|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Regional association Saarbrücken|
|Height :||200 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||67.07 km 2|
|Residents:||39,517 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||589 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||66333|
|Primaries :||06898, 06802|
|License plate :||VK|
|Community key :||10 0 41 519|
|City structure:||10 districts|
City administration address :
|Lord Mayor :||Christiane Blatt ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Völklingen in the Saarbrücken regional association|
Völklingen is listed on the Saar location Mittelstadt with about 40,000 inhabitants. It is the second largest city in the Saarbrücken Regional Association after Saarbrücken and the fourth largest city in Saarland in terms of population .
The city was and is strongly influenced by the coal and steel industry. It is the seat of Saarstahl AG . Völklingen is well known for the Völklinger Hütte World Heritage Site . The Völklinger Hütte is the only ironworks from the heyday of industrialization in the world that has been completely preserved. It has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1994 .
Völklingen is located on the banks of the Saar and is a few kilometers from the state capital Saarbrücken. The districts left the Saar are Warndt region and borders on France . The Rossel flows into the Wehrden district and the Köllerbach flows into the Saar in Völklingen.
The annual precipitation is 679 mm and is thus in the middle third of the values recorded by the measuring points of the German Weather Service . 36% indicate lower values. The driest month is April; it rains most in November. In the wettest month, about 1.5 times more rain falls than in the driest month. The seasonal fluctuations in precipitation are in the lower third. In just 1% of all places, the monthly precipitation fluctuates less.
The urban area of Völklingen is divided into ten districts . According to the alphabet, these are Fenne, Fürstenhausen, Geislautern , Heidstock, Innenstadt, Lauterbach , Ludweiler , Luisenthal , Röchlinghöhe and Wehrden .
In accordance with the provisions of the Local Self-Government Act, Völklingen, Ludweiler and Lauterbach were formed in 3 municipal districts in Völklingen. A local council is to be elected for each of these municipal districts. Their concerns vis-à-vis the city are represented by a local advisory board and a local councilor.
as of December 31, 2018
|Proportion of foreigners
Early history and antiquity
Völklingen is one of the oldest towns in Saarland. The fertile flood plain between the confluence of the Rossel and Köllerbach in the Saar was already settled in Celtic times , and in Roman times it was a hub for regional traffic and economic flows.
In the early Middle Ages between the 5th and 9th centuries, the market town became a center of the surrounding farms with the first wave of settlement by the Franks . The most important royal estate on the Saar, along with Saarbrücken and Wadgassen, was in Völklingen . Two roads met here: the route from the Köllertal to the Saar with the old Roman road from Saarbrücken to Trier. Thus Völklingen gained importance in the Franconian administration, jurisdiction and the exercise of sovereign rights.
First documentary mentions
Völklingen was first mentioned on October 27, 822 as "Fulcolingas" (derived from the Germanic nickname Fulko , New High German Volko ) in a document from Durandis, Vice Chancellor Ludwig the Pious . The Völklingen Church of St. Martin was built in the Carolingian era and testifies to the function of the place as a central church square. A second document dated April 14, 999 reports that Emperor Otto III. the Fulquelinga estate, together with Saarbrücken Castle and the Warndt, were given to bishop Adalbero II of Metz as a fief, who in turn enfeoffed the counts of the lower Saargau .
Völklingen remained a rural settlement in the following centuries, which was subject to the jurisdiction of the Counts of Saarbrücken . Thus, the Counts of Saarbrücken in Völklingen had the right to collect taxes and levy labor from the population. Fürstenhausen, Geislautern and Wehrden, which was first mentioned in a document in 1234, belonged to the estate of the place. Wehrden gained importance in the Middle Ages with its saar ferry. The oldest Völklingen Weistum dates back to 1422 as the first written determination of local legal relationships.
Early modern age
Völkling peasant uprising
In 1566 there was a peasant uprising against the Saarbrücken count. To avert new, heavy labor services in the construction of the Homburg Castle , the Völklingers refused to serve and placed themselves under the protection of the Metz bishops François de Beaucaire de Péguillon and Louis (I) Cardinal de Lorraine-Guise as their supreme liege lords. The dispute, in the course of which it came to the incarceration of Völklingen farmers, was only settled in 1572. In 1575, Count Philip IV of Nassau-Weilburg forcibly introduced the Reformation according to the Lutheran creed in the county of Saarbrücken .
In the early modern period, the “hof und frie hofstadt folckelingen” was one of the wealthier villages in the county of Nassau-Saarbrücken. Significant population growth is documented by tax lists. In 1524 there were 29 families and 17 farms, in 1542 there were already 42 families. Iron and coal finds led to an early industrialization in addition to traditional handicrafts and safaris. So in today's Geislautern, with the support of the Counts of Saarbrücken in 1572, the oldest larger iron smelter in Saarland was created. In 1621, with the permission of the Count, coal mining began in the open-cast mine in Geislautern.
Settlement of Calvinist Huguenots
To increase the population and to stimulate the economy, Huguenots were settled in Warndt in 1604 . For this purpose, the place Ludwigsweiler (today the Völklingen district Ludweiler ) was created on the land of the Völklinger Hof by the Saarbrücken Count Ludwig II of Nassau-Weilburg . In a document, the count allows twelve Huguenots, who had to flee from the French king because of their Calvinist beliefs, to found a village on the "Rixfurth im Warneth". The process is remarkable insofar as the Counts of Nassau-Saarbrücken introduced the Reformation according to the Lutheran Confession in 1575 and the Calvinists were not tolerated according to the provisions of the Augsburg Religious Peace (1555). Nevertheless, the Huguenots in Ludweiler received the right to establish their own parish. The Huguenot immigrants brought the glassblowing trade with them and introduced the glass industry to the Saar in 1616. The Warndt offered favorable conditions for this with the occurrence of quartz sand , charcoal and ferns for potash extraction. After a few decades, the name Ludwigsweiler was shortened to Ludweiler.
Thirty Years' War
During the Thirty Years' War (1618–1648), the population of Völklingen was decimated by almost 84 percent by raids by the Spanish, Swedish, Lorraine and French soldiers . Smelters and farms were orphaned, the few survivors suffered from famine.
Reunion policy of the French crown
In 1672 French billeting took place in Völklingen. The French King Louis XIV occupied the entire county of Saarbrücken from 1678 to 1697. One of the positive consequences was a land reform that transferred land to the previously landless residents of Völklingen. In 1697, the Count of Saarbrücken, Ludwig Crato , was reinstated in his old rights by the Peace of Ryswick . The now Catholic majority of the population was allowed to practice their religion freely.
Mercantilist economic policy
The Saarbrücken counts now also increasingly promoted the economy and the growth of the population. In 1700 there were 90 houses with 480 residents. After the land reform, 96 residents cultivated their own land. In 1701 a wooden bridge was built over the Saar near Wehrden. The glassworks in Geislautern was opened again and in Lauterbach a second glassmaking settlement was built at the beginning of the 18th century. In 1730 a new ironworks with two blast furnaces started operation in Geislautern. Two coal mines also created jobs. To improve the infrastructure, the road from Völklingen to Bous was built from 1734 . From 1742 the stagecoach drove twice a week from Saarbrücken via Völklingen to Saarlouis . The last two absolutist sovereigns, Wilhelm Heinrich and Ludwig , set the course for the further development of Völklingen with the nationalization of mining and the forced settlement of ore smelters, hammer and rolling mills.
French Revolution and Napoleon's rule
With the outbreak of the French Revolution , the Saarbrücken Count House tried hesitant reform measures to contain the source of the social upheaval. In 1790, for example, the Völklingen farmers were relieved of their forced labor to the Saarbrücken Castle against payment of an annual penalty and in 1793, when French revolutionary troops had already invaded Völklingen, serfdom was lifted by Prince Ludwig. When Prince Ludwig, who was in poor health, fled from the French Revolution in the same year into exile in Kurmainz in Aschaffenburg and his death in 1794, the old feudal structures in Völklingen were eliminated.
In 1801, in the Peace of Lunéville, the entire left bank of the Rhine of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation , which France had officially united with its national territory since 1797, became part of the French Republic. Napoleon granted the areas on the left bank of the Rhine full civil rights, freedom of property, freedom of trade, freedom of farmers and a progressive legal and administrative system.
Völklingen had been a Mairie in the Saarbrücken arrondissement since 1799 and benefited from the systematic promotion of technology and research in the French Empire. In Geislautern, the École Pratique des Mines was established in 1807 as a result of an order from Napoleon in 1802 , one of two mountain and hut schools of the French Empire founded in 1804. The school should contribute to the advancement of mining and metallurgy and train technical officials. Jean Baptist Duhamel became the first director (the Duhamel shaft of the Ensdorf mine was named after him). In Geislautern, trend-setting improvements to the melting process were developed and a significant increase in quality in the production of steel, iron and sheet metal was made possible. Technical history was also made in Geislautern with coking attempts and new tinning processes. The result of a systematic soil exploration was the Duhamel-Saargruben-Atlas, which is still considered a standard cartographic work today. Attempts were also made to facilitate the transport of coal with the use of steam-powered wagons.
Defeat of Napoleon and transfer of Völklingen to the Kingdom of Prussia
After Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo , the Völklingen area fell to Prussia in 1815. Völklingen became the seat of a mayor's office, which was also responsible for the places Püttlingen, Großwald, Altenkessel / Neudorf and Luisenthal. The next administrative unit was the Saarbrücken district. Prussia promoted the existing industry and systematically expanded the infrastructure. Large-scale industrial coal mining on the Saar began in the Geislautern mine in the 1830s with chain extraction and the sinking of the first deep tunnel. In 1840 the first coke oven in the region was blown in the Geislautern ironworks, which enabled the mass production of iron and steel. In the Völklingen district of Fenne, Spiegelhütte, founded in 1812, became the largest hollow glass manufacturer in south-west Germany.
Within a few decades, Völklingen grew from a small village to an industrial conurbation with over 18,000 inhabitants. After the establishment of a postal expedition in 1847, a station on the new Saarbrücken-Merzig-Trier railway line was laid out in 1860. Due to the railway connection, both the economy and the population of Völklingen grew rapidly. In 1862 Völklingen became the seat of a local court and in the same year the first pharmacy received its license. The establishment of its own gendarmerie station and a modern miners' hospital took place in 1868 and in the following year the Saar near Wehrden was crossed by a new bridge.
With the construction of its own town hall in 1876, the former village center, which used to be directly on the Saar, was moved further north. The townscape, which had previously been dominated by farmhouses, has now been completely redesigned in the style of historicism and art nouveau . The Völklingen town hall was extensively expanded and the Eligius Church, the Mühlgewannschule, the grammar school and the new district court building were built. In addition, townhouses and Wilhelminian style villas were built for the bourgeois leadership of the prosperous companies.
A post office was set up in 1883. The central water supply was built from 1894 and in 1909 the electric tram from Völklingen to Ludweiler was inaugurated.
Decisive for the further development of Völklingen in this phase was the takeover of the Völklingen ironworks, founded in 1873, by the Röchling brothers in 1881. The ironworks, whose first blast furnace was blown in 1883, was to determine the town's development for over a century. The family company Röchling made Völklingen into a large industrial center within a few years.
The company, located in the bend of the Saar, determined the development of the place with its pull. As early as 1890, the smelter was the largest manufacturer of welded iron girders in the German Empire . A modern Thomas steel mill , with which the Minette ores from neighboring Lorraine could also be smelted, went into operation in 1891. Six blast furnaces were built by 1903. From 1908 a new induction furnace allowed the production of electrical steel in large quantities. Völklingen was also involved to a considerable extent in the military rearmament of the German Reich.
The influence of the Röchling entrepreneurial family determined both politics and society. The dominant entrepreneurial personalities were Kommerzienrat Carl Röchling and his son Hermann Röchling , who from 1898 had a decisive influence in the family business as managing director and technical director.
On the initiative of the Röchlings, exemplary social institutions (health, pension and disability insurance, child care, consumer cooperatives, leisure and educational institutions, the construction of several residential colonies and the financial promotion of home ownership) were created. The aim of these social policy measures was to attract a loyal workforce without political inclinations to social democratic and trade union engagement. Economic dependency and the feeling of obligation towards the Röchlings created a close bond between the people of Völklingen and the company that lasted for generations.
League of Nations and National Socialism
In 1918, after the loss of the First World War , Völklingen was occupied by French troops and placed under the administration of the League of Nations as part of the Saar area through the Treaty of Versailles . The separation from the German economic area increased the difficulties in converting the economy to peace production. Conservative forces in business and politics were able to use the misery of the post-war period to propagate revanchist ideas among the people of Völklingen. The theme of the neo-baroque Evangelical Völklingen town church (Church of the Redeemer, later Church of Reconciliation), which was completed in 1928 and which was built as a replacement for the old Martinskirche, which was destroyed in a fire in 1922, in its ceiling painting, created in 1935–1937 a highly political issue. The day of the Last Judgment is depicted with Christ in the middle, surrounded by the industrial landscape of Völklingen with smoking factory chimneys , the deceased members of the Röchling family, an eagle stripping its fetters and striving for freedom as an allegorical reference to the reintegration of the Saar area into the German Empire in 1935 as well as the group of those who were responsible for the construction (architects, pastors, church masters), together with a small model of the church. A soldier throwing a hand grenade was also depicted on the facade.
Domanial schools existed in Völklingen and Fenne during the League of Nations mandate .
In the Saar referendum on January 13, 1935, the Völklingers voted with 89.8 percent for a return to the German Reich. The company management under Hermann Röchling gained increasing influence in the industrial-political-military power apparatus of the so-called Third Reich . On April 1, 1937, the previous mayor of Völklingen with the suburbs of Fürstenhausen, Geislautern and Wehrden received city rights. Armament and infrastructure programs in preparation for the Second World War gave Völklingen a new boom.
During the Second World War, the Völklingens steelworks were entirely in the service of the war economy and Hermann Röchling was entrusted by Adolf Hitler with managerial tasks in the organization of the metallurgical industry in the German Reich and the occupied territories. After the collapse of the Nazi system and the destruction of Völklingen in the Second World War, Röchling, who was initially able to go into hiding, was sentenced in 1949 to 10 years imprisonment in a Freiburg deaconess home for crimes against humanity, from which he was sentenced after two years with the Condition was released, never to be allowed to enter the Saarland again.
Immediate post-war period and Saar state
In 1945 the city was occupied by US troops and then came under French administration. In 1947 Völklingen became part of the semi-autonomous Saar state under the government of Prime Minister Johannes Hoffmann . The destroyed city was rebuilt. In 1952, in economic terms, it reached its pre-war capacity again. New production facilities were created and in coal mining and refining Völklingen rose again to become one of the most important industrial cities in the Saarland.
On October 23, 1954, the agreement between the governments of the Federal Republic of Germany and the French Republic on the Saar Statute was negotiated between the German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer and the French Prime Minister Pierre Mendès France . Until the conclusion of a peace treaty with Germany, the agreement provided for the Saarland to be subordinate to a commissioner from the Western European Union . This should represent the country externally. However, the Saarland government should continue to be responsible for internal affairs and the economic connection to France should be maintained. However, closer economic networking with the Federal Republic was also planned.
In the referendum on the agreement on October 23, 1955 on the European Statute of the Saarland , Völklingen voted as follows: 7,233 (27.65%) eligible voters voted yes; 18,922 (72.34%) eligible voters voted no. The Saarland national average of yes-people was 32.3%, that of no-people was 67.7%.
As a result of the negotiations that followed and the Luxembourg Treaty of October 27, 1956, in which France agreed to the reintegration of the Saarland under West German sovereignty , Völklingen became the Federal Republic politically on January 1, 1957 and economically on July 6, 1959 ("Day X") Germany attached.
Völklingen in the 1960s and early 1970s
The period after the annexation to the Federal Republic of Germany meant “golden years” for Völklingen in economic terms. In 1962, a firedamp explosion in the Luisenthal mine led to a mine disaster that claimed 299 lives. In 1965 Völklingen was given the status of a medium- sized town. Numerous new building areas emerged and, at the same time, entire ensembles of buildings from the Wilhelminian era and earlier eras in the cityscape were lost due to demolition. On January 1, 1974, the municipalities of Ludweiler and Lauterbach were incorporated into the Saarland as part of the regional and administrative reform in 1974 .
Steel crisis since the 1970s
With the beginning of the steel crisis in the mid-1970s, Völklingen's economic upturn came to an abrupt end. The result was a hitherto unknown degree of job losses. In 1978 the Röchling family withdrew from the crisis-ridden city and the hut was taken over by the Luxembourg-based ARBED group. In 1980, a new blow-molding steelworks for the production of highly specialized quality steels with several rolling mills was put into operation in Völklingen. When the pig iron phase was relocated to Dillingen / Saar , the old Völklingen ironworks closed in 1986. From 1966 to 1995, the number of employees at Völklinger Hütte shrank from 17,500 to 3,500. The additional loss of jobs in hard coal mining plunged the city into an economic crisis of enormous proportions.
In 1993 the Saarstahl AG went bankrupt , in which the Röchling companies were also absorbed. In 1994 the old Völklinger Hütte was included in the list of cultural monuments of UNESCO as a world cultural heritage . Völklingen is the headquarters of Saarstahl AG , which is still productive after the bankruptcy proceedings were lifted in 2001.
The city center is struggling to get rid of the reputation it gained in 1993 as the “ugliest city in Germany”. In some areas around the Saarhafen and the old Völklinger Hütte, however, investments have been made in a more beautiful cityscape. The city center area is also currently undergoing major restructuring as part of the research project “ Urban Redevelopment West ”. The Völklingen economy was to be developed from the monoculture of the coal and steel industry to a diversified economic structure. Replacement jobs were created in the field of environmental technology, the building materials industry and in production facilities in modern technology areas.
Controversy about Hermann Röchling
The municipality of Völklingen was sharply criticized in the ARD broadcast Kontraste in 2000 for making Adolf Hitler and Hermann Röchling, convicted of crimes against humanity, honorary citizens and naming a district after the latter. The city was mentioned because of the record result of the NPD in the city council elections in 2004 in the constitution protection report of the state of North Rhine-Westphalia of the same year. The result halved in 2009, but right-wing extremist movements are still strongly represented in the city.
In 1956, on the occasion of the first anniversary of his death, Hermann Röchling was renamed after him in honor of the Völklingen district of Bouser Höhe. The district was now called Hermann-Röchling-Höhe . On January 31, 2013, the Völklingen city council decided after years of local political discussions to rename the district Röchlinghöhe . In future, the name will no longer be connoted with Hermann Röchling himself, but only with the Röchling family of entrepreneurs.
The Protestant population of the city belonged to the Evangelical Church in Prussia since 1815 , which from 1922 was called the Evangelical Church of the Old Prussian Union (APU). In 1947 independent regional churches emerged from the formerly old Prussian church provinces ; Since then, Völklingen has been part of the Evangelical Church in the Rhineland . The Evangelical Academy in Saarland is based in Völklingen.
The Catholic population of the city belongs to the deanery Völklingen in the diocese of Trier .
Despite the similar name, a distinction must be made between the Saarland Apostolic Community , which also holds services in Völklingen.
An Evangelical Free Church congregation has been represented with a parish hall in the Heidstock district since 1999, after having been in the city center for a long time. The beginnings of the community go back to 1928. The initiative to found Evangelical Free Churches in Merzig and Saarbrücken came from Völklingen . The community belongs to the state association Southwest (Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland) in the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches.
There is also a Jehovah's Witness congregation with approximately 135 members. Her Kingdom Hall is in the Heidstock district
The New Apostolic Church is also represented in Völklingen.
A Muslim association, which had converted a former cinema building into a mosque , initially postponed the plan to build a corresponding minaret in order to break down mutual prejudices. The first Saarland minaret has stood at the Selimiye Mosque in Völklingen-Wehrden since 2011. Like the Kocatepe mosque in the Ludweiler district, this mosque is run by the DITIB umbrella organization . In the center of Völklingen there is the Merkez-Efendi Mosque on Moltkestrasse under the direction of the umbrella organization VIKZ . The Ulu Mosque, which is supported by the IGMG umbrella organization, is located in the Luisenthal district .
Source: Statistics website of the city of Völklingen
|SPD :||26.6%||(- 9.2)||13 seats|
|CDU :||22.3%||(- 8.4)||10 seats|
|"We citizens of Völklingen":||20.05%||(+ 20.05)||9 seats|
|AfD :||9.4%||(+ 4.1)||4 seats|
|Greens :||6.7%||(+ 1.5)||3 seats|
|The left :||6.3%||(- 4.7)||3 seats|
|Free voters Völklingen:||3.5%||(+ 0.9)||1 seat|
|FDP :||2.9%||(+ 2.9)||1 seat|
|Together for Völklingen :||2.3%||(+ 2.3)||1 seat|
Mayor and Lord Mayor
- 1956–1968 Otto Hemmer ( DPS )
- 1968–1989 Raymund Durand (SPD)
- 1989-2003 Hans Netzer (SPD)
- 2003-2018 Klaus Lorig (CDU)
- since June 1, 2018 Christiane Blatt (SPD)
In the runoff election for the mayor's election on October 8, 2017, Christiane Blatt (SPD) was able to prevail against the non-party applicant Stephan Tautz . Blatt took office on June 1, 2018.
Culture and sights
- World Heritage Site Völklinger Hütte , one of the most important industrial monuments in Germany
- Catholic Church of St. Eligius
- Old Town Hall
- old trainstation
- Church of Reconciliation
- Huguenot Church
- Evangelical Resurrection Church - Wehrden / Geislautern
- Catholic Church St. Paulinus (Warndtdom) - Lauterbach
- Catholic parish church of the Assumption of Mary in Geislautern
- Catholic Church Herz Jesu - Ludweiler
- Catholic Church St. Hedwig - Wehrden
- Catholic Church St. Josef - Wehrden
- Catholic Church Christ the King - Luisenthal
- Catholic Church St. Paulus - Heidstock
- Catholic Church St. Michael - Völklingen
- Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses - Heidstock
- Bergmannsdenkmal - Lauterbach - On July 5, 1876, 42 miners died in the mine at Spittel ( L'Hôpital ), including 26 from Lauterbach. The Lauterbach miners were buried in a mass grave in the old cemetery next to the St. Paulinus Church.
- Saarland circular hiking trail
- Völklingen City Park
- wildlife Park
- numerous parks and green spaces
- World Heritage Site Völklinger Hütte, an anchor point of the European Route of Industrial Culture (ERIH)
- Warndt local museum
- Saar promenade (bike and hiking trail on the banks of the Saar)
Theaters and cinemas
- Residenz cinema (closed)
- In the rooms in and around the Völklinger Hütte World Heritage Site, there are regular cultural offers of all kinds.
The former second division soccer team SV Röchling Völklingen is at home in the Hermann-Neuberger-Stadion . In the 1970s, SV Röchling Völklingen took part in the promotion round to the 1st Bundesliga, currently the club plays in the Oberliga Rheinland-Pfalz / Saar .
The stadium's capacity was around 16,000 until 2007 - it has now been reduced to 12,000. It is one of the largest stadiums in Saarland.
There are the following sports facilities in Völklingen:
- 2 stadiums (Hermann Neuberger Stadium, Warndt Stadium)
- 3 sports halls
- 15 sports fields
- 3 boules courts
- 3 dog training places and small animal breeding facility
- 6 fishing ponds
- 4 tennis / squash halls
- 2 shooting ranges
- 1 fistball facility
- 1 skate facility
- Easter and autumn fair
- Rose Monday: move through the city center
- Drive-in cinema at the Völklinger Hütte World Heritage Site
- Dragon boat racing
- Völklinger City Run, organized by the Völklingen Athletics Club
- Exhibitions in the Völklinger Hütte World Heritage Site
- Fire brigade festival
- Völklingen kite festival in Wehrden
- Ludweiler village festival
- Christmas Market
- Fair / city festival
- City Open Airs - Live concerts in the St. Eligius Pfarrgarten
- Art for cash (cabaret event)
Economy and Infrastructure
There is a marine fish farm in the city .
- St. Michael Hospital (acute hospital) (closed in 2009)
- SHG clinic with heart center (diagnostics, interventional treatment and heart surgery )
As a daily newspaper , the Saarbrücker Zeitung publishes a separate local section for Völklingen and Warndt. The weekly newspaper is the Wochenspiegel Völklingen , which is also the official bulletin of the city. The Völklinger Stadtbrille is released once a month in parts of the city . The Wehrdener Saar-Echo newspaper appears irregularly in the Wehrden district . And the Saar newspaper , which appears every two weeks, also contains many articles about the Hüttenstadt. In the districts of Lauterbach, Ludweiler and Geislautern, the newspaper Warndt aktuell appears every two weeks .
Völklingen is an important school location with all pre-school and school educational institutions as well as a university location. Everything is represented in Völklingen, from elementary schools and high schools to various vocational training centers.
In the middle of the Völklinger Hütte World Heritage Site, there are studios and workshops, as well as other work and project rooms for lecturers, as well as for seminars, workshops and exhibitions of the university. The Völklingen location is being expanded as a development center for interdisciplinary projects and is the location of the S_A_R project office.
- Bergstrasse Elementary School
- Fürstenhausen primary school
- Elementary School Haydenstrasse
- Castle Park School Geislautern
- Elementary school Heidstock / Luisenthal
- Röchlinghöhe primary school
- Elementary School Ludweiler
- Wehrden primary school, rainbow school
- Primary school Lauterbach
- Astrid Lindgren School
- Community school "Am Sonnenhügel"
- Herrmann-Neuberger School
- Graf Ludwig Comprehensive School
- Albert Einstein High School
- Warndtgymnasium Völklingen
- Vocational high school at the BBZ Völklingen
In Völklingen there is also the BBZ Völklingen, a large vocational training center with various types of school:
- Two-year trade school (GS)
- Business School (HS)
- Fachoberschule (FOS)
- Vocational high school (OG)
- Higher vocational school for automation and computer technology (HBFS) (*)
(*) The TGSBBZ Völklingen is the only location in Saarland for these types of schools.
Völklingen adult education center
The VHS Völklingen, founded in 1958, is the second largest adult education center in Saarland with more than 15,000 teaching hours and over 10,000 participants.
Völklingen is connected to the national road network by the federal autobahn 620 ( Saarlouis - Saarbrücken ) and the federal highway 51 ( Bremen - Saargemünd ). Both roads run parallel to the river in north-south direction at Völklingen.
The station Völklingen is located on the railway line Saarbrücken - Trier , and is supported by the Deutsche Bahn entertained. Trains of the categories Regional Express (RE) and Regionalbahn (RB) stop with connections to Saarbrücken , Trier , St. Ingbert , Koblenz , Kaiserslautern and Mannheim .
Inner-city public transport (bus operation)
The public transport is mainly today by buses, Völklinger transport companies guaranteed. There are connections, for example, to the neighboring Warndt , Lebach , Püttlingen and Bous . The former Völklingen tram was shut down in 1959 and replaced by the Völklingen trolleybus, which ran between 1950 and 1967 . For years, however, the re-establishment of a rail-bound local transport system has been planned, according to which the Saarbahn will run through the city center over the tracks of the Deutsche Bahn to the Völklinger Hütte.
sons and daughters of the town
- Hermann Röchling (1872–1955), head of the Völklinger Hütte
- Johannes Schulz (1884–1942), Catholic priest, persecuted by the Nazi regime, who starved to death in Dachau concentration camp
- Jakob Hommes (1898–1966), Catholic philosopher, writer, university professor and university rector
- Hermann Trittelvitz (1909–1970), Minister for Labor and Social Affairs (SPD), long-time member of the Völklinger Hütte Supervisory Board
- Tilli Breidenbach (1910–1994), actress
- Richard Tamblé (1913–1982), politician (SPD), member of the Bundestag
- Hermann Neuberger (1919–1992), President of the German Football Association
- Erich Schmidt (1925-2009), wrestler
- Kurt Schirra (1931-1983), boxer
- Lothar Friedrich (1930–2015), racing cyclist
- Hans Otto Bräutigam (* 1931), independent politician and diplomat
- Herbert Nikolaus Lenhof SAC (1936–2017), Bishop of Queenstown
- Lea Ackermann (* 1937), religious sister, founder of the women's project SOLWODI
- Harald H. Zimmermann (1941–2019), information scientist
- Elke Herrmann (1942–2009), journalist, moderator and editor
- Norbert Berger (1945–2012), singer of the hit duo Cindy & Bert
- Werner Kuhn (* 1941), Rhineland-Palatinate politician (FDP)
- Jutta Gusenburger (* 1948), singer of the hit duo Cindy & Bert
- Wolfgang Schneider (* 1950), professor for educational psychology and developmental psychology at the University of Würzburg
- Hans Günter Engel (* 1951), Brigadier General of the Army of the Bundeswehr
- Peter E. Funck (* 1951), actor and director
- Birgit Seelbach-Göbel (* 1954), gynecologist and university professor
- Hans Peter Kurtz (* 1955), trade union official and politician, MdL
- Günter Schuler (* 1955), journalist and author
- Peter Zimmermann (* 1955), film and television director
- Jutta Müller (1957–2019), politician (SPD), Member of the Bundestag (1990–2002)
- Hans-Joachim Kühn (* 1958), historian
- Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer (* 1962), politician, federal chairwoman of the CDU since December 2018
- Anke Berger (* 1965), judge at the Federal Labor Court
- Boris Obergföll (* 1973), track and field athlete and Olympic participant
- Frank Franz (* 1978), politician (NPD)
- Konstantin Ames (* 1979), writer
- Manuel Zeitz (* 1990), soccer player
- Yves Kunkel (* 1994), handball player
- Carsten Birk (* 1977), soccer player
- Thomas Remark (born 1959), football player
Personalities who have worked in the place
- Carl Hansmann (1852–1917), pioneer of osteosynthesis, from 1893 to 1907 doctor in charge at the Knappschaftslazarett Völklingen
- Friedrich Masselter (1908–1979), Roman Catholic priest in the Völklingen district of Heidstock
- Hans Netzer (* 1935), politician (SPD), Lord Mayor of Völklingen from 1989 to 2003
- Roswitha Hollinger (* 1945), politician (SPD), from 1992 to 2001 chairwoman of the Völklingen SPD community association
- Hans Peter Buchleitner: From the royal court to the Hüttenstadt , Völklingen 1950.
- Joachim Conrad (ed.): Cradle of a city. Research on Martinskirche in Alten Brühl von Völklinge n, Saarbrücken 2010.
- Official website of Völklingen
- Literature about Völklingen in the Saarland Bibliography
- Völklingen in transition - local news from and information about Völklingen by Andreas Hell
- Link catalog on Völklingen at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- Saarland.de - Official population figures as of December 31, 2019 (PDF; 20 kB) ( help ).
- Völklinger Hütte UNESCO World Heritage Site. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
- City of Völklingen: local councils. Retrieved January 8, 2019 .
- The history of the city of Völklingen. In: Völklingen in transition. April 24, 2016, accessed May 20, 2019 .
- Arnold Ilgemann: "French schools". The French domain schools during the League of Nations , lecture manuscript from June 22, 1993
- Gerhard Franz: The victory of the naysayers, 50 years after the vote on the Saar Statute , Blieskastel 2005, p. 181.
- Dieter Graebner: The old treasure is ennobled . In: Die Zeit , No. 04/1995, January 20, 1995. Retrieved June 9, 2014.
- Stefanie Risch: Lively city on the river: Stations of a Saarland history; Königshof, farming village, Hüttenstadt, city of Völklingen, ed. v. the Mittelstadt Völklingen, Saarbrücken 1996.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 807 .
- Chris Humbs: World Heritage Site "Röchling-Völklingen" - Will a war criminal remain the namesake ? In: contrasts . September 21, 2000 ( online ).
- Ministry of the Interior of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia, Department for the Protection of the Constitution (Ed.): Report on the protection of the constitution of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia for the year 2004 . January 31, 2005, p. 23 .
- Völklingen district is only called "Röchlinghöhe" ( memento of December 21, 2013 in the Internet Archive ). In: Saarbrücker Zeitung , February 1, 2013, accessed on February 1, 2013.
- Homepage of EFG Völklingen , accessed on March 29, 2017.
- Yearbook of the Federation of Evangelical Free Churches in Germany 2016/17, Kassel 2016, pp. 130f.
- Nicholas Kulish: Path to Xenophobia Is Diverted by a Mosque's Open Doors. The New York Times , March 23, 2010.
- Saarbrücker Zeitung, Saarbrücker Zeitung Verlag und Druckerei GmbH: First minaret in Saarland is in Wehrden. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
- Statistics on the city of Völklingen's website , accessed on August 10, 2018
- Regional Officer Saarland - Final result of the 2019 municipal council elections in Völklingen
- Christiane Blatt (SPD) becomes the new mayor of Völklingen. Retrieved February 9, 2020 .
- City of Völklingen: University. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
- HBKsaar: University. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
- City of Völklingen: Adult Education Center. Retrieved January 7, 2019 .
- Partial list of monuments of the Mittelstadt Völklingen. (PDF; 419 kB) In: List of monuments of the Saarland. May 19, 2010, accessed April 6, 2011 .