|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Swabia|
|Management Community :||Westendorf|
|Height :||710 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||22.14 km 2|
|Residents:||1694 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||77 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||87662|
|Primaries :||08345, 08344|
|License plate :||OAL, FÜS, MOD|
|Community key :||09 7 77 141|
|Market structure:||8 parts of the community|
Market administration address :
|Mayor :||Manfred Hauser (Home - Free Voters Group Aufkirch)|
|Location of the Kaltental market in the Ostallgäu district|
Until the parish merger
The area of today's municipality of Kaltental was mostly in the Buchloe nursing office of the Augsburg monastery . Since the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803, the place belongs to the Electorate of Bavaria .
The name of the community was at the occasion of the regional reorganization took place on 1 April 1971. merger of three municipalities Aufkirch, Blonhofen and Frankenhofen by some very excited debate and against the advice of the Bavarian State Archives established and other relevant agencies. It does not correspond to historical facts, but is the name of the Kaltental lordship, which owned the village of Osterzell until 1699. He was freely chosen because the three districts are in the "cold valley", which in turn has nothing to do with the cold, but corresponds to the name of Jakob von Kaltental.
The place Aufkirch was first mentioned in 1287 in a document from the Steingaden monastery . In 1437, the Augsburg bishopric then acquired jurisdiction over Aufkirch and also strove for manorial rule in the whole place. As the name suggests, there was a church in Aufkirch very early on. The current church from 1618 required thorough renovation work in 1656 and 1686. The tower was rebuilt in 1843. The last thorough renovation took place in 1972–1975.
There was a school in Aufkirch since 1513. During the Thirty Years' War and the famine in 1618, the residents of Aufkirch suffered great tribulation. In 1635, the plague killed half of the population. The Peasants' War , the Schmalkaldic War , the French era and the two world wars brought further great misery to the community of Aufkirch.
In the north-west of Aufkirch is the street village of Markt Blonhofen, which was incorporated into Markt Kaltental in 1972. The place, however, has always been a parish after Aufkirch. The place appears for the first time around 1150 as Pluwenhofen. At that time, Blonhofen was mainly owned by Guelphs. Around 1500 the place was owned by the Benzenauer on Großkemnat. They sold him in 1556 to Peter Gaisberg zu Blonhofen, who proposed him to the Altensberg rule. With this he came to the Lords of Stotzingen in 1611 and to the bishopric of Augsburg in 1611 . The exact date of the market presentation is not documented.
As early as 1686 there was a guild of butchers, shoemakers, tailors and weavers in Blonhofen. They included the masters in the area between Stöttwang and Jengen as well as from Oberbeuren to the Fuchstal and beyond. Blonhofen already had a women's monastery around 1400, which went down around 1600. The buildings were converted into a Zehentstadel, which was demolished in 1852. The church in Blonhofen, which is consecrated to the apostles Philipus and Jakobus, dates in some parts from the Gothic period. The nave was expanded in 1852 after the western Zehentstadel was demolished .
In 1835 the municipal council of the municipality of Markt Blonhofen asked for a municipal coat of arms with the image of the village patron, St. Sebastian. A year later, King Ludwig I of Bavaria complied with the community fathers' request and approved the coat of arms.
The row village of Frankenhofen was an independent municipality until 1971 when it was incorporated into the municipality of Aufkirch. Frankenhofen was founded probably in the 8th century with the pastoral and monastic center of Stöttwang. The rulership rights over Frankenhofen lay with the fortress Helmishofen until it was sold by Veit Schmiecher zu Helmishofen to Bishop Peter von Augsburg in 1437. In the late Middle Ages, citizens from Augsburg , Landsberg , Füssen , Kaufbeuren and Memmingen were involved in the property . From 1610, the Augsburg bishopric gradually acquired most of the land.
The local church, consecrated to Saints Laurentius and Agatha, was consecrated by Auxiliary Bishop Ulrich in 1488 and has been renovated and restored several times since then. Frankenhofen has mostly agricultural but also craft businesses.
The church village of Helmishofen, south of Aufkirch, used to be its own parish and was first mentioned in 1180. At the end of the 18th century the parish was merged with the parish Aufkirch. Helmishofen Castle stood south-east of Helmishofen on the edge of the hill. This castle was a Stöttwang fiefdom, then a monastery fiefdom, since the early Middle Ages. A local gender is mentioned from 1190 to 1332. Towards the end of the 14th century, a family of Bavarian knights, the Lords of Schmiechen, settled down. On April 25, 1437, Veit Schmiecher zu Helmishofen sold the castle and his family to Bishop Peter and the bishopric of Augsburg. The bishopric put a caretaker with a provost and a judge on the castle and acquired further ownership rights in this area. For example, the areas of Honsolgen , Helmishofen, Frankenhofen, Aufkirch, Altensberg with Blonhofen, Menhofen with Gerbishofen and Linden as well as goods in Mühlen and Gutenberg belong to the care Helmishofen . Helmishofen Castle was destroyed in 1525 by the farmers of Blonhofen, Aufkirch, Helmishofen and Frankenhofen, who rose up against their master, the Bishop of Augsburg. In the following years it was rebuilt before it finally burned down in the 18th century. Today only the tower, which is now called the "Römerturm", and small remains of the wall remain.
The little church of St. Nikolaus in Helmishofen received an indulgence in 1474. But there was also a new building, of which the choir is still preserved today. The nave was rebuilt in the 17th century and the tower was rebuilt in 1732 under the direction of Johann Michael Fischer . The little church contains some late Gothic wooden sculptures and on the north wall of the nave there are memorial stones of some knights of Helmishofen and their wives.
To the north-east of Aufkirch, on the height of the Hühnerbachtal, lies the wasteland of Altensberg. The settlement appears as "Altichsberg" as early as 1100; a nobleman named Manegold was sitting there. Until 1530 Altensberg belonged to Großkemnat and in 1562 came via the Kaufbeuren Hospital to a man of his time, Peter von Gaisberg. This established the rule of Altensberg, which also included Blonhofen and Unterostendorf, as well as possessions in Stöttwang and Reichenbach. The sons sold the Altensberg seat to Rupprecht von Stotzingen in 1577, a Georg Leonhard von Stotzingen and his wife sold their rule for 104,000 guilders to Bishop Heinrich von Augsburg in 1611 . Altensberg Castle, in which the keeper of Helmishofen had his seat between 1612 and 1635, was probably destroyed in the Thirty Years' War.
The small Kirchenweiler north of Aufkirch, which lies on the hill bordering the Hühnerbachtal to the east, used to be an independent parish to which the farms in Gerbishofen also belonged. In 1489 this parish came to the parish of Kinsau and in 1814 to the parish of Aufkirch. From 1240 to 1303 a local family Ellinhartshovin is attested. One farm and the tithe were fiefdoms from the Kempten monastery , which suggests that the church was founded in Stöttwang. 1460 is named a church lord. The Schongau Hospital and the Kaufbeuren convent also owned property. The Bavarian High Court exercised until 1785, then the Hochstift Augsburg until 1803.
To the east of Blonhofen is the hamlet of Gerbishofen. A Leonhard von Lechsberg gave Gerbishofen to the Irsee monastery in 1437 , which sold the hamlet to the Augsburg monastery in 1600. Gerbishofen belonged to the unified care Buchloe-Helmishofen. In the village there is a chapel of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary, which is privately owned and was built in 1874 by Eulogius Birk as a result of a vow.
Kaltental grew by 349 inhabitants or approx. 27% from 1988 to 2008. Between 1988 and 2018 the municipality grew from 1276 to 1675 by 399 inhabitants or by 31.3%.
The community is a member of the administrative community Westendorf
The first mayor is Manfred Hauser (home- free voter group Aufkirch, free voter community Blonhofen and progressive free voter group Frankenhofen). In 2002 he succeeded Wilhelm Poppler (Free Progressive Voting Group). In the 2008 local elections , Manfred Hauser was re-elected for a further electoral term as the joint and only candidate of the three nominations, the Heimat-Free voter group Aufkirch, the Free voter community Blonhofen and the progressive Free voter group Frankenhofen. In the 2014 local elections he was again confirmed in office with 88.9% of the valid votes.
In addition to the First Mayor, the municipality council has twelve other members. The local elections on March 16, 2014 led to the following result:
|list||Share of votes||Seats|
In 2013 the municipal tax revenue amounted to 1,074,000 euros, of which 236,000 euros were trade tax revenues (net).
coat of arms
Blazon : "In red over a triangular silver grate, a gold miter, next to a vertical silver key and a vertical silver arrow."
The coloring in red and silver as well as the bishop's miter indicate the bishopric of Augsburg and its historical importance for the community of Markt Kaltental. The waving ribbons of the miter represent the Kardinalstrasse running through the valley from north to south, which was laid out in 1440 by the Augsburg prince-bishop in order to bypass the Bavarian customs to connect the Hochstift-Augsburg areas between Augsburg and Füssen and to profit from the Italian trade. The key as a symbol for St. Peter, to whom the parish church Aufkirch is consecrated together with St. Paul, stands for Aufkirch. The arrow as a symbol for St. Sebastian stands for Blonhofen and the rust as an attribute of St. Laurentius is intended to indicate the patronage of the church of Frankenhofen.
Culture and sights
Since 2005, a gallery “Alte Sennerei” has been located in the former Aufkirch dairy, where exhibitions of contemporary art are held. In spring there is a ceramic exhibition with renowned artists with a focus on object ceramics and raku ceramics . An exhibition with sculptors is organized in the summer months, and works are also shown outdoors. There is also a collection of graphics by the well-known Munich draftsman and painter Wilhelm Maier-Solgk . In autumn there is a regular illustrator exhibition with internationally renowned artists (for example Reinhard Michl , Jindra Capek, Wolf Erlbruch , Quint Buchholz , Susanne Janssen , Isabel Pin , Aljoscha Blau ). During these exhibitions there are usually readings with well-known book authors.
In the castle ruins of Helmishofen , the remains of a castle built in the 12th century near Helmishofen can be seen. The keep and some small remains of the wall are still preserved. The tower is incorrectly referred to as the Roman Tower.
Economy and Infrastructure
In 2013 there were no employees at the place of work in agriculture and forestry, 95 in manufacturing and 30 in trade, transport and hospitality. In other economic sectors 41 people were employed at the place of work subject to social security contributions. There were a total of 669 employees at the place of residence subject to social security contributions. There was one in the manufacturing sector and five in the construction sector. In 2010 there were also 53 farms with an agricultural area totaling 1,415 ha. Of this, 1,108 ha were meadows and pastures.
From 1922 there was a train station in Aufkirch on the Kaufbeuren – Schongau railway line . The station was a train crossing station and represented the operational center of the line. In 1968 the local freight traffic and 1972 the passenger traffic was stopped and the line was closed.
Today the themed cycle paths steam locomotive circuit and the Sachsenrieder Bähnle run along the embankment of the former branch line , which was officially opened at the end of September 2013 at the Waldbahnhof in Sachsenrieder Forst and continues on or next to the embankment to Schongau station. A rest area was set up near Helmishofen, where a Köf II , a small locomotive, can be viewed.
As part of comprehensive and coordinated flood protection on Hühnerbach and Gennach , a flood retention basin for approx. 300,000 cubic meters of water was built in 2012 and 2013 south of the Blonhofen district by the Gennach-Hühnerbach Flood Protection Association. The project funded by the Free State of Bavaria is in particular a model project for the region, as the eleven communities bordering Gennach and Hühnerbach did not develop and implement uncoordinated individual measures, but a coherent overall concept.
There are the following institutions (status: 2014):
- One kindergarten: 62 kindergarten places with 44 children
- Community library
The community belongs to the school association Westendorf-Stöttwang and the main school association Germaringen.
- Georg Ried (* 1959), moderator and wind music expert
- Josef Winiger (* 1943), literary translator and author
- Olaf Krätke (* 1959), actor, speaker, director and producer
- Freek Mestrini (* 1946 in Heerlen / Netherlands), musician, composer, arranger and conductor, owner of Wertach Musikverlag in Kaltental
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Community Kaltental in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on August 17, 2019.
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 492 .
- Municipal Council. Kaltental community, accessed on August 27, 2020 .
- Bavarian State Office for Statistics
- Entry on the Kaltental coat of arms in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Huml: Municipalities in Ostallgäu pull together for flood protection ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.