domestic news magazine (Mon-Fri)
- SRF bi de Lüt , folk-cultural broadcasts
- SRF Börse , news broadcast (Mon-Fri)
- SRF Meteo , daily weather broadcast
- SRF Sport , sports broadcasts
- SRF Spezial , format for special occasions and in the summer program
- Tagesschau , daily news broadcast
- Sport aktuell , daily sports magazine
- Sternstunde Philosophy - Sternstunde Religion - Sternstunde Kunst , conversation magazines
- Svizra Rumantscha , Romansh weekly magazine
- Telesguard , Romansh news broadcast (Mon-Sat)
- Total Birgit , comedy series (with Birgit Steinegger )
- al dente , cooking show (with Sven Epiney)
- Benissimo , entertainment program (with Beni Thurnheer )
- Deal or No Deal , game show
- Tobias , sitcom
- Fight family , sitcom
- Hits a 'go go
- Carousel , eve magazine
- Live live , weekly society magazine
- Lüthi and Blanc , soap about a Swiss dynasty of chocolate manufacturers
- People technology science , knowledge magazine
- Quer (SF) , information magazine
- The playhouse , children's magazine
- Day and night , doctors soap
- Teleboy , entertainment show
- Time out , sports broadcast
- Done funny , sitcom
- Mannezimmer , sitcom
- Extensive news platform of the Tagesschau
- Lots of sports news
- In-house productions and partly also purchased productions as video-on-demand in the SRF video portal
- Video podcasts on numerous programs
- Extensive television program that not only shows the SRF program, but also that of many other German-speaking television stations
Quasi-monopoly and criticism
The SRG is an institution with a complex structure. It finances its radio and television programs mainly from license fees that will be collected by Serafe from 2019 . Swiss law allows private television broadcasters ; However, the Radio and Television Act gives the SRG such a strong position that serious private competition has not yet been able to establish itself. This quasi- monopoly of the SRG and its programs are regularly criticized - also because of the financing. Media entrepreneur Roger Schawinski in particular has made a name for himself as a critic. This led to a change in the law that gave competitors the right to part of the fee money.
Criticism of the content comes from both the left and the right : while right-wing circles have been accusing the SRF's reporting of "left tendencies" for a long time, the other side has recently criticized the excessive " commercialization " of the program content (e.g. with programs like Deal Or No Deal or because of the relatively large proportion of television advertising ), which contradicts the so-called “ public service ” idea.
Various attempts to establish national or national private broadcasters have failed, such as TV3 or Tele24 by Roger Schawinski. The special interest broadcaster Star TV (film news) was able to hold up. In 2004 the private station U1 TV (today: Switzerland 5) went on air nationwide, but received little attention. Since September 2006, the also private 3+ has been broadcasting Swiss-German entertainment and purchased formats.
- Swiss radio and television website
- SRF video portal
- SRF podcasts
- SRF television program
- Radio e Televisiun Rumantscha website (Rhaeto-Romanic)
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original dated December 8, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- RTL overtakes SF two in terms of market share. In: KleinReport. January 14, 2012, accessed on January 14, 2012 (proof of all market shares mentioned).
- Andreas Steigmeier, Theo Mäusli: Radio and television in Switzerland. History of the Swiss Radio and Television Company SRG 1958 - 1983. , Verlag hier + now, Baden 2006, ISBN 978-3-03919-020-1
- TV has been allowed to sell advertising for 50 years , persoenlich.com, January 30, 2015
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original from February 22, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.