François-Bernard Mâche

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François-Bernard Mâche (2018)

François-Bernard Mâche (born April 4, 1935 in Clermont-Ferrand ) is a French composer.

Mâche comes from a family of musicians and began composing at the age of eight. He took piano lessons at the conservatory in his hometown, where he studied harmony with Émile Passani until 1952 . He was a student of Olivier Messiaen at the Paris Conservatory and received the Prix ​​de Philosophie de la Musique in 1960 . At the same time he studied classical literature at the École normal supérieure and received a diploma in archeology in 1957 and a teaching certificate in 1958.

He then taught literature at the Collège Sévigné in Paris (1959–60), the Lycée Marceau in Chartres (1962–63) and the Lycée Pasteur in Neuilly-sur-Seine (1963-68), at Middlebury College in Vermont and at Sarah Lawrence College in Yonkers, New York (1968). From 1968 to 1983 he taught classical Greek, Roman and French literature at the Lycée Louis-le-Grand , then until 1993 musicology at the University of Strasbourg , where he founded the Center Primus in 1987 . From 1993 to 1997 he was director of studies at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris.

With Pierre Schaeffer , Mâche was one of the founders of the Groupe de recherches musicales in 1958 . From 1960 to 1962 he served as a second lieutenant in Algeria. He worked in the electronic music studios in Gravesano (1965) and Warsaw (1966) and in 1976 produced a radio series for France Musique . In the late 1970s and early 1980s he was President of the French section of the International Society for New Music .

From 1969 to 1978 he worked as a music critic for the Nouvelle Revue Française . He has written more than one hundred articles on musicological topics and several books, including Musique, mythe, nature ou les dauphins d'Arion (1983, second edition 1991; Italian translation Musica, mito, natura , 1992, English translation Music, Myth, Nature , 1993), Entre l'observatoire et l'atelier (1998), Un Demi-Siècle de Musique (2000), Musique au singulier (2001) and Cent opus et leurs échos (2012), gave the books Music, Society and Imagination in Contemporary France (1993) and Portrait (s) de Xenakis (2002) and translated poems by contemporary Greek authors (including Odysseas Elytis ) into French.

As a composer he has received numerous prizes, including the Prize of the Biennale de Paris (1963), the Grand Prix du Disque of the Académie Charles-Cros (1971), the Prix ​​Enesco of the SACEM (1973), the Prix ​​Italia (1977), the Prix Charter of the Académie des Beaux-Arts (1984), the Grand Prix National de la Musique of the French Ministry of Culture (1988), the Prix ​​Rossini of the Académie des Beaux-Arts (1998) and the Grand Prix de la Musique Symphonique of the SACEM (2002) . In 1990 he was honored as commander of the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres , in 2002 he became a member of the Académie des Beaux-Arts ,


  • Duo for violin and piano, 1956
  • Canzone I for horn, trumpet, cornet, trombone and tuba, 1957, 1960, 1963
  • Safous Mélè , cantata for alto, eight female voices, two flutes, two oboes, harp and four percussionists, 1959
  • Prelude for electronics (fixed media), 1959
  • Lanterne magique for electronics (fixed media), 1959
  • Volumes for seven trombones, two pianos, two percussionists and electronics (fixed media), 1960
  • La Peau du silence I for small and large orchestras, 1962, 1966, 1970
  • Terre de Feu for electronics (fixed media), 1963
  • Synergies for small orchestra and electronics (fixed media), 1963
  • Le Son d'une voix for small orchestra, 1964
  • Soleil rugueux for electronics (fixed media), 1965
  • Coïncidences (ballet, choreography Francine Lancelot , instruments by Bernard and François Baschet ), 1966
  • Nuit blanche (text by Antonin Artaud ) for male speakers and electronics (fixed media), 1966
  • Rituel d'oubli for small orchestra and electronics (fixed media), 1968
  • Canzone III for three trumpets and four trombones, 1967
  • Canzone IV for five voices, 1968
  • Répliques , for birdsong in audience and orchestra, 1969
  • Canzone V , stage work for voice and three double basses, 1969
  • Kemit , for Tombak and Darabukka , 1970
  • Danaé for twelve voices and percussion, 1970
  • Nuit for electronics (fixed media), 1971
  • Rambaramb for piano, large orchestra and electronics (fixed media), 1972
  • Korwar for harpsichord and electronics (fixed media), 1972
  • Temes Nevinbür for two pianos, percussion and electronics (fixed media), 1973
  • Naluan for flute, clarinet, violin, viola, cello, double bass, piano, percussion and electronics (fixed media), 1974
  • Le Jonc à trois glumes for orchestra, 1974
  • Maraé for six percussionists and electronics (fixed media), 1974
  • Solstice for organ positive or electronics (fixed media) and harpsichord, 1975
  • Da capo , stage piece for ten actors, three medieval instruments, two percussionists, sound décor and electronics (fixed media), 1976
  • Kassandra for two oboes, clarinet, bass clarinet, bassoon, contrabassoon, trumpet, two trombones, two pianos, three percussionists and electronics (fixed media), 1977
  • Octuor for clarinet, bassoon, horn, two violins, viola, cello and double bass, 1977
  • Areg for piano four hands, 1977
  • Aera for six percussionists, 1978
  • Amorgos for two bassoons, two trombones, two violins, viola, cello, double bass, piano, two percussionists (or percussionist and electric organ) and electronics (fixed media), 1979
  • Toïn Theoïn for two clarinets, 1979
  • Rituel pour 'Les Mangeurs d'Ombre' (stage play, produced by Pierre Barrat ), for twelve voices and percussion, 1979
  • Andromède for twelve voices, sixty voices, three pianos and large orchestra, 1979
  • Sopiana for flute, piano and electronics (fixed media) ad libitum, 1980
  • 4 Phonographies de l'eau for electronics (fixed media), 1980
  • Nocturne for piano and electronics (fixed media) ad libitum, 1981
  • Hypérion for electronics (fixed media), 1981
  • Anaphores for harpsichord and percussion, 1982
  • Phénix for vibraphone (and nine tom-toms), 1982
  • Temboctou , stage piece for two sopranos, two mezzo-sopranos, a tenor, three baritones, a bass, two medieval instruments, clarinet, two trombones, guitar, sampler, percussion and electronics (fixed media), 1982
  • Aulody for oboe, clarinet or soprano saxophone and electronics (fixed media), 1983
  • Trois Chants Sacrés for female voice and tambourine, 1982–90
  • Styx for two pianos eight hands, 1984
  • Léthé for two pianos eight hands, 1985
  • Iter memor for cello and sampler, 1985
  • La Traversée de l'Afrique for electronics (fixed media), 1985
  • Uncas for two samplers, instrumental ensemble and electronics (fixed media), 1986
  • Éridan for string quartet, 1986
  • Mesarthim for two pianos, 1987
  • Tempora for three samplers, 1988
  • Cassiopée I for four voices and two percussionists, 1988
  • Aliunde for soprano, clarinet and bass clarinet, sampler and tabla (and percussion), 1988
  • Figures for bass clarinet and vibraphone, 1989
  • Tithon for electronics (fixed media), 1989
  • Khnoum for sampler and five percussionists, 1990
  • Guntur Sari for Organ, 1990
  • Guntur Madu for harpsichord, 1990
  • Athanor for flute, oboe, clarinet, two samplers, two violins, viola and two cellos, 1991
  • Kengir, chants d'amour sumériens for mezzo-soprano and sampler, 1991
  • Hiérogamie for piccolo and percussion, 1993
  • L'Estuaire du temps, for sampler and large orchestra, 1993
  • Planh (in memoriam Witold Lutosławski ) for 26 or more strings, 1994
  • Braises , Concerto for Harpsichord and Small Orchestra, 1994
  • Moires for string quartet and electronics (fixed media), 1994
  • Cassiopée II for mixed choir and two percussionists, 1998
  • Ugarit for guitar, 1998
  • Manuel de résurrection for mezzo-soprano and two samplers, 1998
  • Ziggurat for harpsichord, 1998
  • Brûlis for clarinet, cello and piano, 1999
  • Vectigal libens for sampler and five percussionists, 2000
  • Portrait for electronics (fixed media), 2000
  • Kurunta for mezzo-soprano, tenor recorder and darabukka , 2001
  • Melanga for female voice, sampler and gamelan , 2001
  • Les 12 Lunes du Serpent for twelve percussionists, piano and electronics (fixed media), 2002
  • Achéron for piano and percussion, 2002
  • Canopée for two samplers, four violins, two violas, two cellos and double bass, 2003
  • Heol Dall for twelve voices and two pianos, 2003
  • La Terza Prattica (trois interludes d'après Monteverdi ) for harpsichord, 2003
  • Chikop for soprano, flute (and piccolo), clarinet (and bass clarinet), violin, cello, piano and percussion, 2004
  • Taranis for mixed choir and large orchestra, 2005
  • Medusa for piano, 2005
  • Les Arcadiennes for piano, 2007
  • Manuel de conversation for clarinet and computer / fixed media, 2007
  • Perseus for soprano and small orchestra, 2007
  • Artémis for organ and electronics (fixed media), 2008
  • Râgamalika for viola or cello and piano, 2009
  • Résurgence for strings, 2009
  • Thémis for harpsichord and electronics (fixed media), 2009
  • Sèma (à la mémoire de Daniel Charles ) for electronics (fixed media), 2009
  • Le Promeneur solitaire for electronics (fixed media), 2010
  • Largando for 12–24 voices and horn, 2012
  • Le Partage des flots for electronics (fixed media), 2012
  • Reflets for soprano, clarinet and electronics (fixed media), 2012
  • Qaraqorum , Récit musical for male speakers, string quartet and electronics (fixed media), 2013
  • Pluie for one or two pianos, 2013