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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Völklingen
Map of Germany, position of the city of Völklingen highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 15 '  N , 6 ° 51'  E

Basic data
State : Saarland
County : Regional association Saarbrücken
Height : 200 m above sea level NHN
Area : 67.07 km 2
Residents: 39,517 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 589 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 66333
Primaries : 06898, 06802
License plate : VK
Community key : 10 0 41 519
City structure: 10 districts

City administration address :
66333 Völklingen
Website : www.voelklingen.de
Lord Mayor : Christiane Blatt ( SPD )
Location of the city of Völklingen in the Saarbrücken regional association
Regionalverband Saarbrücken Saarland Frankreich Landkreis Saarlouis Landkreis Neunkirchen Saarpfalz-Kreis Großrosseln Völklingen Püttlingen Riegelsberg Heusweiler Quierschied Friedrichsthal Sulzbach Kleinblittersdorf Saarbrückenmap
About this picture

Völklingen is listed on the Saar location Mittelstadt with about 40,000 inhabitants. It is the second largest city in the Saarbrücken Regional Association after Saarbrücken and the fourth largest city in Saarland in terms of population .

The city was and is strongly influenced by the coal and steel industry. It is the seat of Saarstahl AG . Völklingen is well known for the Völklinger Hütte World Heritage Site . The Völklinger Hütte is the only ironworks from the heyday of industrialization in the world that has been completely preserved. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1994 .


Climate diagram

Geographical location

Völklingen is located on the banks of the Saar and is a few kilometers from the state capital Saarbrücken. The districts left the Saar are Warndt region and borders on France . The Rossel flows into the Wehrden district and the Köllerbach flows into the Saar in Völklingen.

The neighboring cities / towns are (clockwise): Püttlingen , Saarbrücken , Großrosseln , Freyming-Merlebach (F), Saint-Avold (F), L'Hôpital (F), Carling (F), Creutzwald (F), Wadgassen and Bous .


Precipitation diagram

The annual precipitation is 679 mm and is thus in the middle third of the values ​​recorded by the measuring points of the German Weather Service . 36% indicate lower values. The driest month is April; it rains most in November. In the wettest month, about 1.5 times more rain falls than in the driest month. The seasonal fluctuations in precipitation are in the lower third. In just 1% of all places, the monthly precipitation fluctuates less.


The urban area of ​​Völklingen is divided into ten districts . According to the alphabet, these are Fenne, Fürstenhausen, Geislautern , Heidstock, Innenstadt, Lauterbach , Ludweiler , Luisenthal , Röchlinghöhe and Wehrden .

In accordance with the provisions of the Local Self-Government Act, Völklingen, Ludweiler and Lauterbach were formed in 3 municipal districts in Völklingen. A local council is to be elected for each of these municipal districts. Their concerns vis-à-vis the city are represented by a local advisory board and a local councilor.

district surface

in km²


as of December 31, 2018

from that


Proportion of foreigners

in percent

Example image
Fenne 942 267 28.3 Front view of St. Antonius Church in Völklingen.png
Fürstenhausen 2,357 406 17.2 Fürstenhausen, Painful Mother (27) .JPG
Geislautern 3,078 384 12.5 Geislautern Assumption of Mary 03.JPG
Heidstock 4,383 394 9.0
Downtown 13,112 3.810 29.1 Völklingen view in Rathausstrasse.JPG
Lauterbach 18.83 2548 200 7.8 Lauterbach St. Paulinus 09.JPG
Ludweiler 20.2 5,815 410 7.0 Wendalinus Chapel-IMG 8689.jpg
Luisenthal 1,739 362 20.8 Luisenthal pit from Bahnhof.jpg
Röchlinghöhe 1,390 82 5.9 Röchlinghöhe School.jpg
Wehrden 5,042 1,144 22.7 Wehrden (Saar) seen from Völklingen 04.jpg
total 40,406 7,459 18.4


Early history and antiquity

Völklingen is one of the oldest towns in Saarland. The fertile flood plain between the confluence of the Rossel and Köllerbach in the Saar was already settled in Celtic times , and in Roman times it was a hub for regional traffic and economic flows.

middle Ages

Franconian settlement

In the early Middle Ages between the 5th and 9th centuries, the market town became a center of the surrounding farms with the first wave of settlement by the Franks . The most important royal estate on the Saar, along with Saarbrücken and Wadgassen, was in Völklingen . Two roads met here: the route from the Köllertal to the Saar with the old Roman road from Saarbrücken to Trier. Thus Völklingen gained importance in the Franconian administration, jurisdiction and the exercise of sovereign rights.

First documentary mentions

Völklingen was first mentioned on October 27, 822 as "Fulcolingas" (derived from the Germanic nickname Fulko , New High German Volko ) in a document from Durandis, Vice Chancellor Ludwig the Pious . The Völklingen Church of St. Martin was built in the Carolingian era and testifies to the function of the place as a central church square. A second document dated April 14, 999 reports that Emperor Otto III. the Fulquelinga estate, together with Saarbrücken Castle and the Warndt, were given to bishop Adalbero II of Metz as a fief, who in turn enfeoffed the counts of the lower Saargau .

Rural settlement

Völklingen remained a rural settlement in the following centuries, which was subject to the jurisdiction of the Counts of Saarbrücken . Thus, the Counts of Saarbrücken in Völklingen had the right to collect taxes and levy labor from the population. Fürstenhausen, Geislautern and Wehrden, which was first mentioned in a document in 1234, belonged to the estate of the place. Wehrden gained importance in the Middle Ages with its saar ferry. The oldest Völklingen Weistum dates back to 1422 as the first written determination of local legal relationships.

Early modern age

Völkling peasant uprising

In 1566 there was a peasant uprising against the Saarbrücken count. To avert new, heavy labor services in the construction of the Homburg Castle , the Völklingers refused to serve and placed themselves under the protection of the Metz bishops François de Beaucaire de Péguillon and Louis (I) Cardinal de Lorraine-Guise as their supreme liege lords. The dispute, in the course of which it came to the incarceration of Völklingen farmers, was only settled in 1572. In 1575, Count Philip IV of Nassau-Weilburg forcibly introduced the Reformation according to the Lutheran creed in the county of Saarbrücken .

Early industrialization

In the early modern period, the “hof und frie hofstadt folckelingen” was one of the wealthier villages in the county of Nassau-Saarbrücken. Significant population growth is documented by tax lists. In 1524 there were 29 families and 17 farms, in 1542 there were already 42 families. Iron and coal finds led to an early industrialization in addition to traditional handicrafts and safaris. So in today's Geislautern, with the support of the Counts of Saarbrücken in 1572, the oldest larger iron smelter in Saarland was created. In 1621, with the permission of the Count, coal mining began in the open-cast mine in Geislautern.

Settlement of Calvinist Huguenots

To increase the population and to stimulate the economy, Huguenots were settled in Warndt in 1604 . For this purpose, the place Ludwigsweiler (today the Völklingen district Ludweiler ) was created on the land of the Völklinger Hof by the Saarbrücken Count Ludwig II of Nassau-Weilburg . In a document, the count allows twelve Huguenots, who had to flee from the French king because of their Calvinist beliefs, to found a village on the "Rixfurth im Warneth". The process is remarkable insofar as the Counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken introduced the Reformation according to the Lutheran Confession in 1575 and the Calvinists were not tolerated according to the provisions of the Augsburg Religious Peace (1555). Nevertheless, the Huguenots in Ludweiler received the right to establish their own parish. The Huguenot immigrants brought the glassblowing trade with them and introduced the glass industry to the Saar in 1616. The Warndt offered favorable conditions for this with the occurrence of quartz sand , charcoal and ferns for potash extraction. After a few decades, the name Ludwigsweiler was shortened to Ludweiler.

Thirty Years' War

During the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), the population of Völklingen was decimated by almost 84 percent by raids by the Spanish, Swedish, Lorraine and French soldiers . Smelters and farms were orphaned, the few survivors suffered from famine.

Reunion policy of the French crown

In 1672 French billeting took place in Völklingen. The French King Louis XIV occupied the entire county of Saarbrücken from 1678 to 1697. One of the positive consequences was a land reform that transferred land to the previously landless residents of Völklingen. In 1697, the Count of Saarbrücken, Ludwig Crato , was reinstated in his old rights by the Peace of Ryswick . The now Catholic majority of the population was allowed to practice their religion freely.

Mercantilist economic policy

The Saarbrücken counts now also increasingly promoted the economy and the growth of the population. In 1700 there were 90 houses with 480 residents. After the land reform, 96 residents cultivated their own land. In 1701 a wooden bridge was built over the Saar near Wehrden. The glassworks in Geislautern was opened again and in Lauterbach a second glassmaking settlement was built at the beginning of the 18th century. In 1730 a new ironworks with two blast furnaces started operation in Geislautern. Two coal mines also created jobs. To improve the infrastructure, the road from Völklingen to Bous was built from 1734 . From 1742 the stagecoach drove twice a week from Saarbrücken via Völklingen to Saarlouis . The last two absolutist sovereigns, Wilhelm Heinrich and Ludwig , set the course for the further development of Völklingen with the nationalization of mining and the forced settlement of ore smelters, hammer and rolling mills.

Latest time

French Revolution and Napoleon's rule

With the outbreak of the French Revolution , the Saarbrücken Count House tried hesitant reform measures to contain the source of the social upheaval. In 1790, for example, the Völklingen farmers were relieved of their forced labor to the Saarbrücken Castle against payment of an annual penalty and in 1793, when French revolutionary troops had already invaded Völklingen, serfdom was lifted by Prince Ludwig. When Prince Ludwig, who was in poor health, fled from the French Revolution in the same year into exile in Kurmainz in Aschaffenburg and his death in 1794, the old feudal structures in Völklingen were eliminated.

In 1801, in the Peace of Lunéville, the entire left bank of the Rhine of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation , which France had officially united with its national territory since 1797, became part of the French Republic. Napoleon granted the areas on the left bank of the Rhine full civil rights, freedom of property, freedom of trade, freedom of farmers and a progressive legal and administrative system.

Völklingen had been a Mairie in the Saarbrücken arrondissement since 1799 and benefited from the systematic promotion of technology and research in the French Empire. In Geislautern, the École Pratique des Mines was established in 1807 as a result of an order from Napoleon in 1802 , one of two mountain and hut schools of the French Empire founded in 1804. The school should contribute to the advancement of mining and metallurgy and train technical officials. Jean Baptist Duhamel became the first director (the Duhamel shaft of the Ensdorf mine was named after him). In Geislautern, trend-setting improvements to the melting process were developed and a significant increase in quality in the production of steel, iron and sheet metal was made possible. Technical history was also made in Geislautern with coking attempts and new tinning processes. The result of a systematic soil exploration was the Duhamel-Saargruben-Atlas, which is still considered a standard cartographic work today. Attempts were also made to facilitate the transport of coal with the use of steam-powered wagons.

Defeat of Napoleon and transfer of Völklingen to the Kingdom of Prussia

After Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo , the Völklingen area fell to Prussia in 1815. Völklingen became the seat of a mayor's office, which was also responsible for the places Püttlingen, Großwald, Altenkessel / Neudorf and Luisenthal. The next administrative unit was the Saarbrücken district. Prussia promoted the existing industry and systematically expanded the infrastructure. Large-scale industrial coal mining on the Saar began in the Geislautern mine in the 1830s with chain extraction and the sinking of the first deep tunnel. In 1840 the first coke oven in the region was blown in the Geislautern ironworks, which enabled the mass production of iron and steel. In the Völklingen district of Fenne, Spiegelhütte, founded in 1812, became the largest hollow glass manufacturer in south-west Germany.

Within a few decades, Völklingen grew from a small village to an industrial conurbation with over 18,000 inhabitants. After the establishment of a postal expedition in 1847, a station on the new Saarbrücken-Merzig-Trier railway line was laid out in 1860. Due to the railway connection, both the economy and the population of Völklingen grew rapidly. In 1862 Völklingen became the seat of a local court and in the same year the first pharmacy received its license. The establishment of its own gendarmerie station and a modern miners' hospital took place in 1868 and in the following year the Saar near Wehrden was crossed by a new bridge.

With the construction of its own town hall in 1876, the former village center, which used to be directly on the Saar, was moved further north. The townscape, which had previously been dominated by farmhouses, has now been completely redesigned in the style of historicism and art nouveau . The Völklingen town hall was extensively expanded and the Eligius Church, the Mühlgewannschule, the grammar school and the new district court building were built. In addition, townhouses and Wilhelminian style villas were built for the bourgeois leadership of the prosperous companies.

A post office was set up in 1883. The central water supply was built from 1894 and in 1909 the electric tram from Völklingen to Ludweiler was inaugurated.

High industrialization

Carl Röchling (1827–1910)

Decisive for the further development of Völklingen in this phase was the takeover of the Völklingen ironworks, founded in 1873, by the Röchling brothers in 1881. The ironworks, whose first blast furnace was blown in 1883, was to determine the town's development for over a century. The family company Röchling made Völklingen into a large industrial center within a few years.

The company, located in the bend of the Saar, determined the development of the place with its pull. As early as 1890, the smelter was the largest manufacturer of welded iron girders in the German Empire . A modern Thomas steel mill , with which the Minette ores from neighboring Lorraine could also be smelted, went into operation in 1891. Six blast furnaces were built by 1903. From 1908 a new induction furnace allowed the production of electrical steel in large quantities. Völklingen was also involved to a considerable extent in the military rearmament of the German Reich.

The influence of the Röchling entrepreneurial family determined both politics and society. The dominant entrepreneurial personalities were Kommerzienrat Carl Röchling and his son Hermann Röchling , who from 1898 had a decisive influence in the family business as managing director and technical director.

On the initiative of the Röchlings, exemplary social institutions (health, pension and disability insurance, child care, consumer cooperatives, leisure and educational institutions, the construction of several residential colonies and the financial promotion of home ownership) were created. The aim of these social policy measures was to attract a loyal workforce without political inclinations to social democratic and trade union engagement. Economic dependency and the feeling of obligation towards the Röchlings created a close bond between the people of Völklingen and the company that lasted for generations.

League of Nations and National Socialism

Völklingen Reconciliation Church, ceiling painting
Völklingen Church of Reconciliation, soldier throwing hand grenades as an allegory of loyalty (Hermann Röchling's foundation)

In 1918, after the loss of the First World War , Völklingen was occupied by French troops and placed under the administration of the League of Nations as part of the Saar area through the Treaty of Versailles . The separation from the German economic area increased the difficulties in converting the economy to peace production. Conservative forces in business and politics were able to use the misery of the post-war period to propagate revanchist ideas among the people of Völklingen. The theme of the neo-baroque Evangelical Völklingen town church (Church of the Redeemer, later Church of Reconciliation), which was completed in 1928 and which was built as a replacement for the old Martinskirche, which was destroyed in a fire in 1922, in its ceiling painting, created in 1935–1937 a highly political issue. The day of the Last Judgment is depicted with Christ in the middle, surrounded by the industrial landscape of Völklingen with smoking factory chimneys , the deceased members of the Röchling family, an eagle stripping its fetters and striving for freedom as an allegorical reference to the reintegration of the Saar area into the German Empire in 1935 as well as the group of those who were responsible for the construction (architects, pastors, church masters), together with a small model of the church. A soldier throwing a hand grenade was also depicted on the facade.

Domanial schools existed in Völklingen and Fenne during the League of Nations mandate .

In the Saar referendum on January 13, 1935, the Völklingers voted with 89.8 percent for a return to the German Reich. The company management under Hermann Röchling gained increasing influence in the industrial-political-military power apparatus of the so-called Third Reich . On April 1, 1937, the previous mayor of Völklingen with the suburbs of Fürstenhausen, Geislautern and Wehrden received city rights. Armament and infrastructure programs in preparation for the Second World War gave Völklingen a new boom.

During the Second World War, the Völklingens steelworks were entirely in the service of the war economy and Hermann Röchling was entrusted by Adolf Hitler with managerial tasks in the organization of the metallurgical industry in the German Reich and the occupied territories. After the collapse of the Nazi system and the destruction of Völklingen in the Second World War, Röchling, who was initially able to go into hiding, was sentenced in 1949 to 10 years imprisonment in a Freiburg deaconess home for crimes against humanity, from which he was sentenced after two years with the Condition was released, never to be allowed to enter the Saarland again.

Immediate post-war period and Saar state

In 1945 the city was occupied by US troops and then came under French administration. In 1947 Völklingen became part of the semi-autonomous Saar state under the government of Prime Minister Johannes Hoffmann . The destroyed city was rebuilt. In 1952, in economic terms, it reached its pre-war capacity again. New production facilities were created and in coal mining and refining Völklingen rose again to become one of the most important industrial cities in the Saarland.

On October 23, 1954, the agreement between the governments of the Federal Republic of Germany and the French Republic on the Saar Statute was negotiated between the German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and the French Prime Minister Pierre Mendès France . Until the conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany, the agreement provided for the Saarland to be subordinate to a commissioner from the Western European Union . This should represent the country externally. However, the Saarland government should continue to be responsible for internal affairs and the economic connection to France should be maintained. However, closer economic networking with the Federal Republic was also planned.

In the referendum on the agreement on October 23, 1955 on the European Statute of the Saarland , Völklingen voted as follows: 7,233 (27.65%) eligible voters voted yes; 18,922 (72.34%) eligible voters voted no. The Saarland national average of yes-people was 32.3%, that of no-people was 67.7%.

As a result of the negotiations that followed and the Luxembourg Treaty of October 27, 1956, in which France agreed to the reintegration of the Saarland under West German sovereignty , Völklingen became the Federal Republic politically on January 1, 1957 and economically on July 6, 1959 ("Day X") Germany attached.

Völklingen in the 1960s and early 1970s

The period after the annexation to the Federal Republic of Germany meant “golden years” for Völklingen in economic terms. In 1962, a firedamp explosion in the Luisenthal mine led to a mine disaster that claimed 299 lives. In 1965 Völklingen was given the status of a medium- sized town. Numerous new building areas emerged and, at the same time, entire ensembles of buildings from the Wilhelminian era and earlier eras in the cityscape were lost due to demolition. On January 1, 1974, the municipalities of Ludweiler and Lauterbach were incorporated into the Saarland as part of the regional and administrative reform in 1974 .

Steel crisis since the 1970s

With the beginning of the steel crisis in the mid-1970s, Völklingen's economic upturn came to an abrupt end. The result was a hitherto unknown degree of job losses. In 1978 the Röchling family withdrew from the crisis-ridden city and the hut was taken over by the Luxembourg-based ARBED group. In 1980, a new blow-molding steelworks for the production of highly specialized quality steels with several rolling mills was put into operation in Völklingen. When the pig iron phase was relocated to Dillingen / Saar , the old Völklingen ironworks closed in 1986. From 1966 to 1995, the number of employees at Völklinger Hütte shrank from 17,500 to 3,500. The additional loss of jobs in hard coal mining plunged the city into an economic crisis of enormous proportions.

In 1993 the Saarstahl AG went bankrupt , in which the Röchling companies were also absorbed. In 1994 the old Völklinger Hütte was included in the list of cultural monuments of UNESCO as a world cultural heritage . Völklingen is the headquarters of Saarstahl AG , which is still productive after the bankruptcy proceedings were lifted in 2001.

The city center is struggling to get rid of the reputation it gained in 1993 as the “ugliest city in Germany”. In some areas around the Saarhafen and the old Völklinger Hütte, however, investments have been made in a more beautiful cityscape. The city center area is also currently undergoing major restructuring as part of the research project “ Urban Redevelopment West ”. The Völklingen economy was to be developed from the monoculture of the coal and steel industry to a diversified economic structure. Replacement jobs were created in the field of environmental technology, the building materials industry and in production facilities in modern technology areas.

Controversy about Hermann Röchling

The municipality of Völklingen was sharply criticized in the ARD broadcast Kontraste in 2000 for making Adolf Hitler and Hermann Röchling, convicted of crimes against humanity, honorary citizens and naming a district after the latter. The city was mentioned because of the record result of the NPD in the city council elections in 2004 in the constitution protection report of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia of the same year. The result halved in 2009, but right-wing extremist movements are still strongly represented in the city.

In 1956, on the occasion of the first anniversary of his death, Hermann Röchling was renamed after him in honor of the Völklingen district of Bouser Höhe. The district was now called Hermann-Röchling-Höhe . On January 31, 2013, the Völklingen city council decided after years of local political discussions to rename the district Röchlinghöhe . In future, the name will no longer be connoted with Hermann Röchling himself, but only with the Röchling family of entrepreneurs.


The Protestant population of the city belonged to the Evangelical Church in Prussia since 1815 , which from 1922 was called the Evangelical Church of the Old Prussian Union (APU). In 1947 independent regional churches emerged from the formerly old Prussian church provinces ; Since then, Völklingen has been part of the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland . The Evangelical Academy in Saarland is based in Völklingen.

The Catholic population of the city belongs to the deanery Völklingen in the diocese of Trier .

One of the free churches in Völklingen is u. a. the apostolic community .

Despite the similar name, a distinction must be made between the Saarland Apostolic Community , which also holds services in Völklingen.

An Evangelical Free Church congregation has been represented with a parish hall in the Heidstock district since 1999, after having been in the city center for a long time. The beginnings of the community go back to 1928. The initiative to found Evangelical Free Churches in Merzig and Saarbrücken came from Völklingen . The community belongs to the state association Southwest (Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland) in the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches.

There is also a Jehovah's Witness congregation with approximately 135 members. Her Kingdom Hall is in the Heidstock district

The New Apostolic Church is also represented in Völklingen.

A Muslim association, which had converted a former cinema building into a mosque , initially postponed the plan to build a corresponding minaret in order to break down mutual prejudices. The first Saarland minaret has stood at the Selimiye Mosque in Völklingen-Wehrden since 2011. Like the Kocatepe mosque in the Ludweiler district, this mosque is run by the DITIB umbrella organization . In the center of Völklingen there is the Merkez-Efendi Mosque on Moltkestrasse under the direction of the umbrella organization VIKZ . The Ulu Mosque, which is supported by the IGMG umbrella organization, is located in the Luisenthal district .

Population development

Population development of Völklingen from 1822 to 2017
year Residents
1822 2,001
1830 2,237
1860 4.118
1890 13,528
1900 19,792
1916 30,149
1927 34.105
1939 35,150
1951 40,840
1960 43,954
year Residents
1970 39,461
1974 48,412
1980 44,872
1990 43,569
2000 43,051
2005 40,967
2006 40,344
2007 40.163
2008 39,971
2009 39,689
year Residents
2010 39,539
2011 39,482
2012 39,509
2013 39,358
2014 39,531
2015 40.093
2016 40,494
2017 40,426
2018 40,406

Source: Statistics website of the city of Völklingen


Local election in Völklingen 2019
n. k.
WE CITIZENS Völklingen c
GfV i
Gains and losses
compared to 2009
 % p
-9.1  % p
-8.4  % p
+ 20.05  % p
+ 4.0  % p
+1.6  % p
-4.7  % p.p.
+ 0.9  % p
+ 2.9  % p
+ 2.3  % p
-4  % p
WE CITIZENS Völklingen c
GfV i
Template: election chart / maintenance / notes
c WE CITIZENS Völklingen
i Together for Völklingen
Distribution of seats in the Völklingen City Council 2019
A total of 45 seats

City council

The number of seats on the city ​​council has been reduced from 51 to 45 seats since the local elections on May 25, 2014.

SPD :   26.6%  (- 9.2)   13 seats
CDU :   22.3%  (- 8.4)   10 seats
"We citizens of Völklingen":   20.05%  (+ 20.05)   9 seats
AfD :   9.4%  (+ 4.1)   4 seats
Greens :   6.7%  (+ 1.5)   3 seats
The left :   6.3%  (- 4.7)   3 seats
Free voters Völklingen:   3.5%  (+ 0.9)   1 seat
FDP :   2.9%  (+ 2.9)   1 seat
Together for Völklingen :   2.3%  (+ 2.3)   1 seat

Mayor and Lord Mayor


  • 1799–1805 Wilhelm Nessler
  • 1805–1813 Joh. Nikolaus Beilstein
  • 1813–1814 Georg Kunkel
  • 1814–1816 Friedrich Schaeffer
  • 1816–1821 Jacob Röchling
  • 1822–1831 Carl Kunkel
  • 1831 00000Georg Leber
  • 1831–1849 Carl Schwarz
  • 1849–1851 Georg Flach
  • 1851–1879 Jakob Kühlwein
  • 1879–1903 Carl Stürmer
  • 1903–1907 Siegfried Cloos
  • 1908–1919 Friedrich Sohns
  • 1920–1922 Fr. D. Krawutschke
  • 1922–1933 Karl Janssen
  • 1933–1936 Josef Sieberin
  • 1937 Julius Weber (NSDAP)00000
  • 1937–1941 Helmut Eder (NSDAP)
  • 1941–1942 Johann Latz (NSDAP)
  • 1942–1943 Karl Graf (NSDAP)
  • 1943–1945 Johann Latz (NSDAP)
  • 1945 00000Wilhelm Limburg
  • 1945–1946 Ernst Kunkel
  • 1946–1948 Anton Tinnes
  • 1949–1956 Rudolf Trenz
  • 1956–1974 Hans Fischer
  • 1974–1980 Heinrich Schüssler
  • 1980–1987 Friedrich Gemmel
  • 1987-2003 Fritz Diehl
  • 2003-2008 Jochen Dahm
  • 2008-2018 Wolfgang Bintz (CDU)
  • since June 1, 2018 Christof Sellen (CDU)

Lord Mayor

In the runoff election for the mayor's election on October 8, 2017, Christiane Blatt (SPD) was able to prevail against the non-party applicant Stephan Tautz . Blatt took office on June 1, 2018.

Town twinning

Culture and sights

World cultural heritage Völklinger Hütte


Miners' monument of Lauterbach



Other sights

  • Saar promenade (bike and hiking trail on the banks of the Saar)

Theaters and cinemas


The former second division soccer team SV Röchling Völklingen is at home in the Hermann-Neuberger-Stadion . In the 1970s, SV Röchling Völklingen took part in the promotion round to the 1st Bundesliga, currently the club plays in the Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz / Saar .

The stadium's capacity was around 16,000 until 2007 - it has now been reduced to 12,000. It is one of the largest stadiums in Saarland.

There are the following sports facilities in Völklingen:

  • 2 stadiums (Hermann Neuberger Stadium, Warndt Stadium)
  • 3 sports halls
  • 15 sports fields
  • 3 boules courts
  • 3 dog training places and small animal breeding facility
  • 6 fishing ponds
  • 4 tennis / squash halls
  • 2 shooting ranges
  • 1 fistball facility
  • 1 skate facility

Regular events

  • Easter and autumn fair
  • Rose Monday: move through the city center
  • Saarfest
  • Drive-in cinema at the Völklinger Hütte World Heritage Site
  • Dragon boat racing
  • Völklinger City Run, organized by the Völklingen Athletics Club
  • Exhibitions in the Völklinger Hütte World Heritage Site
  • Fire brigade festival
  • Völklingen kite festival in Wehrden
  • Ludweiler village festival
  • Christmas Market
  • Fair / city festival
  • City Open Airs - Live concerts in the St. Eligius Pfarrgarten
  • Art for cash (cabaret event)

Economy and Infrastructure

Völklinger Hütte

Local businesses

Völklingen is the seat of u. a. Saarstahl AG emerged from the local Röchling'schen Stahlwerk (steel production and further processing (coal and steel industry )).

The Völklingen / Fenne power plant is located near Völklingen .

There is a marine fish farm in the city .



Völklingen has a local court that belongs to the Saarbrücken regional court and OLG district.


As a daily newspaper , the Saarbrücker Zeitung publishes a separate local section for Völklingen and Warndt. The weekly newspaper is the Wochenspiegel Völklingen , which is also the official bulletin of the city. The Völklinger Stadtbrille is released once a month in parts of the city . The Wehrdener Saar-Echo newspaper appears irregularly in the Wehrden district . And the Saar newspaper , which appears every two weeks, also contains many articles about the Hüttenstadt. In the districts of Lauterbach, Ludweiler and Geislautern, the newspaper Warndt aktuell appears every two weeks .


Völklingen is an important school location with all pre-school and school educational institutions as well as a university location. Everything is represented in Völklingen, from elementary schools and high schools to various vocational training centers.


In the middle of the Völklinger Hütte World Heritage Site, there are studios and workshops, as well as other work and project rooms for lecturers, as well as for seminars, workshops and exhibitions of the university. The Völklingen location is being expanded as a development center for interdisciplinary projects and is the location of the S_A_R project office.

Elementary schools

  • Bergstrasse Elementary School
  • Fürstenhausen primary school
  • Elementary School Haydenstrasse
  • Castle Park School Geislautern
  • Elementary school Heidstock / Luisenthal
  • Röchlinghöhe primary school
  • Elementary School Ludweiler
  • Wehrden primary school, rainbow school
  • Primary school Lauterbach

special school

  • Astrid Lindgren School

Community schools

  • Community school "Am Sonnenhügel"
  • Herrmann-Neuberger School

Comprehensive schools

  • Graf Ludwig Comprehensive School

High schools

  • Albert Einstein High School
  • Marie-Luise-Kaschnitz-Gymnasium
  • Warndtgymnasium Völklingen
  • Vocational high school at the BBZ Völklingen

In Völklingen there is also the BBZ Völklingen, a large vocational training center with various types of school:

(*) The TGSBBZ Völklingen is the only location in Saarland for these types of schools.

Völklingen adult education center

The VHS Völklingen, founded in 1958, is the second largest adult education center in Saarland with more than 15,000 teaching hours and over 10,000 participants.


Road traffic

Völklingen is connected to the national road network by the federal autobahn 620 ( Saarlouis - Saarbrücken ) and the federal highway 51 ( Bremen - Saargemünd ). Both roads run parallel to the river in north-south direction at Völklingen.

Rail transport

Old Völklingen station, track side

The station Völklingen is located on the railway line Saarbrücken - Trier , and is supported by the Deutsche Bahn entertained. Trains of the categories Regional Express (RE) and Regionalbahn (RB) stop with connections to Saarbrücken , Trier , St. Ingbert , Koblenz , Kaiserslautern and Mannheim .

Inner-city public transport (bus operation)

The public transport is mainly today by buses, Völklinger transport companies guaranteed. There are connections, for example, to the neighboring Warndt , Lebach , Püttlingen and Bous . The former Völklingen tram was shut down in 1959 and replaced by the Völklingen trolleybus, which ran between 1950 and 1967 . For years, however, the re-establishment of a rail-bound local transport system has been planned, according to which the Saarbahn will run through the city ​​center over the tracks of the Deutsche Bahn to the Völklinger Hütte.


On the Saar there is a port and the Völklingen lock , which was built together with a lock keeper's house between 1875 and 1879 and is a listed building as an ensemble .


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked in the place

  • Carl Hansmann (1852–1917), pioneer of osteosynthesis, from 1893 to 1907 doctor in charge at the Knappschaftslazarett Völklingen
  • Friedrich Masselter (1908–1979), Roman Catholic priest in the Völklingen district of Heidstock
  • Hans Netzer (* 1935), politician (SPD), Lord Mayor of Völklingen from 1989 to 2003
  • Roswitha Hollinger (* 1945), politician (SPD), from 1992 to 2001 chairwoman of the Völklingen SPD community association


  • Hans Peter Buchleitner: From the royal court to the Hüttenstadt , Völklingen 1950.
  • Joachim Conrad (ed.): Cradle of a city. Research on Martinskirche in Alten Brühl von Völklinge n, Saarbrücken 2010.

Web links

Commons : Völklingen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Völklingen  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Saarland.de - Official population figures as of December 31, 2019 (PDF; 20 kB) ( help ).
  2. Völklinger Hütte UNESCO World Heritage Site. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
  3. ^ City of Völklingen: local councils. Retrieved January 8, 2019 .
  4. The history of the city of Völklingen. In: Völklingen in transition. April 24, 2016, accessed May 20, 2019 .
  5. Arnold Ilgemann: "French schools". The French domain schools during the League of Nations , lecture manuscript from June 22, 1993
  6. ^ Gerhard Franz: The victory of the naysayers, 50 years after the vote on the Saar Statute , Blieskastel 2005, p. 181.
  7. Dieter Graebner: The old treasure is ennobled . In: Die Zeit , No. 04/1995, January 20, 1995. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
  8. Stefanie Risch: Lively city on the river: Stations of a Saarland history; Königshof, farming village, Hüttenstadt, city of Völklingen, ed. v. the Mittelstadt Völklingen, Saarbrücken 1996.
  9. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 807 .
  10. Chris Humbs: World Heritage Site "Röchling-Völklingen" - Will a war criminal remain the namesake ? In: contrasts . September 21, 2000 ( online ).
  11. Ministry of the Interior of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, Department for the Protection of the Constitution (Ed.): Report on the protection of the constitution of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia for the year 2004 . January 31, 2005, p. 23 .
  12. Völklingen district is only called "Röchlinghöhe" ( memento of December 21, 2013 in the Internet Archive ). In: Saarbrücker Zeitung , February 1, 2013, accessed on February 1, 2013.
  13. Homepage of EFG Völklingen , accessed on March 29, 2017.
  14. Yearbook of the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches in Germany 2016/17, Kassel 2016, pp. 130f.
  15. Nicholas Kulish: Path to Xenophobia Is Diverted by a Mosque's Open Doors. The New York Times , March 23, 2010.
  16. Saarbrücker Zeitung, Saarbrücker Zeitung Verlag und Druckerei GmbH: First minaret in Saarland is in Wehrden. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
  17. Statistics on the city of Völklingen's website , accessed on August 10, 2018
  18. Regional Returning Officer Saarland - Final result of the 2019 municipal council elections in Völklingen
  19. Christiane Blatt (SPD) becomes the new mayor of Völklingen. Retrieved February 9, 2020 .
  20. ^ City of Völklingen: University. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
  21. HBKsaar: University. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
  22. ^ City of Völklingen: Adult Education Center. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
  23. ^ Partial list of monuments of the Mittelstadt Völklingen. (PDF; 419 kB) In: List of monuments of the Saarland. May 19, 2010, accessed April 6, 2011 .