Treaty of Xanten

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Allegory of the acquisition of the Rhineland by Prussia, lithograph from the 19th century: deities symbolizing Prussia and the Rhineland pay homage to the Brandenburg-Prussian electoral couple Johann Sigismund and Anna , a granddaughter of Wilhelm von Jülich-Kleve-Berg .

The Xanten Treaty of November 12, 1614 brought a temporary and superficial solution to the Jülich-Klevian succession dispute between Elector Johann Sigismund of Brandenburg and Duke Wolfgang Wilhelm von Pfalz-Neuburg, which had been going on since 1609 .

The inheritance was divided up by giving the Elector of Brandenburg the Duchy of Kleve , the County of Mark and the County of Ravensberg , while the Duchy of Jülich and the Duchy of Berg were awarded to the Duke of Pfalz-Neuburg .

Since there were different denominational affiliations in the areas affected by the dispute over the succession , the dispute had called the major European powers into action. The contract negotiated in Xanten on the eve of the Thirty Years' War initially prevented a military conflict between them. In addition, Brandenburg-Prussia was able to considerably strengthen its position in West Germany by gaining territory.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Gerhard Köbler : Historical Lexicon of the German Lands. 7th edition, CH Beck, Munich 2007, keywords: Jülich , Kleve , Ravensberg .

Coordinates: 51 ° 39 ′ 43.1 ″  N , 6 ° 27 ′ 9.7 ″  E