Wolfgang Helck

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Hans Wolfgang Helck (born September 16, 1914 in Dresden , † August 27, 1993 in Hamburg ) was a German Egyptologist .

Wolfgang Helck was a son of the classical philologist Hans Helck and his wife Gertrud. He studied in Leipzig with Georg Steindorff and in Göttingen with Hermann Kees and completed his studies in 1938 with his doctorate . As a soldier in World War II , he was taken prisoner in 1943. In 1947 he returned to Göttingen and completed his habilitation there in 1951. Helck was initially a private lecturer in Göttingen before he became an adjunct professor of Egyptology at the University of Hamburg in 1956 . From 1963 until his retirement in 1979 he was full professor there .

Helck belonged to the German Archaeological Institute and from 1981 was a corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen .

He remained active after his retirement and was editor of the Lexikon der Ägyptologie , which was completed in 1992 , together with Eberhard Otto (Volume I) and, after his death, with Wolfhart Westendorf (Volumes II – VII) . Helck is considered one of the most important Egyptologists of the 20th century. He published a variety of books and articles on the history of Egyptian and Near Eastern cultures.

Publications (selection)

  • The influence of the military leaders in the 18th Egyptian dynasty (= studies on the history and antiquity of Egypt, vol. 14). Leipzig 1939.
  • Investigations into the official titles of the Egyptian Old Kingdom (= Egyptological research. No. 18). Augustin, Glückstadt / Hamburg / New York 1954.
  • Documents of the 18th dynasty. Issue 17–22, Akademie Verlag, Berlin 1955–1958.
  • Small encyclopedia of Egyptology. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1956 (together with Eberhard Otto ).
  • Studies on Manetho and the Egyptian king lists (= studies on the history and antiquity of Egypt. Vol. 18). Berlin 1956.
  • For the administration of the Middle and New Kingdom (= Problems of Egyptology. Vol. 3). Brill, Leiden 1958.
  • Materials on the economic history of the New Reich (= treatises of the humanities and social sciences class of the Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz. Year 1960, no. 10–11, year 1963, no. 2–3, year 1964, no. 4, [...]). Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1960–1969.
  • Documents of the 18th dynasty. Translation for volumes 17–22, Berlin 1961.
  • Relations between Egypt and the Middle East in the 3rd and 2nd millennium BC Chr. In: Ägyptologische Abhandlungen (ÄA). Volume 5, Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1962.
    • 2nd, improved edition. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1971.
  • History of Ancient Egypt. In: Handbook of Oriental Studies. First section, first volume, third section, Brill, Leiden / Cologne 1968.
  • Hunting and game in the ancient Near East. The hunt in art, Hamburg, Berlin 1968.
  • The ritual scenes on the surrounding wall of Ramses II in Karnak. In: Ägyptologische Abhandlungen. Volume 18, Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1968.
  • The text of the "Doctrine of Amenemhet I for his son". In: Small Egyptian Texts (KÄT). Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1969.
  • The teaching of Dw3-Htjj. Part 1 and 2. In: KÄT. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1970.
  • The prophecy of Nfr.tj (= Nefeferti). In: KÄT. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1970.
  • Considerations on the great goddess and the deities connected to her (= religion and culture of the ancient Mediterranean world in parallel research. Vol. 2). Munich / Vienna 1971.
  • The beer in ancient Egypt. Berlin 1971.
  • The ritual representations of the Ramesseum. Part I (= Egyptological treatises (ÄA). Vol. 25). Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1972.
  • The text of the Nile hymn. In: KÄT. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1972.
  • Ancient Egyptian records of the 3rd and 2nd millennium BC Chr. (= Munich Egyptological Studies. Volume 31). Munich / Berlin 1974.
  • The ancient Egyptian districts. (= Supplements Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orient. Series B (humanities), No. 5), Wiesbaden 1974.
  • Historical-biographical texts of the 2nd interim period and new texts of the 18th dynasty. In: KÄT. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1975.
  • Economic history of ancient Egypt in the 3rd and 2nd millennium BC Chr. (= HDO. 1st department, 1st volume, 5th section). Leiden / Cologne 1975.
  • The lesson for King Merikare. In: KÄT. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1977.
  • Relations between Egypt and the Middle East and the Aegean Sea up to the 7th century BC Chr. (= Income from research. Vol. 120). Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1979.
  • Teaching of Hordjedef and teaching of a father to his son. In: KÄT. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1984.
  • Thoughts on the origin of the Egyptian script. In: Mélanges Gamal Eddin Mokhtar: Bulletin de l'Institut Français d'Archéologie. Cairo 1985.
  • Political contrasts in ancient Egypt (= Hildesheim Egyptological contributions. Vol. 23). Gerstenberg, Hildesheim, 1986.
  • Investigations on the Thinite Age (= Egyptological treatises. Vol. 45). Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1987, ISBN 3-447-02677-4 ( limited online version )
  • Temple and cult. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1987, ISBN 3-447-02693-6 .
  • Thinitic pot brands. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1990, ISBN 3-447-02982-X .
  • Grave no. 55 in the Königsgräbertal, its content and its historical significance (= special publication of the German Archaeological Institute 29). von Zabern, Mainz 2001.
  • The dated and datable ostracas, papyri and graffiti of Deir el Medineh. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 2002.
  • Investigations on the Thinite Age (= Egyptological treatises. Vol. 45). Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1987, ISBN 3-447-02677-4 .
Editor and co-author
  • Problems of Egyptology. Brill, Leiden 1953 ff.
  • Egyptological treatises (ÄA). Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1960 ff.
  • Small Egyptian texts (KÄT). Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1969 ff.
  • Lexicon of Egyptology. Volume I – VII, Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden 1975–1992 (together with Wolfhart Westendorf , in the preparatory phase also Eberhard Otto ).


Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 109.