Tridentine rite

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The collective term Tridentine rite (also Tridentine liturgy ), which emerged in the 1970s, describes in unofficial terminology the entirety of the religious service celebrations of the Roman rite after the Council of Trent , the Tridentinum , up to the liturgical reform of the Second Vatican Council .


In detail, the "Tridentine Rite" can be understood to mean very different things:

  • The historical liturgy according to Pope Pius V , as codified in the original editions of the liturgical books published after the Council of Trent between 1568 and 1615 (“1570 rite”). It was no longer in use in the Catholic Church in the 20th century and has only been revived in very isolated cases in recent years, but by no means in the Society of St. Pius X or by the ancient ritualists who are in full unity with the Pope .
  • The in the 20th century a. a. through the reform of the breviary under Pope Pius X and the liturgical reform under Pope Pius XII. , here especially in the area of ​​the Holy and Easter services , in the ordination liturgy (episcopal consecration) as well as by inserting a new translation of the Psalter into the breviary . It is accepted even by most sedevacantists .
  • The liturgy of 1962 based on it (Latin Liturgia Piana , "Pianic Liturgy"), d. H. Celebrate with those liturgical books written in 1962 under Pope John XXIII. , in force and in use. This "1962 rite" is accepted by most other ancient ritualists , including the Society of St. Pius X. , and is the rule in the so-called " Ecclesia-Dei Communities", such as the Society of St. Peter and the Institute of Christ the King and High Priest . In the statute of the Institut du Bon Pasteur it is (misleadingly) referred to as the "Gregorian liturgy". Pope Benedict XVI recognized the liturgy of 1962, with a few exceptions, as a special custom ( usus extraordinarius ) within the currently cultivated Roman rite and permitted its use under certain conditions. An analogous special usage exists in the so-called Anglican Use , ie for the Anglicans united with the Pope. At the Missale Romanum of 1962 Pope Benedict XVI. make a few changes (Good Friday intercession for the Jews, additional prefations, new days of remembrance of the saints). They were brought to a conclusion in 2020 under Pope Francis.

“Tridentine liturgy” and “Tridentine rite” designate a period within the historical development of the Roman rite and its liturgical books. In this respect there is a profound difference compared to what z. B. is referred to as the Byzantine rite or Ambrosian rite . In this case, “rite” means the worship service of a significant part of the world church in the varied course of its entire history. The 2nd Vatican Council recognized such particular church rites as “equal rights and equal honor” ( SC 3f) with the Roman rite , which the conciliar liturgical constitution Sacrosanctum Concilium deals with in its reform decisions. On the other hand, it was the declared aim of the general liturgical reform decided by the council to replace the “Tridentine rite recognized in need of reform” with a revised and renewed form of the Roman rite. The for it under Pope Paul VI. New liturgical orders and books published from 1965 onwards did not appear alongside, but instead of the outdated editions, a procedure that was initiated by Popes Pius X., Pius XII. and John XXIII. was educated. To mark the factual and legal difference, the liturgy of 1962 by Pope Benedict XVI. and officially designated by the Vatican as usus antiquior (“older custom”) or antiqua forma (“old form”) of the Roman liturgy, but not as a separate “rite”.

The liturgical books (first editions) published according to the resolution of the Tridentinum

The Catechism Romanus , Editio princeps 1566, was published to promote liturgical catechesis and preaching .

The liturgical books valid in 1962


  • Hubert Jedin : The Council of Trent and the reform of the Roman Missal ; in: Liturgisches Leben 6 (1939), pp. 30–66
  • Hubert Jedin: The Council of Trent and the reform of the liturgical books ; in: Ephemerides Liturgicae 59 (1945), pp. 5-38; Reprint: ders .: Church of Faith - Church of History. Selected Articles and Lectures , Vol. 2; Freiburg i. Br .: Herder, 1966; Pp. 499-525
  • Annibalo Bugnini : La liturgia dei sacramenti al concilio di Trento ; in: Ephemerides Liturgicae 59 (1945), pp. 39-51
  • Amato Pietro Frutaz : Contributo alla storia della riforma del Messale promulgato da san Pio V nel 1570 ; in: Problemi di vita religiosa in Italia nel cinquecento ; Italia Sacra 2; Padova 1960; Pp. 187-214
  • M. Midali: La tradizione liturgica alla quarta sessione del concilio di Trent ; in: Ephemerides Liturgicae 87 (1973); Pp. 501-525
  • André Duval: Des sacrements au Concile de Trente ; Paris: Éd. du Cerf, 1985; ISBN 2-204-02206-3

Web links