In 334 BC In BC Alexander the Great met the army of Asian Minor Persian satraps and their Greek mercenaries under Memnon on Granikos . Alexander forced the passage across the river and put the Persian cavalry to flight in the Battle of Granikos . The Greek mercenaries were surrounded and killed. Memnon managed to escape and received from the great king Darius III. the supreme command of the Persian fleet. He died in 333 BC At the siege of Mytilene on Lesbos.
Until the 19th century, probably in the 4th century. BC crossed. By the Romans erected White bridge the river towards Gallipoli . It caught the attention of early European travelers for its neat finish and splendid marble paneling .
- Ludwig Bürchner : Barenos . In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume III, 1, Stuttgart 1897, column 13.
- Ludwig Bürchner : Granikos 3 . In: Paulys Realencyclopadie der classischen Antiquity Science (RE). Volume VII, 2, Stuttgart 1912, Col. 1814 f.
- Livius.org: Granicus - pictures of the liquid
- Article Granikos in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia (BSE) , 3rd edition 1969–1978 (Russian)http: //vorlage_gse.test/1%3D013252~2a%3D~2b%3DGranikos