|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Tübingen|
|Height :||693 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||45.85 km 2|
|Residents:||2246 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||49 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||72532|
|Area code :||07385|
|License plate :||RT|
|Community key :||08 4 15 027|
|Community structure:||7 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Klemens Betz|
|Location of the community of Gomadingen in the Reutlingen district|
Gomadingen is a climatic health resort in the Großer Lautertal in the Reutlingen district , which is best known for the main and state stud Marbach and Grafeneck Castle . Gomadingen is part of the Swabian Alb biosphere area with 85% of its boundary .
The formerly independent municipalities of Dapfen and Steingebronn have belonged to the municipality of Gomadingen since December 1, 1971 (the number of inhabitants as of September 30, 2019 in brackets). The municipality of Dapfen included the villages of Dapfen (457 inhabitants) and Wasserstetten (66 inhabitants), the hamlet of Marbach an der Lauter (42 inhabitants), Grafeneck Castle and Farm (74 inhabitants), the Schelmenbühl settlement and the Ölmühle houses. The villages of Gomadingen (1219 inhabitants) and Offenhausen (125 inhabitants) and the homestead Gestütshof belong to the municipality of Gomadingen within the limits of November 30, 1971 . The village Steingebronn (270 inhabitants) belonged to the municipality of Steingebronn .
In the district Dapfen lie deserted villages Achilinishusen, Benzingen, Bickenhofen, Hinterhofen, apples and Weygstetten and in the district Gomadingen are the abandoned settlements Hebinolsriet, Notzenweiler, Black wax and Stetten.
In the Offenhausen district there had been a women's monastery since around 1260, which was known under the name Gnadenzell .
The main and state stud Marbach is the oldest state stud (state of Baden-Württemberg as sponsor) in Germany. Its expansion can already be proven under Duke Christoph von Württemberg (1550–1568) . In 1817 it became the state stud of the Kingdom of Württemberg .
Grafeneck Castle , built around 1560 and used as the hunting lodge of the Württemberg dukes, is located on Landstrasse 247 in the Grafeneck district. In the 19th century it was used as a forestry office and in 1928 it was acquired by the Evangelical Samaritan Foundation, which set up a home for the disabled. During the National Socialist era , Grafeneck Castle served as a killing facility for a short period of time . Up until the end of 1940, 10,654 disabled and sick people were murdered by gas in the National Socialist Euthansasi Action (later Action T4) (cf. Sick murders during the Nazi era ). Most of them were transported there from southern Germany and burned in a crematorium on site. The French occupation forces returned the site to the Samaritan Foundation in 1946/47, which expanded it as a living space for disabled and mentally ill people and continues to operate it to this day. The development of the cemetery as a memorial site began as early as the 1950s. In 2005 the Grafeneck Memorial Documentation Center was finally built.
In 1812 the village of Offenhausen became part of the Gomadingen community. On December 1, 1971, Dapfen and Steingebronn were incorporated into Gomadingen. Steingebronn was first mentioned in the first half of the 12th century as Stainigebrunnon. The local lords, the Speth (1276 miles de Stainibrunn ... Späte), sat on the castle, which has since been abandoned. In 1562 the family sold the place with all rights to Württemberg. Steingebronn then belonged to the Office / Oberamt Urach and came to the Oberamt in 1808, later to the Münsingen district.
As early as 904, a St. Martin's Church in Dapfen was mentioned in the Königsgut , and a parish in 1275. In 1407 the church set in Dapfen was sold to Württemberg by Speth von Ehestetten, who introduced the Reformation. A Martinskirche was mentioned in Gomadingen in 1180. In 1275 the place was the seat of a parish and a deanery. In the Gomadingen hamlet of Offenhausen there was a Dominican convent of St. Maria Gnadenzell . In the 15th century it came under Württemberg suzerainty. In 1575 it was closed and a stud farm was established. In 1812 the settlement came to the community of Gomadingen. The monastery church served as a Protestant church from 1690 and was profaned in 1812. A parish church was first mentioned in Steingebronn in 1275. It was consecrated to Saints Philip, Walpurg and the Three Kings. The church set was with the Speth and then in 1420 came to the Propstei Güterstein and finally to Württemberg, which introduced the Reformation.
In this evangelical area there is today the evangelical parish of Gomadingen-Steingebronn and the evangelical parish of Dapfen in the parish of Bad Urach-Münsingen of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg .
In Gomadingen the municipal council is elected according to the procedure of the false sub-district election. The number of local councils can change due to overhang mandates . The municipal council in Gomadingen has 16 members after the last election (2014: 14). The local election on May 26, 2019 led to the following official final result. The turnout was 70.8% (2014: 66.9%). The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council.
|Independent electoral association||41.28%||6 seats||(2014: 43.3%, 6 seats)|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany / Citizen List||30.2%||5 seats||(2014: 33.2%, 5 seats)|
|Open list (OL)||24.4%||4 seats||(2014: 23.5%, 3 seats)|
|Gomadingen / Women List (FL)||4.1%||1 seat||(2014: 0.0%, 0 seats)|
In April 1994 Klemens Betz was elected as the new mayor. He was confirmed in office in the 2002, 2010 and 2018 elections. The current term of office ends on June 30, 2026.
coat of arms
Coats of arms of the earlier municipalities
Gomadingen has had a partnership with the French Buis-les-Baronnies since May 14, 1999 .
Culture and sights
- Offenhausen Stud Museum
- Felix Hollenberg-Galerie, in the town hall of Gomadingen
- Planet trail, about 10 km
- Musikverein Dapfen e. V.
- Trombone Choir Gomadingen
- Gomadingen Singers' Association
- Church choir Dapfen
- Laundry kitchen Dapfa e. V.
- Youth club Meeting Gomadingen e. V.
Buildings and sights
- The Protestant Martinskirche in Dapfen had forerunner structures that went back to the first mention in 904. The oldest parts today are the tower from 1515 and the choir from 1727. The nave was rebuilt in 1857, but its neo-Gothic furnishings were removed in 1959, in line with contemporary tastes. After a fire in 1996, interior renovation was necessary. Valuable pieces of equipment are a high baroque crucifix with a body and a real crown of thorns from 1724 and in the "Glockenstüble" an early Gothic linden wood figure depicting St. Martin . The horse has no bridle because God himself directs it. The renovation and redesign of the church in the 1960s was carried out under the overall artistic concept of Gisela Dreher-Richels , who also designed three choir windows. A tapestry (Angel of the Annunciation) was woven by Renate Reile-Modschidler in 1995/96 based on a design by Andreas Felger . The church is well known for the Easter egg market and art exhibitions.
- The Protestant Martinskirche Gomadingen was first mentioned around 1180. Your patron's name indicates a Franconian foundation. The original building was demolished in the 18th century and the church that exists today was built in 1760. It is surrounded by a cemetery and fenced in with a wall. The design of the Martinskirche as a transverse church had already emerged 200 years earlier, especially in Württemberg: a conception oriented across the longitudinal axis of the room to the pulpit on the south wall with a gallery running around on three sides up to the non-retracted 3/8 choir. The stalls on the ground floor are likely to have been arranged accordingly until the 20th century. The altar and baptismal font have their freely accessible place there in the eastern center. The gallery parapet bears a cycle of pictures from the construction period (four prophets, four evangelists, the apostles and pictures from the life of Jesus) by Johann August Romay, the south wall a large Protestant devotional picture. The stucco ceiling with very sparingly used floral arabesques was created by a member of the nationally important Deggingen plastering family Schweizer. The baroque room looks bright and friendly thanks to the clear glazing of the windows.
- The Offenhausen monastery church , Gothic, from the 13th century. The Dominican convent was dissolved after the Reformation. Apart from the remains of the wall, the only otherwise known remnant, a medieval pane of colored glazing with the depiction of Christ enthroned, has been in the Urach collegiate church of St. Amandus since the 19th century . The monastery church, which was used as a Protestant from 1690, was profaned in 1812. Today it houses the museum of the Marbach Stud .
- The Protestant church in Steingebronn with a retracted rectangular choir and the barrel-vaulted sacristy was built in the 17th century.
- Sports club Gomadingen 1924 e. V.
- Sports club Dapfen e. V.
- TV Gomadingen
- FC Gomadingen-Dapfen
The highlight of the events in the community of Gomadingen are the stallion parades that regularly take place on the last weekend in September and the first weekend in October in the arena in the main and state stud Marbach , which can hold 10,000 spectators. In addition, the international eventing tournament that takes place in Marbach at the beginning of May is another equestrian highlight.
Every year, on the third weekend in September, the traditional slaughter festival takes place in Dapfen.
Traditionally, the Festival on Eiche takes place every year in July on the old Eichach sports field in Gomadingen.
- Original Dapfen meat platter with fresh wood-fired bread
Economy and Infrastructure
The Public transport is by the Verkehrsverbund Neckar-Alb-Donau guaranteed (NALDO). The community is located in Wabe 224. In 1893, Gomadingen and Marbach an der Lauter were connected to the railway network via the Reutlingen – Münsingen route (extended in 1901 to Schelklingen). In Gomadingen, a unit train station of type IIa was built for this , in Marbach one of type IIIa. Today regional trains stop Mondays to Fridays, mainly taking schoolchildren to and from Münsingen . Regional trains and special trains stop at it on Sundays from the beginning of April to the end of October, primarily to bring hikers and day trippers to their destination.
- 1994: Rolf Blank (1934–2018), mayor 1960–1994
Sons and daughters of the church
- Ruth Strasser (* 1952), doctor, from 1999 to 2017 professor at the Medical Faculty of the TU Dresden
- Christian Homburg (* 1962), holder of the chair for general business administration and marketing at the University of Mannheim and director of the Institute for Market-Oriented Management (IMU) at the University of Mannheim
- Gerhard Uebele (* 1962), violinist and music journalist
- Tilmann Marstaller (* 1968), building researcher and archaeologist
- Jan Hoffmann (* 1979), soccer player and coach
- Jale Tosun (* 1980), political scientist and university lecturer
Personalities who have worked in the place
- Felix Hollenberg (born December 15, 1868 in Sterkrade , † April 28, 1945 in Gomadingen), painter
- Wolfgang Stock (sculptor) (born January 8, 1913 in Jena ; † March 10, 1997 in Münsingen ), doctor and sculptor (in Offenhausen)
- Günter Bader (born February 11, 1943 in Reutlingen ), systematic theologian, from 1977 to 1995 Protestant pastor in Gomadingen
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- Gomadingen - Numbers & Dates
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume VII: Tübingen administrative region. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1978, ISBN 3-17-004807-4 . Pp. 51-53
- Kurt Nowak : Resistance, Approval, Acceptance. The behavior of the population towards "euthanasia". In: Norbert Frei (Hrsg.): Medicine and health policy in the Nazi era. R. Oldenbourg Verlag, Munich 1991 (= writings of the quarterly books for contemporary history. Special issue), ISBN 3-486-64534-X , pp. 235–251, here: p. 242.
- Grafeneck - past and present. Grafeneck Memorial eV, 2011, accessed on December 27, 2011 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 530 .
- Website of the Evangelical Church Community Gomadingen-Steingebronn
- Website of the Evangelical Church Community in Dapfen
- see  and  , last accessed on June 29, 2020
- Rainer Stein: The Württemberg standard station on branch lines . In: Eisenbahn-Journal Württemberg-Report . tape 1 , no. V / 96 . Merker, Fürstenfeldbruck 1996, ISBN 3-922404-96-0 , p. 80-83 .
- Alb Bote of June 22, 2009