|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||kassel|
|County :||Schwalm-Eder district|
|Height :||234 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||84.74 km 2|
|Residents:||18,019 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||213 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||34613|
|Primaries :||06691, 06692|
|License plate :||HR, FZ, MEG, ZIG|
|Community key :||06 6 34 022|
|LOCODE :||DE SCT|
|City structure:||13 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Stefan Pinhard (independent)|
|Location of the city of Schwalmstadt in the Schwalm-Eder district|
Schwalmstadt is the largest city in terms of population in the Schwalm-Eder district in northern Hesse . It was only created in 1970, when the two cities of Treysa and Ziegenhain were combined with the surrounding villages to form the city of Schwalmstadt as part of the regional reform in Hesse .
Schwalmstadt lies with many districts in the Schwalm basin on the western edge of the Knüllgebirge . The city, like this landscape in the West Hessian Basin , got its name, "The Schwalm" , after the river of the same name . Schwalmstadt is located in the northern area of the Schwalm.
Schwalmstadt has two city centers:
Treysa with its old town lies on a ridge - which rises about 35 meters above the valley level ( Wiera with the Schwalm.) - at the confluence of the
Schwalmstadt borders in the north on the communities Jesberg and Neuental , in the east on the community Frielendorf , in the south on the community Willingshausen (all in the Schwalm-Eder district), and in the west on the city Neustadt ( district Marburg-Biedenkopf ) and the community Gilserberg (Schwalm-Eder district).
In addition to the two town centers Treysa and Ziegenhain , Schwalmstadt consists of the other eleven districts Allendorf an der Landsburg , Ascherode , Dittershausen , Florshain , Frankenhain , Michelsberg , Niederlimitebach , Rommershausen , Rörshain , Trutzhain and Wiera .
In the 8th century Treise was owned by the abbots of Hersfeld . The Counts of Cigenhagen were first mentioned in a document in 1144. In 1186 Treysa was taken over and fortified by the Counts. Treysa's landmark, the Martinskirche (today the Church of the Dead), was built in 1230. Treysa received city rights between 1229 and 1270, and Ziegenhain received city rights in 1274. After the death of the last Count of Ziegenhain, Johann II. , In 1450, the county fell to the Landgraviate of Hesse .
The landgraves converted the castle in Ziegenhain into a palace in 1470, and Philip I of Hesse had it expanded into a water fortress from 1537 to 1548.
In August 1945 the negotiations for the establishment of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) took place in Treysa (“Church Conference of Treysa”). This brought about a merger of the Lutheran , Reformed and United regional churches . Two other EKD church assemblies in May 1946 and June 1947 tried to initiate discussions about different views on the Lord's Supper and dealt with denazification .
Under the motto Hessian welcome! In 1995, Schwalmstadt was the venue for the 35th Hessentag .
From 1961 to the end of 2006, Schwalmstadt was the Bundeswehr base . In the Harth Berg barracks different units stationed, the Panzerartilleriebataillon 21, the rocket artillery 22, the training company 11/2, the escort battery 2, the replenishment regiment 2, the replenishment battalion 51 and the Feldjäger training company 700. In special ammunition storage Treysa were to 1992, 1962 Supervision of US soldiers stored the nuclear warheads for the two Treysa artillery battalions.
As part of the Reformation year 2017 , Schwalmstadt added the name affirmation city of confirmation.
As part of the regional reform in Hesse , on December 31, 1970, the two cities of Treysa and Ziegenhain merged with the surrounding villages of Ascherode, Florshain, Frankenhain, Niederbegrenzebach, Rommershausen and Trutzhain on a voluntary basis to form the expanded city of Schwalmstadt. On December 31, 1971, Allendorf an der Landsburg, Dittershausen and Wiera were added. Rörshain followed on April 1, 1972. The series of incorporations was completed with the incorporation of Michelsberg on August 1, 1972.
The Treysa and Ziegenhain city archives are kept in the Hessian State Archives in Marburg (holdings 330 Treysa and 330 Ziegenhain). Most of the holdings have been developed and can be researched online.
The city council is the highest body of the city. Its political composition is determined every five years in local elections by the city's electorate. Whoever has reached the age of 18 and is a German citizen within the meaning of the Basic Law or a citizen of one of the other member states of the European Union may vote. Everyone has to have been registered in the city for at least three months.
The individual voter has the opportunity his votes on several candidates - including those of various electoral lists - to distribute ( cross-voting ), or to pile on individual candidates ( cumulate ). To this end, the voter has as many votes as there are seats to be allocated. For the city council this is 37.
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
|Nominations||SPD||CDU||FWG||GREEN||FDP||LEFT l||Distribution of seats|
|2016||Voting share a||38.9||30.5||9.8||8.7||7.7||4.5||
|Seats (of 37)||14th||11||4th||3||3||2|
|2011||Voting share a||41.3||29.6||7.1||14.4||4.4||3.1||
|Seats (of 37)||15th||11||3||5||2||1|
|2006||Voting share a||42.5||31.9||8.7||8.4||5.2||3.4||
|Seats (of 37)||16||12||3||3||2||1|
|2001||Voting share a||47.5||33.5||9.5||3.7||5.8||-||
|Seats (of 37)||18th||12||4th||1||2||-|
|1997||Voting share a||44.8||27.9||13.7||8.9||4.6||-||
|Seats (of 37)||17th||11||5||4th||-||-|
37 city councilors and the city's local councils had to be elected for the legislative period from April 1, 2016 to March 31, 2021. Out of 14,217 eligible voters, 6,788 voted. As a result, voter turnout rose from 46.1% in 2011 to 47.7% in 2016.
According to the Hessian municipal constitution, the mayor is the chairman of the magistrate , which in addition to the mayor of the town of Schwalmstadt has nine honorary councilors . Since December 1, 2016, the mayor has been Stefan Pinhard. He is elected until 2022. His directly elected predecessors were
- Gerald Näser (CDU) 2012 to 2016. He took office on October 1, 2012 and died on June 4, 2016. Until the successor took office, the First City Councilor Detlef Schwierzeck (SPD) took over the official business.
- Wilhelm Kröll (SPD) 1994 to 2012
coat of arms
Meaning: The coat of arms are historical symbols of the two cities and the old county of Ziegenhain .
The flag was approved on May 18, 1988 by the Hessian Ministry of the Interior.
"The municipal coat of arms is placed on the black and yellow flag web in the upper half."
Culture and sights
- Schwalmberg open-air stage
- Open-air theater Totenkirche
- Trutzhain Theater Association: " Trutzhain Stage "
- German Typewriter Museum
- Museum of the Schwalm in Ziegenhain
- Trutzhain Memorial and Museum
- Dörrbecker museum pottery in Treysa
- Museum railway association "Eisenbahnfreunde Treysa e. V. "(formerly" Eisenbahnfreunde Schwalm-Knüll e.V. ")
- The historic old towns of Treysa and Ziegenhain with numerous half-timbered houses
- Church of the Dead with "Buttermilk Tower" in Treysa
- City parish church
- Old hospital in Treysa
- Witches Tower in Treysa
- Ziegenhain water fortress
- Town hall and Johannisbrunnen in Treysa
- Former prisoner of war camp Trutzhain
- Locomotive shed in the old depot
- Pilgrimage Church Maria Hilf (Trutzhain)
- Stone or pottery gate in Steingasse Treysa
- The house "Zum Rosengarten" in Ziegenhain
- Weekly market on Fridays in Treysa
- Hutzelkirmes (Treysa)
- Ziegenhainer Salad Fair
- Fair in Allendorf an der Landsburg
- Fair in Ascherode
- Fair in Dittershausen
- Fun fair in Florshain
- Fun fair in Nieder Grenzebach
- Fun fair in Michelsberg
- Fair in Wiera
- Wine village at the Totenkirche
- Johannis Festival (Nieder Grenzebach)
- Well festival in Nieder Grenzebach
- Joke market
- Quinau pilgrimage in Trutzhain
- Christmas markets in Nieder Grenzebach, Treysa and Ziegenhain
Economy and Infrastructure
The federal highways 254 (from Fulda via Schwalmstadt to Kassel ) and 454 (from Bad Hersfeld via Schwalmstadt to Marburg ) run through Schwalmstadt . The federal motorway 49 ends in the neighboring community of Neuental , and its further construction to Schwalmstadt is to be completed by the end of 2021.
Regional trains from and to Kassel and the Mittelhessen-Express from and to Frankfurt in Treysa end every hour . In addition, an Intercity Express and a Regional Express on the Kassel – Frankfurt line stop in Treysa every two hours.
Schwalmstadt-Wiera is served hourly by the Mittelhessen-Express.
Schwalmstadt is a junction of several, also national bike paths. Sometimes they run on the same route.
Coming from Neustadt, the German Unity Cycle Route continues via Wiera, Treysa and Ziegenhain to Loshausen. From Treysa the cycle path is identical to the Rotkäppchenland railway cycle path . The last missing section from Wiera to Treysa was completed in 2018.
The Hessian long-distance cycle route R 4 from Bad Karlshafen to Hirschhorn am Neckar leads from Fritzlar via Zimmerrode through the forest to the Landsburg in the Allendorf district, west of Ziegenhain via Loshausen towards Alsfeld.
In 2010 the 104 km long Schwalm cycle path was opened, which leads along the river of the same name from the source in Vogelsberg to Felsberg. In the Schwalmstadt area it runs around the Ziegenhain airfield and temporarily separates from the R 4, with which it is largely identical. Via Treysa and Rommershausen, the Schwalm cycle path in Allendorf leaves the Schwalmstadt area, where it also meets the R 4 again.
The Schwalm-Efze-Weg R 14 begins in Treysa and leads through the Schwalm basin to Ziegenhain and Nieder Grenzebach via Frielendorf to Homberg (Efze).
The Schwalm-Fulda-Weg R 11 from Gemünden (Frankenberg district) to Wahlshausen and Oberaula runs from Sachsenhausen via Florshain to Treysa and from there via farm roads to Wasenberg.
The Rotkäppchenland cycle path runs along the former railway line in the Knüll. It leads from Schwalmstadt-Treysa via Neukirchen to Oberaula-Wahlshausen and on through the Aulatal to Niederaula to the Fulda cycle path R1. The Mittelland Route (D4) runs on the same route .
In 2015, a cycling concept was drawn up for the entire urban area. In addition to an inventory, it contains, among other things, the draft of a cycle network with different route categories and concrete proposals for the implementation of the recommended measures.
In the district of Ziegenhain , in the flood retention basin on the south-eastern edge of the village, the glider airfield “Der Ring” is located . There, the Schwalm aviation association and Akaflieg Frankfurt pursue gliding aviation .
- Schwälmer Allgemeine (daily), Dierichs Verlag ( HNA )
- Schwälmer Bote, MB-Media Verlag
- Nordhessennews.de, nh24.de owner Alexander Wittke
The Schwalmstadt District Court is located in the Treysa district.
Schwalmstadt correctional facility
The Schwalmstadt JVA is located in the Ziegenhain district in the former hunting lodge of the Landgraves of Hesse-Kassel and an extension. After the open execution was outsourced in 2003 , only the closed execution exists in the prison , divided into the highest and lower security levels.
Federal Agency for Technical Relief
The THW local association Schwalmstadt was founded in 1961. In the local association Schwalmstadt is u. a. a technical train stationed with the localization specialist group.
The city has, among other things, the general education schools , the Carl Bantzer School (cooperative comprehensive school), the Schwalmgymnasium and the school in Ostergrund (secondary and secondary school). Then there are the elementary schools, the Ziegenhainer elementary school, the Brothers Grimm School in Allendorf, the Eckhard Vonholdt School in Treysa, the Nieder Grenzebach elementary school and the primary school center. Schwalmstadt offers a wide variety of special needs schools . In addition to the Sankt-Martin-Schule, a school for learning assistance in the Schwalm-Eder district as a regional special educational advisory and support center, the special needs school Hephata as a comprehensive complex school as well as a supraregional counseling and support center should be mentioned; it is sponsored by the Hephata Diakonie and includes schools with a focus on emotional and social development, physical and motor development, mental development, learning and sick pupils. The Friedrich Trost School is also affiliated as a vocational school with its differentiated vocational school offers supplemented by special vocational school offers in the specialization areas of learning, emotional, social and intellectual development.
Vocational and continuing education schools are the Schwalmstadt vocational schools and the Hephata Academy for social professions .
The Hephata Academy is also the study location of the Evangelical University of Darmstadt . In bachelor's and master's degree courses, one can acquire degrees in various areas of social work.
Other educational institutions are the Stenographers Association 1925 Treysa e. V. (training center for shorthand, machine / tactile writing, office technology, internet training, word and data processing) and the adult education center.
Merkel Freudenberg Fluidtechnic GmbH (sealing and vibration technology) and Horn & Bauer GmbH & Co. KG (film technology) are located in the plastics processing sector . Konvekta AG (heating, air conditioning and refrigeration technology) works in the field of mechanical engineering and Optelec GmbH (electronic visual aids) in the field of electrical engineering. Furthermore, the logistics company Heidelmann GmbH (international forwarding and storage for temperature-controlled goods), the shoe manufacturer Erich Rohde GmbH and the Schwalm Bräu private brewery Friedrich Haaß KG have their headquarters in Schwalmstadt. The Hephata Hessisches Diakoniezentrum eV is active in the field of social education. Stadtsparkasse Schwalmstadt , located in the Treysa district, is the only independent credit institution based in Schwalmstadt.
sons and daughters of the town
- Konrad Widerholt (1598–1667), Colonel
- Velten Muhly († 1656), commander of the Ziegenhain vigilante group
- Adam Dietrich (1711–1782), botanist
- Johann Gabriel Speck (1720–1792), French Reformed pastor and professor of the French language
- Georg Ernst von und zu Gilsa (1740–1798), Hessian officer, councilor and collector in the service of the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel
- Wilhelm Böttner (1752–1805), baroque painter
- Friedrich Gottlieb Dietrich (1765–1850), botanist and garden designer
- Ferdinand Jakob Siebert (1791–1847), theologian, Germanist and folklorist
- Franz von Roques (1826–1887), pastor of the Electorate of Hesse and pioneer of church social work
- Friedrich Siebert (1831–1918), pharmacist and Vice Mayor of Marburg
- Julius Weiffenbach (1837–1910), lawyer
- Karl Ludwig Leimbach (1844–1905), historian, high school teacher, theologian and literary historian, school director and provincial school council
- Carl Bantzer (1857–1941), painter and art writer
- Julius Höxter (1873–1944), educator and writer
- Franz von Roques (1877–1967), infantry general in World War II
- Stanislaw Kubicki (1889–1943), artist, poet and philosopher
- Albert Wigand (1890–1978), painter
- Hanns Wilhelm Lavies (1908–2000), journalist and film scholar
- Hans John (1911–1945), lawyer and resistance fighter
- Ludwig Groß (1926–1993), stenographer and first specialist teacher for shorthand and typing in the Ziegenhain district
- Karl Heinrich Friauf (1931–2016), lawyer
- Gottfried Adam (* 1939), Protestant theologian
- Bernhard Jagoda (1940–2015), President of the Federal Labor Office 1993–2002
- Alfred Hartenbach (1943–2016), SPD politician and Member of the Bundestag 1994–2009
- Roswitha Aulenkamp (* 1946), composer, pianist and lecturer
- Guido Knopp (* 1948), historian, publicist and television presenter
- Herbert Henck (* 1948), pianist
- Walter Thiel (1949–2019), chemist
- Eckhard Friauf (* 1956), biologist
- Thomas Gunkel (* 1956), translator and writer
- Ulrich Nortmann (* 1956), philosopher and writer
- Claus von Carnap-Bornheim (* 1957), historian and museum director
- Martina Kirchberg (* 1957), glider aerobatic pilot
- Frank-Martin Neupärtl (1961–2014), District Administrator of the Schwalm-Eder district 2002–2014
- Armin Pfahl-Traughber (* 1963), political scientist
- Klaus Stern (* 1968), director
- Maike Schaefer (* 1971), politician (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen), Member of the Bundestag
- Stefan Marx (illustrator) (* 1979), graffiti artist
- Sebastian Wanke (* 1986), artist and communication designer
- Florian Orth (* 1989), track and field athlete
- Pascal Itter (* 1995), football player
- Benjamin Trümner (* 1995), soccer player
- Schwalmstadt. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of June 29, 2012). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Ceremony of the confirmation city Schwalmstadt
- grouping of municipalities to the city "Schwalmstadt" County goat Hein of 7 January 1971 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1971 No. 4 , p. 139 , point 158 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.3 MB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 411 f .
- Overview of the “Stadtarchiv Treysa” holdings (HStAM holdings 330 Treysa). In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), accessed on September 3, 2016.
- Overview of the holdings "Stadtarchiv Ziegenhain" (HStAM holdings 330 Ziegenhain). In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), accessed on September 3, 2016.
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Results of the municipal elections of 2011 and 2006
- Hessian Statistical Office: Results of the municipal elections of 2001 and 1997
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Direct elections in Schwalmstadt
- Schwalm Bote from November 26, 2016: Schwalmstadt's Mayor Stefan Pinhard introduced into office, accessed on December 12, 2016
- HNA of June 3, 2012: Moving into the town hall. Acclaimed election victory for Gerald Näser , accessed on June 3, 2012
- HNA of June 5, 2016: Schwalmstadt's Mayor Dr. Gerald Näser succumbed to cancer
- State Gazette for the State of Hesse 1988 Official Journal No. 23 page 1222 ( Memento of the original from November 1, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Renaming of the association to Eisenbahnfreunde Treysa ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Michael Rinde: Autobahn 49 should be ready in 2025. HNA, January 15, 2018, accessed February 18, 2019 .
- Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure : German Unity Cycle Route. Retrieved November 9, 2015 .
- traffic concept. (No longer available online.) Magistrat der Stadt Schwalmstadt, archived from the original on March 26, 2016 ; accessed on March 25, 2016 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.