National Portrait Gallery (London)

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Main entrance to the museum
The "Chandos Portrait" of William Shakespeare

The National Portrait Gallery (NPG) is an art museum on St Martin's Place, London , which opened in 1856. It houses portraits of historically important and famous British people.

The portraits are selected based on the importance of the person being portrayed, not the artist who created the work. The collection includes photographs , caricatures , paintings , drawings and sculptures . The collection also includes self-portraits by, for example, William Hogarth , Sir Joshua Reynolds and other famous British artists. Portraits of living personalities have also been permitted since 1969.

The first picture the museum received when it was founded - and arguably the most famous to this day - is the so-called Chandos portrait of William Shakespeare , which, according to an investigation by the NPG in 2006, was the most likely candidate among the poet's surviving pictures true portrait applies.

In 1896 the gallery moved into its current building next to the National Gallery . The building has since been expanded twice.

Photographs have also been collected since 1932. The first person whose photograph was included in the collection after controversial discussions was cookbook author and journalist Isabella Beeton .

In addition to historical portraits, the museum shows a collection of contemporary works as well as special exhibitions on individual artists, and annually organizes the BP Portrait Prize competition .


Special exhibitions

  • 2012: Lucian Freud: “Portraits”.

Web links

Commons : National Portrait Gallery, London  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Charlotte Higgins: The only true painting of Shakespeare - probably ( Memento of the original from July 12, 2012 in the web archive ) Info: The @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. . In: The Guardian , March 2, 2006
  2. ^ Between seduction and rape in FAZ of February 13, 2012, p. 26.

Coordinates: 51 ° 30 ′ 30 ″  N , 0 ° 7 ′ 46 ″  W.