|Canton :||Zurich (ZH)|
|BFS no. :||0198|
|Postal code :||8606 Nänikon
8610, 8613 Uster
|UN / LOCODE :||CH NKN (Nänikon)
CH USR (Uster)
|Height range :||435-590 m above sea level M.|
|Area :||28.49 km²|
|Residents:||34,722 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||1219 inhabitants per km²|
Proportion of foreigners :
|22.8% (December 31, 2018)|
|City President :||Barbara Thalmann ( SP )|
|Location of the municipality|
Uster (in the local dialect of Zurich German [uʃːtər] ) is a political municipality and capital of the district of the same name in the Swiss canton of Zurich . The importance of the city of Uster has grown significantly with the construction of the S-Bahn network of the Zurich Transport Association . With over 35,000 inhabitants, it is the third largest city in the canton.
Uster is located in the Zurich Oberland and with 28.56 km² is the largest municipality in the Uster district and the eighth largest in the canton of Zurich. The community is located east of the Greifensee, 13 kilometers from Zurich.
The largest part of Uster is occupied by cultivated land, which comprises 44.5% of the municipal area. There are also 27% forest, 18.4% settlement, 7.8% traffic area and 0.4% water.
After the unification of July 9, 1927, Uster is divided into eleven districts that were previously independent civil parishes . Six so-called Aussenwachten are still located today as villages in the open countryside around the core area of the city of Uster, the others have since grown together structurally.
The district of Kirchuster was first mentioned in 1416. It has around 10,000 inhabitants and is therefore the largest district in the city.
The name of the place was mentioned several times, first in 1227 as de Inferiori Ustero (lat.), 1300 as ze Nidern Ustre (German) and 1416 as ze Nidern Ustra . To the west, but near the Greifensee and south of the train station, live about 6400 inhabitants.
The quarter is divided into Oberuster and Nossikon. Oberuster was first mentioned in 1325. It is to the east and slightly elevated from the train station. Nossikon, first mentioned as Nossinchoven in 903, is located southeast of the train station. In total, around 4,700 people live there.
The district is located in the northeastern part of Uster and has around 3200 inhabitants. The name is made up of the two names of the hills Rehbüel and Hegetsberg. The area was densely populated after the Glatthalbahn was built and opened on August 1, 1856, when the first houses were built near the train station. The public sector decided to build health facilities in this new part of the city, which is now home to the health mile with the Uster hospital, the Im Grund retirement and care center and the Wagerenhof foundation for people with mental and multiple disabilities.
Around 770 people live in the village to the south of the city center in the preserved rural structure near the shore of Lake Greifensee. First mentioned in a document in 741, Riedikon is the oldest settlement in the area of today's city of Uster.
The hamlet of Werrikon lies between the core area of the city of Uster and the village of Nänikon. It is separated from the quarters of the center by a nature reserve. Around 270 people live in the outside watch.
This quarter is north of the center and has around 3550 inhabitants. The place was first mentioned around 1325 as Winckhen , 1361 as Winninkon .
To the north of the Oberland Autobahn and northwest of Wermatswil is the Freudwil outdoor watch. Almost completely surrounded by forests, about 130 people live there. The clock tower on the old schoolhouse is a landmark of the small village.
Wermatswil is located between the core area of the city of Uster and the municipality of Pfäffikon ZH. About 1200 inhabitants live on the hill. The most famous son of the village is Jakob Gujer .
The village of Nänikon is located three kilometers west of Uster and has about 2250 inhabitants. The two landmarks of the outside guard are the Türmli school building and the memorial on the Bluetmatt, reminiscent of the Old Zurich War (see Mord von Greifensee ). The village is closely intertwined with the Greifensee community; both communities have a common Nänikon-Greifensee train station and a common postcode.
The village with rural origins lies between Uster and Gossau. It has about 400 residents.
Prehistory and early history
In the municipality of Ustem, near Riedikon, numerous traces of bank settlements of the Neolithic Pfyn culture were found . Some burial mounds testify to Bronze Age settlement. There were Roman manors in Nänikon, Riedikon and in the Oberusterwald. The Alemannic settlement center emerged in the early Middle Ages on the banks of the Aabach in today's Oberuster (in the area of the "island"). One day the Roman roads crossed from the Glatttal to the Oberland (along the Aabach) and from Winterthur to Lake Zurich.
The St. Gallen monastery owned property in Riedikon around 741. The Uster settlement is first mentioned in St. Gallen documents in 775 as the Ustra villa . Later spellings are in Ustramarcha (902), Ustera (952), Ustire (1217/8), Uster (1219), Ustere (1244), Ostrum (1263), Ustir (1268), Ostra (1363), Ustrach (1426) . The origin of the place name is unclear. In the 19th century a pre-German origin was suspected and the late-attested spelling in -ach was interpreted as folk etymological. A proposal that interprets the place name as an Old High German water body name , based on a * uster-aha «voracious brook» or * ustrâ «die Gefrässige» (today's Ustermer Aa ), was presented by Bruno Boesch in 1978.
The first mill stood on the island, which is still bordered on one side by the Aabach and on the other side by an artificial canal (today the street). It was later moved a little to the south and to the other side of the canal, where it still stands - rather inconspicuously - today (the mill wheel no longer exists). The mill in Niederuster had existed since the 14th century (1350 molendinum dictum die Ziegelmüli ). A parish church of St. Andreas donated by the Rapperswilers is first mentioned in 1099 (broken off in 1823). According to Bucelin ( Historia Agilolfingica et Guelfica, 1662), the lords of Uster, belonging to the Rapperswil family, claimed that they were descended from the Swabian Guelfs . The parish came to the Landenbergers after 1369 and to the Rüti monastery in 1438 .
Around the year 1100, the Lords of Winterthur built Uster Castle in the middle of the Count of Rapperswil's territory , which today rises above the city as a landmark. Around 1267 the castle was owned by the Barons von Bonstetten . In the High Middle Ages, Uster belonged to the Greifensee rule ; Wermatswil and parts of Freudwil belonged to Kyburg , Sulzbach and Riedikon to Grüningen and large parts of the lands around Oberuster belonged to the Rüti monastery . The center itself, however, belonged for the most part to free farmers, which was unusual at the time. In 1473 a year book was created in the parish , which is one of the best preserved in the canton. Because the land and castle belonged to different masters, no actual old town center was formed in Uster. In the area of today's Zentralstrasse, below the castle hill, craftsmen settled in the late Middle Ages.
The border of blood jurisdiction ran along the Aabach right through Uster. On the left bank (Riedikon, Sulzbach) it was with the Lords of Grüningen , on the right bank (Wermatswil) with the County of Kyburg. In Nossikon there is evidence of a separate court from freemen for the 13th and 14th centuries, which was confirmed by the opening in 1431, but lost its special status in the 16th century at the latest.
The Uster Anniversar was created between 1469 and 1473.
Early modern age
Until 1544 Greifensee also belonged to the parish of Uster, until 1638 also Volketswil , Hegnau , Zimikon , Kindhausen and Isikon , until 1767 Gutenswil and until 1770 Heusberg . The Uster settlement itself was also called Kirch-Uster to distinguish between Ober-Uster and Unter-Uster. Since the parish church of the Saint Andrew was dedicated, found annually on Andrew's Day (November 30), a large fairground instead.
Uster Castle, which burned down in 1492, was rebuilt after 1526. In 1535 the Lords of Bonstetten left the place. In 1544, the ruler Hans Vogler sold the lower jurisdiction to the city of Zurich. From 1560 the castle belonged to the barons of Hohensax , whose line died out with the death of Christoph Friedrich von Hohensax in 1633. After its abolition in 1525, the rights of the Rüti monastery fell to the city of Zurich. In 1668 a third of the parish population fell victim to an epidemic.
In the 18th century, an extensive home industry emerged in the upper Glattal . In addition, there was a well-known production of kirsch in Uster . Around 1800 about half of the population worked in the cotton industry.
Uster became the district capital in 1798 under the Helvetic Republic . It retained this status, now called the district capital, under the mediation constitution of the canton of Zurich in 1803 and under the liberal canton constitution in 1831 and has remained unchanged since then.
In the early 19th century, the village gained more and more importance due to increasing industrialization and, along with the Zurich Oberland, was one of the most densely industrialized areas in Europe. The history of the cotton spinning mill and the industrial revolution in Uster and in the Zurich Oberland can now be relived on the industrial path at 49 objects between Uster and Bauma .
The old parish church was demolished in 1823 and replaced by a monumental new building in the classical style (see Reformed Church in Uster ).
On November 22nd, 1830 10,000 rural residents demanded more democratic rights, a resignation of the old powers and the drafting of a new constitution. This was the first step towards a modern Canton of Zurich . In 1831, as a result of this so-called Ustertag, a new liberal canton constitution was introduced in the canton of Zurich on the basis of popular sovereignty, the separation of powers and equal rights for rural residents, as well as freedom of the press and trade.
In 1832, Uster hit the headlines when, on November 22nd, disappointed by government promises not kept, home weavers burned down the Corrodi & Pfister factory, which was equipped with the first mechanical looms , for fear of losing their jobs. Around fifty people involved in this act were then sentenced to chain and prison terms of up to 24 years. This event later went down in history as the Brand von Uster or Usterbrand . The deed is the best-known example of a machine storm in Switzerland.
In 1856, the Wallisellen – Uster line of the then Glatthalbahn company was opened. The train station in the city of Uster is one of the oldest train stations in Switzerland.
At the end of the 19th century and at the very beginning of the 20th century, Uster became internationally known through two Swiss manufacturers of automobiles. The Weber & Cie. from 1899 initially three-wheelers and four-wheeled automobiles a year later. In 1906 she had to stop production.
The watchmaker Martin Fischer founded Turicum AG in Uster in 1904 with his partner Paul Vorbrodt . The company had around 140 employees in 1913 and the vehicles were exported worldwide. Production had to stop in 1914 after around 1000 vehicles had been built. The Turicum bus stop in Uster is still a reminder of the company today.
A serious accident caused a sad sensation on May 9, 1985, when the steel anchors of the suspended ceiling in the Uster indoor swimming pool failed due to stress corrosion cracking at around 8:25 p.m. 12 people died and 19 were injured. The engineer in charge had underestimated the aggressive nature of chlorine compounds in warm, humid air.
Archives, museums, libraries
Uster City Archives and Paul Kläui Library
Sources on the history of Uster are kept in the Uster city archive and in the Paul Kläui library. The city archive contains the historical archive of the city of Uster with a file volume of approx. 2 walking kilometers . The archive treasures also include around 15 private archives, which contain documents from private individuals, associations or companies that were important for the city of Uster and depict everyday life in the past. The oldest medieval document in the historical archive is from 1371. It consists of parchment and was written in German. The other inventory includes dossiers from administrative offices that document the official processes in the city of Uster. As a scientific library, the Paul Kläui Library complements the holdings of the City Archives with its regional literature from Uster and the Zurich Oberland. A documentation center with newspaper articles, maps and photos for Uster is integrated there.
Graphos Book Printing Museum
The Graphos Book Printing Museum presents the 500-year history of book printing . During guided tours, techniques (manual typesetting as in Gutenberg's time, machine typesetting and printing) can be learned about working original facilities.
Foundation for Historical Army Material Command Support
The Foundation for Historical Army Material Management Support (Stiftung HAMFU) operates a collection center on the subject of communication technology and command support . The collection shows the history of the use and technology of the means of communication used by the Swiss Army .
|Social Democratic Party SP||5||6th||8th||8th||10||12||11||8th||9||10|
|Swiss People's Party SVP||7th||8th||7th||7th||10||11||10||10||10||8th|
|Liberal Democratic Party FDP||8th||7th||6th||6th||6th||7th||5||4th||4th||5|
|Green Party GP||-||-||-||-||-||-||2||3||3||4th|
|Green Liberal Party GLP||-||-||-||-||-||-||2||4th||3||3|
|Evangelical People's Party EPP||4th||4th||4th||4th||4th||4th||2||2||2||2|
|Citizen-friendly policy Uster BPU||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||2||1|
|Civic Democratic Party BDP||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1||1|
|Christian Democratic People's Party CVP||4th||3||2||2||1||1||1||1||1||1|
|Federal Democratic Union EDU||-||-||-||-||-||-||2||2||1||1|
|Young Liberals JF||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||1||0||-|
|Swiss Democrats SD||0||-||-||-||-||1||1||1||-||-|
|State ring of the Independent LdU||4th||4th||3||3||2||-||-||-||-||-|
|Freedom Party of Switzerland FPS||-||-||3||3||1||-||-||-||-||-|
|Young liberals Uster JULIUS||-||1||2||3||2||-||-||-||-||-|
|Active for Uster AfU||-||1||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Democratic Social Party DSP||4th||2||0||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Democratic Party DP||-||-||0||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
The executive branch is the seven-member city council . Until 2007, the seat of the city council was the town house built in 1962 according to plans by Bruno Giacometti . Since June 2007 the city council has met in a new building right next to the town hall.
|Social Democratic Party SP||1||1||1||1||1||2||3||3||3||3|
|Liberal Democratic Party FDP||2||1||1||2||3||3||2||2||2||2|
|Swiss People's Party SVP||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||2||1|
|Green Party GP||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||0||0||1|
|Green Liberal Party GLP||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||0||0||0|
|Evangelical People's Party EPP||-||1||1||1||1||0||-||-||-||0|
|Federal Democratic Union EDU||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||0|
|Christian Democratic People's Party CVP||1||0||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Democratic Social Party DSP||1||0||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Surname||Taking office||Department||Political party|
Municipality or city council
Mayor (until 1970)
- 1889–1892 Emil Stadler-Dändliker, FDP
- 1892–1895 Berthold Kirchhofer, FDP
- 1895–1919 Johann Heinrich Bosshard-Morf, FDP
- 1919–1922 Jean Graf-Brunner, Dem.
- 1922–1925 Emil Stadler-Gujer, FDP
- 1925–1938 Theophil Pfister, BGB
- 1938–1948 Emil Stadler-Gujer, FDP
- 1948–1958 Ernst Wettstein, BGB
- 1958–1962 Hans Berchtold, FDP
- 1962–1966 Werner Graf, FDP
- 1966–1974 Albert Hofmann, SVP, from 1970 mayor
Mayor (from 1970)
- 1974–1986 Walter Flach, FDP
- 1986–1998 Hans Thalmann , independent
- 1998–2006 Elisabeth Surbeck, FDP
- 2006–2014 Martin Bornhauser, SP
- 2014–2018 Werner Egli, SVP
- since 2018 Barbara Thalmann, SP
- Karin Fehr (Greens)
- Stefan Feldmann (SP)
- Walter Meier (EPP)
- Benno Scherrer (GLP)
- Claudia Wyssen (GLP)
- Meret Schneider (Greens)
The city of Uster has a total population of 35,929, of which 35,252 are settled (main residence). (As of end of July 2020 / Source: uster.ch)
Population by nationality according to the city of Uster:
|nationality||End of '07||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012||2013||2014||2015||2016||2017||2018||2019|
|North Macedonia||0.95%||0.88%||0.94%||0.95%||0.91%||0.92%||0.88%||0.91%||0.91%||0.89%||0.88%||0.89%||0.85%||North Macedonia|
Population development since 1634
The figures from 1970-2019 come from the statistical office of the canton of Zurich, cantonal population survey, municipality portrait.
Churches / religions
|Evangelical Reformed Regional Church||36.76%||36.05%||35.22%||34.43%||33.87%||33.00%||32.30%||31.69%||31.00%||30.17%|
|Roman Catholic Church||29.18%||28.89%||28.75%||28.40%||28.12%||27.85%||27.53%||27.26%||26.71%||25.99%|
|Christian Catholic Church||0.14%||0.15%||0.12%||0.11%||0.11%||0.12%||0.10%||0.11%||0.13%||0.17%|
The following are involved in the local section of the Evangelical Alliance : Church Neuwies (Chrischona parish) (founded in 1990), Evangelical Reformed Church , Evangelical Methodist Church (founded in 1880), Free Church of Uster (founded in 1863), Free Mission Church , Salvation Army (founded in 1890), the Pentecostal Church (founded in 1936), the Iglesia Cristiana Cuerpo de Cristo (in the local alliance since 2017) and the Uster house of prayer.
The central location and good access by public transport has triggered a building boom and rising property prices since 1990. The 1,350 companies based in the city, most of them in the service sector, provide around 13,000 jobs. In Uster there are companies such as Uster Technologies (manufacturer of electronic measuring and test systems for the textile industry), Distrelec (major distributor of electronics, automation and IT), the BSU-Bank (regional bank ), Zellweger Luwa (manufacturer of fans and air conditioning systems) and Implant Design (manufacturer of prostheses) based.
Uster is very well served by public transport. The following four lines of the Zurich S-Bahn run via Uster:
- Zug - Affoltern a. A. - Zurich HB - Uster - Pfäffikon SZ
- Schaffhausen - Rafz - Zurich HB - Stettbach - Uster
- Affoltern a. A. - Altstetten - Zurich HB - Oerlikon - Wallisellen - Hinwil
- Rapperswil - Uster - Zurich HB - Oberglatt - Niederweningen
The Nänikon-Greifensee train station with a connection to theand also belongs to the municipality of Uster .
In Uster itself there are seven local and six regional bus routes available to travelers.
Despite its size, there is only one traffic light in Uster . All but one have been replaced in the last few years by partly imaginatively designed traffic circles , which made Uster known nationwide as the “roundabout town”.
The ten level crossings , which are closed for more than 40 minutes an hour, are also known nationwide. The only alternative is an underpass in front of the fire station , which is only 3.25 m high. In the 1980s this led to the sarcastic slogan: “Uster - The lively city behind the barrier” .
The Oberlandautobahn ( A53 ) adjoining in the north opens up the city with three exits, which flow outside the city into the three main traffic axes.
As one of the twelve regional fire brigade bases, the Ustermer fire brigade has the task of providing logistical and personnel support to the local fire brigades in the surrounding 14 communities in the event of major incidents and in the oil / chemical firefighting area.
In addition to the canton police , Uster has its own city police , which is responsible for communal tasks and supports the canton police. The sea rescue service on the Greifensee is operated jointly by all neighboring communities and is based in the Niederuster boathouse.
The Uster hospital is responsible for the medical care of the upper Glatttal and the Zürcher Oberland with a total of around 135,000 inhabitants. With around 1100 employees, the Uster Hospital is the largest employer in the region. It is organized as a special purpose association of the twelve sponsoring communities. On March 8, 2015, the voters decided on the conversion of the Zweckverband into a stock corporation. The request was rejected in the city of Uster with 57 percent no votes, which means that the conversion failed.
A sports hall, indoor swimming pool, riding facility with hall, tennis, squash and badminton courts, climbing hall, as well as boccia and mini golf courses are located on the sports grounds in Buchholz. The city also offers two outdoor pools.
Art and culture
Despite its proximity to the city of Zurich, the city of Uster has its own cultural offering.
The following art objects are in Zellwegerpark:
The “Cube” by Sol LeWitt has been in Zellwegerpark since 2011
Tadashi Kawamata's Drift Structure or «Kawamata Bridge»
The «Moosfelsen» from Fischli / Weiss
In addition to the concerts of the Kulturgemeinschaft Uster (KGU), various concert series enliven the cultural life of the country town on the Greifensee. The Uster Organ Festival with its five organ concerts in late summer, the must series - musicians from Uster for Uster, the PAM - space for other music and the Sunday concerts series of the Reformed and Catholic parishes should be mentioned here.
- The Zellweger Park includes the former private company premises (“Forbidden City”) of Zellweger Uster AG. Since 2005 it has been developed as a residential area. Historically, the area is shaped by the Aabach and its use as an energy source with the "reservoirs" Zellwegerweiher and Herterweiher. See also the Zürcher Oberland industrial path www.vehi.ch/. Today the area is an attractive park landscape and part of the Stadtpark-Aabach-Greifensee recreation zone and contains important works of art, including a.
- «Cube» by Sol LeWitt,
- «Moosfelsen» by Fischli / Weiss and
- "Drift Structure" by Tadashi Kawamata
- On a hill south of the city center, Uster Castle , with a vineyard and the reformed church at the foot, towers over the city as a landmark .
- The Reformed Church Uster is a church planned by the architect Johannes Volkart von Winterthur in a classical style and built near the castle on the castle hill. It was inaugurated on October 31, 1824.
- Construction of the first Catholic church in Uster after the Reformation began in 1883. The neo-Gothic building was demolished in 1962 and replaced by the St. Andreas Church, inaugurated in 1965 by the architect André M. Studer . Its bell tower on Neuwiesenstrasse is a striking landmark within the city.
- With the industrial path, Uster has a demonstration object for the industrial past of the region, which was mainly in cotton processing. Two of these former industrial sites have now been converted into residential areas while retaining the old buildings. The conversion of this area to the settlements Im Lot and Arche Nova were one of the reasons for receiving the Wakker Prize , an award from the Swiss Homeland Security.
- Industrial history can also be viewed in the Graphos Museum on the Zeughaus area. It is dedicated to the history of typesetting , printing, and bookbinding . Since most of the machines on display are still working, visitors can set and print their own cards on site.
- Railroad fans should be interested in the restored locomotive depot from 1857. This building with five locomotive stands, which are arranged around a turntable, is the oldest locomotive depot in Switzerland; The Lok-Remise Uster cooperative looks after the ensemble in close cooperation with the Canton of Zurich. Since 1995 the building has been used by the Zürcher Oberland Steam Railway Association as a coach house and workshop for steam locomotives .
- The Uster Railway Collection Foundation is exhibited in the locomotive shed . High-quality railway models, mainly in the "large" gauges IIm, I, 0 and 0m, as well as original objects of the railway and model railway systems can be seen.
- The P. Bartenstein AG (Uster Bräu) brewery, which was initially closed in 1977, is also worth a visit. Since 2008, beer has been brewed again by the Uster Braukultur AG brewery in new production rooms on the same facility . It is still possible to visit the old systems .
Along with Wetzikon, Uster is the most important educational location in the Zurich Oberland . It is the seat of the Uster Cantonal School , which became independent in 2006 , the Uster Business and Technology Vocational School, the Uster Higher Technical School (HFU), the Zürcher Oberland Art and Sports School (KuSs ZO) and the Uster Greifensee Music School.
The Japanese School Zurich is also located in Uster .
For individual sporting activities, the region offers the lake with the possibilities for bike tours, inline skating , swimming , rowing , sailing , windsurfing , kite surfing , diving and running courses in the forest, Vitaparcours , Finnish track , 400 m running track, indoor and outdoor pools, golf range, mini golf , Squash, tennis & badminton courts. In addition, Uster offers two football fields, a sports stadium and a sports hall, is the venue for off-road sports such as triathlon and long-distance running and is home to more than 71 sports clubs.
The athletes from the Uster swimming club, Uster-Wallisellen swimming club, are very successful at national and international competitions. The Uster rowing club takes part as a local club in the annual national rowing regatta on Lake Greifensee .
The Judo Club Uster , founded in 1964, is one of the largest judo clubs in Switzerland and plays a leading role in the Zurich region. He is represented by a team in the National League A, the highest Swiss league, for both men and women.
In 1998 the official half marathon world championships took place in Uster . Since 1980 the Greifensee run has taken place every year in mid-September with start and finish in Uster, and since 1992 the race has been half marathon distance and also shorter distances.
- Prenzlau , Germany - since 2000
In 2000, Uster entered into a town partnership with Prenzlau ( Germany ). The partnership agreement was by then on October 29, 2000 Mayor of Prenzlau, Jürgen Hoppe , and the former City President the type, Elisabeth Surbeck-Brugger signed. Since then, the partnership has been renewed several times.
Recreation & leisure
In addition to the spring market, and the model fair in autumn, on the last Thursday of November and the subsequent Friday finds Uster Mart instead. This fair , which has existed since 1099, was originally a farmers' market and animal show. Nowadays, in addition to the classic market operation, there is also a large carousel and amusement park, so that this event is now one of the largest fairs in Switzerland.
“Thanks to exemplary planning and structural measures, the city of Uster has succeeded in creating its own identity in the increasingly anonymous Swiss agglomeration landscape. The settlement area was clearly separated from the rural area, high-quality, contemporary architecture was actively promoted and the old building fabric was respectfully integrated into the present. "
“The city of Uster shows in an exemplary manner how long-term planning and implementation of green spaces creates a new urban density. The heart of this development is the Aabach, which gradually transformed from an industrial canal into a park landscape. "
The Usterapfel is an apple variety named after Uster . It is also known to older generations as a lemon grinder . The apple, which originated in the Netherlands, reached Uster among others in 1760 and was planted for the first time on the grounds of the castle there. In the 19th century, the Usterapfel was the most productive and common variety in the canton of Zurich; at that time it made up a tenth to a quarter of the entire apple production in the canton.
coat of arms
- Split of silver and red with two silver bars
This coat of arms was introduced by the municipality in 1917, based on a coat of arms depicted by Gerold Edlibach (1486).
In the 19th century there was a different coat of arms: "three green linden or apple trees", today the coat of arms of Kirchuster. It appears for the first time on a rifle flag from around 1835.
- Marco Bayer (* 1972), ice hockey player and coach
- Maria Becker (1920–2012), actress, most recently resident and deceased in Uster
- Rolf Blättler (* 1942), soccer player, Swiss champion 1971/72, three-time top scorer
- Markus Braun (1950–2014), composer, organist and pianist
- Chris Conz (* 1985), boogie-woogie pianist
- Martha Dewal -Hürlimann (* 1935), chamber singer from Baden-Württemberg
- Andrea Di Consoli (* 1976), writer and journalist
- Jeannine Gmelin (* 1990), rower
- Jakob Gujer , called Kleinjogg (1718–1785), farmer and reformer of agriculture
- Heinrich Grunholzer (1819–1873), teacher, politician (National Council) and manufacturer
- Nicole Hanselmann (* 1991), racing cyclist
- Jakob Heusser (1895–1989), politician, councilor
- Oliver Hofstetter (* 1990), racing cyclist
- Johann Hürlimann (1793–1850), visual artist and engraver
- Nora Illi (1984-2020), person of Islam
- Peter Jörg (* 1972), track and road cyclist
- Ernst Kappeler (1911–1987), writer
- Walter Keller (1953–2014), journalist, publisher and gallery owner
- Hedi Lang (1931–2004), politician (SP), President of the National Council and Councilor
- Robert Lejeune (1891–1970), Protestant clergyman and supporter of Robert Musil
- Martin Leuenberger (* 1973), Protestant theologian
- Jakob Maurer (* 1929), architect and urban planner
- Stenia Michel (* 1987), soccer player
- Adrian Nikci (* 1989), soccer player, Swiss champion 2008/2009
- Celine Reust (* 1997), table tennis player
- Markus Ryffel (* 1955), middle-distance runner, Olympic silver medalist 1984.
- Roger Sablonier (1941-2010), historian
- Otto Schaufelberger (1901–1987), teacher and folk poet
- Meret Schneider (* 1992), National Councilor (Greens)
- Nico Selenati (* 1996), cyclist
- Johann Caspar Sieber (also Johann Kaspar Sieber; 1821–1878), educator, constitutional councilor 1869 and councilor
- Roeland Wiesnekker (* 1967), film and theater actor with Dutch roots
- Heinrich von Wild (1833–1902), physicist and meteorologist
- Anita Färber (Ed.): Uster-Buch 1990 . Uster 1990, .
- Hans Martin Gubler: The art monuments of the canton of Zurich. Volume III: The districts of Pfäffikon and Uster. (= Swiss art monuments. 66). Birkhäuser, Basel 1978, ISBN 3-7643-0991-1 , pp. 352-464.
- Michael Köhler: The urban development of Uster from a factory village to a city. Under the influence of the Glatt Valley Railway between 1856 and 1916. Dissertation University of Zurich 2005 full text ( memento from February 11, 2006 in the Internet Archive ).
- Luk Konrad: Photo book Uster. Photos of the lively country town on Greifensee . Uster Verlag, Uster 1996, ISBN 3-908678-00-5 .
- Paul Kläui : History of the community of Uster. Orell Füssli, Zurich 1964, .
- Bruno Schmid: Uster. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- Hans Thalmann: Uster, for example. New ways of political leadership . Paul Haupt, Bern 1999, ISBN 3-258-06077-0 .
- Permanent and non-permanent resident population by year, canton, district, municipality, population type and gender (permanent resident population). In: bfs. admin.ch . Federal Statistical Office (FSO), August 31, 2019, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Data on the resident population by home, gender and age (community profile). Statistical Office of the Canton of Zurich, accessed on December 22, 2019 .
- Linguistic Atlas of German-speaking Switzerland V 1b; see also ortsnames.ch under Uster .
- Association of the eleven civil parishes to form the political community of Uster. City of Uster, accessed on May 26, 2018 .
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- Heinrich Meyer: The place names of the canton of Zurich, collected from the documents and explained. Zurich 1849, p. 101 : “Werdmüller says that Uster will also include Osheim u. In the old documents. Called Ostheim. We have not found these forms anywhere, and rather consider them to be inappropriate etymological interpretations; because the word does not belong to the German, but to the Celtic language. " Oustra (942) and Ustrach (1342) [instead of 1426] cited Meyer only after Gerold Meyer von Knonau: Zurich place names in the medieval form. In: Contributions to history and literature, especially from the archives and libraries of the Canton of Aargau. Aarau 1846, p. 540 .
- Bruno Boesch: Uster. In: Name and History. Henning Kaufmann on his 80th birthday. Edited by Friedrich Debus and Karl Puchner. Munich 1978; Reprinted in: Small writings on name research 1945–1981. Heidelberg 1981, p. 458 ff. P. 191 writes Boesch: «The beginning with -aha is purely linguistically unnecessary: ustrâ as a fem. Adj. 'The voracious' might suffice. For objective reasons, we assume today's Aa-bach, on which Uster is located, and thus from the contraction aha > a, which can often be proven. " The ahd. Adjective ustar «voracious» (gulosus) has been handed down in glosses. The field name Usteren am Eubach , Canton Schwyz, is used as a reference material: “If we look at the two neighboring names Lattbach and Usteren side by side, a striking pair of opposites emerges, because the original name of the Lattbach was Glattbach, which means a quiet, smooth one Lauf has to go back while the * Ustera is the voracious, greedy one. Both names have evidently no longer referred to a body of water since they were first handed down, but rather the land near the streams that were once so named. It is conceivable that the developed * Ustaraha was a name for the Eubach, while the Glattbach named the brook that flows through the estate. " ( ortsnames.ch ). Alternatively, Boesch considered a meaning "the stream lying to the east", derived from ahd. Ôstar and comparison with the name of the river Ostrach . "Bruno Boesch, who tried to assign it [the place name] to the Celtic in 1949, gave plausible reasons in a later investigation, why it is an Old High German name meaning 'voracious brook'." Bernhard Nievergelt and Hansruedi Wildermuth saw this approach in their book A Landscape and Her Life: the Zurich Oberland. Von Tierhag zum Volkiland (2001), p. 228 as justified. Boesch's suggestion was adopted in the Lexicon of Swiss Community Names . Edited by the Center de Dialectologie at the University of Neuchâtel under the direction of Andres Kristol. Frauenfeld / Lausanne 2005, p. 906, and in Manfred Niemeyer, Deutsches Ortsnamenbuch (2012), p. 647. A return to the Celtic (and the assumption of a late medieval reinterpretation) is untenable.
- Johann Konrad Fäsi: Exact and complete description of the state and the earth of the Helvetian Confederation, the same common lordships and associated places. Orell & Geßner, Zurich 1765, 407 f.
- Fäsi (1765: 404 ) writes: «The inhabitants of the rule [Greifensee] have been working so hard in the factories in the city for 30 years that in some areas the field construction suffers not a little, regardless of the local fields make up the most fertile parts of the canton. "
- Fäsi (1765: 404 ): «Around Uster the meadows are watered advantageously by the Ustrer brook, which flows through both villages. A lot of cherry spirit or water is distilled from the frequent cherries that grow near the villages, on the fields and trees. A large part of this drink is turned into money apart from the Canton. "
- Markus Bürgi, Bruno Schmid: Usterbrand. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .
- HAMFU Foundation homepage
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