|Karnak in hieroglyphics|
Karnak ( Arabic الكرنك al-Karnak - " fortified village ") is a small town in Upper Egypt with 26,488 inhabitants (2006), on the eastern bank of the Nile about 2.5 km northeast of Luxor . Karnak is famous for the largest temple complex in Egypt, the Karnak Temple , also known as the Imperial Temple . The city of Karnak got its name from the temple surrounded by high walls. The three temple complexes of Karnak occupied the northern part of the ancient East of Thebes .
Karnak Temple Districts
The temple complex consists of three walled areas, the District of Amun , the District of the Month and the District of Courage . In addition to these three large temple districts, there is also the Aton temple, the Gem-pa-Aton , which Akhenaten had built in Karnak in the sixth year of his reign.
- Dieter Arnold : The temples of Egypt. Apartments for gods, monuments, places of worship . Artemis & Winkler, Zurich 1992, ISBN 3-86047-215-1 .
- Ludwig Borchardt : On the building history of the temple of Amon from Karnak (= studies on the history and antiquity of Egypt. Volume 5, No. 1). Reprographic reprint of the Leipzig 1905 edition; Olms, Hildesheim 1964.
- Sergio Donadoni: Thebes. Holy City of the Pharaohs . Hirmer, Munich 2000, ISBN 3-7774-8550-0 , (Original edition: Tebe . Electa, Milan 1999, ISBN 88-435-9983-6 , (= Centri e monumenti dell'antichita )).
- Wolfgang Helck : Small Lexicon of Egyptology . 4th revised edition. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1999, ISBN 3-44704-027-0 .
- Eberhard Otto : Topography of the Theban Gau (= studies on the history and antiquity of Egypt. 16). Akademie-Verlag et al., Berlin et al. 1952.
- Helen Strudwick, Nigel Strudwick: Thebes in Egypt. A guide to the tombs and temples of ancient Luxor . British Museum Press, London 1999, ISBN 0-7141-1918-0 .
- Population according to the Egyptian census of 2006 ( memento of August 15, 2012 on WebCite ), Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics, accessed on January 21, 2015.
- Wolfgang Helck: Small Lexicon of Egyptology. Wiesbaden 1999, pp. 141f. → Karnak.
- Thomas Kühn: Karnak - Heaven on Earth. In Kemet. Issue 1, 2001, .
- D. Arnold: The temples of Egypt. Apartments for gods, monuments, places of worship. Zurich 1992, The Amun district of Karnak p. 111–123, The Month district of Karnak p. 123–125, The Mut district of Karnak p. 125.
- D. Arnold: The temples of Egypt. Apartments for gods, monuments, places of worship. Zurich 1992, Akhenaten's Aton sanctuary in Karnak-Ost pp. 126–127.