A world championship ( WM ) denotes sporting competitions held on a global level for individual athletes or national teams , mostly in tournament form , which are held by the respective world sports federation and for which the participating athletes or teams usually have to qualify in continental qualification competitions or at national level. The plural world championships designates competitions in which several winners are determined, e.g. B. in several disciplines in athletics or in different weight classes in wrestling . The winners determined at the end bear the title of world champion , which is awarded by the respective sports association. In individual areas there are several bodies that do not recognize each other or only partially recognize each other (e.g. bodybuilding , boxing , wrestling and dance sports ), from which world championships in the same sport are sometimes held independently of each other. The counterpart for club sport is the world cup . This title is only valid until the next World Cup.
The volleyball world championship , rugby union world championship and basketball world championship are not as important as the soccer competition, but nevertheless with great interest on all continents . Above all, the number of spectators at rugby union can best keep up with those in football.
In Europe, the ice hockey world championship and the handball world championship also have many fans, but outside of the old continent, with the exception of Arabia in handball and North America in ice hockey, there is little interest in these competitions. The baseball world championship is very popular in Latin America and East Asia , and baseball is also one of the three greatest sports in the world. The World Cricket Championship is practically only seen in the Commonwealth of Nations.
The American Football World Championship , the Hockey World Championship , the Lacrosse World Championship and the Rugby League World Championship experience significant interest only in the host cities and the participating countries. In addition to team sports, the world championship fights in martial arts, especially boxing, and in motorsport, the Formula 1 world championship , the world rally championship , the touring car world championship and the motorcycle world championship have a large number of spectators on site and on the television sets .
But there are many lesser-known world championships in fringe sports or rare games and activities, such as mumbling , grilling or plowing and in individual professions also professional world championships, for example with the hairdressers .
World championships of current Olympic summer sports
Badminton World Championships have been held every three years since 1977, and every two years since 1983. In 2006 there was a change to an annual rhythm, with no world championships being held in the years in which the Summer Olympics take place. China is the most successful nation with 55 world championship titles , followed by Indonesia with 20 titles and Denmark with 10 titles (as of 2013). In 1978 and 1979, the short-term WBF world association organized its own title fights. Similar to the Davis Cup in tennis, there are also world team championships in badminton . The Thomas Cup has been held as the world championship for men's national teams since 1949 and the Uber Cup as the world championship for women’s national teams since 1957 . In 1989 the Sudirman Cup was launched, the official national team world championship for mixed teams (women and men). In addition to the world championships for adults, there are world championships for young athletes , senior citizens , university members , railway workers , the deaf and disabled athletes .
The Baseball World Cup , which is the official name of the baseball world championship , is held every two years and is the highest international competition for national teams and is hosted by the International Baseball Federation (IBAF).
The FIBA World Championship , the official name of the basketball world championship , which takes place every four years , is the highest international competition for national teams and is hosted by the Fédération Internationale de Basketball (FIBA).
The last basketball world championship took place in Turkey in late summer 2010 with 24 participants. The final was played in Istanbul as the last of 80 games, which were played across five venues in four cities. In addition to host Turkey , the 2008 Olympic champion, the USA, was automatically qualified. Another 18 participants were the best placed teams in the continental championships (from Africa : 3 teams, America : 4, Asia : 3, Europe : 6 (see: European Basketball Championship 2009 ) and Oceania : 2). In addition, four wildcards were given.
World championship-like tournaments with top-class basketball players worldwide were held at the Olympic Games , most recently August 9 to 24, 2008 in Beijing , China ; the reigning winner is the USA .
For the first time, the 1953 Women's World Cup was held in Santiago de Chile , Chile , where the USA won and the hosts came second. The USA are record world champions with a total of seven titles in 1953, 1957, 1979, 1986, 1990, 1998 and 2002; closely followed by the Soviet Union with six titles. A German national basketball team, namely that of the GDR , had its greatest success with fourth place at the world championship in 1967. The national basketball teams of Austria and Switzerland have so far not been able to occupy any of the first three or four places.
The last time the World Cup was contested in the Czech Republic in autumn 2010 was 16 participants. In addition to the host, the following teams had qualified: from Africa : Mali , Senegal ; from America : Argentina , Brazil , Canada , USA ; from Asia : China , Japan , Republic of Korea ; from Europe : France , Greece , Russia , Spain , Belarus and from Oceania : Australia .
World championship-like tournaments and the highest-quality basketball field worldwide were held at the Olympic Games , most recently August 9 to August 24, 2008 in Beijing , China ; the reigning winner is the USA .
The fencing world championships are an annual sporting event in which the world champions in the three fencing genres of foil , epee and saber are determined. The organizer is the World Fencing Federation (FIE). The World Fencing Championships are the most important fencing championship after the Olympic Games.
All four-yearly FIFA World Cup , the official name of the football World Cup , is the highest international competition for national teams whose associations member of the Federation Internationale de Football Association are (FIFA), from the World Cup will be held. The last tournament took place in Russia in the summer of 2018 . In the final, the French team won the world title for the second time.
For the first time, the 1930 World Cup was held in Uruguay , where the hosts won. Brazil is the record world champion with five titles in 1958, 1962, 1970, 1994 and 2002. Germany has won the World Cup four times so far, in 1954, 1974, 1990 and 2014. Austria won the game for third place in 1954, the greatest success to date. The Switzerland can boast 1938 and 1954 as the greatest success the three quarterfinals in 1934.
For women, the women's soccer world championship , which is held every 4 years, is the highest tournament. The Women's World Championships have been held since 1991, with the United States winning three titles .
The Biennial Viva World Cup , the official name of the Nouvelle Fédération Board (NFB) football world cup , is the highest international competition for national teams that are not members of FIFA. The CONIFA World Football Championship took its place in 2014 .
List of world championship-like tournaments or world-class field of participants in football:
- FIFA Confederations Cup : last held in Russia in 2017 ; next in Qatar in 2021 ; the current winner is Germany
- Olympic Games : last tournament : August 5-21, 2016 in Rio de Janeiro , Brazil ; next tournament in 2020 in Tokyo , Japan ; the reigning winner is Brazil for the men and Germany for the women.
- FIFA Club World Cup , for club teams, replaces the World Cup . Held in 2000, 2001 and annually since 2005.
The World Weightlifting Championships, which take place every year except in the Olympic years, are the highest international weightlifting competition , whose associations are members of the International Weightlifting Federation (IWF) , which hosts the World Championships.
There is no special world championship in golf.
The World Golf Federation Professional Golfers Association organizes 4 Masters tournaments every year, including the PGA TOUR and every two years the Ryder Cup , see the article Golf (Sport) , the same applies to the women.
The IHF World Championship , the official name of the handball world championship , which takes place every two years , is the highest international competition for national teams and is hosted by the International Handball Federation (IHF).
For the first time, the 1938 World Cup was held in Germany , where the host was able to win. France is the record world champion with six titles. Germany has been world champion three times in 1938, 1978 and 2007. Austria was able to become vice world champion in 1938. The Switzerland finished fourth in 1954 and 1993 respectively.
List of world championship-like tournaments and world-class field of participants in handball:
- Olympic Games : last July 28 to August 12, 2012 in London, Great Britain ; the current winner is France for men and Norway for women.
- Statoil World Cup : last 2010; the reigning winner is Denmark .
The FIH World Cup , which is the official name of the world hockey championship , is held every four years and is the highest international competition for national teams after the Olympic Games and is hosted by the International Hockey Federation (FIH). It last took place, in parallel for women and men, in June 2014 in The Hague with twelve participants each. In addition to the hosts, the five reigning continental champions were automatically qualified, the remaining participants were determined in a qualification.
The 1971 World Cup was held for the first time in Barcelona , Spain , where Pakistan was victorious. Pakistan is also the record world champion with four titles in 1971, 1978, 1982 and 1994. Germany has won the title so far in 2002 and 2006. Austria and Switzerland have so far not been able to take any of the top three places.
List of world championship-like tournaments and world-class field of participants in hockey:
- Olympic Games : last July 27 to August 12, 2012 in London , Great Britain ; the current winner is Germany for the men, the Netherlands for the women
- WorldHockey Champions Trophy : 2010 Australia men's, Argentina women's
In addition to these world championships on the field, world championships have also been held in the hall since 2003.
Karate world championships take place every two years . They are carried out by the WKF . The WKF organizes junior and senior world championships. The current president of the WKF is the Spaniard Antonio Espinos. The headquarters of the WKF is in Madrid , Spain. This is a global karate umbrella organization. It was founded in 1990 from the former World Union of Karate Do Organizations (WUKO). It is the only world karate association recognized by the IOC and has more than 10 million members in 183 countries. It covers all continents and was long run by the president and founding member Jacques Delcourt . See list of the karate world championship
World athletics championships are competitions held by the IAAF , the world athletics association, to determine the world champions in the individual athletics disciplines.
The outdoor world championships have existed since 1983. Until 1991 they were held every four years, after which a biennial rhythm prevailed.
There are also world championships in the hall. There they were held for the first time in 1985. Since then, with one exception, they have been held regularly every two years, always alternating with the European Indoor Championships.
ISAF sailing world championships for Olympic classes.
Sailing world championships for all classes.
In gymnastics there are world championships for various individual disciplines, such as the gymnastics world championships in apparatus gymnastics , the world championships in rhythmic gymnastics and the gymnastics world championships in trampoline gymnastics .
Every four years held FIVB Volleyball World Championship , the official name of the Volleyball World Championship , is the highest international competition for national teams and managed by the Federation Internationale de Volleyball discharged (FIVB). It last took place in September and October 2010 in Italy with 24 participants. In addition to the hosts, the world champions Brazil were automatically qualified. Other teams were able to qualify through the 2008 Olympic Games, the continental championships or the World Cup qualification.
For the first time, the 1949 World Cup was held in Prague, Czechoslovakia , where the Soviet Union was victorious. The Soviet Union is also the record world champion with six world championship titles in 1949, 1952, 1960, 1962, 1978 and 1982.
The German national volleyball team and, since the GDR joined , the all-German national volleyball team has not yet reached the top three, but the GDR selection surprisingly won the world championship in 1970. Austria and Switzerland do not yet have a top three placement.
List of world championship-like tournaments and top-class volleyball participants worldwide:
- Olympic Games : last August 9-24, 2008 in Beijing , China ; the reigning winners are the USA for the men, Brazil for the women
- Volleyball World Cup : last November 18, 2007 to December 2, 2007 in Japan , next tournament in November 2011 in Japan; the current winner is Brazil
- Volleyball World Grand Prix : last November 22-27, 2005 in Japan , next tournament in early November 2009; the current winner is Brazil
- Volleyball World League : Here all participants have home and away games; last in May 25th to July 15th 2007, next tournament summer 2008; the current winner is Brazil
Other world championships
The IFAF World Cup , the official name of the American Football World Cup , which takes place every four years , is the highest international competition for national teams and is hosted by the International Federation of American Football (IFAF). The last World Cup took place in Austria in summer 2011 , the next in Sweden in 2015. The host, the defending champion and the European champion are automatically qualified. Qualification begins after the 2014 European Championship . The 1999 World Championship was held for the first time in Palermo , Italy , where Japan won. Japan and the United States have both been world champions twice. Germany qualified as hosts for the first time in 2003 and came third in 2003 and 2007. In 2011, the fifth place was achieved. Austria finished the 2011 home World Cup in seventh place. The Switzerland was not yet qualified.
The Australian Football International Cup , which takes place every three years, is the highest international competition for Australian football national teams , comparable to a world championship and is hosted by the Australian Football League (AFL). It was last held in Melbourne , Australia in the summer of 2008 and will next be played in August and September 2011 with probably 20 teams participating. In this tournament, the host Australia is not among the participants because it is a purely amateur event. Qualification takes place at the invitation of the AFL.
For the first time, the 2002 tournament was also held in Melbourne, where Ireland was victorious. Ireland are also record world champions with New Zealand with one win each. Like Switzerland and Austria, Germany has never been there.
The reigning "world champion" is New Zealand, who won in Melbourne on August 13, 2005 with 50:32 against Papua New Guinea.
For the first time, the 1938 World Cup was held in the United Kingdom , where the hosts won. Record world champion is Cuba with 25 titles. The German national team as well as the national teams from Austria and Switzerland have so far not been able to occupy any of the top three places.
The reigning world champion in 2013 is the Dominican Republic with a final victory over Puerto Rico, while Japan came third.
Every four years, held ICC Cricket World Cup , the official name of the Cricket World Cup is the highest international competition for national teams and the International Cricket Council organized (ICC). It last took place in the summer of 2019 in England and Wales with 10 participants.
The final in London was the last of 48 games. In addition to the host England , nine other “full member” nations, namely Afghanistan , Australia , Bangladesh , India , Pakistan , New Zealand , Sri Lanka , South Africa and the West Indies have qualified.
The 1975 World Cup was held in England for the first time and the 'West Indies' won. Australia is the record world champion with five victories in 1987, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2015. Germany , Austria and Switzerland have never qualified.
Reigning World Champion: England (win with more boundaries against New Zealand)
List of world championship-like tournaments and the world's highest-class field of participants in cricket:
- ICC T20 World Cup : last from March 8 to April 3, 2016 in India; the reigning winners are the West Indies for men and (at a tournament in the West Indies from November 9th to 24th) Australia for women
- ICC Champions Trophy : last on June 1st and 18th 2017 in England and Wales; the current winner is Pakistan
The Warrior World Lacrosse Championships , the official name of the Lacrosse World Championship , which takes place every four years , is the highest international competition for national teams and is hosted by the Federation of International Lacrosse (FIL). It last took place in July 2006 in London , Canada and will take place next in 2010 in Manchester , England with probably twenty participants. In addition to the hosts, the reigning world champion Canada and European champions from 2008 are automatically qualified. The remaining teams are determined by continental championship results, qualifications and wild cards.
For the first time, the 1967 World Cup was held in Toronto , Canada , where the United States won. The United States is also the record world champion with eight titles in 1967, 1974, 1982, 1986, 1990, 1994, 1998 and 2002. Germany has so far failed to occupy any of the top three places. Austria and Switzerland have not yet qualified.
List of world championship-like tournaments and world-class field of participants in lacrosse:
- so far none
Which takes place only at irregular intervals Rugby League World Cup , the official name of the Rugby League World Cup , is the highest international competition for national teams and managed by the Rugby League International Federation held (RLIF). It was last held in Ireland , France and the United Kingdom in autumn 2000 and then in Australia in autumn 2008 with ten participants. The final in Brisbane is the last of eighteen games, spread over twelve venues, on November 22, 2007. In addition to the hosts, Gillette Rugby League Tri-Nations winners and defending champions Australia , World Cup thirds England , Fiji , France , Ireland , World Cup second New Zealand , Papua New Guinea , Samoa and Tonga qualified. The qualification ended on November 18, 2007. For the first time the 1954 World Cup was held in France, where the British Isles won. Australia is record world champion with nine titles in 1957, 1968, 1970, 1975, 1977, 1988, 1992, 1995 and 2000. Germany , Austria and Switzerland have never qualified.
List of World Cup-like tournaments and the highest-class field of participants in the Rugby League World Cup:
- Gillette Rugby League Tri-Nations : last October 11 to November 25, 2006 in Australia and New Zealand , next tournament in 2009; reigning winner is Australia
Every four years, held IRB Rugby World Cup , the official name of the Rugby World Cup is the highest international competition for Rugby Union - national teams and managed by the International Rugby Board held (IRB). The world champion receives the Webb Ellis Cup as a prize . The last World Cup was held in England in 2015 . In addition to the hosts, England , the top twelve teams from the previous World Cup are qualified for this (i.e. all teams that achieved at least third place in the preliminary round). The remaining eight starting places will be awarded in the continental qualifications.
The 1987 World Cup was held for the first time in Australia and New Zealand . Record world champions are Australia, New Zealand and South Africa with two wins each. Germany , Austria and Switzerland have never qualified before.
Reigning World Champion: New Zealand .
List of World Cup-like tournaments and the world's top-class field of rugby union participants:
In squash there are annual world championships in individual, as well as world championships for teams every two years. The men's team championship is held in the uneven years, the women's in the even years.
List of other world championships
- Fistball world championship
- Futsal World Cup
- Indoor lacrosse world championship
- Floorball world championship
- Paragliding World Championship
- Gas balloon world championship
- Gliding World Championship
- Glider aerobatics world championship
- Motor aerobatics world championship
- Grass ski world championship
- Inline speed skating world championships
- World climbing championship
- World Chess Championship
- World championship in throwing Christmas trees
- formula 1
- Motorcycle world championship
- Superbike World Championship
- World Supersport Championship
- World Rally Championship
- World Touring Car Championship
- FIA GT1 World Championship
- Sports car world championship
- Enduro World Championship / International six-day race
- Motocross World Championship
- Cyclocross world championships
- Unicycle World Championships
- Indoor cycling world championships
- Mountain bike marathon world championships
World Olympic Winter Sports Championships
- Alpine World Ski Championships
- Biathlon world championships
- Bobsleigh World Championship
- World Curling Championship
- Ice Hockey World Championship
- World figure skating championships
- Individual speed skating world championships
- Speed skating all-around world championship
- World speed skating sprint championship
- Freestyle Skiing World Championships
- Nordic World Ski Championships
- Luge World Championships
- Short track world championships
- Skeleton World Championship
- Ski flying world championship
- Snowboard world championships
World championships of non-Olympic winter sports
- Synchronized Figure Skating World Championship
- Natural Track Luge World Championship
- World championship in ski mountaineering
- Telemark World Championship
- List of lists of world champions
- Grand Prix of the World Championships of Magic
- European Championship
- Olympic games
- World games