Heinrich von Mühler

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Heinrich von Mühler

Heinrich Mühler , from 1833 von Mühler (born November 4, 1813 in Brieg , Province of Silesia , † April 2, 1874 in Potsdam ) was a German lawyer and politician. He was a member of the Evangelical Upper Church Council and from 1862 to 1872 Prussian minister of culture .


Mühler came from a Silesian family whose lineage begins with Heinrich Mühler (around 1677-1751), the Count of Hochberg's hospital administrator in Pless in Upper Silesia .

He was the son of the former Prussian Minister of Justice Heinrich Gottlob von Mühler (1780–1857) and Ulrike Hoffmann. He and his siblings were raised to the Prussian nobility on December 22, 1833 in Berlin .


Mühler went in Halberstadt and Breslau to school, studied from 1830 in Berlin the rights ; Doctorate in 1835; At some point around this time, mocking-ironic poems were written, which were later accompanied by melodies as drinking songs , as well as sentimental-maudlin-patriotic poetry. During his studies in 1830 he became a member of the Raczeks Breslau fraternity .

Appointed by the Prussian minister of education Friedrich Eichhorn as a member of the ministry in 1840, Mühler was promoted to government councilor in 1842 and to lecturer council in 1846. He developed a new school regulation (Law 1845) and from 1845 was one of the key players in the attempt to reform the church regulations for the Evangelical Church in Prussia . In 1850 he became a member of the newly founded Evangelical Upper Church Council . There he represented the interests of denominational Lutheranism within the Union together with Friedrich Julius Stahl . In the course of the government reshuffle during the Prussian constitutional conflict , he became Minister of Spiritual, Educational and Medicinal Affairs (= Minister of Education) in the conservative government under Adolf zu Hohenlohe-Ingelfingen on March 18, 1862 . After the death of President Rudolf von Uechtritz , between August 1863 and January 1865 he also took over provisional management of the Evangelical Upper Church Council.

Mühler's appointment was controversial from the start. Although he had worked in a prominent position in the Ministry of Culture for many years, little more than his poems were known to the general public. However, his ministry was soon criticized for preventing necessary reforms and overly tight budget management, especially with regard to the remuneration of teachers and the pension funds concerned. In addition, he did not support Otto von Bismarck's temporary alliance with the liberals after 1866 and opposed him in the growing culture war . During his tenure he was asked to resign several times, and had already unsuccessfully asked for his dismissal in 1870, which was granted to him on January 12, 1872 at his renewed request.

From 1867 to 1871 Mühler belonged to the Reichstag of the North German Confederation as a member of the constituency Oppeln 2 (Oppeln). He did not join any parliamentary group and remained an independent conservative.


He married Adelheid Malwine Fanny von Goßler (born January 28, 1821 in Berlin, † October 5, 1901 in Potsdam) in Berlin in 1841 , a daughter of the Westphalian Attorney General Conrad Christian von Goßler (1769-1842) and Henriette Charlotte von Rumohr (1786 -1845). The couple had three daughters:

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Fritz Specht, Paul Schwabe: The Reichstag elections from 1867 to 1903. Statistics of the Reichstag elections together with the programs of the parties and a list of the elected representatives . 2nd edition Verlag Carl Heymann, Berlin 1904, p. 84.


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