|Location in Vermont|
|Foundation :||August 18, 1763|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Chittenden County|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
|Residents :||7,144 (as of 2010)|
|Population density :||113.4 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||116.7 km 2 (approx. 45 mi 2 ) of
which 63.0 km 2 (approx. 24 mi 2 ) are land
|Height :||32 m|
|Postal code :||05482|
|Area code :||+1 802|
|GNIS ID :||1462206|
Shelburne is located in southwest Chittenden County, on the east bank of Lake Champlain and just south of the local metropolis of Burlington . A large part of Shelburne Bay , a natural harbor, is enclosed by the town. The only large watercourse, the La Platte River , has its source at Hinesburg , flows east of the main settlement of Shelburnes in a meandering manner through the town and flows into the Bay. To the east of the area is a large lake, Shelburne Pond , with an area of around 240 hectares . The area does not show any significant elevations.
All distances are given as straight lines between the official coordinates of the places from the 2010 census.
- North: South Burlington , 4.3 mi
- Northeast: Williston , 10.2 mi
- East: St. George , 9 miles
- Southeast: Hinesburg , 17.5 km
- South: Charlotte , 1.8 miles
- West: Willsboro, NY , 17.3 km
- Northwest: Chesterfield, NY 14.7 mi
The average temperature in Shelburne ranges from −11.0 ° C (12 ° Fahrenheit ) in January to 20.0 ° C (68 degrees Fahrenheit) in July. This makes the place about 2 degrees cooler compared to the long-term mean of Vermont. The snowfalls between October and May peak in January and are significantly higher than the mean snow depth in the USA. The daily sunshine duration is at the lower end of the range of values in the USA, in the period from September to December it is sometimes significantly lower.
The area proclaimed for settlement by Governor Benning Wentworth as part of the New Hampshire Grants was sold to a group of 65 settlers on August 18, 1763 with 14,272 acres (about 54 km²), but settled only reluctantly. The first settlers were apparently two Germans who, according to Hemenway, had settled in 1768. Logans Point (on the border with Burlington) and Pottiers Point (today: Shelburne Point on the northern tip of the peninsula between Lake Champlain and Shelburne Bay) bore their names. They earned their living as lumberjacks for the Canadians and, according to local tradition, were murdered by Canadian soldiers who were supposed to protect them from Indian raids in a robbery on the north bank of the lake.
Before the American Revolution, there were about ten families who grew crops for the British but did not live in the area permanently. The farmers traveled to the grain harvest with additional staff, but were occasionally hindered by Indian raids. At least one such attack resulted in two deaths on the part of the settlers. After the end of the War of Independence in 1783, the settlement was intensified. The constituent city assembly was held on March 29, 1787; at that time there were about two dozen families in the town.
The shipping of grain by water to New York ensured a steady increase in settlers, but this was limited by the lack of fresh drinking water. The Ruhr epidemic that raged in the area around the lake in 1813 also resulted in many deaths in the town.
The opening of the Bellows Falls – Burlington railway on December 18, 1847 expanded the range of customers for Shelburnes to include the communities east of the Green Mountains to the metropolises on the east coast.
Despite the additional opportunities that the rail link provided, the town's population remained roughly on the same level: there was no additional industrialization. The First World War also had no visible effects on the town; but in the course of the global economic crisis there was little emigration from the town. The development of Burlington to the north after World War II into Vermont's industrial center had a major impact on Shelburne. Since the late 1940s, the population has increased steadily; At the same time, Shelburne developed from a purely agricultural community into another center for medium-sized industry. The number of inhabitants has increased sevenfold within 70 years.
|Census Results - Town of Shelburne|
Economy and Infrastructure
In addition to the train station, which is still in service, US Highway 7 runs through the town and connects Burlington in the north with Vergennes , Middlebury and Rutland in the south. Vermont State Route 116 also runs through the east in a north-south direction . To the south, near the highway, is Shelburne Airport .
Shelburne's tourist attractions include the Shelburne Museum , an art collection with works by well-known painters, the former Shelburne Farm model farm and the Ticonderoga steamship , an industrial monument that commemorates the importance of Lake Champlain as a transport route.
There's no hospital in Shelburne. The University of Vermont Medical Center at Burlington is the closest hospital.
Shelburne is part of the Chittenden South Supervisory Union with Charlotte, Hinesburg, St. George and Williston . The Shelburne Community School is located in Shelburne . It offers school classes from pre-kindergarten through the eighth grade.
By Heartworks Pre-School , the Renaissance School and the Endeavor Middle School there are three private schools in Shelburne.
The Waldorf Lake Champlain School also offers elementary and middle school education based on the Waldorf principle.
The Pierson Library was founded in 1888 by JL Barstow and other Shelburne residents. Donations raised 100 books and Mary Gribbin, the Postmistress, became the first librarian. The library was renamed the Pierson Library in 1922 after James Pierson, who grew up in Shelburne and made a donation of $ 38,000 to the library. With this money, the library could be expanded considerably, also spatially. In 2001 the library moved to new premises. Previously, these rooms were the offices of the town and the police. They are at the back of Shelburne's Old Town Hall . With this move, the area of the library could almost be doubled.
sons and daughters of the town
- Almon Heath Read (1790–1844), American politician and Pennsylvania representative in the US House of Representatives
- Lucius Lyon (1800–1851), American politician and representative of Michigan in the US House of Representatives
- John L. Barstow (1832–1913), American politician and governor of Vermont
- Peter Lenes (* 1986), American ice hockey player
Personalities who have worked on site
- Barbara W. Snelling (1928–2015) American politician and Lieutenant Governor of Vermont
- Richard A. Snelling (1927–1991) American politician and governor of Vermont
- Zadock Thompson: History of Vermont, natural, civil and statistical, in three parts . tape III . Chauncey Goodrich, Burlington 1842, p. 160 f . ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- Abby Maria Hemenway: The Vermont historical Gazetteer, Volume 1 . Burlington 1867, p. 854 ff .
- Leonard Deming: Catalog of the Principal Officers of Vermont . Middlebury 1851 ( limited preview in Google Book search).
- Homepage of the municipality (English)
- Profile of the community on the official portal www.Vermont.gov (English)
- Entry on VirtualVermont (English) ( Memento from September 3, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Shelburne Museum homepage
- Shelburne Farms homepage
- Shelburne in the United States Geological Survey's Geographic Names Information System , accessed June 6, 2014
- Population from the 2010 US Census in the American Factfinder
- Index of / geo. In: census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2019 .
- Climate data at www.City-Data.com (English)
- The original charter, the wording of which is printed by Hemenway (see literature), speaks of an area of 23,500 acres, but which was not claimed by the settlers.
- Population 1790–2010 according to the census results
- Chittenden South Supervisory Union ( Memento of the original from March 9, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed June 4, 2017
- Shelburne Community School ( Memento of the original from June 6, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed June 4, 2017
- Heartwoks Pre-School , accessed June 4, 2017
- Waldorf Lake Champlain School , accessed June 4, 2017
- Pierson Library , accessed June 4, 2017