1. FC Lok Stendal
|1. FC Lok Stendal|
|Surname||1. FC Lok Stendal|
|Seat||Stendal , Saxony-Anhalt|
|founding||February 6, 1990|
|First soccer team|
|Head coach||Jörn Schulz|
|Venue||Stadium at the Holzchen|
The 1. FC Lok Stendal is a German football club, whose predecessor BSG Lok Stendal in the 1950s and 1960s with his football team in the highest GDR football class, the league played.
From SG Nord to BSG locomotive
Up until the end of the Second World War , football was mainly represented by Viktoria Stendal in the Altmark town of Stendal . Like all sports clubs in East Germany, this club had to be dissolved after 1946 due to Directive No. 23 of the Allied Control Council of the Occupying Powers. Sports competitions were initially only permitted at city or district level, later sports traffic was allowed to be expanded more and more. In Stendal, a sports community called Stendal-Nord was founded in 1945 to practice football, which was renamed SG Blau-Weiß in September 1948 and SG Eintracht in November 1948. After the system of company sports associations was introduced, SG Eintracht took part in a merger with BSG Reichsbahn and BSG RAW , which resulted in BSG Eintracht "Hans Wendler" Stendal on September 17, 1949 (named after the locomotive designer Hans Wendler ). A year later, the BSG was given the name Lokomotive Stendal, under which it performed until the end of the GDR sport. In the chronicles of the company sports association, the establishment of the BSG Reichsbahn on February 18, 1949 is given as the founding date of Lok Stendal. Carrier operating the BSG Lok Stendal was the Reichsbahn repair shop, one of the most important companies scoring in the then 45,000 inhabitants town.
The Stendal football sport developed rapidly in the post-war period. In 1947 SG Nord won the Altmark district competition, and in 1948 SG Nord finished second behind SG Salzwedel-Ost. SG Eintracht also came second in the Saxony-Anhalt Championship in 1949 after a 2-0 defeat in the final against ZSG Union Halle . Participation in the finals entitles you to participate in the 2nd East Zone Soccer Championship . The Stendalers made it to the semi-finals, where again Halle, this time 3-0, retained the upper hand. As a runner-up in Saxony-Anhalt, Stendal had qualified for the newly created league , the highest East German division. The first season ended the BSG Eintracht "Hans Wendler" in 1950 with 10th place, and in the following seasons the Stendal were in the lower third of the league. After the end of the 1953/54 season, the BSG locomotive found itself in 13th place, which meant relegation in the second-rate GDR league . After the immediate resurgence, Lok Stendal reached 4th place in the major league in 1956, the best result that the Stendal footballers achieved in their time as a company sports association. The coach at the time, Gerhard Gläser , was able to offer the following, on average, 25.6-year-old team in the 26 league games of the 1956 season:
|Günter Reh (28 years, 20 games)|
|Heinz Werner (21/15), Karl Köhler (28/17), Günter Bartnicki (24/22)|
|Kurt Brüggemann (30/26), Heinz Neubauer (23/25)|
|Horst Karlsch (27/24), Ernst Lindner (22/22), Karl-Heinz Lahutta (29/26), Dieter Gradetzke (30/25), Kurt Liebrecht (20/25)|
The successful season was attended by an average of 8,200 spectators in the Wilhelm-Helfers-Kampfbahn (until 1951 and again since 2005 “Stadion am Hölzchen”). They experienced 55 goals from their team, which made it the most accurate team of the past season and, with Ernst Lindner, was also the top scorer in the league. Lindner followed in the footsteps of his teammate Kurt Weißenfels , who had already won the top scorer's crown with Rudolf Krause in 1952 . The following season in 1957 was very disappointing after this high flight, because again it was only enough for 13th place with the relegation as a result.
Lok Stendal experienced the following years as an elevator crew with ascent and descent on an annual basis. Only with the rise in 1964 was the team able to consolidate and for four years reached places in the middle of the league. The audience was also very popular. The Wilhelm-Helfers-Kampfbahn did not have space for many spectators (from 1968: 15,000), but the stadium was often sold out. The comparisons with local rivals 1. FC Magdeburg were a regular hit with the public , especially when Lok traveled to the Elbe as a guest. In 1962, the comparison between Magdeburg and Stendal was one of the games with the largest number of spectators in the GDR league that season (35,000 spectators). In 1964 Gerd Backhaus from Stendal was the top scorer in the upper house of GDR league football. In addition to Backhaus, Güssau and Karow were also able to provide the necessary goals in the 1960s to keep locomotive in the football club. The last league season experienced Stendal in the season 1967/68. As the bottom of the table, relegation to the GDR league had to be accepted again, after which the first class was never achieved again.
Relegation to the second and third class 1968–1990
The final descent was a logical consequence of the football sport policy in the GDR. As early as the 1950s, sports clubs in the big cities and in 1965/66 with the founding of football clubs established centers of excellence that received special support from a sports policy perspective. Company sports associations like Lok Stendal only enjoyed the support of their sponsoring companies and had to delegate their talents to the clubs. Young players from Stendal or its catchment area such as Klaus Decker (later 278 league games, 3 international games), Rolf Döbbelin (131 OL), Norbert Pysall (22 OL), Dirk Ullrich (10 OL), Frank Windelband (129 OL) went to the 1. FC Magdeburg. Other players like Siegfried Nathow (Erfurt, 87 OL), Joachim Sigusch (Union Berlin, 160 OL) and Erhard Kochale (Dynamo Berlin, 39 OL) saw no future in Stendal. Under these circumstances it was no longer possible to develop a new, high-performing team in the structurally weak region of the Altmark. Lok Stendal had no prospect of advancement in the second-rate GDR league, between 1978 and 1990 there were even five years in the third-rate district league Magdeburg .
|League overview 1949–1990|
|1977/78||District League Magdeburg|
|1983-1987||District League Magdeburg|
|1989/90||District League Magdeburg|
In the East German football Cup competition Lok Stendal made twice strongly attracted attention. In the cup year 1952, the Stendaler reached the semi-finals after a clear 6-2 victory over the league rivals Stahl Thale . There it came to an encounter with the league relegated unit Pankow , which was won 1-0. The cup final against the SG Volkspolizei Dresden was scheduled for September 14, 1952. The day before, a representative of the BSG unit Schwerin informed the soccer department (the highest GDR soccer committee) that Jochen Giersch, who had moved from Schwerin to Stendal and had played the last two cup games for Stendal (August 24th and 31st), had no clearance would have received. Lok Stendal was disqualified on the same day, and in his place, Einheit Pankow played the final (3-0 for Dresden). Since in recent times Berlin teams had been favored several times by the GDR sports leadership through manipulation, the suspicion of unfair influence in favor of the Berliners arose here too.
In the 1965/66 cup season, the Stendal team finally reached the final after home wins over the major league clubs FC Carl Zeiss Jena (1-0), Berliner FC Dynamo (2-1) and Hansa Rostock (1-0). In the Bautzen stadium on Müllerwiese, the locomotive footballers were defeated by BSG Chemie Leipzig on April 30, 1966 with a goal by Hans-Bert Matoul in the 73rd minute. Stendal competed with the following team:
Manfred Felke , Ernst Lindner , Siegfried Nathow
Günter Prebusch , Albrecht Strohmeyer
Kurt Liebrecht , Helmut Schmidt , Gerd Backhaus , Dieter Karow , Wolfgang Abraham
Between 1950 and 1990 Lok Stendal reached the round of 16 six times, the quarter finals four times and the semi-finals and the final once each.
Founding of associations from 1990
After the change in economic conditions as a result of the political change in 1989 , the Lokomotiv company sports community was no longer supported by the Reichsbahnausbesserungswerk. On the other hand, since it was again possible to found civil associations in East Germany, members of the BSG football section founded the FSV Lok Altmark Stendal on February 6, 1990. On June 19, 2002, after a merger with 1. FC Stendal, 1. FC Lok Stendal was founded. This resulted in procedural errors (the previous clubs had not been deleted from the club register), so that the merger had to be temporarily reversed. The revived FSV Lok Altmark had to file for bankruptcy on January 17, 2003 . Ultimately, however, it remained with the stock of 1. FC Lok, which however also had to go into bankruptcy on June 30, 2006, which was however successfully averted.
Sports career after 1990
As Magdeburg district champion in 1989/90, the BSG locomotive came in the 1990/91 season in season A of the GDR League , which was now called the NOFV League , and reached 8th place in 1991/92 from the NOFV League to the third-class Oberliga Nordost emerged. In it, Stendal achieved his best result in 1994 with fourth place and was therefore allowed to compete in the newly created, then third-class Regionalliga Nordost from 1994 . In 1995 Lok Stendal caused a sensation in the DFB Cup when it lost 4-5 to the Bundesliga team of Bayer 04 Leverkusen in the quarter-finals on October 31 after a penalty shoot-out . The Altmarkers had previously defeated VfL Wolfsburg , Hertha BSC and Waldhof Mannheim . In 1996 the club achieved its best result in the regional league (8th place), before relegating in 2000 to the fourth-class Oberliga Nordost and from this in 2003 to the fifth-class association league Saxony-Anhalt . Since the introduction of the 3rd league in the 2008/09 season, the association league is only the sixth highest division. In 2017 Lok Stendal returned to the Oberliga Nordost as a league champion. In 2018, Stendal reached the state cup final and lost it 1-0 to Magdeburg. With Magdeburg's promotion to the 2nd division, Lok Stendal also qualified for the 2018/19 DFB Cup.
German Railway Championship 1993
The old men team of the former Lok Altmark Stendal formed the core of the team of the Reichsbahndirektion Halle (Saale) , which won the first all-German senior railway championship in 1993. Involved were u. a. Hans Zeppmeisel, Helmut Hirsch, Peter Stolz, Dietmar Schulze and Detlef Franke, who scored the only goal in the final against the team from the Federal Railway Directorate in Frankfurt am Main.
In Stendal, football was traditionally played in the stadium at the Hölzchen , which was built in 1909 by FC Viktoria and the city of Stendal. It is one of the oldest and most traditional venues in German football. In 1951 the stadium was renamed "Wilhelm-Helfers-Kampfbahn", which after an expansion in 1968 could accommodate 15,000 spectators. After adaptation to the DFB standard and the establishment of new security measures, the capacity was reduced to 10,000 in 1999. In 2004 extensive renovation work began for around 9 million euros; On February 13, 2005, the stadium was reopened with 5000 standing and 1000 seats. At the initiative of the city council, it was now back to its old name “Stadion am Hölzchen”.
- Semifinals 2nd East Zone Championship 1949, loss to Union Halle
- Semifinals FDGB-Pokal 1952, defeat against Einheit Pankow
- Oberliga fourth in 1956
- Olympic Cup finalist 1962
- Apr. 30, 1966 - Finalist in the FDGB-Cup, defeat against Chemie Leipzig
- October 31, 1995 - quarter-finals in the DFB-Pokal as a regional division, 4-5 on penalties against Bundesliga club Bayer 04 Leverkusen
- Winning the Saxony-Anhalt Cup in 1992, 1995 and 1996; Finalist in 1998, 2003 and 2018
- Eternal table of the GDR Oberliga ranked 16th
- Eternal table of the GDR league rank 18
When the BSG Lok Stendal achieved some good placements in the GDR league in the 1950s and 1960s, several excellent players emerged from their ranks:
- National player:
Oberliga record player:
- Ernst Lindner, 240 game matches, 1953–1968
- Kurt Brüggemann , 215, 1949–1959
- Albrecht Strohmeyer , 206, 1957–1967
- Kurt Liebrecht, 196, 1956–1968
- Karl-Heinz Lahutta , 179, 1949–1957
- Günter Prebusch , 177, 1959-1967
- Kurt Weissenfels , 157, 1949-1959
- Gerd Backhaus, 140, 1961–1968
- Henry Whitehead , 131, 1956-1965
- Peter Güssau , 136, 1957–1968
- Hans Kovermann , 133, 1950–1954
- Kurt Weißenfels, top scorer in the upper league in 1952 (27 goals), with 87 goals best league scorer in Stendal
- Ernst Lindner, top scorer in the league in 1956 (18 goals)
- Gerd Backhaus, top scorer in the league in 1964 (15 goals)
- Other former players
- Also among the coaches who worked in Stendal until recently, there are some prominent names who have become known beyond Stendal:
- Oswald Pfau , 1951–1953, later coached 1. FC Cologne and Borussia Dortmund
- Gerhard Gläser , 1955–1959, later with FC Hansa Rostock
- Martin Schwendler , 1963-1966, led Rot-Weiß Erfurt back to the top league in 1967
- Günter Konzack , 1968–1970, was assistant coach at the European cup winner 1. FC Magdeburg in 1974
- Werner Schwenzfeier , 1970–1974, 1987/88, cup winner with Union Berlin (1968)
- Jörg Ohm , 1981–1983, 111 league games in Leipzig and Magdeburg, four-time soccer champion, and cup winner with 1. FC Magdeburg (1969)
- Klaus Urbanczyk , 1994–1996, led Stendal to the quarter-finals of the DFB Cup in 1995, 34-time national player, later coach at 1. FC Magdeburg and Halleschen FC Chemie
- with Frank Lieberam , Ulrich Schulze and Günter Weitkuhn other GDR league players were active as coaches in Stendal.
- Andreas Baingo, Michael Horn: The History of the GDR Oberliga. 2nd Edition. Verlag Die Werkstatt, Göttingen 2004, ISBN 3-89533-428-6 .
- Günter Unnau: The little "miracles" from the stick. 1st edition, Roland-Verlag Stendal 2003.
- Literature by and about 1. FC Lok Stendal in the catalog of the German National Library
- Website of the association
- Berliner Zeitung of October 27, 1995, article on the 1995 DFB Cup quarter-finals
- DFB-Pokal quarter-finals 1995 against Bayer Leverkusen on youtube.com
- Honor for former players of the BSG Lokomotive Stendal in 2013
- Lok Stendal's kicker and the title of German champion? Yes, there was! , www.volksstimme.de, accessed on March 10, 2014.