|Nickname : The Terrace City|
Riverdale Avenue in Yonkers
|Location in the state and county|
|Foundation :||1646 (inc. 1872)|
|State :||United States|
|State :||new York|
|County :||Westchester County|
|Time zone :||Central ( UTC − 6 / −5 )|
|Residents :||200,807 (as of 2016)|
|Population density :||4,299.9 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||52.6 km 2 (approx. 20 mi 2 ) of
which 46.7 km 2 (approx. 18 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||98 m|
|Area code :||+1 914|
|GNIS ID :||979660|
|Mayor :||Mike Spano|
Yonkers is the fourth largest city in the US state of New York with a population of around 200,000 (2016 estimate, US Census Bureau). It is the largest city in Westchester County and borders New York City to the south .
Yonkers' most famous attraction is the Yonkers Raceway, a trotting track . Also in Yonkers is a well-known shopping area along Central Park Avenue, which is frequented by numerous customers from the adjacent areas.
The city has a total area of 52.6 km² , of which 5.8 km² is water (11.02%).
Location and neighboring locations
The city is located on many hills and stretches from sea level on the east bank of the Hudson River to 126 meters at the Sacred Heart Church, the steeple of which can be seen even from remote areas such as Long Island or New Jersey . The topology of the city has often been compared to San Francisco or Rome .
Yonkers is directly adjacent to New York City and shares the borders with the Bronx districts of Riverdale, Woodlawn and Wakefield. Yonkers' southern border is about three kilometers from Inwood Hill Park on the northern tip of Manhattan.
The parishes of Yonkers are allocated to four major regions:
- Northeast Yonkers ( northeastern Yonkers ): A middle class - suburban mainly of, Italo-Americans inhabited. Houses are generally smaller and closer together than in nearby, higher-income neighborhoods. The main thoroughfare is Central Park Avenue (sometimes also called Central Avenue), on which a wide variety of smaller and larger shops are located, as well as many high-rise apartment buildings . There are also many shops on Tuckahoe Road, a street that crosses Central Avenue. Steven Tyler (born Steven Tallarico), the singer of the band Aerosmith, grew up here. Northeast Yonkers has many other neighborhoods besides Crestwood. Striking buildings and squares include St. Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary , Tanglewood Shopping Center (formerly the Gang Tanglewood Boys' precinct ) and Sarah Lawrence College. Lawrence Park and Cedar Knolls differ from the other Northeast neighborhoods of Yonkers in a number of ways: These are mainly half-height apartment blocks, which are home to commuters who work in Manhattan . For these mostly single people or childless couples, the many surrounding Metro North railroad stations with direct connections to Manhattan represent a decisive advantage of these two districts. In Lawrence Park and Cedar Knolls mainly descendants of European immigrants live.
- Northwest Yonkers ( northwestern Yonkers ): Extends from the Hudson River to the north of Ashburton Avenue. While Warburton Avenue and other areas on the Hudson River contain older Victorian homes, a few streets east of Lake Avenue are socially disadvantaged neighborhoods. In Northwest Yonkers, besides the usual people of Italian and Irish origin, there are also the few Jews from Yonkers, and in Runyon Heights mostly Afro-Americans. One of the attractions of Northwest Yonkers is the Hudson River Museum.
- Southeast Yonkers ( southeastern Yonkers ): Southeast Yonkers is inhabited mainly by Italian or Irish-Americans area, a typical East Coast working class city, with a large number Catholics . Most of the architecture and shops in Southeast Yonkers are more like areas of the Bronx , Brooklyn , Queens or the Staten Islands . This is probably mainly due to its proximity to the Bronx. Many consider part of Midland Avenue, which is mostly Irish-inhabited and which flows into the Bronx, as the "real core" of Yonkers. Another section of Midland Avenue, the Dunwoodie area, is also known as the "Little Italy of Yonkers" . The most famous buildings and locations in Southeast Yonkers are the Cross Country Shopping Center, Yonkers Raceway, and St. Joseph's Seminary and College.
- Southwest Yonkers ( southwestern Yonkers ): This urban part of Yonkers 'is usually regarded as dirty, poor area with high crime rates, and is largely responsible for the negative image Yonkers'. However, the area is not as dangerous and impoverished as some believe. While the areas around South Broadway certainly do not have a high standard, many luxury apartments have been built here, similar to the Flatbush district of Brooklyn. Of course, there are also dangerous, crime-ridden neighborhoods in Southwest Yonkers, especially around Getty Square, which is why it is also called Ghetto Square . The area is mainly inhabited by Afro-Americans and Latinos . A famous son in the area is rapper DMX , who grew up on a social housing project here. In the course of a revitalization of this area, various parks and public buildings were built here. A Southwest Yonkers landmark is the renovated Victorian pier .
All statistics were compiled in 2000 .
General : Yonkers has 196,086 residents , 74,351 households and 49,294 families . The population density is 4187 inhabitants per km² . In total there are 77,589 buildings in Yonkers at a density of 1656 per km².
Ethnology : The inhabitants of Yonker are composed according to place of origin as follows: 60.18% Europeans, 16.61% African-Americans, 4.86% Asians, 0.44% indigenous people , 0.05% Pacific islanders . 13.44% come from other places, 4.42% have mixed parents. 25.93 percent of the total population come from a Latin American country .
Households : 30.9% of the 74,351 households have children under 18, 44.2% married couples, 17.2% female lone parents and 33.7% do not live in families. 29.2% of all households are inhabited by individuals and 11.9% of all households have a person over 65 years of age. The average number of people in a household is 2.61 and the average family size is 3.23 .
Age : 24.4% of Yonker's residents are under 18 years old, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 30.6% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64 and 15% are over 65. That Average age is 36.
Gender: Per 100 women in Yonkers there are 88.6 men. For every 100 women older than 18, there are 84.2 men in Yonkers .
Income : The median income for a household is $ 44,663 and the median income for a family is $ 53,233 . Men have a median income of $ 41,598 while women have a median income of $ 34,756 . Yonkers' income per capita is $ 22,793 . 15.5% of the population and 13.0% of families are below the poverty line. Of those under 18, 24.8% live below the poverty line , and of those under 65, a total of 9.9% .
The land on which the city was built was once part of a piece of land assigned by the state in 1640 to the Dutch settler Adriaen van der Donck (called “De Jonkheer”, the young gentleman ). Van der Donck built a sawmill at the point where the Nepperhan River merged into the Hudson River ; the Nepperhan is known today as the Saw Mill River.
For the first two hundred years, Yonkers was a small farming town with a lively harbor area around the sawmill. In 1853, the Otis Elevator Company , the world's first elevator manufacturing facility , opened in Yonkers. Other branches of industry followed in the next few years. In 1906, Bakelite , the first completely synthetic plastic, was invented in Yonkers. In 1907 the Yonkers Marathon was held in the city for the first time . Yonkers was also America's largest hat maker for a long time. During the Second World War , the factories often produced armaments ; for example, tanks were manufactured in the Otis elevator factory .
After the Second World War, the Yonkers' industrial star sank rapidly. Many factories have had to close over the years. By 1983, Yonkers was almost entirely a commuter town .
sons and daughters of the town
- John Kendrick Bangs (1862-1922), writer, humorist, and satirist
- Adam Mortimer Singer (1863–1929), philanthropist and athlete
- Winnaretta Singer (1865–1943), music patron and heir to Isaac Merrit Singer, who made his fortune with sewing machines
- John Howard Northrop (1891-1987), biochemist
- Ellsworth Bunker (1894–1984), diplomat and ambassador
- Marjorie Nicolson (1894–1981), literary and science historian
- Gladwyn Kingsley Noble (1894-1940), zoologist
- Billy Burch (1900–1950), ice hockey player
- Alan Helffrich (1900-1994), track and field athlete
- Joe Lapchick (1900-1970), basketball player and coach
- Vincent Richards (1903-1959), tennis player
- Elmer James (1910–1954), swing jazz bassist
- Samuel S. Stratton (1916–1990), politician
- Lawrence Ferlinghetti (* 1919), writer, poet of the Beat Generation
- Irene Stegun (1919–2008), mathematician
- Shadow Wilson (1919-1959), jazz drummer
- Jack Lambert (1920–2002), actor
- James H. Pomeree (1920–2008), computer engineer
- Robert Everett (1921-2018), computer engineer
- Eddie Bert (1922–2012), jazz trombonist
- Sid Caesar (1922-2014), actor
- Ursula Curtiss (1923–1984), writer
- Avram Davidson (1923-1993), author
- Daniel Carleton Gajdusek (1923–2008), virologist and Nobel Prize winner, discoverer of the so-called slow viruses
- Richard Yates (1926-1992), writer
- Joe Shepley (1930-2016), jazz musician
- Arnie Uhrlass (born 1931), cyclist and speed skater
- Robert Stanley (1932–1997), painter and graphic artist
- Ray Campi (born 1934), rockabilly singer
- Alfred DelBello (1934–2015), politician
- Herbert Benson (* 1935), medic
- Bernard McGinn (born 1937), historian
- Paul A. Schweitzer (* 1937), mathematician
- Robert J. Winchester (born 1937), medic
- Jon Voight (born 1938), actor
- David Tracy (* 1939), Roman Catholic theologian and priest of the Bridgeport diocese
- Mike Gallagher (1941-2013), cross-country skier
- David Feintuch (1944-2006), science fiction writer
- Mike Lawrence (1945–1983), trumpeter
- Timothy Chorba (* 1946), diplomat
- Billy Lester (* 1946), jazz musician
- John B. Taylor (* 1946), economist, professor of economics
- Steven Tyler (born 1948), lead singer of the rock band Aerosmith
- Jim Cronin (1951-2007), animal rights activist
- Alec John Such (* 1951), bassist
- Tom Wolk (1951-2010), musician
- Joan E. Donoghue (* 1956), lawyer and judge at the International Court of Justice
- Rob Waring (* 1956), percussionist and composer
- Elizabeth Hand (* 1957), science fiction and fantasy writer
- Steve Meretzky (* 1957), computer game programmer
- Bobby Hackett (born 1959), freestyle swimmer
- James B. Comey (born 1960), lawyer and government official
- Ronald John Garan (born 1961), astronaut
- Peter Telep (* 1965), novelist, screenwriter and university teacher
- Erik Palladino (* 1968), actor
- Jadakiss (* 1975) and Sheek Louch (* 1975), rappers, together with Styles P. (* 1974) form the rap trio The Lox and the formation D-Block with Bucky, Snyp Lyfe, St. Raw & Bully
- Marc Molinaro (* 1975), politician
- Adam Rodriguez (born 1975), actor
- James Blake (born 1979), tennis player
- Eddie Kingston (born 1981), wrestler
- Frank Milano (* 20th century), judge and politician
Personalities related to the city
- Alexander O. Gettler (1883–1968), biochemist and pioneer in forensic toxicology
- Ella Fitzgerald (1917–1996), jazz singer
- DMX (born 1970), rapper
- Mary J. Blige (born 1971), singer; grew up here
- Tommy Dreamer (born 1971), wrestler
- Styles P. (* 1974), rapper; grew up in Yonkers
- In the musical Hello, Dolly! And also in the book The Matchmaker by Thornton Wilder on which the musical is based, Yonkers is the residence of the male protagonist Horace Vandergelder , who runs a business for cattle feed here, where he two assistants, Barnaby and Cornelius busy, which also for the plot is important.
- In Max Brooks ' book Operation Zombie: Longer Living, Dead Later , Yonker was the scene of the first great battle of the zombie war on American soil.
- The miniseries in the form of a social drama from HBO Show Me a Hero is set in Yonkers and includes the social housing, which is judicially ordered, boycotted by some city councils, whereupon the city is fined.