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Jesus carries the cross (sculpture by Aleijadinho) Congonhas do Campo, Minas Gerais, Brazil

Antônio Francisco Lisboa , called Aleijadinho (* 1738 in Vila Rica, today Ouro Preto ; † November 18, 1814 there ) was the most important architect and sculptor of the Brazilian Baroque .

His work is preserved in several colonial cities in the state of Minas Gerais.


Aleijadinho was born under the name Antônio Francisco Lisboa . His father was a Portuguese architect , his mother a black slave. He got his nickname o Aleijadinho ( the little cripple ) because he had suffered from a leprosy-like , incurable disease that slowly decomposed his body since his youth . When his fingers and legs were paralyzed, he had the sculpting tools tied to his arms so that he could work - with great agony.

He dedicated his whole life to sculpture and created religious works of exceptional quality and considerable wealth of forms; this style has become known as barroco mineiro . He was held in high esteem throughout Brazil, although he never left the region around his hometown Ouro Preto.


His sculptures and reliefs made of lava stone or wood as well as his architectural work can be seen in Ouro Preto, Sabará , Mariana or Congonhas do Campo. In Congonhas do Campo, the artistic, life-size figures of the Stations of the Cross are particularly worth seeing. In Ouro Preto the church of Igreja São Francisco de Assis is the work of Aleijadinho alone; the city of Ouro Preto has also dedicated a museum to Aleijadinho, which can be found next to the church Matriz de Nossa Senhora da Conceição de Antônio Dias .

There is a film by Roland May under the name Black Gold , which is dedicated to the architecture of Ouro Pretos and the life of Aleijadinho.

Web links

Commons : Aleijadinho  - collection of images, videos and audio files