Barnim X.

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Duke Barnim X of Pomerania-Stettin
Barnim X. and his wife Anna Maria von Brandenburg, from the picture family tree of the Griffins by Cornelius Krommeny (1598).

Barnim X. , according to another count Barnim XII. , (Born February 15, 1549 in Wolgast , † September 1, 1603 in Stettin ) was a Duke of Pomerania from the Greifenhaus . He initially administered the Rügenwalde office from 1569 . From 1600 until his death he ruled in Pomerania-Stettin .


Barnim was born the sixth child of Duke Philip I of Pomerania-Wolgast and his wife Maria of Saxony . When Philip died in 1560, five of his sons survived him, besides Barnim, his older brothers Johann Friedrich (* 1542), Bogislaw XIII. (* 1544) and Ernst Ludwig (* 1545) as well as Barnim's younger brother Casimir VI. (* 1557). A guardianship government was initially set up for all brothers. It consisted of the court marshal Ulrich von Schwerin as regent and a regency council of eleven people.

Barnim studied together with his brother Ernst Ludwig from 1563 at the University of Wittenberg , where they lived until 1565 in the house of Martin Luther, the son of the reformer Martin Luther . In Wittenberg he was rector of the Alma Mater in the summer semester of 1564

In 1569 the government in Pomerania was reorganized. Duke Barnim IX. von Pomerania-Stettin, who had no surviving sons, renounced the government in favor of Johann Friedrich and Barnim X, his great-nephew. Barnim X. in turn renounced the co-government and was resigned to the office of Rügenwalde through his brother . The distribution of the government in Pomerania was finally regulated in the Treaty of Jasenitz of July 25, 1569.

Also in 1569 a marriage between Barnim and a Polish princess was planned, but this did not materialize. Barnim ruled in Rügenwalde from 1569 in quiet seclusion and with sensible thrift. In 1581 he married Anna Maria von Brandenburg , a daughter of Elector Johann Georg von Brandenburg. There were no children from the marriage.

After Johann Friedrich's death in 1600, Barnim succeeded him in the government in Pomerania-Stettin . But it was not until 1602 that he moved from Rügenwalde to the royal seat of Stettin . His younger brother Casimir VI followed him in Rügenwalde . into domination.

Barnim took little pleasure in the government of Pomerania-Stettin. Johann Friedrich had lived beyond his means, left behind considerable debts and pledged offices. Barnim now aroused many indignation by his thrift. On September 1st, 1603 he died in Stettin and was buried in the castle church in Stettin . He left no children.

In the government in Pomerania-Stettin his younger brother Casimir VI would have to go to Barnim . should follow. However, this waived in favor of his older brother Bogislaw XIII. who in turn appointed his son Philip II as governor. Barnim's widow Anna Maria died in 1618 in her widow's residence in Wollin .


The counting of the rulers of the Griffin House has always been involved. There has been an inequality here from age that causes some confusion. The more modern count of Barnim as Barnim X. results if one only counts the members of the Greifenhaus who have reached manhood. If, on the other hand, one also counts those who died as children, the count results as Barnim XII. which was common in the older literature.

See also


  • Martin Wehrmann : Genealogy of the Pomeranian ducal house. Leon Sauniers Buchhandlung Verlag, Stettin 1937, pp. 122–123.
  • Martin Wehrmann : History of Pomerania. Volume 2. 2nd edition. Verlag Friedrich Andreas Perthes, Gotha 1921. (Reprint: Augsburg 1992, ISBN 3-89350-112-6 )

Web links

Commons : Barnim X.  - Collection of images, videos and audio files


  1. ^ Martin Wehrmann : Genealogy of the Pomeranian ducal house. Leon Sauniers Buchhandlung Verlag, Stettin 1937, p. 15.