|Nickname : The Glass City|
|Location in Ohio|
|State :||United States|
|County :||Lucas County|
|Coordinates :||41 ° 40 ′ N , 83 ° 35 ′ W|
|Time zone :||Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )|
- Metropolitan Area :
|278,508 (as of 2016)
605,221 (as of 2016)
|Population density :||1,333.9 inhabitants per km 2|
|Area :||217.8 km 2 (approx. 84 mi 2 ) of
which 208.8 km 2 (approx. 81 mi 2 ) is land
|Height :||187 m|
|Area code :||+1 419,567|
|GNIS ID :||1067015|
|Mayor :||Wade Kapszukiewicz|
Toledo is a city in Lucas County in the northwest of the US state Ohio with just under 280,000 inhabitants. It is located southwest of Lake Erie .
Monthly average temperatures and rainfall for Toledo, Ohio
History and politics
Toledo, like many cities in the United States, was created through the construction of a railroad, the Erie-Kalamazoo Railway from Ohio to Michigan. This 33 mile stretch was to connect the navigable Maumee and Kalamazoo Rivers and end in Adrian . The Bohemian mathematician Franz Anton Ritter von Gerstner described the creation of Toledo in 1833/1834 looking back in 1840 as follows:
- “Toledo was chosen as the starting point of the railway, a place that was actually only to be founded. Two small villages consisting of a few houses, one (Fort Lawrence) at the mouth of Swan Creek, the other (Vistula) a mile further below on the Maumee, were included in the project of a great city, which according to the plan Was supposed to extend 3 miles in length and 2 miles in width at the Maumee and was named Toledo. [...] With such extraordinary advantages [near waterways, water power, locks] one could count on the best success for the newly built city, and in order to increase the value of their land even more, the landowners there undertook the construction of the Erie-Kalamazoo Railway by means of which they intended to make Toledo the center of an important communication with the West. […] In less than 2 years, Toledo had risen as if by magic to an important trading town and already had more than 3,000 inhabitants when the big trade crisis hit in 1837, which destroyed so many projects at once. From that time on, Toledo began to lose weight and in 1839 was by far not what it was in 1836, two years after it was founded. "
In 1835 the Toledo War took place here, a conflict with an injured person between Ohio and the Michigan Territory over the city of Toledo. The city was then awarded to Ohio.
In 1910 the Roman Catholic Diocese of Toledo was established. The Cathedral of Our Lady, Queen of the Most Holy Rosary was consecrated in 1940 after fifteen years of construction.
Between October 15 and 16, 2005, riots broke out in the city on the occasion of a demonstration by the National Socialist Movement , a National Socialist group. The press spoke of an angry mob of 600 people.
culture and education
The city has several prestigious educational institutions such as the University of Toledo and the Medical University of Ohio . Furthermore, the Toledo Museum of Art, which is known far beyond the borders, is located here . The zoo was voted among the top 15 most beautiful zoos in North America. The Toledo Botanical Garden is over 20 hectares in size. There is also the RA Stranahan Arboretum . Toledo also has its own symphony orchestra. The chief conductor of the Toledo Symphony Orchestra is Stefan Sanderling , son of the well-known conductor Kurt Sanderling .
Toledo is known as the "Glass City" due to its long history associated with glass. The glass fiber reinforced plastic was invented here. Toledo is home to the headquarters of fiber optic manufacturer Owens Corning . The Jeep car company has been manufacturing automobiles in Toledo since 1941. The city has two airports, the Toledo Express Airport (TOL) for airlines and the Toledo Executive Airport (TDZ) for general aviation. The port is one of the most frequented ports in the Great Lakes and can also be reached by seagoing vessels via the Welland Canal . It is predominantly industrially oriented.
Toledo is on Interstate 75 , a north-south connection that runs from Michigan to Florida .
Toledo's twin cities are
sons and daughters of the town
- David Stanley Smith (1877-1949), composer
- Art Tatum (1909–1956), piano virtuoso of jazz
- Robert William Donnelly (1931–2014), Roman Catholic auxiliary bishop in Toledo
- Jamie Farr (born 1934), actor
- Wilbert McClure (1938-2020), Boxing Olympic champion 1960
- Michael Witherell (* 1949), physicist
- Rick Upchurch (born 1952), American football player
- John Cook (born 1957), professional golfer
- Paul Nordin (* 1957), cameraman
- John Harbaugh (born 1962), American football coach
- Jim Harbaugh (born 1963), American football coach
- Larry Fuller (* 1965), jazz pianist
- Mark Kerr (* 1968), wrestler and mixed martial arts fighter
- Katie Holmes (born 1978), actress
- Adrianne Palicki (* 1983), actress
- David Peters (* 1987), poker player
- Alyson Stoner (born 1993), actress
Personalities who have worked on site
- Walter Folger Brown (1869–1961), politician
- Gene Cook (1932-2002), American football player
- Jonathan Bennett (born 1981), actor
- Crystal Bowersox (* 1985), folk & blues singer and guitarist, songwriter
- Edmund Osthaus (1858–1928), German-American animal painter from the Düsseldorf School
- ^ Franz Anton, Ritter von Gerstner: The inner communications of the United States of North America , edited and edited posthumously by L. Klein, Vienna 1842-1834, Volume 2, p. 29 f
- ↑ Mayor: Nazis had right to march in neighborhood. In: CNN.com. The Associated Press October 17, 2005; archived from the original October 24, 2005 ; accessed on April 10, 2014 (English).
- ↑ Named after the businessman Robert A. Stranahan (1886–1962).
- ↑ http://www.toledosistercities.org , accessed May 26, 2017