Tschik Čajkovski (right) 1967 in Bonn with Franz Heubl
|birthday||November 24, 1923|
|place of birth||Zagreb , Yugoslavia|
|date of death||July 27, 1998|
|Place of death||Munich , Germany|
|Years||station||Games (goals) 1|
|1945–1955||FK Partizan Belgrade||157 (21)|
|1955-1958||1. FC Cologne||53(5)|
|Stations as a trainer|
|1961-1963||1. FC Cologne|
|1963-1968||FC Bayern Munich|
|1970-1971||NK Dinamo Zagreb|
|1971-1973||1. FC Nuremberg|
|1973-1975||1. FC Cologne|
|1 Only league games are given.|
Zlatko Čajkovski (born November 24, 1923 in Zagreb ; † July 27, 1998 in Munich ), called "Tschik" (serbokroat. Čik , "(cigarette) stub") due to his height of 1.64 m , was a Yugoslav football player and trainers .
The then world-class player won Olympic silver with Yugoslavia's national team in 1948 and 1952 and took part in the world championships in 1950 and 1954. He was champion and cup winner with Belgrade FK Partizan , before he played for 1. FC Köln at the end of his career. As a coach, he led the Domstadt team to the championship in 1962 and FC Bayern Munich to the Bundesliga in 1965 and from there to national cup wins and the first triumph in a European competition. With AEK Athens , the later Munich-by-choice won further titles. His younger brother Željko Čajkovski , who was also one of the more important Yugoslav football players of the late 1940s and early 1950s, took part in the 1948 Olympic Games and the 1950 World Cup on Zlatko's side.
As a player
Born in Zagreb as the son of the carpenter Petar and his wife Christina, Zlatko grew up with his two years younger brother Željko. From 1930 he attended school on Kaptol Street, where he came into contact with football in the streets. At the age of eleven, the family moved to the Maksimir district in 1934 , where the “Croatian Academic Sports Club” HAŠK was located and Zlatko began playing football in 1937 when he was young. Since his school years ended in 1937, he began an apprenticeship as a leather salesman. Due to the long working hours in the apprenticeship, he trained for an hour a day during the lunch break. He played either center runner or center forward. At the age of 15 he was accepted into the A youth. At the age of 16 he was already part of the second team as a temporary worker; he was brought out of the A-youth when the adults needed a player. In 1939 he came in the last round game of HAŠK in an away game against Hajduk Split in a 0: 4 defeat for his first use in the first team. When he had successfully completed his apprenticeship as a leather salesman in 1940, he devoted himself entirely to football. This also included his appearances in the youth national team, where he was used in the Danube Cup in 1939/40.
At the beginning of the Second World War , Zlatko had to join the working youth. It usually took six months before you became a soldier. Due to his membership in HAŠK and the national team of Croatia , this “labor service”, five kilometers outside of Zagreb, extended to five years. He essentially played football during this time. An internal championship of ten teams was held in Zagreb. When Croatia lost an international match against the German national soccer team 1: 5 in Stuttgart on November 1, 1942 , Zlatko ran as a left wing runner and got to know and appreciate the playful class of young Fritz Walter .
After the club was dissolved along with other traditional Zagreb clubs after taking power, in 1945 it joined the capital club FK Partizan Belgrade . With the Belgrade team he won the championship and cup double in 1947 . Another championship title followed in 1949 and two more cup wins in 1952 and 1954. Last year Partizan was also runner-up.
Čajkovski had completed two international games for Croatia in the 1940s and made his debut in September 1946 in the Yugoslav national team , with which he took part in the 1948 Olympic Games in London . He was together with his brother Željko, who joined Dinamo Zagreb in 1945 , in the team that lost 1: 3 in the final to Sweden , who played with the stars Gunnar Nordahl , Gunnar Gren and Nils Liedholm .
At the 1950 World Cup in Brazil , he and his brother played in the team that won against Switzerland and Mexico . However, due to a 2-0 defeat in the last group game against the hosts and later vice world champions Brazil , the Yugoslavs could not qualify for the final group.
At the 1952 Olympic Games in Helsinki , Finland , he reached the final again with the national team. At the side of players like Branko Zebec and Ivica Horvat, the Yugoslavs were defeated this time by the Hungarians , who celebrated the birth of their golden team around Ferenc Puskás at this tournament .
At the 1954 World Cup in Switzerland, Yugoslavia prevailed in the group stage against Brazil , France and Mexico , but failed in the quarterfinals with a 2-0 defeat against eventual tournament winners Germany . On May 15, 1955, Čajkovski played in Belgrade against Scotland (2-2), his last of 55 games for the national team, in which he scored 7 goals.
He was given a special honor when he was invited to a world team in October 1953, which played against England at Wembley Stadium on the occasion of the 90th anniversary of the English Football Association and achieved a 4: 4 there.
After he had reached the appropriate age threshold, Čajkovski was allowed to move abroad in 1955. On July 6, 1955, he completed the last game against Dynamo Kiev with Partizan and then joined the West German league club 1. FC Köln , for which he scored five goals in 53 games by 1958. After passing his trainer exam at the Sports University in Cologne , he moved to Israel to work as a player- coach in 1958 at Hapoel Haifa , where he ended his playing career in 1960.
As a trainer
Čajkovski made his debut as a coach at DOS Utrecht in the Netherlands in 1960/61 , before returning to Germany in 1961/62 with a commitment to 1. FC Cologne. In his first coaching year with 1. FC Köln, he became German champion and runner-up in 1963, before moving to the then regional league team FC Bayern Munich in the same year , which he played in 1965 with players like goalkeeper Sepp Maier , defensive players Adolf Kunstwadl , Werner Olk , Franz Beckenbauer , Karl-Heinz Borutta , Jakob Drescher, as well as the attackers Rudolf Nafziger , Rainer Ohlhauser , Gerd Müller and Dieter Brenninger led into the Bundesliga . He stayed there until 1968 as a coach and won the DFB Cup twice and the European Cup Winners ' Cup once in 1966/67 .
In 1968 and 1969 he was a coach at Hannover 96 , from January to July 1970 at Kickers Offenbach . With Offenbach he won the 1969/70 championship in the Regionalliga Süd and then prevailed in the Bundesliga promotion round against VfL Bochum, Hertha Zehlendorf, VfL Wolfsburg and FK Pirmasens. From December 1971 to 1973 he coached 1. FC Nürnberg , 1973 to 1975 again 1. FC Köln and took fifth place twice with the billy goat Elf, before moving to Kickers Offenbach again on January 1, 1976 and there stayed until October 1976.
In the summer of 1977 he moved to Greece to AEK Athens and immediately helped the team to a sovereign double of championship and cup victory . Nevertheless, he should leave the team at the end of the season due to discrepancies. In his later stations in Switzerland and Austria he was no longer successful, so he was dismissed by the Grazer AK in autumn 1981 after a few rounds. In the winter of 1981/82 he took over his last successful team, AEK Athens, as the successor to the dismissed Hans Tilkowski , but this time too there was no success and he had to leave before the end of the season. His last coaching position was also in Greece, this time with Apollon Kalamarias . The engagement with the club from Thessaloniki lasted only for the period from November 1983 to January 1984, during which he looked after the team in nine games.
He achieved 109 wins, 57 draws and 80 defeats in the Bundesliga and got 275 points from 256 games (calculated according to the rules in force at the time with two points per win).
Statistics as a player
Success as a player
- Summer Olympics : silver medal 1948 , 1952
- Yugoslav champion : 1947, 1949
- Yugoslav Cup Winner : 1947, 1952, 1954
Success as a trainer
- 1962 German champion
- 1965 Promotion to the 1st Bundesliga
- 1966 DFB Cup winner
- 1967 winner of the European Cup Winners' Cup
- 1967 DFB Cup winner
- 1970 Promotion to the 1st Bundesliga
- 1978 Greek champion and cup winner ( double )
Čajkovski became known for his spirited manner and his wheel breaking German ("Kleines, Dickes Müller"). “I'm nothing like a teacher of German, but a teacher of football”, he once said when asked about learning German better. His sentence before the return flight after an 8-1 defeat with 1. FC Köln in Dundee was also legendary: "Best of all, the plane crashes".
He was the first Bundesliga coach to raise his salary to over DM 20,000 a month.
Together with Sepp Maier and Gerd Müller , Čajkovski took on a small supporting role in the film adaptation of the Ludwig-Thoma comedy " When Ludwig goes into maneuver " from 1967, where he played a cook for the royal Bavarian army . When an officer asked what he was doing here because he was not a Bavarian, "Tschik" replied: "I came voluntarily, but I am totally for Bavaria with all my heart and soul", obviously in a joking way of his then Coaching activity at Bayern Munich should be alluded to.
- Tschik Čajkovski: I make teams. Copress-Verlag, Munich 1966.
- Jürgen Bitter : The master makers. Verlag wero press, Pfaffenweiler 2004, ISBN 3-937588-02-7 , p. 14/15.
- Michael Horn: Lexicon of international soccer stars. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2004, ISBN 3-89533-466-9 , p. 56.
- Dietrich Schulze-Marmeling: The Bavarians. The history of the record champions. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2009, ISBN 978-3-89533-669-0 , pp. 558/559.
- Literature by and about Tschik Čajkovski in the catalog of the German National Library
- Tschik Čajkovski in the database of fussballdaten.de
- Tschik Čajkovski in the database of Sports-Reference (English; archived from the original )
- Statistics FC Zurich
- Tschik Cajkovski: I make teams. 1966, p. 11.
- Tschik Cajkovski: I make teams. 1966, p. 13.
- Tschik Cajkovski: I make teams. 1966, p. 15.
- Tschik Cajkovski: I make teams. 1966, p. 17.
- Tschik Cajkovski: I make teams. 1966, p. 20.
- Tschik Cajkovski: I make teams. 1966, p. 23.
- Raphael Keppel : Germany's international soccer games. Documentation from 1908–1989. Sport- und Spielverlag Hitzel, Hürth 1989, ISBN 3-9802172-4-8 , p. 170.
- Michael Horn: Lexicon of international soccer stars. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2004, ISBN 3-89533-466-9 , p. 56: 57 international matches - 18 goals; also with Bernd Rohr , Günter Simon : Football Lexicon . Updated edition. Copress, Munich 1993, ISBN 3-7679-0410-1 , p. 102.
- Tschik Cajkovski: I make teams. 1966, p. 61.
- Jürgen Bitter: The master makers. 2004, p. 15.
- DIED . In: Der Spiegel . No. 32 , 1998 ( online ).
- 1. FC Köln: 1960s ( Memento from April 22, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Čajkovski, Franjo Zlatko; Čajkovski, Tschik|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Yugoslav soccer player and coach|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 24, 1923|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Zagreb|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 27, 1998|
|Place of death||Munich|