Bad Urach

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Bad Urach
Bad Urach
Map of Germany, location of the city Bad Urach highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 30 '  N , 9 ° 24'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Tübingen
County : Reutlingen
Height : 463 m above sea level NHN
Area : 55.45 km 2
Residents: 12,472 (Dec 31, 2018)
Population density : 225 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 72574
Primaries : 07125, 07381
License plate : RT
Community key : 08 4 15 078
City structure: 5 districts

City administration address :
Marktplatz 8–9
72574 Bad Urach
Website :
Mayor : Elmar Rebmann ( SPD )
Location of the city of Bad Urach in the Reutlingen district
Alb-Donau-Kreis Landkreis Biberach Landkreis Böblingen Landkreis Esslingen Landkreis Esslingen Landkreis Göppingen Landkreis Sigmaringen Landkreis Tübingen Zollernalbkreis Bad Urach Dettingen an der Erms Engstingen Eningen unter Achalm Gomadingen Grabenstetten Grafenberg (Landkreis Reutlingen) Gutsbezirk Münsingen Hayingen Hohenstein (Landkreis Reutlingen) Hülben Lichtenstein (Württemberg) Mehrstetten Metzingen Münsingen (Württemberg) Pfronstetten Pfullingen Pfullingen Pliezhausen Reutlingen Riederich Römerstein (Gemeinde) Sonnenbühl St. Johann (Württemberg) Trochtelfingen Walddorfhäslach Wannweil Zwiefaltenmap
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Bad Urach

Bad Urach (until 1983: Urach ) is a town at the foot of the Swabian Alb in the Reutlingen district in Baden-Württemberg . It belongs to the Neckar-Alb region and the peripheral zone of the European metropolitan region of Stuttgart . The city is a state-recognized health resort and spa . It is also known for the Urach waterfall and the shepherd's run that takes place every two years . Bad Urach and its entire district are part of the Swabian Alb biosphere area and the UNESCO Swabian Alb Geopark .


Market square with town hall
District Court
School, Amandus church tower and castle
The former castle mill
The armory tower

The city of Bad Urach is located on the edge of the Swabian Alb , in the Erms valley .


Bad Urach has the hottest thermal spring in Baden-Württemberg at 61 ° C. The high heat is based on a temperature anomaly in the subsurface. In 1970 the thermal spring was developed. It serves the spa and spa operations. The mineral thermal baths AlbThermen and the health center Swabian Alb use the water for their guests. Active volcanic activity prevailed in the region several million years ago. The remnants of this form the Swabian volcano area , also known as the Urach volcanic area, with over 350 documented sites .

To exploit this temperature anomaly, the geothermal project " Hot-Dry-Rock Bad Urach" existed for almost a decade with the aim of generating geothermal electricity and supplying a large part of the city with geothermal energy. The completion of the previously very promising and globally recognized project failed in 2004 when the then Prime Minister Erwin Teufel decided not to turn the necessary refinancing to Bad Urach but to start a similar project again near Karlsruhe.

City structure

Bad Urach consists of the districts Hengen (687.01 ha; 899 inhabitants, as of December 31, 2014), Seeburg (220.65 ha; 278 inhabitants), Sirchingen (481.78 ha; 957 inhabitants), Bad Urach (2,797, 89 ha; 9133 inhabitants) and Whiting (1362.24 ha; 1068 inhabitants). With the exception of the Bad Urach district, the districts also form localities within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code .

The Bad Urach district includes the city of Urach, the Güterstein homestead and the Bleiche group of houses. Only the villages of the same name belong to the districts of Hengen and Sirchingen. The Seeburg district includes the village of Seeburg, Schloss and Hof Uhenfels and the single house Wyhler ob Seeburg, and the Wittlingen district includes the village of Wittlingen, the Hohenwittlingen homestead and the single houses and groups of houses Elektrizitätswerk, Georgenau, Ermsgruppe XIII pumping station, Vordere Albgruppe, Schanz and pumping station Villa Mühleisen.

The now lost Fischburg Castle is in the Hengen district . In the Bad Urach district are the abandoned villages of Berg, Gyrenbad, Merzhausen, Miethausen, Pfialen, Sontheim and Weiler, and in the Wittlingen district are the abandoned villages of Hennibrunnen, Hofstetten and Winneden and the abandoned Baldeck Castle .

Neighboring communities

The following cities and communities border the city of Bad Urach, they are named starting in clockwise direction in the north and belong to the Reutlingen district :

Hülben , Grabenstetten , Römerstein , Münsingen manor district , Münsingen , St. Johann and Dettingen an der Erms .


Urach in the 17th century
Urach 1912
A view of Bad Urach from the ruins

Early history

The place name is made up of ahd. Ûr "Auerochse" and the water name -ach and means "(settlement on) Auerochsenbach".

Rich finds on the laps Mountain near Bad Urach show that this mountain in the Late Antique / Early Middle Ages an important Alamannic hillfort and a power center of the Alemanni was. At the beginning of the 12th century Urach was the seat of a family of counts founded by Egino I. Today's settlement was probably founded with the market and parish of Urach around 1100 after the ancestors of the Counts of Urach and Achalm had given up their ancestral seat and burial site in Dettingen . 1265 sold Count Heinrich von Furstenberg , the castle Hohenurach and most possessions to Count Ulrich of Württemberg .

During the division of Württemberg from 1442 to 1482, Urach was the residence of the Count of the Urach line.

In Bad Urach includes the following ruins and remains of the castle: Castle Baldeck , castle Blankenhorn , Castle High whiting , castle Hohenurach , Castle Rest fish Burg , Burg Litt stone , castle Pfälen , Castle Round Mountain , Castle Schorren (Venedigerloch, Schorrenhöhle) and Castle Seeburg .

Thirty Years' War

After the lost battle near Nördlingen , Württemberg was completely stripped of its troops. Just a few days later, on September 9, 1634 (old style), Bavarian horsemen appeared in the Urach area. The town and fortress were defended by Lieutenant Colonel Gottfried Holtzmüller from Weimar .

Holtzmüller was able to fend off three first attempts by the Reinach infantry regiment on the Dettinger Schanzen by September 10th. But when Count Walter Butler's Dragoon Regiment advanced on October 19, 1634 and Tiefenbach surrounded the city on one side, the situation became precarious. On October 21, 1634 Butler finally gave the signal to attack by laying the fire torch on the Metzingen wine presses . Butler advanced on the vineyard side. But to get to Urach, he had to win the wagon castle near Dettingen, behind which courageous Dettinger citizens and part of the Hohenurach crew entrenched themselves . The balance of power before the storm on the city:

  • Sweden-Weimarer:
    • Gottfried Holzmüller: 150-300 dragoons and soldiers
    • Georg Albrecht von Bettendorf: 50 Wuerttemberg occupation servants
    • Some village and town riflemen
  • Imperial:
    • Colonel Butler: about 900 Dragoons and Croats
    • Tiefenbach Infantry Regiment: 750 men
    • "Grünewehr" Infantry Regiment: Unknown

When the storm broke out on the wagon castle, the enemy infantry streamed ceaselessly down over the vineyards and finally broke through the valiantly defended hill. 94 citizens and 30 Württemberg servants were pitifully slain.

The market town of Dettingen experienced days of looting. Now the way to Urach was open. The siege of the city began on October 21, 1634. Urach was able to resist the overwhelming force for 12 days and was asked to surrender six times during this time. But Holtzmüller refused the piecework request . It was only when the powder tower in the dog stable blew up on November 2, 1634 that he gave up the city and fled to the castle. As a punishment for refusing to do so, Urach was exposed to the pillage for 5 days. Then imperial troops moved in.

The population suffered particularly under the siege of Hohenurach (until July 24, 1635 after Martens / July 28, after Sattler). By the end of 1637, a total of 18,000 soldiers were in the city and office of Urach . There was a constant coming and going. Emaciated regiments withdrew and were replaced by fresh forces. During this time, 27 villages were set on fire. It was not until January 1639 that the ghost came to an end and the city was annexed to Württemberg again. However, Urach lost three fifths of its villages to Claudia von Tirol , who claimed the Achalm pledge .

The war damage in Urach up to this point amounted to one million guilders. The highest items were 319,000 gulden costs and 400,000 gulden losses due to plunder.

On April 11, 1638, the city was attacked by a cavalry division under Schaffalitzky at night and briefly occupied. It can be assumed that Urach surrendered voluntarily to the Württemberg knight who served Weimar. Schaffalitzky then attacked Pfullingen and also asked Reutlingen to surrender. But the Weimar residents had to withdraw on April 20 without having achieved anything, as Johann von Götzen, an imperial army, was approaching.

Again the city was sacked.

Urach had two main gates . The upper gate in the east, the lower gate at the west end of the city. The Schwan'sche Hammerschmiede was burned down during the siege of Holtzmüller to create a free field of fire. In addition, the city had three flour mills (and) one "ob der Stadt am Espach and one at Miethausen" . Only the hospital's own fruit was allowed to be ground in the hospital mill. There were also three paper mills and a printer in Urach. All the mills outside the walls and all the farms went up in flames in the hostilities. The damage caused by the bombardment remained small, however, at the city buildings and was estimated at 5000 guilders .

Urach canvas trading company

As early as 1599, Duke Friedrich I of Württemberg had the Urach weavers' settlement built, and primarily Feldtstetter weavers settled there . But with the war that followed, trade collapsed. After the withdrawal of the imperial troops, the Urach merchant Stephan Schwan worked intensively from 1641 to rebuild the weakened linen mill. His goal was to control the canvas trade in the city and office of Urach by founding a monopoly company. He therefore asked for the end of the long war, which was particularly devastating for the Office of Urach in 1648, for Duke Eberhard III. von Württemberg to transfer the sole right of purchase for canvas. However, Eberhard was skeptical of the plan, but ultimately agreed to found a monopoly company. Stephan Schwan did not live to see the ducal permit. He died a few weeks earlier, on March 15, 1661, while visiting a market in Reutlingen. So it was left to his heirs to found the "Privileged Urach canvas dealership company". Of course, the Duke also wanted to share in the expected financial success of the company. He therefore officially took part in the new society.

Later years

Schwan's brother Bernhard rebuilt the destroyed Urach hammer forge in 1641. However, due to the poverty, destruction and brutalization that 30 years of war brought with it, in some places the winter and summer schools could not be held until 1688 “for lack of money and teams”. At the same time, compulsory schooling had already been waived at the end of the war through the church reform by Johann Valentin Andreae . Nevertheless, thanks to such capable men as the Schwan brothers, the reconstruction succeeded. From 1688, however, there was a sudden setback. As a result of the Palatinate War of Succession and the invasion of the French under Ezéchiel de Mélac and five years later by Marshal de Lorges , the need rose to 1693 as high as in the years after 1635. However, it should be noted that it is in the Urach urban area in this There was no direct war impact. The French sent so-called Salvaguardien, protective guards who extorted high levels of reprisals. In the case of the city and university of Tübingen, for example, this was 24,000 guilders, plus deliveries such as hay, grain or wine. As everywhere in the country, as a result, there was also a famine in Urach with dead people on the streets. During the War of the Spanish Succession , Bavarian and French troops raised contributions from the local population . In 1701, therefore, the Württemberg military was transferred to office, the castle and city of Urach and Grafeneck Castle were garrisoned by a total of 800 men. In the run-up to the Battle of Höchstädt in 1704, there were therefore repeated battles in the Alb villages. Numerous entrenchments, laid out on the traffic routes, which can still be recognized today as mounds of earth, testify to the defensive measures taken by the citizens.

19th century

Even after the establishment of the Kingdom of Württemberg , Urach remained the seat of the Oberamt of the same name, which, however , underwent some changes in the course of the new administrative structure . In 1873 Urach was connected to rail traffic via the Ermstalbahn .

20th century

During the Nazi era in Württemberg , the Urach Oberamt was renamed the Urach district in 1934 and dissolved in 1938, with the city of Urach falling to the Reutlingen district. After the Second World War, the city fell into the French zone of occupation and in 1947 it became part of the newly founded state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern , which was incorporated into the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952.

Since 1983 the city has been a state-approved climatic health resort and spa. In 1991 the Baden-Württemberg Home Conference took place in Bad Urach .

Population development

These are population numbers according to the respective territorial status. The figures are census results or official updates from the Baden-Württemberg State Statistical Office (only main residences ).

year Residents
1383 1,085
1470 1,805
1525 1,725
1598 2,075
1634 2,300
1652 1,355
1690 2,288
1743 2,730
1783 2,970
1802 2,742
date Residents
1961 8,556
1970 9,330
1991 12,546
1995 12,511
2000 12,710
2005 12,732
2010 12,317
2015 12,143

History of the districts

Hengen was incorporated on December 1, 1972 and has about 854 inhabitants. The district with a village character is 736  m above sea level. NN on the Alb plateau. A village festival supported by the associations is held every year in mid-August. Hengen is a three-time winner of the competition “ Our village should become more beautiful ”.

Seeburg , a district of Bad Urach since January 1, 1975, has 302 inhabitants and, like Bad Urach, is located in the valley. The town hall from 1815, the rectory restored in 1616 and rebuilt in 1836, the Seeburg castle and Uhenfels Castle are all worth seeing.

The Sirchingen settlement was built around 400 AD on an extinct chimney of the " Swabian volcano ". Sirchingen was incorporated on September 1, 1971 and today has around 1100 inhabitants. Sirchingen is limited by the Albtrauf and the dry valley of the Urlauter.

Wittlingen , located at 689 m above sea level, is the largest district of Bad Urach with 1112 inhabitants. The Alemannic primeval settlement is climatically favorable in a volcanic hollow. Wittlingen has belonged to Bad Urach since September 1st, 1971.

Coats of arms of the incorporated places



Municipal council

In Bad Urach, the municipal council is elected using the spurious selection of a part of town. The number of local councils can change due to overhang mandates . The municipal council in Bad Urach has 26 members after the last election (2014: 27). The local elections on May 26, 2019 led to the following preliminary final result. The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council. The turnout was 51.4% (2014: 48.24).

Party / list Share of votes Seats comparison
Free electoral association 31.4% 8th 2014: 28.2%, 8 seats
CDU 26.0% 7th 2014: 26.6%, 7 seats
SPD / active citizens 17.8% 4th 2014: 23.4%, 6 seats
Green 14.6% 4th 2014: 12.0%, 3 seats
FDP 10.2% 3 2014: 9.8%, 3 seats


The mayor is elected for a term of 8 years. Markus Ewald was elected until 2012, but left office in 2008 because of his election as Lord Mayor of Weingarten . On October 26, 2008, Elmar Rebmann (SPD) was elected as his successor in the first ballot with 55.86% of the votes cast.

  • 1974–1996 Fridhardt Pascher
  • 1996–2004: Markus Hase
  • 2004–2008: Markus Ewald
  • Since 2009: Elmar Rebmann

Rebmann was re-elected in October 2016 with 93.8% of the vote.

coat of arms

The blazon of the coat of arms reads: "In gold, a red hip horn with a blue fetter, the mouthpiece with a red, silver and blue feather each."

Town twinning

HungaryHungary Enying in Hungary


The area of ​​today's city of Urach with its districts, which used to be independent communities, belonged to the old heartland of Württemberg, which introduced the Reformation from 1534, so that the area is almost entirely evangelical. There is therefore a Protestant parish and an old church in all parts of the city. Most Catholics did not move there until after the Second World War. The Evangelicals of the core city and the Seeburg district belong to the Evangelical Church Community of Bad Urach-Seeburg . The Evangelical Church Community of Hengen - Wittlingen includes the districts of the same name. The Protestant residents of the Sirchingen district of Urach belong with those of the St. Johann - Upfingen parish to the Upfingen-Sirchingen Evangelical Church Community . These communities belong to the Bad Urach-Münsingen church district of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg .

Culture and sights

In the fortress ruins

Bad Urach is on the Deutsche Fachwerkstrasse , on the Heinrich-Schickhart-Kulturstrasse and the Swabian Albstrasse .


City Museum Klostermühle

The city museum opened in 1990. From the former grain mill, which burned down almost completely in 1876, the mill wheel and part of the drive mechanism are still preserved today. The city's cultural department occasionally organizes special exhibitions in the city museum.

Residenzschloss Museum

The Urach Castle was built in the 15th century. From 1442 the castle served as a residence during the division of Württemberg . The residential palace was also the birthplace of Count Eberhard V and Duke Christoph von Württemberg. It consists, among other things, of the Dürnitz with its late Gothic vaults , the Palm Hall with the oldest ancestral specimen north of the Alps as evidence of the close relationship between the House of Württemberg and the princely houses of Europe, the Golden Hall, one of the most beautiful Renaissance halls in southern Germany. It also consists of the archway, the inner courtyard, the cameral office and the fountain. The palace also houses the largest exhibition of baroque sledges from the holdings of the Württemberg State Museum . Costume tours are offered regularly in the castle.


Bad Urach has a late medieval market square with the town hall and the half-timbered houses from the 15th and 16th centuries, as well as the Urach residential palace of the Counts of Württemberg, now used as a museum .

The Hohenurach fortress ruins and Hohenwittlingen Castle are located near the city .

Protestant churches

  • Bad Urach, Amandus Church : The collegiate church of St. Amandus is one of the most important late Gothic churches with net and star vaults in Württemberg. It was built from 1475 to 1499 under the Count Eberhard V ("Eberhard in the Beard"), who was born in Urach and resided in Württemberg, initially by foreman Hans Koch. After his death, it was completed from 1481 to 1499 by the stonemason and architect Peter von Koblenz . After the introduction of the Reformation, Urach soon became the seat of a Württemberg dean's office. From 1896 to 1901 the tower of the church was raised. The rich furnishings from the construction period to the 20th century include stone sculptures (pulpit, baptismal font by Christoph von Urach , architectural sculptures) and wood (choir stalls, count's prayer chair, epitaphs), wall and glass painting as well as ironwork (altar grille from 1650, choir grille from 1675). At the end of the 19th century, the collegiate church was extensively restored and partially re-gothic. On the north side of the Amandus Church is the Mönchshof, originally a canon monastery, now called Urach Abbey, the retreat of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg . The Amandus Church was named " Monument of the Month December 2006" by the Monument Foundation Baden-Württemberg .
  • Bad Urach, Dietrich-Bonhoeffer-Haus : It was built in 1964 and equipped with concrete or thick glass windows by the Weilheim glass and object artist Gerhard Dreher .
  • Bad Urach, Stiftskapelle : Saskia Schultz created a glass cross in 2011 for the prayer and meditation room with a view of the choir of the Amandus Church.
  • Hengen, All-Saints Church : The church, built around 1500, became a Protestant parish church with the Reformation in 1534, before it was almost completely destroyed along with the town during the Thirty Years' War. At the end of the 17th century, the church was rebuilt on its former foundation. The choir tower church was renovated in 1895 and the east window was closed. The pulpit window and a ship window were designed by the Stuttgart glass artist Anna-Dorothea Kunz-Saile in 1995/96 with the motifs sower and harvest and good shepherd .
  • Seeburg, Johanneskirche : The Johanneskirche was first mentioned in 770 and belongs to the parish of Bad Urach . Its origins date back to the 13th century, yet which today the apse , a Romanesque north window in the choir room , the east wall and the tabernacle (the tabernacle) are preserved in the chancel arch. The nave was built in 1720 and the church was renovated in 1871, 1961 (by architect Friedrich Veit) and more recently. During the renovation in 1961, the organ gallery, which had completely obstructed the choir, was removed and a modern altar and baptismal font were created, and the wall and vault paintings were exposed and restored. The Secco painting in the apse dates from around 1280. The frescoes in the choir alsodate from the 13th and 14th centuries. They represent Christ as the ruler of the world, surrounded by the four evangelist symbols. Another fresco representation can be dated to the year 1370, it shows scenes from the story of John the Baptist. In1961, theStuttgart artist Wolf-Dieter Kohler designed the southern choir window with a non-representational glass painting.
  • Sirchingen, church : today's church was built in 1883. A smaller open chapel, which has been attested since 1496, previously stood there. The current church building was built by the Stuttgart architect Friedrich Elsäßer, the office and building works manager of Christian Friedrich von Leins . It has about 60 seats and was last renovated in 1998.
  • Wittlingen, Johanneskirche : There has been a church building since the first mention of the place at the end of the 11th century. Today's Johanneskirche consists of the late Gothic choir from the 15th century and the nave, which used to be as narrow as the choir. Possibly soon after the introduction of the Reformation, at the latest in 1720 in connection with the erection of the octagonal tower, the nave was asymmetrically extended to the south for the greater attendance of church services and provided there with a gallery opposite the north wall pulpit. During the renovation in 1873 a new organ was installed in the choir, but in 1930 it was moved to the gallery. In both years the local Weinland family ( David Friedrich Weinland and Ernst Weinland ) donated the interior decoration: in 1873 the font made of white sandstone and in 1930 the colored window in the choir, designed by the Bietigheim artist Adolf Hess (1893-1953) with the Christmas motif of the birth of Jesus . The interior renovation in 1979/80 uncovered the wall paintings in the choir. In 2004 the nave was renovated again. A special feature adorns the modern, brightly glazed pulpit window, namely a single pane with Gothic stained glass from around 1500 from an Augsburg workshop: a Madonna with child in a halo - mandorla , standing on a golden crescent moon, which is unusually open at the bottom ( crescent moon Madonna ). The smallest bell in the peal was cast around 1400, the large one dates from 1764 and the middle one from 1960.

Urach Abbey

The Urach Abbey was founded in the late 15th century by Count Eberhard V von Württemberg as a monastic community for the brothers from living together in his residence town of Urach. Together with the collegiate church of St. Amandus, the buildings form a monastic ensemble. Urach Abbey has been the retreat of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg in Bad Urach since 1980 .

House at the Goris Fountain

The house at Gorisbrunnen was previously known as a town house, probably for guests of the court. It was built on behalf of Count Eberhard V. Known as the "harbinger of the Renaissance", the house at Gorisbrunnen was restored and reconstructed in 1977 and 1981.

Old Town Hall

The old town hall was Bad Urach's interim town hall in 1562. After that, it served as a municipal residential and warehouse building. Until 1927 the old town hall served as accommodation for poorer citizens. Furthermore, the old town hall had the function of a spinning mill, a school house and a weighing house. Today, after a devastating fire in 1929, there is a hotel in the old town hall.

town hall

The town hall is a building from 1440, it was expanded in 1562. In 1907 and 1908 the reconstruction took place. Until the middle of the 19th century, bakers and butchers sold their goods on the ground floor of the building. After this time, the ground floor was a fruit market until 1939, a council hall until the 16th century, a council chamber until the beginning of the 20th century and an arcade with a row of coats of arms in 1907 and 1908.

Old Oberamt

Built in the middle of the 15th century, the building became the Golden Cross Inn in 1568 . From 1812 to 1938 the building served as the Oberamt .

Weber suburb

The Webervorstadt consists of four rows of houses with a total of 29 houses, which were built according to plans by Heinrich Schickhardt . The weaver suburb was built under Duke Friedrich I of Württemberg in 1599.

House on the Alb

The house on the Alb , built in 1930, is located on the Albtrauf , a former rest home that is used today by the state of Baden-Württemberg as a conference center for the state center for political education.


  • Spa gardens

Natural monuments

Urach waterfall during the hot spell in 2003
Waterfall near Bad Urach, April 2005

Tourist attractions are the Falkensteiner cave and the Urach waterfall , which is fed from a calcareous source area and over time has formed a peak on the slope of the Swabian Alb. The Gütersteiner waterfall is less well-known but just as attractive, located halfway behind the picturesque Güterstein stud farm of the main and state stud Marbach.


  • KGC Bad Urach e. V. (mini golf)
  • 1. Narrenzunft Bad Urach e. V.
  • DLRG local group Bad Urach e. V.
  • Bad Urach - active e. V.
  • Fanfarenzug Bad Urach e. V. 1962
  • FV Bad Urach e. V.
  • Musikverein Bad Urach 1992 e. V.
  • TSV Urach 1847 e. V.
  • NaturFreunde Bad Urach e. V.
  • Choral Society 1889 Hengen
  • Schützengilde Hengen e. V.
  • Sportfreunde Hengen e. V.
  • DRK local association Bad Urach
  • Ev. Trombone Choir Bad Urach
  • Beautification Association Bad Urach 2003 e. V.
  • Fruit and Horticultural Association 1971 e. V.
  • numerous other associations in the districts

Youth work

  • Construction trailer Bad Urach 1997 e. V.
  • forum 22 - cinema, café and culture, free youth project of the Bad Urach city youth association
  • Boy Scout Bad Urach
  • The Oase youth café, formerly known as the Oase tea room, is open every Friday evening (except during holidays) from 7 p.m. in the community center of the Württemberg Brethren, Langestrasse 25. Spiritual inputs, small snacks, table billiards, table football and a relaxed atmosphere are offered. A couple of times a year, larger events such as B. Organized concerts or Yugoslavs.
  • Youth Club Seeburg e. V.
  • German Youth Red Cross
  • Youth orchestra of the city of Bad Urach

Regular events

  • Autumn Music Days Bad Urach : Festival of classical music
  • Spring and autumn concerts by the youth wind orchestra and music club Bad Urach
  • International women's handball tournament of TSV Bad Urach
  • Uracher Schäferlauf , only takes place in odd years
  • Rock Days : Two-day festival with 14 bands, organized by the Rock Days e. V. Most of the bands come from the region. With around 500 visitors per evening one of the largest events of its kind in the area.
  • City festival alternating with the Schäferlauf
  • KulturMomente : the urban series of events organized by the Office for Tourism, Culture and City Marketing

Culinary specialties

According to a legend, the pretzel was invented in Bad Urach:

Frieder, the Urach baker and court baker of Count Eberhard im Barte, had fallen out of favor with the Count, he had lost the friendship and the goodwill of the Count through defamation. [...]
Since he was a good ruler, he had Frieder brought to the lower castle and said: Just because I appreciate your art of baking, I want to give you another chance. If you invent a cake or bread within three days, through which the sun shines three times and that tastes better than anything I know, then you should be free!

The same legends can be found in several other places, for example in nearby Altenriet , where a pretzel market is celebrated every year .

Grafensteige premium hiking trails

Since January 2014 there are five so-called premium hiking trails in Bad Urach, which have been tested for quality according to the criteria of the German Hiking Institute. The Wasserfallsteig, the Hohenurachsteig, the Hochbergsteig, the Hohenwittlingensteig and the Seeburgsteig together form the Bad Uracher Grafensteige . The waterfall trail was by readers of the trade journal in August 2016 Wandermagazin as the most beautiful hiking trail in Germany in 2016 voted in the field trips.

Mineral thermal baths AlbThermen

The AlbThermen mineral and thermal baths are located in the spa center. The mineral thermal water with a spring temperature of 61 °, taken from two healing springs at a depth of 770 meters, feeds six indoor and outdoor pools with bathing temperatures between 32 ° and 38 °. In addition to the textile bathing area, there is a 3000 m² sauna area with a classic Finnish sauna, a particularly mild organic sauna at 55 °, a steam room and log cabin saunas.

Medicinal indications of mineral water:

  • degenerative and chronic inflammatory joint diseases
  • Diseases of the spine and back muscles
  • Accident treatment and rehabilitation after joint surgery
  • vegetative dystonia and prophylaxis of vegetative nervous disorders
  • Heart, vascular and circulatory diseases
  • neurological conditions

Contraindications to mineral water:

  • acute rheumatoid arthritis
  • fresh inflammatory processes
  • uncompensated heart and circulatory diseases and other malignant processes
  • cachectic states
  • Heart failure from stage 3 NYHA
  • Cardiac arrhythmias from Lown 3b
  • Respiratory failure

World of discovery in Bad Urach

The Bad Urach World of Discovery is an interactive museum for children from around 7 to 13 years of age. The main offer is three tours, two in the city and one in the forest, in which the children relive a story and solve a puzzle. The stories are designed as a radio play. The individual chapters can be called up by finding QR codes hidden in the city or in the forest in the correct order and scanning them with the tablet provided. The World of Discovery Bad Urach has been the information point of the UNESCO Geopark Swabian Alb since 2015 .

Economy and Infrastructure


The federal highway 28 runs through the city and connects it in the west with Reutlingen and Tübingen and in the east with Ulm . The B 465 leads from Bad Urach over the Swabian Alb to Ehingen and Biberach .

The Ermstalbahn connects Bad Urach via Metzingen , where there is a connection to the Tübingen – Stuttgart railway line , directly with Reutlingen, Tübingen and Herrenberg . As part of the Neckar-Alb regional light rail project , the route is to be electrified over the next few years and frequented for 30 minutes.

The Public transport is by the Verkehrsverbund Neckar-Alb-Donau guaranteed (NALDO). The city is located in honeycomb 221. City tariff 21 applies to the city itself.

Bad Urach is also on the Swabian Alb Cycle Path , a long-distance cycle path that leads from Lake Constance to Nördlingen across the entire Swabian Alb.

Court, authorities and institutions

Bad Urach has a district court that belongs to the regional court district of Tübingen and the higher regional court district of Stuttgart . Bad Urach also has a tax office and a hospital with the Ermstalklinik.

The city is also the seat of the Bad Urach church district of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg .


The city is home to the Graf-Eberhard-Gymnasium , the Geschwister-Scholl-Realschule , since 2012 the Barbara Gonzaga Community School Bad Urach named after Barbara Gonzaga , the elementary school in the Wittlingen district, two special schools and a commercial school.


Bad Urach has a tradition as a holiday destination and excursion destination that extends well into the 19th century and is rated as climatic health resort and medicinal bath. The successful drilling for mineral thermal water and its development led to recognition as a spa in 1983, which triggered a boom in tourist development. The State Statistical Office of Baden-Württemberg reported 367,344 overnight stays for Bad Urach in 2012.


sons and daughters of the town

Personalities who have worked in the city

  • Heinrich von Württemberg (1448–1519), provost of the cathedral in Eichstätt and count in Mömpelgard, imprisoned in Hohenurach from 1490 until his death
  • Hans Ungnad (1493–1564), Austrian statesman who ran a printing press in Urach from around 1557 and made a decisive contribution to the writing of the South Slavic languages.
  • Nicodemus Frischlin (1547–1590), poet-humanist, was imprisoned at Hohenurach Fortress and fell to his death on November 29, 1590 while attempting to escape
  • Matthäus Enzlin (1556–1613), lawyer and Privy Councilor of the Duke, imprisoned on Hohenurach and executed on the market square in Urach
  • Andreas Carolus (1632–1704), theologian, church historian and abbot, special superintendent of Urach
  • Eduard Mörike (1804–1875), poet, attended the evangelical seminary in Urach from 1818
  • Carl Heinrich Rösch (1807–1866), doctor and social reformer, was a senior medical officer in Urach in the 1840s, as such founder of the Mariaberg Sanatorium (now Mariaberg eV )
  • Georg Stahl (1880–1974), architect of the “Villa Irene”, Hirschseeweg (with Arthur Bossert )
  • Willi Baumeister (1889–1955), artist, lived in Urach since 1943
  • Karl Raichle (1889–1965), tin smith and metal artist, founded the Urach Circle, which is based on various non-conformist and life-reforming ideas, in Urach in 1928 together with the community on Grüner Weg .
  • Johannes R. Becher (1891–1958), poet, politician, minister of culture and author of the GDR's national anthem. He was a member of the "Uracher Kreis", a literary-social anarchist "Commune on the Green Way" in Urach around Karl Raichle , Gregor Gog and Theodor Plievier .
  • Hugo Ferdinand Boss (1885–1948) was a German textile entrepreneur. With his tailoring, he laid the foundation stone for the clothing manufacturer Hugo Boss AG and completed a three-year commercial training course in Bad Urach
  • Hermann Prey (1929–1998), opera singer (baritone), co-founder and longstanding artistic director of the Herbstliche Musiktage festival in Bad Urach .
  • Hans Eißler (1931–2005), lawyer (director of the Bad Urach District Court) and President of the Synod of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg
  • Helmut Haussmann (* 1943), politician of the FDP (1988–1991 Federal Minister of Economics) and entrepreneur
  • Ekke Hoffmann (* 1943), former national coach of the German national handball team for women; formerly teacher at the elementary and secondary school in Bad Urach

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. ^ City of Bad Urach - facts and figures ( Memento from October 14, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
  3. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VII: Tübingen administrative region. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004807-4 . Pp. 27-99
  4. ^ German book of place names. Ed. by Manfred Niemeyer. Berlin / Boston 2012. p. 646
  5. ^ Franz Quarthal: Clemens and Amandus - On the early history of the castle and town of Urach. Alemannisches Jahrbuch 1976/78 (1979), accessed on May 13, 2020 .
  6. u. a .: Nördlingen 1634 by Peter Engerisser. Publisher Heinz Späthling 2009
  7. ^ Karl Kirchenmaier: home book of the city of Metzingen. Metzingen 1959
  8. ^ History of the within the current borders of the kingdom ... by Carl von Martens , Stuttgart 1847
  9. ^ History of the Achalm and the city of Reutlingen in their connection with the patriotic history presented by M. Carl Christian Gratianus. Tuebingen 1831
  10. Description of the Upper Office Urach from 1831 and 1909
  11. ^ A sounding memorial by Walter Röhm. Südwestpresse on December 22, 2015
  12. ^ History of the Achalm and the city of Reutlingen in their connection with the patriotic history presented by M. Carl Christian Gratianus. Tuebingen 1831
  13. Website of the city of Bad Urach ( Memento from August 8, 2012 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on September 6, 2011
  14. Population development in Baden-Württemberg from 1871 to 2012  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link /  
  15. a b c Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 531 .
  16. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 538 .
  18. Internet site of the castle ( memento of August 4, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on August 17, 2013
  19. Internet site of the castle ( Memento of May 9, 2020 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on July 19, 2018
  20. a b c Website of the Evangelical Church Community Bad Urach-Seeburg
  21. ^ Friedrich Schmid (ed.): The Amandus Church in Bad Urach ; Edited on behalf of the Association for the Preservation of the Amandus Church e. V., 1990
  22. ^ Elisabeth Nau: The prayer chair of Count Eberhard V. von Württemberg in the Amandus Church in Bad Urach ; 1986
  23. Ellen Pietrus: Heinrich Dolmetsch - The church restorations of the Württemberg builder ; Dissertation University of Hanover 2003, published by the regional council of Stuttgart, State Office for Monument Preservation in: Research and reports on building and monument preservation in Baden-Württemberg, Volume 13, Stuttgart 2008
  24. a b Website of the Evangelical Einkehrhaus Stift Urach
  25. ^ A b Website of the Evangelical Churches in Hengen-Wittlingen
  26. Evangelical Churches and Christian Art in Württemberg 1957-1966 - A cross section ; Ed. Association for Christian Art in the Protestant Church of Württemberg - Adolf Gommel; Stuttgart 1966, fig. 8 and 9
  27. ^ Website of the Upfingen-Sirchingen Evangelical Church Community
  28. Description of the Oberamt Urach , Volume 8, Cotta, 1831, p. 211
  29. ^ Eva-Maria Seng: The Protestant Church Building in the 19th Century. The Eisenach movement and the architect Christian Friedrich von Leins . Tübingen Studies on Archeology and Art History Volume 15, Dissertation from 1992, published Tübingen 1995, pp. 563 ff and 699
  30. CVMA - partial edition: Rüdiger Becksmann: The medieval glass paintings in Swabia from 1350-1530 (excluding Ulm) ; Berlin 1986 Vol. I, 2 (Swabia, Part 2): Wittlingen, Pfarrkirche p. 340 f: Radiant wreath Madonna; Fig. 449
  31. The pretzel baker: Pretzel story ( Memento from December 28, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  32. Bad Urach spa administration (ed.): Premium hiking trails Grafensteige . ( [accessed October 24, 2016]).
  33. ^ Kurverwaltung Bad Urach (ed.): World of discovery for children . ( [accessed October 24, 2016]).
  34. Schools. In:


  • State palaces and gardens of Baden-Württemberg, Klaus Gereon Beuckers (Hrsg.): New research. City, castle and residence of Urach . Schnell and Steiner, Regensburg 2013, ISBN 978-3-7954-2825-9

Web links

Commons : Bad Urach  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Bad Urach  - travel guide