Alumnat or Alumneum (from the Latin alumnus , pupil, pupil) is a historical name for schools with accommodation options , especially high schools and higher schools. In the present the term boarding school is mostly used. In some places historical names for institutions or buildings have been preserved, such as B. ( Thomasalumnat Leipzig, Alumnate of the Kreuzschule Dresden), the Alumneum in Regensburg.
Alumnates for secular students emerged during the Reformation , such as the three princely schools in Saxony , but also the former monastery schools in Ilfeld am Harz, the monastery school Roßleben , the Hennebergisches Gymnasium Georg Ernst in Schleusingen and the "lower" seminars in Württemberg .
In Catholic areas, alumnates came from Jesuit convent schools . The students ( alumni ) received instruction, education, accommodation and food from their school. Characterized by the monastic tradition, education was characterized by simplicity and regularity of life, orderly work and rigor. According to critics, however, u. a. the lack of family life makes it difficult for the individual to develop favorably.
Later alumnates for the education of the sons of higher classes were founded, such as the knight academies , the pedagogy of the Francke Foundations in Halle (Saale) , the Vitzthumsche Gymnasium in Dresden, the Bergische Alumnat in Lennep , built in 1908 for students of the higher middle school and later the X-ray school , the royal pedagogy Putbus on Rügen or the Prussian main cadet institute in Lichterfelde . In most of these facilities, students living away from home (external students, interns, oppidans) can also take part in lessons.