The Victoria (also Viktoria ) is a challenge cup in German football that was awarded to the German champions from 1903 to 1944. Today the championship trophy , which was originally used as a substitute, is the trophy for the German soccer champions, but from 1992 to 2014 the Victoria was again presented to the champions (in a separate ceremony).
The Victoria was named after the Roman goddess of victory Victoria , who was also depicted on the cup. In Roman mythology, Victoria is the deified personification of victory (Latin victoria), protective goddess of the Roman emperor and virgin guardian of the empire.
The trophy consists of two parts: a cuboid and the bronze goddess Victoria sitting on it .
The Roman goddess Victoria sits on a rock. She has wings that reach over her head and wears a long robe. While she is leaning on the rock with her left hand, she is holding a laurel wreath in her right hand. The goddess of victory looks to the right.
The marble statue “Wreath throwing Victoria” by the sculptor Christian Daniel Rauch , made in the years 1838–45, served as a model . The statue used to be in the Berlin City Palace and is now placed in the Alte Nationalgalerie in Berlin .
Another statue of Victoria throwing a wreath is located in the Walhalla in Donaustauf below the bust of Emperor Maximilian I.
Under the Victoria picture was a square with something engraved on each side and something depicted, e.g. B. a wreath or a coat of arms. On the front was a plaque with the inscription: "World Exhibition Prize, challenge prize for German football, donated from Reich funds to commemorate the participation of German teams in the Paris Olympic Games in 1900." In the following years, the names and were around this plaque Emblems of the German masters attached. According to the DFB, the lower part was replaced between 1927 and 1930 because there was no more space. Now the figure stands on a narrow (silver) cuboid with an engraving. Below that are the names and emblems of all winners up to 1944. The emblems are in the middle of small silver fields with German master 19 ../ .. on the left and the master's name on the right .
The DFB receives the Victoria
The Victoria was dedicated to the DFB in 1900 after the Olympic Games . On the award diploma it says: "In memory of the Olympic Games that were occasionally held at the World Exhibition in Paris in 1900, an honorary traveling award in the shape of Victoria by Prof. Rauch is dedicated to the German Football Association". Below it follows: “The World Exhibition Prize remains in the permanent possession of the German Football Association and is contested annually alternately by the rugby football clubs and the association football clubs in Germany. The right to the first tender - that is, for the winter season 1901/1902 - is granted to the rugby football clubs. ”The DFB is still in possession of the trophy today. Many football clubs in imperial Germany played rugby football, especially before the beginning of the 20th century , from which association football, played with the feet , had developed; a rugby championship was never held by the DFB.
VfB Leipzig won the Victoria for the first time by beating DFC Prague 7-2 on May 31, 1903 in Altona / Hamburg . The trophy always changed hands. Most often 1. FC Nürnberg and FC Schalke 04 won the trophy with six wins each. In 1941, Viktoria went to SK Rapid Wien , the only German champion who is not based in what is now the Federal Republic of Germany. As the last German champion before the end of the World War , the Dresden SC was awarded the Victoria, after a 4-0 final victory against the Air Force Sports Club Hamburg . After that, the Victoria was considered lost for a long time, and a new trophy had to be made: the German championship trophy , which has been awarded to the German champions since 1949 until today.
Where the Victoria stayed from 1945–1990
There are several variants about the whereabouts of Victoria during the time of the German division:
In the version reported by Sport Bild and Kicker in 1990, the trophy is said to have fallen into the hands of a Berlin football fan in the turmoil of the end of the World War in early 1945. For fear of the approaching troops, he took it home (to what would later become East Berlin ) and hid it in the basement under a pile of coal, where it lay for 45 years. It was not until the reunification in 1990 that the German Football Association (DFB) was informed by the man and was able to take possession of the Victoria again. It is unclear whether the former (East) German Football Association (DFV) was aware of the Victoria’s existence and whereabouts.
Another version says that the Victoria had been in a vault of the German Football Association in East Berlin for decades. It is said to have been restored by the DFV in 1984.
At times it was presented to the German champions in a separate ceremony after the end of the season in the early 1990s. The trophy has been on display in the newly opened German Football Museum in Dortmund since summer 2015 .
- ↑ Thomas Alexander Staisch: The German Masters. 1909 - a forgotten championship. The history of the Karlsruher FC Phönix 1894. Badner Buch-Verlag, Rastatt 2014, ISBN 978-3-944635-09-5 . (see photos p. 186)
- ↑ www.westline.de - Cup instead of a cup: What happened to Victoria? ( Memento from March 3, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Trophies on the go - Viktoria & Co. go to the museum , message on DFB.de.