Wilmington, Delaware

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Nickname : Chemical Capital of the World, Corporate Capital of the World
Wilmington Delaware skyline.jpg
Location in Delaware
Wilmington, Delaware
Basic data
Foundation : 1638
State : United States
State : Delaware
County : New Castle County
Coordinates : 39 ° 45 ′  N , 75 ° 33 ′  W Coordinates: 39 ° 45 ′  N , 75 ° 33 ′  W
Time zone : Eastern ( UTC − 5 / −4 )
Residents : 70,851 (as of 2010)
Population density : 2,512.4 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 44.0 km 2  (approx. 17 mi 2 ) of
which 28.2 km 2  (approx. 11 mi 2 ) is land
Height : 28 m
Postcodes : 19801-19810, 19850, 19880, 19884-19887, 19889-19899
Area code : +1 302
FIPS : 10-77580
GNIS ID : 214862
Website : www.ci.wilmington.de.us
Mayor : Mike Purzycki ( D ) (since 2017)
Wilmington Delaware aerial view.jpg
Wilmington from above

Wilmington is a city in New Castle County in the US state of Delaware , United States , with 70,851 inhabitants (as of 2010 ) and the seat of the county administration. The urban area has a size of 44.1 km².


In March 1638 a Swedish expedition, consisting of the ships Kalmar Nyckel (Key of Kalmar) and Vogel Grip (Vogel Greif), led by Peter Minuit, reached the coast of what is now Delaware. The settlers, who landed around March 29th, built Fort Christina (named after the then Swedish Queen Christina I ). Fort Christina, now Wilmington (Delaware), became the first permanent European settlement in Delaware. The Swedes claimed the region of the lower Delaware River (parts of what is now the US states of Delaware , Pennsylvania and New Jersey ) as a colony. The colony of New Sweden existed from March 29, 1638 to September 1655. The Swedish roots can still be found today in the flag of Wilmington. In 1655 the Dutch took over the Swedish colony.

In 1664 the region came under British rule. 1738 named King George III. the settlement in Wilmington. It was named after Spencer Compton, 1st Earl of Wilmington and later Prime Minister. The city's greatest growth took place during the Civil War . In 1802, the DuPont company was founded with the construction of the first gunpowder factory . Around 1868 Wilmington was a stronghold of steel shipbuilding as well as the production of gunpowder and leather. In 1868 the Roman Catholic Diocese of Wilmington was also established.

The two world wars promoted the industrial development of Wilmington, so that more shipyards, steel works and chemical plants were built.

Name variants

The city has a few different names:

  • Christinahamn
  • Fort Altena
  • Fort Christina
  • Walmington
  • Willington
  • Willingtown
  • Wilmington City


Wilmington is home to many U.S. trading companies and many Fortune 500 companies because of tax and legal advantages . Every well-known US bank and every well-known credit card company, but also companies like Viacom, are based in Wilmington.

The seaport (Port of Wilmington) produces approx. 400 ships p. a. from.

The largest employers in 2018 were:

employer Workers
Christiana Care Health System 11.302
State of Delaware 8,000
DuPont 7.001
Amazon 4,300
University of Delaware 4,000
Nemours Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children 3,795
YMCA of Delaware 2,469
Christina School District 2,390
AstraZeneca 2,200
Red Clay School District 2,200

Educational institutions


The Delaware Art Museum has an important art collection. In addition to one of the most important collections of Pre-Raphaelite works outside of Great Britain, there are important works by John French Sloan and Howard Pyles .

Town twinning

Wilmingtons twin cities are

  • GermanyGermany Fulda in Hessen (Germany), since 1997
  • SwedenSweden Squid in Sweden
  • FranceFrance Nemours , Île-de-France (France)

sons and daughters of the town

People connected to Wilmington

  • Joe Biden (* 1942), politician (Democrat), lives in Wilmington

Web links

Commons : Wilmington (Delaware)  - Collection of pictures, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d e f U.S. Geological Survey. Geographic Names Phase I data compilation (1976-1981). 31-Dec-1981. Primarily from US Geological Survey 1: 24,000-scale topographic maps (or 1: 25K, Puerto Rico 1: 20K) and from US Board on Geographic Names files. In some instances, from 1: 62,500 scale or 1: 250,000 scale maps
  2. ^ American Maps, Rare and Early, 1579-1796, Vol. 1, Plate 2. Paris, London
  3. 2018 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report , at www.wilmingtonde.gov , accessed May 17, 2019
  4. ^ Sister Cities of Wilmington