Kapudan Pasha

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Kapudan Pasha ( Ottoman قپودان پاشا; alsoکاپیتان پاشا Kaptanpaşa 'Captain Pasha',قپودان دریا Kapudan-ı Deryâ orکاپیتان دریا Kaptan-ı Deryâ 'sea captain ') was the highest military rank in the Ottoman Navy . The title is only documented from 1567. Previously, the supreme fleet commander carried the title Derya Bey (= sea bey ) or Reis Kapudan (= captain leader ).

The Kapudan Pasha was usually a pasha of two or three horse tails and a member of the Sultan's State Council and acted both as Commander in Chief and Minister of the Navy and at the same time as Governor of several maritime provinces ( Vilâyet Cezayir ), including in particular the islands of Rhodes and Crete and from 1570 until 1703 also Cyprus . While in winter he was mainly in the naval arsenals of Galata and Gelibolu , in the summer months he was on the move between the maritime provinces and fulfilled his duties as governor. During his absence from the base, Tersane Emini (= administrator of the naval arsenal ; also Tersane-i Amire Emini = administrator of the imperial naval arsenal ), his adjutant .

One of the most famous Kapudan Pashas was Chair ad-Din Barbarossa (1534–1546), the conqueror of Algiers and Tunis, a corsair feared in the West and celebrated in the Ottoman Empire. Another was Piyale Pascha , who commanded the Ottoman fleet during the siege of Malta in 1565 and conquered Cyprus together with Lala Kara Mustafa Pascha in 1570/71.

Another was Ali Pasha , who died in the battle of Lepanto in 1571.

Cezayirli Gazi Hassan Pascha served as Kapudan Pascha between 1774 and 1789. He modernized the fleet during this time.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. The Kapudan or Kaputan Pasha . In: Brockhaus Conversations-Lexikon , 1809
  2. Kapūdan-Pasha . In: Brockhaus Bilder-Conversations-Lexikon . 1st edition. Volume 2, FA Brockhaus, Leipzig 1837-1841, p.  549 .