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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Füssen
Map of Germany, position of the city of Füssen highlighted

Coordinates: 47 ° 34 '  N , 10 ° 42'  E

Basic data
State : Bavaria
Administrative region : Swabia
County : Ostallgäu
Height : 808 m above sea level NHN
Area : 43.5 km 2
Residents: 15,508 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 357 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 87629
Area code : 08362
License plate : OAL, FÜS, MOD
Community key : 09 7 77 129
City structure: 38 parts of the community

City administration address :
Lechhalde 3
87629 Füssen
Website : www.stadt-fuessen.de
Mayor : Maximilian Eichstetter ( CSU )
Location of the city of Füssen in the Ostallgäu district
Österreich Kempten (Allgäu) Landkreis Oberallgäu Kaufbeuren Landkreis Augsburg Landkreis Unterallgäu Landkreis Garmisch-Partenkirchen Landkreis Weilheim-Schongau Landkreis Landsberg am Lech Rettenbach am Auerberg Westendorf (Landkreis Ostallgäu) Wald (Schwaben) Waal (Schwaben) Untrasried Unterthingau Halblech Stöttwang Stötten am Auerberg Seeg Schwangau Rückholz Ruderatshofen Roßhaupten Ronsberg Rieden (bei Kaufbeuren) Rieden am Forggensee Pfronten Pforzen Osterzell Oberostendorf Obergünzburg Nesselwang Mauerstetten Marktoberdorf Lengenwang Lechbruck am See Lamerdingen Kraftisried Kaltental Jengen Irsee Günzach Hopferau Görisried Germaringen Füssen Friesenried Eisenberg (Schwaben) Eggenthal Buchloe Bidingen Baisweil Biessenhofen Aitrangmap
About this picture
Füssen, view from the castle towards Forggensee (2017)

Füssen [ ˈfʏsn̩ ] is a town in the Bavarian-Swabian district of Ostallgäu . It is located in southwest Bavaria on the Romantic Road and the Via Claudia Augusta . In the east the city borders on the Lech and in the south on Austria . With around 15,500 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019), Füssen is the second largest city in Eastern Allgäu .

The origins of the city go back to Roman times . Today you can find many fountains, shops and the well-preserved city ​​wall in the old town . There are traffic connections to the A 7 , B 17 , B 310 and B 16 as well as rail connections to Munich and Augsburg. The location at the southern end of the A 7, which at the border merges into the road to the Fernpass , which plays an important role as an Alpine crossing , is of particular importance .


Geographical location

Aerial view of Füssen, looking west (2020)

Füssen is in the Allgäu region , in the south of Swabia . The city is 33 km as the crow flies from Kempten (Allgäu) and 91 km from Munich . In the east, the city and the surrounding area are bordered by the Ammergau Alps , in the south by the Allgäu Alps and the Lechtal Alps , in the west by the Weißensee and in the north by the Hopfensee and Forggensee . The Lech, which rises in the Lechquellengebirge and flows into the Danube at Rain, flows through the city . This tributary of the Danube first passes the Lechfall on the southern outskirts of the city, near the border with Tyrol , then flows through the city and on to the northeastern Forggensee. Also in the area of ​​the city are Hopfensee, Weißensee, Alatsee , Eschacher Weiher and Wiedemannweiher. The Obersee and Mittersee are located on the Faulenbach, which drains the Alatsee towards the Lech.

At 808  m above sea level NN 's feet the highest town in Bavaria.

The lowest point of the terrain is approx. 775 m above sea level. NHN (Forggensee), the highest at 1288 m above sea level. NHN (Salober).


The Lechfall from Füssen

The core city of Füssen itself is geologically in the settlement zone. To the north of the city flysch , gravel and boggy or boggy terrain can often be found, to the south, on the other hand, Jura-limestone alpine, Wetterstein limestone, main dolomite and also gravel. There is also a high proportion of chalk-limestone alpine in the east. The Lechfall from Füssen is also very important. It originated in the Würm glacial period and formed after the Lech glacier retreated. At that time, together with the melting of the ice masses, a large lake formed in the Lech and Vilstal valleys, which reached as far as Pfronten (approximately at the level of the Pfrontener See). This basin, which was bordered to the north by a ridge of Wetterstein limestone, filled like a bathtub. The overflow was at the lowest point of the pool edge, at today's Lechfall. The amount of water fell up to 100 meters and poured into the then existing Füssener See. Only after the Lech had dug a passage through the Wetterstein limestone at this point and deepened it more and more, the water could slowly flow away to the north, and this original lake gradually fell dry. In addition, the Lech Gorge is the only one in the entire Bavarian Alpine region through which a larger Alpine river can still flow freely and unhindered by human hands.

Expansion of the urban area

The urban area consists of the districts of Füssen, Eschach, Hopfen am See and Weißensee.

The municipality has 38 officially named municipal parts (the type of settlement is given in brackets ):

City structure

The inner city area includes the districts of Füssen-Altstadt (city center), Füssen-West (in the west of the city), Ziegelwies (in the south of the city) and Füssen-Weidach (in the northeast of the city). The boundaries of the parts of the municipality are sometimes not clear, but they can be defined relatively clearly by the population.


Füssen is in the temperate zone with the annual average temperature and the amount of precipitation . The coldest month is January with an average temperature of −1.5 ° C and an average maximum daily temperature of 1.4 ° C. The warmest month is July with an average temperature of 16.13 ° C and an average low temperature of 11.55 ° C. The summer is very pleasant with an average temperature of 14-16 ° C, but must at this time also with a lot of precipitation are expected. In winter there is very little rainfall at low temperatures. The average number of hours of sunshine per day is 4.9, the total number of rainy days is 172.

A weather record was set on May 25, 1920. Füssen achieved the greatest precipitation intensity of 126 mm in 8 minutes.

Climate table
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Max. Temperature ( ° C ) 1.4 2.77 6.58 10.71 15.37 18.57 20.75 20.18 17.33 12.29 6.06 2.21 O 11.2
Min. Temperature (° C) −4.4 −3.67 −0.97 2.09 6.36 9.56 11.55 11.35 8.83 4.88 0.06 −3.39 O 3.6
Temperature (° C) −1.5 −0.45 2.8 6.39 10.85 14.05 16.13 15.75 13.06 8.57 3.04 −0.59 O 7.4
Precipitation ( mm ) 60 56.99 61 85 117 146.01 143 139 93.99 66 71 64 Σ 1,102.99
Hours of sunshine ( h / d ) 2 4th 5 6th 7th 6th 7th 6th 6th 5 3 2 O 4.9
Rainy days ( d ) 13 13 11 14th 15th 19th 19th 17th 14th 12 12 13 Σ 172
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
  Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


Füssen's roots go back to Roman times . The place developed on the Roman road Via Claudia Augusta leading from northern Italy to Augsburg , which Emperor Claudius had built around 50 AD. Excavations on the Füssener Schlossberg left the foundations of a late Roman fort from the 4th / 5th centuries. Century. According to the Notitia Dignitatum , a division of the legio III Italica was stationed here around 400 AD . Presumably, however, there was a Roman military camp at this strategically important location before the year 260. His name Foetibus / Foetes is understood as the Latinization of the Germanic fot (foot) and could refer to the location at the foot of the mountains. From this later the name of the place developed via Fozen (1147), Fozin (1188), Fuozzen (1206), Füzzen (1366) to today's Füssen (from 1424). An alternative explanation of the origin of the name, albeit a later reinterpretation, is from the Latin fauces (gorge, access, bottleneck) with reference to the Lech gorge.

St. Mang Monastery (left) and Hohes Schloss (right)

In the later 5th century the Roman fort was cleared. In 748 Magnus , a missionary from St. Gallen who was later recognized as a saint , is said to have set up a cell on site. With the arrival of more monks, the Benedictine monastery of St. Mang , named after him, was built in the eighth century and was subordinate to the Augsburg bishops. At the same time, a Frankish royal court was probably established next to it . Füssen was an economic transshipment point between southern and northern Europe, because the Lech became navigable after the Lech Falls near Füssen and the cargo was reloaded here by the pack horses of the Via Claudia Augusta crossing the Alps . The route gained importance as a salt road in the Middle Ages.

The Bailiwick over the Bishopric of Augsburg was initially from the Guelph exercised, but from 1191 as a result of a sales agreement of Guelph Erbgüter the Staufer . After the death of the last Staufer Konradin , who was executed in Naples in 1268, the Duchy of Swabia fell back to the Empire, while the Bailiwick became an object of dispute between the bishops of Augsburg and the dukes of Bavaria over the Augsburg bishopric. Konradin had illegally pledged the bailiwick to his uncle, the Bavarian duke, in 1266 and 1267. Duke Ludwig II tried to secure his claims on the Füssen area by building a castle above the monastery, the high castle . Konradin's stepfather, Count Meinhard II from Tyrol , also announced his claims by having Falkenstein Castle built on the border near Füssen in 1270 .

In 1292, after violent disputes, a settlement was reached in which the duke renounced the Füssen Castle and the expansion of other fortifications in the region. In 1313, Emperor Heinrich VII pledged the bailiwick of the bishopric's property to Bishop Friedrich I. In 1322, the bishopric acquired the castle hill on a barter route and made the fortress the seat of the Füssen maintenance office. In 1363 the castle was already integrated into the city ​​fortifications . In the years from 1486, under Bishop Friedrich II. Von Zollern, an extensive renovation and expansion of the care castle took place, which defines the image of the high castle to this day.

In the meantime, a settlement had developed down on the Lech, which in the 13th century finally reached the size of a handsome town, at that time the largest in the Allgäu . It is assumed that the city has had town charter since 1286 and 1294, respectively. Emperor Heinrich VII pledged the area and place in 1313 to the bishop of Augsburg for a debt of 400 marks silver. The pledge was never released, but accepted in its existence by the imperial successors in 1314 ( Friedrich der Schöne ) and 1322 ( Ludwig the Bavarian ). With the transfer of full jurisdiction by Emperor Karl IV to the bishopric and diocese of Augsburg , the area of ​​the Imperial Bailiwick of Füssen finally became the property of the princely shepherd.

From 1486 to 1505, the Augsburg prince-bishops expanded the Gothic Füssen Castle into a high castle , which towers over the medieval city and was used as the summer residence of the church princes. During the Schmalkaldic War , Catholic Füssen was occupied on July 10, 1546 by a troop from the Upper German cities under the Protestant mercenary leader Sebastian Schertlin von Burtenbach . The current monastery church was built between 1701 and 1726.

Town houses in the Lechhalde

Füssen experienced its heyday in the early 16th century, when Emperor Maximilian I and his court stayed in Füssen almost 40 times. The destruction of the Thirty Years War meant a deep turning point for the Füssen trading center, from which it recovered only very slowly.

Michel de Montaigne rode with his retinue from Bordeaux in 1580 ... to Wangen, Isny, Kempten, Pfronten, Füssen, flowed over the Lech to Schongau, Landsberg, Augsburg - then rode over Munich, Innsbruck towards Rome. He writes in the diary at Füssen:  “For lunch we came to Füssen, a mile away, a small town belonging to the Bishop of Augsburg; there we met many people from the retinue of the Archduke of Austria, who was staying nearby in a castle with the Duke of Bavaria. I was put on a so-called raft with our luggage ... "" Charlemagne gave the monastery rich presents, of which an inscription in the monastery also says ... "

On April 22, 1745, the place briefly gained national importance. In the Peace of Füssen , Bavaria's Elector Maximilian III. Joseph renounced previously asserted Austrian inheritance claims and thus sealed the end of attempted Bavarian great power politics. Bavaria had now withdrawn from the War of the Austrian Succession , initiated by his father, Emperor Karl VII. Albrecht . On May 6, 1782, Pope Pius VI stayed the night . , coming from Augsburg , in the High Castle on his return journey from Vienna to Rome . As a result of secularization , Füssen became part of the Electorate of Bavaria after the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss 1803 . Exceptions were the Franciscan monastery , which remained with the German Order in 1803 and was ceded to Bavaria in 1805, and St. Mang, which fell to the Princely House of Oettingen-Wallerstein and only came to Bavaria in 1806. Until the regional reform of 1972, Füssen was the district town of the Füssen district . Füssen gained special importance between the 15th and 18th centuries with the special craft of lute makers and violin makers that settled here . Füssen is considered to be the cradle of commercially operated lute making in Europe. In 1562 the first lute maker guild in Europe was founded here.

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe crossed Füssen on October 20, 1790 on his second trip to Italy with the destination Venice from Stötten am Auerberg, where he spent the night, and arrived in Füssen via the still passable route of the Via Claudia Augusta.

Füssen survived the Second World War almost undamaged, with the exception of the Lech Bridge being blown up in the last days of the war by its own troops, which also damaged neighboring houses.

Today the region around Füssen is a tourist stronghold, known as Königswinkel . The royal castles of Neuschwanstein and Hohenschwangau are in the immediate vicinity . Füssen also became known beyond the borders of Germany through the national and international successes of the local ice hockey club EV Füssen .

Population development in the city of Füssen

Population development of Füssen from 1840 to 2017 according to the table below
year Residents
December 1, 1840 02,372
December 1, 1871 02,906
December 1, 1900 04,698
June 16, 1925 06,970
May 17, 1939 09,763
September 13, 1950 11,724
June 6, 1961 11,947
May 27, 1970 11,722
May 25, 1987 13,212
December 31, 1991 14,050
year Residents
December 31, 1995 13,670
December 31, 2001 13,938
December 31, 2002 13,923
December 31, 2005 14,067
December 31, 2006 14,083
December 31, 2007 14,179
December 31, 2008 14,236
December 31, 2009 14,247
December 31, 2010 14,213
May 9, 2011 14,277
year Residents
December 31, 2011 14,288
December 31, 2012 14,512
December 31 2013 14,631
December 31, 2014 14,881
December 31, 2015 15,265
December 31, 2016 15,425
December 31, 2017 15,558
September 30, 2018 15,699
View over the Forggensee with Füssen in the background

From 1988 to 2008, Füssen grew by 1063 inhabitants or around eight percent. Since 2011, the city has grown by 100 to 500 inhabitants annually. In 2017 the city center had around 12,900 inhabitants, the former municipalities of Hopfen am See around 1,100 and Weissensee around 1,500. Between 1988 and 2018 the population increased by a total of 2,435 or 18.5%.


The Faulenbach community was incorporated on November 1, 1921. As part of the municipal reform , the municipalities of Hopfen am See (with Eschach , which was incorporated on April 1, 1971 ) and Weißensee were added on May 1, 1978 .


City council

The local election of March 15, 2020 led to the following result:

Party / list Seats 2014 Seats 2020
City council election 2020
Turnout: 50.6% (2014: 50.3%)
Gains and losses
compared to 2014
 % p
-0.5  % p
+ 6.9  % p
+ 2.6  % p
+ 8.7  % p
-16.0  % p
-0.9  % p
-1.2  % p
CSU 8th 8th
Free voters Füssen (FW) 4th 5
Fuessen-Land (FL) 3 4th
Alliance 90 / The Greens 1 3
SPD 6th 2
Independent citizen list / FDP 1 1
Citizens for Füssen (BFF) 1 1
total 24 24


  • before 1805: Johann Baptist Zotz (born May 31, 1755 in Bichlbach)

Before 1806 there were between two and four honorary mayors in Füssen who changed every six months.

  • 1806–1815: August Schweiger (* 1766; † 1815)
  • 1815–1821: Adam Frank (* 1766; † 1829)
  • 1827–1829: Mathias Lecker (* 1786; † 1831)
  • 1829–1835: Jakob Winterhalter (* 1785; † 1858)
  • 1835–1841: Josef Bosch (* 1785; † 1855)
  • 1841–1847: Kaspar Schradler (* 1803; † 1879)
  • 1847–1853: Josef Bosch (* 1785; † 1855)
  • 1853–1865: Josef Lecker (* 1818; † 1905)
  • 1865–1874: Anton Geisenhof (* 1817; † 1900)
  • 1875–1892: Georg Zächerl (* 1828; † 1893)
  • 1894–1898: Ludwig Schradler (* 1830; † 1916)
  • 1898–1899: Johann Albrecht (* 1846; † 1916)
  • 1900–1912: Georg Wallner (* 1843; † 1916)
  • 1912–1915: Jakob Spitzauer (* 1883; † 1969)
  • 1915–1929: Adolf Moser (* 1881; † 1965)
  • 1929–1939: Michael Samer (* 1879; † 1957)
  • 1939–1945: Hans Frank (* 1902; † 1945)
  • 1945: Eduard Feigel (* 1894; † 1982)
  • 1945–1948: Robert Erhard (* 1881; † 1952)
  • 1948–1952: Sigismund Schmidt (* 1902; † 1977)
  • 1952–1956: Michael Samer (* 1879; † 1957)
  • 1956–1974: Ernst Enzinger (* 1918; † 1977)
  • 1974–1990: Otto Wanner (* 1919; † 2004)
  • 1990–2002: Paul Wengert (* 1952)
  • 2002–2008: Christian Gangl (* 1962)
  • 2008–2020: Paul Iacob (* 1951)
  • since 2020: Maximilian Eichstetter

Coat of arms of Füssen
Blazon : "Threeblack feet setin a three-pass ingold."
Founding of the coat of arms: The history of this coat of arms goes back to the 12th century. In 1222 a protection privilege was granted for the monastery and the expansion of the Staufer bailiwick of Füssen was started. In the first half of the 13th century the city ​​was assumed to be elevated , although this has never been officially confirmed. At the end of the 12th century, the name Füssen first appeared as Fuzin, Fießen or Fuessen and was intended to represent the location at the foot of the mountains. Removed from it so the individual feet in the coat of arms are talking for the place name. From 1295 onwards, seals are also accepted , but there is no confirmation. In addition, the first surviving impression with the inscription "SIGILLVM CIVIVM DE FVZEN" and the feet shown came from 1317. This graphic remained essentially unchanged until the 19th century . All colors also remained as they were and only appeared sporadically with silver, red or blue. In 1818 the government wanted the feet to be in a more “decent” position. The coat of arms was changed so that the Bavarian diamonds could be seen in the divided shield above and three black feet in gold next to each other below. The shield showed a lying, facing lion with helmet covers on both sides. In 1842 King Ludwig I approved the re-acceptance of the old coat of arms. Various heraldic legends entwine around the meaning of the coat of arms.

The city logo contains Neuschwanstein Castle in the background and in front of it the words “Füssen im Allgäu”.

City partnerships / city friendships

Feet maintains city partnerships with

as well as city ​​friendships with


With over 1.4 million foreign guests in 2018, the local tourism industry is a major economic factor. The municipal company “Füssen Tourismus und Marketing”, an institution under public law, is responsible for city marketing and tourists.

Culture and sights

Füssen is on the Swabian Baths Road . The Romantic Road also ends in Füssen.


State Gallery in the High Castle

Füssen High Castle

In the north wing of the late Gothic High Palace , the residence of the prince-bishops of Augsburg , there is a branch gallery of the Bavarian State Painting Collections .

Late Gothic panel paintings and sculptures fit into the former residence rooms and offer an overview of art at the turn of the 15th and 16th centuries in the Allgäu and Swabia .

The so-called knight's hall with its coffered ceiling with the reliefs of the diocese saints Ulrich , Afra and Simpert and the Mother of God is particularly worth seeing . Glass paintings by Hans Holbein the Elder and Hans Burgkmair the Elder give an idea of the cultural heyday in Füssen at the time of Emperor Maximilian I.

Municipal picture gallery

The municipal picture gallery is also housed in the north wing of the High Palace. It is mainly dedicated to the art of the 19th century, the Munich School of Painting with paintings by Carl Spitzweg , Franz von Defregger and the artist Oskar Freiwirth-Lützow (1862–1925), who died in Füssen .

The drawings by Franz Graf von Pocci (1807–1876) from the family-owned Pocciana collection are shown in temporary exhibitions.

The artistic work of the city of Füssen's culture and art award winners Percy Rings (1901–1994) and Gottfried Andreas Herrmann (1907–2002) can be seen here.

Museum of the City of Füssen

The newly established Museum of the City of Füssen, founded in 1913, is located in the south wing of the former Benedictine monastery of St. Mang.

The focus of the museum is on the building itself. The importance of the St. Mang Monastery lies in its conception as a Baroque total work of art and at the same time in the preserved remains of the medieval complex. The baroque representation rooms of the monastery are included in the museum tour. From the excavated medieval cloister one arrives at the Anna Chapel with the famous Füssen Dance of Death by Jakob Hiebeler from 1602.

The Hospital Church of the Holy Spirit

The history of Füssen's lute and violin making is documented in the city history department .

Furthermore, Falkenstein Castle , which the Bavarian King Ludwig II planned but was no longer built, is virtually accessible.


Ludwigs Festspielhaus on Forggensee
  • Füssen High Castle
  • Sankt Mang monastery : The former Benedictine monastery of St. Mang goes back to the work of St. Magnus around 750 in Füssen. But today's baroque monastery was built between 1697 and 1726. The symmetrically arranged baroque complex in an Italian style was planned by the local master builder Johann Jakob Herkomer (1652–1717), who received his architectural training primarily in Venice. The center of the complex is the Fürstensaal with its richly stuccoed and frescoed furnishings, which the interior designer Andrea Maini planned and the Kempten court painter Franz Georg Hermann designed. The rich picture program underlines the importance of the abbey as a spiritual and secular center in the Füssener Land. As early as the 18th century, the complex was rated as remarkable, especially the original arrangement of the library and refectory (dining room) in the south wing.
  • Ludwigs Festspielhaus Füssen (formerly Musical Theater Neuschwanstein ): Event house with a view of Neuschwanstein Castle: built in 2000 especially for the musical Ludwig II - Longing for Paradise , since 2016 the musical Ludwig² (the follow-up production from 2005 in a new production) has been performed.
  • Frauenkirche am Berg : The church on the other side of the Lech was built in 1682/83 by Johann Schmuzer on the site of an older church. A chapel was built into the choir in 1854, which marks the beginning of the Füssener Kalvarienberg .
  • Nativity Church: The narrow, single-nave building from 1717 is the work of Johann Georg Fischer .
  • St. Sebastian cemetery church: Johann Georg Fischer added a wide, hall-like nave to the choir of the original building from 1507 in the east of the city from 1721 to 1725.
  • Field church St. Ulrich and Afra : This simple, finely structured structure in the north was built in 1724/25.
  • Franciscan Church: The church of the Füssen Franciscan Monastery , built between 1763 and 1767, has a rococo interior.
  • Spitalkirche Hl. Geist: It is a work by Franz Karl Fischer from the years 1748/49. The facade is frescoed.
  • Sebastiansfriedhof: Historical cemetery in the heart of the old town
  • Catholic branch church St. Nikolaus in the Oberkirch district
  • Catholic parish church St. Walburga in the Weissensee district


  • Lechfall: the Lech has dug its way through the rock here. On the right bank of the cliff is the “Magnus step”, where St. Magnus is said to have kicked his feet while jumping over the gorge.
  • Kalvarienberg: with a view of the city, the royal palaces and the Lech valley.
  • Stadtpark Baumgarten: This quiet park with the "Wasserburg" (a water reservoir built in the 19th century in the style of a castle ruin) is located directly behind the Hohen Schloss.

Regular events

  • New year torch swimming of the Ostallgäu water guards in the Lech. The Füssen Böllerschützen welcome the new year, and at the end there will be fireworks over the Lech.
  • "Füssen goes Jazz"
  • Music Festival "Versatile"
  • Imperial Hall Concerts in the Imperial Hall of the St. Mang Monastery
  • historical parades - "Füssen in the Renaissance" (June)
  • Füssen City Festival (August)
  • Advent market (on two Advent weekends, in the baroque courtyard of the St. Mang monastery)
  • Slide party on December 30th on Kaiser-Maximilian-Platz
  • New Year's Eve on December 31st in Ludwig's Festspielhaus


Füssen is located on the south-eastern edge of the Alemannic language area. The Southeast Swabian or Ostallgäu dialect in and around Füssen - left and right of the upper Lech - is characterized by a. from the fact that echoes of the neighboring southern Bavarian or Tyrolean dialects are clearly audible.

Transport / infrastructure

Füssen train station

Rail transport

The Füssen station in the center of the city is a terminus station with two train tracks of the station category 6 of the DB Station & Service . It is served daily by around 20 Deutsche Bahn AG trains and frequented by around 2,700 passengers every day. It has also been the terminus of the Biessenhofen – Füssen branch line since 1889 . In Biessenhofen the line meets the Allgäu Railway in the direction of Munich and Lindau . From Füssen there are two-hour connections with free transfers to both Munich and Augsburg. In addition, the Ulrichsbrücke-Füssen stop on the Ausserfernbahn bears the name of the city, but it is located about five kilometers south of the city center and on Austrian territory. The new station building, which replaces the previous building demolished in 2015, was opened in 2016.

Road traffic

In the west of the city is the Füssen junction of the Autobahn 7 , which runs north towards the Ulm / Elchingen intersection . To the south, behind the border tunnel in Füssen , at the German / Austrian border crossing , it becomes the Fernpassstrasse , which continues towards Reutte . In addition, the federal highway 17 connects Füssen an Peiting , Landsberg am Lech , Augsburg to Gersthofen . From here you can drive onto the federal highways 96 and 8 . The federal highway 16 also connects the city with Kaufbeuren , Günzburg , Dillingen an der Donau , Neuburg an der Donau , Neustadt an der Donau , Regensburg and Roding . What is special is that the federal highway 16 intersects with the federal highway 310 and the federal highway 310 thus also connects Füssen with Oberjoch .

There are bus connections in public transport. a. to Oberstdorf , Kempten (Allgäu) and Reutte . Operators are Regionalverkehr Allgäu , Regionalverkehr Oberbayern , Postbus and other providers.

air traffic

The passenger airports in the vicinity of Füssen with scheduled and charter flights are Memmingen (around 75 km away), Innsbruck (around 110 km away), Friedrichshafen (around 120 km away) and Munich (around 160 km away).

Bicycle traffic

Bicycle traffic is also important for the city , as the city is on the long-distance cycle routes D -9 Weser - Romantic Road (length approx. 1197 km), on the Via Claudia Augusta cycle path , on the Allgäu cycle route (length approx. 447.5 km) and on the Bodensee-Königssee cycle path ( distance approx. 410 km).

Water supply

The city of Füssen has been getting its drinking water from the wells in the Schwangau district of Alterschrofen since the early 1980s .


During the Nazi era , the city received a garrison for the first time in 1936 when the Wehrmacht was arming. Units of the 1st Mountain Division were housed in the Generaloberst Bothmer barracks . In 1945 the US Army took over the facility and used it as Burnette barracks . It was 1958, the Bundeswehr passed ( Jägerkaserne , 1964/65 renamed Colonel General-Dietl army barracks in 1995 in Allgaeu Barracks ) and housed for decades units of the 1st Mountain Division , namely the mountain artillery battalion 225 . Today Füssen is the location of the Mountain Reconnaissance Battalion 230 .


Panoramic view over Füssen in north direction
Panoramic view over Füssen in northeast direction
Panoramic aerial view of Füssen from the southeast. In the right background the Forggensee


In and around Füssen there are u. a. the following sports clubs: Eissportverein Füssen e. V. , Ostallgäuer Gleitschirmflieger eV

Füssen has many sports facilities, including the nationally known federal center for ice hockey and curling .



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  • Josef Feistle: Materials on the history of the city of Füssen. Fuessen 1861.
  • Rudibert Ettelt: History of the City of Füssen. Fussen 1970.
  • Rudibert Ettelt: History of the city of Füssen from the end of the 19th century to 1945. Füssen 1979.
  • Wolfgang Wüst: Citizens and councilors, abbots, provosts and governors in the royal seat of Füssen. Urban autonomy and state control in absolutism. In: Reinhold Böhm (Ed.): 1250 years of St. Mang in Füssen 750-2000. Alt-Füssen 1999, pp. 104–117.
  • Wolfgang Wüst: Füssen. In: Werner Paravicini (ed.): Courtyards and residences in the late medieval empire. A dynastic topographical handbook. Volume 1: Dynasties and courts (= residence research. 15 I / 1,2). Ostfildern 2003, pp. 204–205.
  • Ingo Seufert: Catholic parish church St. Mang in Füssen. 2nd Edition. Kunstverlag Josef Fink, Lindenberg 2011.

Web links

Commons : Füssen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Füssen  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  3. ^ History of the Lech Falls from Füssen .
  4. ^ Community of Füssen in the local database of the Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on August 17, 2019.
  5. klima-owl.de
  6. mappedplanet.com
  7. klima.org
  8. Wolf-Armin Freiherr von Reitzenstein : Lexicon of Swabian place names: origin and meaning. C. H. Beck, 2013, ISBN 978-3-406-65208-0 .
  9. https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michel_de_Montaigne#/media/Datei:Michel_de_Montaigne_Italienreise.png
  10. https://www.reise-nach-italien.de/goethe-italien1.html
  11. ^ Notes on the last days of the war in and around Füssen. In: Historical association “Säuling e. V. "(Ed.): Annual journal:" Around the Säuling 2015 ". Füssen 2015. pp. 27–32 ( PDF ).
  12. ^ Population development in the city of Füssen
  13. ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 468 .
  14. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 779 .
  15. City council election Füssen 2020. Accessed on May 1, 2020 .
  16. Füssen town archive: Mayor of Füssen (PDF; 106 kB)
  17. Mayor. City administration of Füssen, accessed on July 7, 2020 .
  18. ^ Entry on the coat of arms of Füssen  in the database of the House of Bavarian History
  19. ↑ Sister cities. City administration of Füssen, accessed on August 9, 2020 .
  20. Füssen - data and facts. City administration of Füssen, accessed on August 9, 2020 .