Vladislav Nikolayevich Volkov
|selected on||May 27, 1966|
|Calls:||2 space flights|
|Start of the
first space flight:
|October 12, 1969|
|Landing of the
last space flight:
|June 29, 1971
(UTC, June 30th local time)
|Time in space:||28d 17h 1min|
|retired on||June 1971
(death on landing)
Wladislav Nikolajewitsch Wolkow ( Russian Владислав Николаевич Волков , scientific transliteration Vladislav Nikolaevič Volkov ; born November 23, 1935 in Moscow , † June 30, 1971 in space, found near Karaganda , Kazakh SSR ) was a Soviet -11th Soviet cosmonaut , the Mission and was killed by a sudden drop in pressure in the cabin.
Volkov went to school No. 201 in Moscow, which today bears his name. In 1953 he began studying at the Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI), which he left in 1959 as an electrical engineer. After graduating, he went to the design office OKB-1 of Sergei Korolev and worked there at the Voskhod rocket and the intercontinental ballistic missile R-9 . He was also involved in the development of the Vostok and Vozhod spaceships .
The first cosmonauts in the Soviet Union were all Air Force pilots. When in May and June 1964 an engineer was also wanted for the flight of Woschod 1 , Volkov was one of the eight candidates that the OKB-1 shortlisted. However, the place went to Konstantin Feoktistow .
In the months and years that followed, a great controversy arose between the Luftwaffe and OKB-1 (which was renamed ZKBEM) as to which group of people could be considered as space travelers. When a ZKBEM cosmonaut group was formed on May 23, 1966, Volkov was the youngest of the eight candidates. The engineers were approved by decree on June 15, 1966 for training for the new Soyuz spaceships . Wolkow began his new service on September 5, 1966, and received the official title of “Test Cosmonaut” on May 27, 1968. On August 20, 1968, he passed the last test for a pilot's license on a Jak-18 .
Shortly thereafter, Volkov was assigned as a flight engineer for Soyuz 7 . The launch took place on October 12, 1969, one day after Soyuz 6 and one day before Soyuz 8 . This was the first time that three spaceships were in space at the same time. The landing took place five days later.
After returning, Volkov was trained for the Salyut 1 space station . Together with the ZKBEM engineer Viktor Pazajew he was assigned to the commandant Georgi Dobrowolski . These three should form the third crew of the space station with Soyuz 12. Accordingly, they were designated as the Soyuz 10 support team and Soyuz 11 backup team .
However, Soyuz 10's attempt to couple failed in April 1971, and the spacecraft had to return to Earth after just two days.
A few days before Soyuz 11 started, a medical examination revealed a shadow on the lungs of flight engineer Kubasov , which declared him unfit to fly. According to the regulations, the entire crew was replaced, so that Soyuz 11 started on June 6, 1971 with Dobrowolski, Pazajew and Volkov on board.
The automatic coupling took place without any problems this time, with which the three cosmonauts were able to put a space station into operation for the first time in the history of space travel. With more than 23 days in space , the crew set a new long-term record that was previously held by Soyuz 9 at 17 days . Towards the end of the stay, the station was put into automatic operation because the arrival of the next crew (Soyuz 12 under the command of Leonov) was not planned for three weeks.
The brake ignition went as planned, and twelve minutes later the orbital module separated from the return capsule on schedule. A seal was broken by the shock and a pressure compensation valve opened prematurely. The air escaped from the return capsule, whereupon Dobrowolski, Volkov and Pazayev suffocated. Space suits and oxygen masks were not on board the Soyuz spacecraft , so the cosmonauts had no chance of survival. The landing took place automatically on the morning of June 30, 1971 ( June 29 according to UTC ). The rescue team found the crew lifeless in their seats.
The bodies of the three cosmonauts were taken to Moscow, examined there and cremated on the evening of July 1st. The urns were buried on July 3 with a state funeral in the necropolis by the Kremlin wall .
- On the plaque of the only sculpture on the moon, the Fallen Astronaut , his name is listed among other things.
- Twice Hero of the Soviet Union : October 22, 1969 and posthumously June 30, 1971
- Order of Lenin
- Aviation cosmonaut of the Soviet Union
- A moon crater and the minor planet (1790) Volkov were named after Volkov .
- Ziolkowski medal in gold
- Honorary citizens of Kaluga and Kirov
- Namesake for streets and squares in many Soviet cities, including Vladivostok , Rostov-on-Don and Mariupol
- From 1972 to 2015 the "Fliegerkosmonaut-Wolkow-Preis" (later "Volkov-Cup") was awarded for acrobatics and in 2016 it was renamed "Zolotov-Cup". Volkov was the first chairman of the Soviet Society of Acrobatics since 1970.
- In 1975 a bust of Volkov was erected in Moscow on the street named after him.
- The tomato variety Kosmonaut Volkov is named after Volkov . It was bred by a Russian aerospace engineer who later turned to growing tomatoes.
Volkov was married with a 13-year-old son. In August 1968 Volkov acquired a pilot's license and type rating for the Jakowlew Jak-18 .
- Space facts: Volkov, Wladislaw Nikolajewitsch
- Wladislaw Nikolajewitsch Wolkow in the Encyclopedia Astronautica (English)
- astronaut.ru: Владислав «Вадим» Николаевич Волков (Russian)
- Alexander Zheleznyakov: Биография Владислав Волков. peoples.ru, accessed July 19, 2015 (Russian).
- А.А.Симоновым: Дважды Герой Советского Союза Волков Владислав Николаевич. In: Герои Страны. warheroes.ru, accessed July 19, 2015 (Russian).
- Владислав Николаевич Волков. Retrieved April 21, 2017 .
- warheroes.ru: Волков Владислав Николаевич. Retrieved July 18, 2015 (Russian, with picture).
- Hudson Valley Seed Library: Cosmonaut Volkov Tomato. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on September 24, 2015 ; accessed on July 18, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Description of the tomato variety
|SURNAME||Volkov, Vladislav Nikolayevich|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Волков, Владислав Николаевич|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||soviet cosmonaut|
|DATE OF BIRTH||November 23, 1935|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Moscow , RSFSR, Soviet Union|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 30, 1971|
|Place of death||Space, found at Karaganda , Kazakh SSR|