Three pass (heraldry)

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In heraldry, three identical common figures are arranged in a three-pass in order to obtain an aesthetically balanced coat of arms or field . The arrangement takes place around a center point, and figures that can be aligned to the center form a triskele . An example is the coat of arms of Sicily or that of the Isle of Man . The use of four or more of the same figures are then arranged in four-pass , five-pass and more and named that way.

The other option is to place figures in the shield so that they are placed at the corners of an equilateral triangle . The triangle figuratively connects the centers of the circles of a three-pass . Following the shield area, two elements are placed on the main shield and one element on the base of the shield . Emblazoned this is position with two one or written "2: 1". The wrong position 1: 2 is less common. It is not customary to state the former as it is the rule and the exception is reported.


The Swedish three-crown coat of arms is an example of the 2: 1 figure position of crowns .

See also

Commons : Three passes in the heraldry  - collection of images, videos and audio files