|SZ is the abbreviation for the canton of Schwyz in Switzerland and is used to avoid confusion with other entries of the name Küssnacht .|
|Canton :||Schwyz (SZ)|
|BFS no. :||1331|
|Postal code :||6402 Merlischachen
6403 Küssnacht SZ
|UN / LOCODE :||CH KSR (Küssnacht)
CH IMM (Immensee)
|Height range :||414–1797 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||29.39 km²|
|Residents:||13,087 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||445 inhabitants per km²|
Proportion of foreigners :
|20.8% (December 31, 2,015)|
Küssnacht seen from the Seebodenalp
|Location of the municipality|
Küssnacht ( Swiss German Chüsnacht [ˈχysnɑχt] , until December 31, 2003 officially Küssnacht am Rigi ) is the largest part of the municipality of Küssnacht . This also forms a district of the central Swiss canton of Schwyz and is located on the north-eastern arm of Lake Lucerne and on the south-western shore of Lake Zug . In terms of population, Küssnacht is the second largest town in the canton after Einsiedeln .
On the way from Küssnacht to Immensee is the Hollow Lane , by Friedrich Schiller's Drama Wilhelm Tell worldwide recognition gained because there William Tell the bailiff Gessler with a crossbow allegedly shot. The Astrid Chapel stands between Küssnacht and Merlischachen in memory of Queen Astrid of Belgium, who died there in 1935 .
The community Küssnacht consists of the localities Küssnacht with the hamlet Haltikon, Immensee and Merlischachen . The neighboring communities are Udligenswil , Adligenswil , Meggen , Greppen , Arth , Meierskappel , Risch and Walchwil via Lake Zug .
The name Küssnacht is formed from a Latin personal name such as Cossinius, Cossonius, Cusin (n) ius or similar and the Celtic place-name ending -akos / -acum and means "estate of Cossinius (or similar)". The place name goes back to a time when the Celtic population started to use Latin personal names. It is first attested to around the year 830, when the nobleman Recho bequeathed his property to the monastery of St. Leodegar in Lucerne.
The influence of Lucerne decreased when the Schwyz settled here and established a customs post before the Sempach War. In 1424 Küssnacht became a district of the Canton of Schwyz with its own council and court. In 1831 the district joined the short-lived, liberal canton of Ausserschwyz . In 1833 and 1847 party political struggles led to occupations by Schwyzer and Tagsatzung troops.
Küssnacht has the hotel and catering trade. Historic buildings include town houses and half-timbered houses, two restored town halls from the 18th century and the stylishly restored baroque parish church of St. Peter and Paul. On the lakeshore, a promenade has taken the place of the former transshipment and storage area; the Monséjour conference and congress center located there is more recent.
The municipality of Küssnacht has 12,501 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2016). 8,819 people live in the village of Küssnacht, 2,458 people in the village of Immensee and 1,224 people in the village of Merlischachen. The total population is 65.3% Roman Catholic and 10.7% Reformed . The proportion of Catholics among the population with Swiss citizenship (71.2%) is significantly higher than among the foreign population (43.9%), whereas the proportion of Reformed among Swiss and foreigners is around 10% (11.8% and 11.8% respectively) . 6.9%) is similarly high. The proportion of foreigners is 21.6%.
The station Küssnacht at the on June 1, 1897 Gotthard Railway Company opened railway line Lucerne Immensee . The farming village was connected to Lucerne and Immensee for the first time. The four bus routes lead to Immensee, Schwyz, Rotkreuz and Root D4. There is a cable car to the Seebodenalp . The place also has a port for regular shipping on Lake Lucerne.
The best known tradition is the Küssnachter Klausjagen , a Saint Nicholas - tradition that is celebrated each December 5 with a parade. In the originally pagan custom, the winter spirits were driven out with noise; later Christian motifs were as white shepherd shirts, hats Bishop (candle-lit miters) and the Santa Claus added. The move is organized by today's largest men's association in Küssnacht, the St. Niklausengesellschaft founded in 1928.
A small Central Swiss Carnival is celebrated in Küssnacht ; the Dirty Thursday is carried out as in Sattel SZ one week earlier than usual. Carnival parades and monster concerts take place. There are four local Guggenmusik groups, Blächchutzeler , Cossinius Fäger , Gessler Chessler and Rigigusler , who also organize masked balls. The Old Carnival (Sunday after Ash Wednesday ) is the local highlight of the Küssnacht Carnival, when schnitzel bank groups and cabaret artists perform in various restaurants .
When the alpine farmers went to the valley earlier in autumn, the village celebrated with dancing and singing. These festivals are the origin of the Sennenchilbi , which takes place every six years in Küssnacht on the Sunday after the dirty Thursday. On the stage in front of the Hotel Engel, folkloric performances begin early in the morning with dancing, singing, yodelling, alphorn lectures and flag waving, which continue throughout the day. A special attraction is the over 40 m high climbing tree that young men try to conquer. Cheese is prepared in alpine huts and free coffee with kirsch and « nidle » is given to the festival visitors . The high point of the festival is the parade with the alpine descent .
Küssnacht has been friends with the Küssaberg district of Küßnach in the Waldshut district for 54 years : “In the smallest district of the Küssaberg community , there was a special meeting [at the end of May 2018]: Paul Bürk (84), who at the time when Küssnach was still an independent community was, acted as council clerk, received a visit from Ruedi Steinegger (88) from Küssnacht am Rigi. [...] The two seniors were actively involved in establishing the partnership between the two places in 1963 and are the last living witnesses of the friendship that developed at that time. "
- Petra Gössi (* 1976), politician (FDP), lives in Küssnacht
- Franz Wyrsch: Küssnacht (SZ). In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- 3 towns, 2 lakes, 1 mountain: Küssnacht district. Edited by the Küssnacht district, undated, ISBN 978-3-905886-01-6 .
- Sources on the history of the Küssnacht am Rigi landscape . Published by the historical association Küssnacht, 1984 ff.
- Kurt Annen u. a .: «I am not that sensitive gsy». Küssnacht story (s) 1848 to 1998. Official jubilee publication for the 150th anniversary of the Küssnacht district. District administration Küssnacht am Rigi, 1998.
- Markus Bamert u. a .: Gesslerburg and Hohle Gasse with Tell Chapel (= Swiss Art Guide, Volume 790). Bern 2006, ISBN 978-3-85782-790-7 .
- Klaus chasing. Edited by the St. Nicholas Society. Küssnacht am Rigi 1988.
- Erika Schumacher: Lake Lucerne & Central Switzerland. (= Dumont travel paperback). Dumont Buchverlag, Cologne 2000, ISBN 3-7701-4311-6 , p. 68.
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original dated May 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Lexicon of Swiss municipality . Edited by the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol. Frauenfeld / Lausanne 2005, p. 492.
- Population statistics of the Küssnacht district as of January 1, 2016. (PDF) Küssnacht district, 2016, accessed on January 30, 2016 .
- Federal Statistical Office : NR - Results parties (municipalities) (INT1). In: Federal Elections 2019 | opendata.swiss. August 8, 2019, accessed August 1, 2020 .
- Tina Prause: Küssnacht meets Küssnach. Südkurier , May 29, 2018.