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CSKA Moscow
Pfk cksa moskva (new) .svg
Basic data
Surname Профессиональный футбольный клуб
Центральный спортивный
клуб Армии Москва
Seat Moscow , Russia
founding August 27, 1911
Colours blue - red
president Yevgeny Giner
First soccer team
Head coach Viktor Hantscharenka
Venue WEB arena
Places 30,000
league Premjer League
2019/20 4th Place
Older logo

The PFK ( Russian Профессиональный футбольный клуб Professionalny futbolny club , German , Professional Football Club ' ) CSKA Moscow ( Центральный спортивный клуб Армии - ЦСКА Zentralny sportiwny club Armii - CSKA , German , Central Sports Club of the Army - CSKA' ), usually CSKA Moskva , usually short ZSKA , also known as ZSKA Moscow in German-speaking countries , is a football club that emerged from the Russian sports club CSKA Moscow , which is often mentioned in connection with the Red Army because of its connections and is based in Moscow , the country's capital. The soccer team won the Soviet championship seven times and the Russian championship six times, as well as the Soviet Cup five times and the Russian seven times . The club also won the Russian Supercup seven times . CSKA Moscow celebrated its greatest success in 2005 when it became the first Russian football club to win the UEFA Cup .


Name change

CSKA Moscow was founded in 1911 and, like many clubs in the former Soviet Union , has seen some name changes. From 1928 to 1950 the association was called ZDKA Moscow ( ЦДКА Москва ). In 1951 the name was changed to ZDSA Moscow ( ЦДСА Москва ). Again the association was renamed in 1957 in ZSK MO Moscow ( ЦСК МО Москва ). The football department has had its name, which is still valid today, PFK CSKA Moscow ( ПФК ЦСКА Москва ) since 1994 .

  • 1911–1927: Общество любителей лыжного спорта (ОЛЛС) , (Society / Club of Skisportfreunde)
  • 1928–1950: Спортивный клуб Центрального дома Красной Армии (ЦДКА) , (Sports Club of the Central House of the Red Army)
  • 1951–1956: Спортивный клуб Центрального дома Советской Армии (ЦДСА) , (Sports Club of the Central House of the Soviet Army)
  • 1957–1959: Центральный спортивный клуб Министерства обороны (ЦСК МО) , (Central Sports Club of the Ministry of Defense)
  • since 1960: Центральный Спортивный Клуб Армии (ЦСКА) , (Central Sports Club of the Army)

Soviet Union

Until 1970

The club had its most successful period immediately after the end of the Second World War . The team won the runner-up in the first edition of the resumed game operations of the Soviet top division in 1945. Three successive championship titles followed. In 1949 the team came second again. In the following two seasons, the team was able to crown itself again with the championship title. The history of the football department from this time is closely linked to the ice hockey department of the HK CSKA Moscow sports club , as both sports were practiced in parallel by leading players such as Vsevolod Bobrov .

After the successful times, the 1952 Olympic Games in Helsinki were the undoing of the ZDSA Moscow. The club's players formed the core of the Sbornaja , which, after tough negotiations, had only joined the world football association FIFA shortly before the Olympic football tournament . The coach Boris Arkadyev was also employed in the national team and in the army club. But the end came in the second round. The 3-1 defeat in the replay (the first game ended in a 5-5 draw) against Yugoslavia was a national disaster from a sporting point of view. The fact that they lost to Yugoslavia of all places was another affront, as the two countries had been in a political conflict since 1947. The defeat had serious consequences for ZDSA and its players. The Soviet ruler Josef Stalin had the association dissolved on August 18, 1952. For intelligence chief Lavrenti Beria , the Olympic elimination was the perfect opportunity to eliminate the successful city rival. As head of the KGB , he was also honorary president of FK Dynamo Moscow - the secret service association. For most of the ZDSA players, too, their national team career was over.

After two seasons of abstinence and after Stalin died in the spring of 1953 and Beria was shot in December of the same year, ZDSA Moscow was re-established in 1954 on the initiative of the then Soviet Defense Minister Nikolai Bulganin . Shortly afterwards, the team won the Soviet Football Cup in 1955 when Dynamo Moscow was defeated in the final with the legendary goalkeeper Lev Yashin , who was sent off in the final. It wasn't until 1970 that the next title was celebrated. This year CSKA was again the Soviet champion, while the team collected the same number of points as Dynamo Moscow. The first playoff on December 5, 1970 in Tashkent , Uzbekistan, ended goalless. The next day the second playoff was won 4: 3 against Dynamo after a 3-1 deficit. The CSKA team had qualified for the first round of the European Cup by winning the championship . First Galatasaray Istanbul was eliminated, then CSKA was eliminated against the Belgian representative Standard Liège .

1971 to 1991

In 1984, when only 19 points were fought out of a possible 68, the club had to cope with the first relegation in its history to the second division , where ZSKA spent two seasons. In 1987 the second descent followed. CSKA was able to fight its way back after two seasons in the Pervaya League, immediately secured the runner-up and even won the last edition of the football championship of the Soviet Union in 1991 . With the championship title from the 1991 season, CSKA Moscow qualified for the first round of the 1992/93 UEFA Champions League , where the Icelandic team was defeated by Víkingur Reykjavík . Then the Spanish top club FC Barcelona was defeated in the second round . The opponents in group A were the eventual winners of the current Champions League Olympique Marseille , the Glasgow Rangers and the Club Bruges . As fourth in the group with only two draws and four defeats, CSKA Moscow was unable to build on the performances from the matches with FC Barcelona and was eliminated from the competition.


1992 to 2004

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the PFK CSKA Moscow was one of the founding members of the newly created Russian Supreme League . In the first six seasons, the team occupied the places in the middle of the table. In the 1998 season the first runner-up and third place in the next season was fought. In the following two seasons, CSKA Moscow again occupied places in the secured midfield of the table. In the 2002 season , the team trained by the Russian Valeri Gassajew won again the runner-up. In 2003 the first championship win in the Russian elite league was celebrated. After that, the head coach Valery Gassayev was unexpectedly dismissed. The Portuguese Artur Jorge was signed as his successor . Under the new coach, the team could not build on the performances from the championship season. Artur Jorge was thus dismissed after only an eight-month term of office, when ZSKA slipped to fifth place in the table in July 2004. Under the returning Valeri Gassajew, CSKA 2004 was able to win the runner-up title.

Since 2005

CSKA's fan curve before a derby against Spartak

In the 2005 season, the team reached the finals of the premier league after qualifying for the UEFA Champions League , finished third after the preliminary round and therefore took part in the UEFA Cup . However, the move into the final was overshadowed by serious riots by the CSKA fans in the second leg of the semi-final against FC Parma (3-0). Parma goalkeeper Luca Bucci was injured by a firework from the CSKA fan curve and later had to be replaced. The European football association UEFA decided to recognize the result, but to punish ZSKA with a closed European game (another home game on probation). The club also had to pay a fine of 65,000 euros.

Subsequently, on May 18, 2005, the team became the first Russian team ever to win a European Cup, the 2004/05 UEFA Cup at the José Alvalade Stadium in Lisbon , Portugal , beating Sporting Lisbon 3-1. After that, the team lost the Supercup game against English club Liverpool FC at Stade Louis II , Monaco , 1: 3 on August 26, 2005. This year, CSKA won the second Russian championship title in the Premjer League and the Russian Cup.

The team from CSKA had qualified for the third qualifying round of the 2006/07 UEFA Champions League by winning the championship in 2005 and progressed against MFK Ružomberok . After the group stage, CSKA finished third and qualified for the round of 32 in the UEFA Cup , but was eliminated there by Israeli representative Maccabi Haifa . In the 2006 season, CSKA won the national triple , as the team won all three national title fights: the championship , the cup and the Russian Supercup.

As Russian champions, CSKA qualified for the 2007/08 UEFA Champions League . After the group stage, ZSKA finished fourth and last with just one draw out of five defeats and was eliminated. In the 2007 Russian championship , CSKA finished third, but won the Russian Supercup.

In the first half of the 2008 season, ZSKA played far below expectations and even only finished in seventh place at the break of the season. After the European Championship, Valery Gassayev , who announced his retirement at the end of the season, switched the game tactics to four defenders and let the young Alan Dzagojew play, who was considered one of the greatest talents in Russian football. As a result, ZSKA ended its negative series and from then on showed effective football. But it was no longer enough to win the championship, and CSKA took the runner-up behind Rubin Kazan . In the 2008/09 UEFA Cup , CSKA was the only team to score twelve points from four group games. After that, the team had advanced to the round of 16, where they were defeated by the eventual UEFA Cup winners Shakhtar Donetsk from Ukraine after a 1-0 home win and subsequent 0-2 away defeat. The team also won the Russian Cup for the third time.

The Moscow team in 2008

In January 2009, the Brazilian Zico took over the post of head coach at ZSKA. In the middle of the 2009 season, the club only finished fourth. At the end of the 2009 season , fifth place was just enough for participation in the 2010/11 UEFA Europa League . As a result, the Brazilian head coach was dismissed in September 2009 for failure. In the same month, the Spaniard Juande Ramos was signed as his successor and was also released on October 26th. The club won the Russian Supercup for the fourth time and became the Russian Cup winner for the fifth time . The team had also qualified for the quarter-finals of the Champions League , where both games were lost 1-0 to eventual winners Inter Milan .

The Russian Leonid Sluzki was introduced as the new head trainer in October 2009 . In the national championship of 2010 , the team was runner-up. In the Russian Cup, the team was eliminated in the round of 32 against the second division Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast . In the Europa League, CSKA Moscow made it to the round of 16, where the team were defeated by FC Porto after two defeats (0: 1 and 1: 2).

With the runner-up in the 2010 season, the club qualified for the group stage of the 2011/12 UEFA Champions League . The opponents in Group B were Inter Milan , Trabzonspor and Lille OSC . As runners-up in the group behind the Milanese, the team made it to the round of 16 and met Spanish top club Real Madrid , to which CSKA lost 1: 1 and 1: 4. In the Russian championship 2011/12 , CSKA could only reach third place. On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the club, ZSKA has given itself the sixth success in the Russian Cup, when the second division Alania Wladikawkas was defeated 2-1 in the final on May 22, 2011 .

In the 2012/13 season, CSKA Moscow took part in qualifying for the 2012/13 UEFA Europa League , where they were knocked out against Swedish AIK Solna after 1-0 and 0-2 in the play-off round. At the end of the season, however, CSKA was the champions of Russia. It was the eleventh championship title in club history. The national cup competition could also be won.

CSKA took part in the 2013/14 UEFA Champions League . The club was eliminated from the competition after the group stage against Bayern Munich , Manchester City and Viktoria Pilsen with only one win and five defeats as bottom of the table. In the domestic Premjer League, however, the second championship title in a row could be celebrated after Zoran Tošić had scored the decisive goal against Lokomotiv Moscow on the last day of the tenth victory in the league in a row.

In the 2015/16 season , CSKA made it into the group stage of the Champions League via Sparta Prague and Sporting Lisbon . With PSV Eindhoven , Manchester United and VfL Wolfsburg , ZSKA completed Group B of the competition, but did not make it into the round of 16 as bottom of the table. In the domestic Premjer-Liga 2015/16 the club started with six consecutive wins, whereby the first four games were won without conceding a single goal. At the end of the season, the army club was two points ahead of the second-placed Rostov champions. As a result, ZSKA took part in the group stage of the 2016/17 Champions League . Opponents in Group E were AS Monaco , Bayer 04 Leverkusen and Tottenham Hotspur . ZSKA could not win a single game and was therefore eliminated as bottom of the table. After the last group game against Tottenham and a negative series in the league, longtime head coach Leonid Sluzki left the club at his own request. The Belarusian Viktor Hantscharenka was appointed his successor .

In the Premjer-Liga 2016/17 , ZSKA finished second and started in the third qualifying round of the 2017/18 UEFA Champions League, defeating AEK Athens first and then BSC Young Boys in the play-offs . In Group A, Moscow met Benfica Lisbon , Manchester United and FC Basel and finished third in the table. As a result, CSKA continued to play in the 2017/18 UEFA Europa League and reached the quarter-finals, where they failed at Arsenal FC .

At the end of the Premjer-Liga 2017/18 season, CSKA Moscow qualified as runner-up for the 2018/19 Champions League . The club was eliminated from the competition as bottom of the table after the group stage against Real Madrid , AS Roma and Viktoria Pilsen .


The design for the new stadium envisaged a pure football stadium , which will be built on the site of the demolished CSKA stadium. Construction began on May 19, 2007. Commissioning of the stadium was already planned for 2009, but was postponed initially to 2012, then to summer 2013 and finally to the end of June 2016 as a result of the global economic crisis. In the meantime, CSKA played its home games in the Khimki arena . The ZSKA arena with 30,000 seats was completed in August 2016 . The opening game was played on September 10th between CSKA and Terek Grozny . The league game took place in front of 26,420 spectators and saw a 3-0 victory for CSKA. The first competitive goal in the arena was scored by Lacina Traoré from Ivor . He scored twice in the 26th and 38th minute. The Swede Carlos Strandberg contributed the 3-0 in the 76th minute. The international premiere of the ZSKA arena took place on September 27, 2016. The English soccer club Tottenham Hotspur was a guest at the first home match in Group E of the 2016/17 UEFA Champions League . This game was lost 0-1.

Since the end of February 2017, the ZSKA arena has been called WEB Arena , after the Wneschekonombank .

useful information

  • On August 19, 2001, the then CSKA goalkeeper Serhij Perchun collided with an opposing striker and died on August 28, 2001 from the injuries suffered. The shirt with the number 16 will no longer be awarded in his honor.
  • The club's fans are particularly close friends with the fans of Partizan Belgrade , but also with PAOK Saloniki and CSKA Sofia .

Record player

With a total of 381 league games between 1960 and 1975 for CSKA Moscow, Vladimir Fedotov holds the club record for most games. With forty fewer games, Vladimir Polikarpov is in second place, followed by Igor Akinfejew , who wore the capital's club jersey 340 times.

space Name of the player Calls Period
1. RussiaRussia Igor Akinfeev 397 2003–0000
2. Soviet UnionSoviet Union Vladimir Fedotov 381 1960-1975
RussiaRussia Sergei Ignashevich 2004-2018
4th RussiaRussia Vasily Berezuzky 376 2002-2018
5. Soviet UnionSoviet Union Vladimir Polikarpov 341 1961-1974
RussiaRussia Alexei Berezuzky 2001-2018
7th Soviet UnionSoviet Union Dmitri Bagrich 312 1958-1970
8th. Soviet UnionSoviet Union Dmitri Galjamin 292 1981-1991
9. Soviet UnionSoviet Union Dmitri Kuznetsov 288 1984-1998
Soviet UnionSoviet Union Vladimir Kaplichny 1966-1975

Note : Only league games were counted. Games in national and international cup competitions were not included.

Record goal scorers

Grigori Fedotow scored 126 goals in 155 games from 1938 to 1949. No player has scored more goals for CSKA so far. His son Vladimir Fedotov, the record player for CSKA, is in second place with 93 goals, eight goals ahead of Vágner Love .

space Name of the player Gates Period
1. Soviet UnionSoviet Union Grigory Fedotov 126 1938-1949
2. Soviet UnionSoviet Union Vladimir Fedotov 93 1960-1975
3. BrazilBrazil Vágner Love 85 2004-2013
4th Soviet UnionSoviet Union Vsevolod Bobrov 82 1945-1949
5. Soviet UnionSoviet Union Vladimir Djomin 81 1944-1952
6th Soviet UnionSoviet Union Valentin Nikolaev 79 1940-1952
7th Soviet UnionSoviet Union Alexei grin 76
8th. Soviet UnionSoviet Union Vladimir Polikarpov 74 1961-1974
9. RussiaRussia Valery Massalitin 73 1987-1993
10. Soviet UnionSoviet Union Yuri Chesnokov 72 1975-1983

Note : Only league hits were counted. Goals in national and international cup competitions were not included.

Squad 2018/19

Status: September 2018

No. position Surname
1 RussiaRussia TW Ilya Pomasun
35 RussiaRussia TW Igor Akinfeev
2 BrazilBrazil FROM Mário Fernandes
5 RussiaRussia FROM Viktor Wassin
14th RussiaRussia FROM Kirill Nababkin
23 IcelandIceland FROM Hörður Björgvin Magnússon
42 RussiaRussia FROM Georgy Shchennikov
53 RussiaRussia FROM Maxim Jeleev
62 RussiaRussia FROM Vadim Karpov
42 RussiaRussia FROM Igor Diveyev
No. position Surname
8th CroatiaCroatia MF Nikola Vlašić
10 RussiaRussia MF Alan Dzagoyev
15th RussiaRussia MF Dmitry Eefremov
17th IcelandIceland MF Arnór Sigurðsson
20th RussiaRussia MF Konstantin Kuchayev
25th CroatiaCroatia MF Kristijan Bistrović
29 SloveniaSlovenia MF Jaka Bijol
31 RussiaRussia MF Alexander Makarov
72 RussiaRussia MF Astemir Gordyushenko
77 RussiaRussia MF Ilsat Akhmetov
98 RussiaRussia MF Ivan Obljakov
- KazakhstanKazakhstan MF Baqtiyar Sainutdinov
9 RussiaRussia ST Fyodor Chalov
21st ArgentinaArgentina ST Adolfo Gaich
75 RussiaRussia ST Timur Shamaletdinov
99 NigeriaNigeria ST Aaron Olanare


Championship successes

Cup successes

International success


Like the English club FC Chelsea, PFK CSKA Moscow is financially supported by the Russian oligarch Roman Abramowitsch . In 2003 Abramowitsch signed a three-year contract and supported the club with $ 18 million a year. He also surpassed Vodafone, the sponsor of Manchester United.

From 2004 to 2005 the Russian mineral oil company Sibneft was the main sponsor of PFK CSKA Moscow. From 2006 to 2008 the team was sponsored by the largest Russian credit institute Vneschtorgbank . In the 2009 season, the Moscow team received financial support from the largest Russian airline Aeroflot . From 2010 to 2013, the Bashkir oil company Bashneft was the main sponsor of the association. Since then, the association has financed itself without the support of investors.

Well-known former players


CIS and former Soviet Union




Current coaching staff


  • Marc Bennetts: Football Dynamo - Modern Russia and the People's Game. Virgin Books, 2008, ISBN 978-0-7535-1319-4

Web links

Commons : PFC CSKA Moscow  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ Smashed by Stalin, now up again: CSKA Moscow demands FC Bayern
  2. Чемпионство - 2003
  3. Пресс-служба ЦСКА: главным тренером команды стал Артур Жорже
  4. Жорже уволен - главным тренером ЦСКА вновь будет Газзаев
  5. ^ Parma protests after the petard attack
  6. ^ Penalty for CSKA Moscow: condemned to "ghost game"
  7. UEFA Cup Final: CSKA Moscow makes football history
  8. 2005: Cissé secures hat-trick for Liverpool
  9. ЦСКА - чемпион России 2005 года!
  10. ЦСКА чемпион России 2006 года
  11. Valery Gazzaev has left PFC CSKA
  12. Кубок России по футболу-2008 завоевал ЦСКА
  13. ^ Zico new coach at CSKA Moscow
  14. CSKA Moscow fires coach Zico and brings Ramos in
  15. Рамос: ЦСКА ожидает сокращение бюджета
  16. CSKA fires coach Ramos - Sluzki's successor
  17. CSKA Moskva is cup winner in Russia Article from May 22, 2011
  18. CSKA Moscow for the first time since 2006 Russian champions., May 18, 2013, accessed May 18, 2013 .
  19. CSKA takes Russian Cup and wins double article from June 1, 2013
  20. Tošić shoots CSKA for the championship Article from May 15, 2014
  21. CSKA Moskva new Russian champions article from May 21, 2016
  22. Russian start coach Sluzki leaves CSKA Moscow. Süddeutsche Zeitung , December 6, 2016, accessed on August 27, 2020 .
  23. ЦСКА объявил о назначении Гончаренко на пост главного тренера Article from December 12, 2016 (Russian)
  24. Гинер: надеюсь, что до 2013 года у ЦСКА появится свой стадион Article from July 17, 2010 (Russian)
  25. Стадион ЦСКА планируется ввести в эксплуатацию до конца июня Article from February 11, 2016 (Russian)
  26. Match report - Russia »Premier League 2016/2017» 6. Matchday »CSKA Moskva - Terek Grozny 3: 0
  27. PFC CSKA seal naming rights deal with VEB article from February 28, 2017 (English)