Consensus Tigurinus

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When Consensus Tigurinus (literally, "the Zurich Agreement") is by Heinrich Bullinger and John Calvin in 1549 concluded agreement on the sacrament designated by it on the approximation of Zwinglian and the Calvinist Reformation in Switzerland came and thus a uniform Swiss Reformed Church.

Historical background

The Counter Reformation and the disagreement with the Lutherans forced the Zwinglians and the Calvinists to come to an internal reformed agreement. In an exchange of letters between 1547 and 1549, Bullinger and Calvin agreed on the question of the Lord's Supper that “this is my body” should be understood as “that means my body”.

The consensus

The document, which Wilhelm Farel signed in addition to Bullinger and Calvin , comprises 26 articles. In Articles 21, 24 and 26 the “papal heresies” ( transubstantiation , real presence and worship of the elements) and in Articles 24 and 25 the Lutheran teachings of consubstantiation and omnipresence are rejected.

Consensus was very important for the Swiss Reformation because it united the Reformed camp - so the other Reformed cities also joined the Consensus Tigurinus.


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