Neukirchen (Knull)

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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Neukirchen
Neukirchen (Knull)
Map of Germany, position of the city of Neukirchen highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 52 '  N , 9 ° 21'  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : kassel
County : Schwalm-Eder district
Height : 305 m above sea level NHN
Area : 66.26 km 2
Residents: 6946 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 105 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 34626
Area code : 06694
License plate : HR, FZ, MEG, ZIG
Community key : 06 6 34 017
City structure: 8 districts

City administration address :
Am Rathaus 10
34626 Neukirchen
Website :
Mayor : Klemens Olbrich ( CDU )
Location of the city of Neukirchen in the Schwalm-Eder district
Kassel Landkreis Fulda Landkreis Hersfeld-Rotenburg Landkreis Kassel Landkreis Marburg-Biedenkopf Landkreis Waldeck-Frankenberg Vogelsbergkreis Vogelsbergkreis Werra-Meißner-Kreis Knüllwald Homberg (Efze) Frielendorf Schwarzenborn (Knüll) Neukirchen (Knüll) Oberaula Ottrau Schrecksbach Willingshausen Schwalmstadt Gilserberg Jesberg Neuental Bad Zwesten Borken (Hessen) Morschen Malsfeld Wabern (Hessen) Felsberg (Hessen) Spangenberg Melsungen Körle Guxhagen Edermünde Gudensberg Niedenstein Fritzlarmap
About this picture

Neukirchen is a town in Knüll in the Schwalm-Eder district in northern Hesse . It is a climatic health resort and Kneipp spa .


Geographical location

Neukirchen is located on the southwest slope of the Knüll Mountains on the edge of the Schwalm landscape . It is traversed by the Grenff , into which the Buchenbach flows above Neukirchen and the Urbach in the village .

The next larger cities with functions of an upper or middle center are Kassel (about 60 km north), Marburg (about 40 km west), Fulda (about 60 km southeast) and Bad Hersfeld (about 25 km east).

Neighboring communities

Neukirchen borders the municipality of Frielendorf in the north, the city of Schwarzenborn and the municipality of Oberaula in the east, the municipality of Ottrau in the south , and the municipalities of Schrecksbach and Willingshausen (all in the Schwalm-Eder district) in the west .

City structure

In addition to the core city of Neukirchen, the city includes the districts of Asterode , Christerode , Hauptschwenda , Nausis , Riebelsdorf , Rückershausen , Seigertshausen and Wincherode . The Neukirchen district had a total of 4243 inhabitants on June 30, 2017.


Neukirchen was first mentioned in 1142 in a document from the Hersfeld monastery . From 1331 to 1867 Neukirchen was the seat of the Ziegenhainischen and from 1450 Landgrave-Hessian District Neukirchen . In 1368 the town was granted city rights. In the Middle Ages the city was ravaged by fires several times; three quarters of the houses fell victim to the fire disaster of 1533.

During the Thirty Years War , on November 15, 1640, a few hundred meters northwest of the Riebelsdorf district, the heavy battle on Riebelsdorfer Berg took place between Saxon-Weimar troops, reinforced by a French battalion and the Ziegenhain citizen corps, on the one hand, and imperial troops under General Hans Rudolf von Breda on the other hand, in which the outnumbered imperialists suffered a defeat and Breda and 300 of his men lost their lives. According to tradition, Breda was killed by a shot by captain Velten Muhly , commander of the Ziegenhain vigilante group founded in 1539. In 1843 Ziegenhain citizens erected an obelisk at the point where Breda fell, on the B 454 ; Since then, there has been a slender stone column at the place where Velten Muhly is said to have shot at Breda.

A Jewish community existed in Neukirchen from the 17th century until it was destroyed during the Nazi era . The cemetery of the lost community is located on Schwarzenborner Straße a few hundred meters northeast of the old town ( 50 ° 52 ′ 18 ″  N , 9 ° 20 ′ 48 ″  E ); it still contains around 100 tombstones today. Since March 2014 Neukirchen has been participating in the so-called “ Stolpersteine ” project: List of Stolpersteine ​​in Neukirchen (Knüll) .

During the Kingdom of Westphalia from 1807 to 1813, the city was the administrative seat of the canton of Neukirchen in the Hersfeld district .

Until 1968, the city was the seat of the Neukirchen District Court .


In the course of the regional reform in Hesse on December 31, 1971, the previously independent communities of Asterode, Christerode, Hauptschwenda, Nausis, Riebelsdorf and Rückershausen were incorporated . On January 1, 1974, Seigertshausen was added by virtue of state law.


On September 11, 2014, two people died in a plane crash between Nausis and Immichenhain when an ultralight aircraft crashed into a rape field.

On June 18, 2016, three children drowned in a pond in the Seigertshausen district . On September 7, 2018, charges of negligent homicide were brought against the mayor of the community of Neukirchen , because he had insufficiently secured the pond and thus contributed to the death of the children.


City Council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
A total of 31 seats
Parties and constituencies %
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 30.7 10 34.9 11 38.0 12 36.6 11
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 29.5 9 33.6 10 38.4 12 38.4 12
UBL Independent citizen list 14.3 4th 9.2 3 7.7 2 11.0 3
FWG Free community of voters 10.3 3 6.5 2 6.0 2 5.1 2
FDP Free Democratic Party 10.2 3 9.6 3 9.9 3 8.9 3
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 5.0 2 6.2 2 - - - -
total 100.0 31 100.0 31 100.0 31 100.0 31
Voter turnout in% 54.7 53.1 52.1 60.6
Half-timbered house from 1598

Partner communities

Culture and sights

For the listed objects see the list of cultural monuments in Neukirchen (Knüll) .


  • There is a local museum with documents on the city's history, prehistoric collections and a classroom.
  • A barn from Asterode has been used as an exhibition center in Hessenpark since 2009 .
Old town of Neukirchen 1930s


  • The Nikolaikirche in the Neukirchen town center was built in several phases more than 500 years ago.


From 1959 to 2002 the Urbachtal Rehabilitation Center, which specialized in cancer diagnosis and treatment, existed in a remote location in the forest between Neukirchen and Hauptschwenda. The buildings, which are still empty after the bankruptcy , have been left to decay and vandalism.


Neukirchen became known nationwide through the 1st soccer team of SC Neukirchen , which played for four years in the then four-track regional league.

Since 2007 there has been a Nordic Walking Park in the forest between Seigertshausen and Neukirchen with four different lengths across the Neukircher Forest.


The Neukirchen Steno and Machine Writing Association made the city famous beyond the borders of the region. The writing sportsmen of the association took part in several world championships, became German individual and team champions several times and provide numerous Hessen champions (individual and team competitions).

Economy and Infrastructure

Pro Neukirchen eV

The economic association, which has been called Pro Neukirchen eV since 2006, aims to develop the city - not only in economic terms, but also in cultural and tourist terms.


Neukirchen is on the federal highway 454 ( Kirchhain - Niederaula ). The community belongs to the North Hessian Transport Association .


  • Johann Heinrich Schreiber (* 1797 in Asterode; † 1871), former landowner in Asterode and member of the Kurhessische Estates assembly
  • Johann Joachim Schröder (* 1680 in Neukirchen; † 1756), orientalist, librarian, Reformed theologian and church historian
  • Ernst von Weyrauch (* 1832 in Neukirchen; † 1905), member of the Reichstag
  • Manfred Roeder (* 1929 in Berlin; † 2014 in Neukirchen), a convicted right-wing extremist and Holocaust denier, spent the last two years of his life in Neukirchen
  • Gerhard Meyer (* 1949 in Neukirchen), Bishop of the Reformed Episcopal Church


Historical sources

The Neukirchen City Archives are kept in the Hessian State Archives in Marburg (holdings 330 Neukirchen). Almost all of the holdings have been developed and can be researched online.

Web links

Commons : Neukirchen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. Hessian Ministry for Economic Affairs, Energy, Transport and Regional Development: 81st meeting of the specialist committee for health resorts, recreation areas and healing wells in Hesse on October 13, 2015 . State Gazette for the State of Hesse 7/2016 page 218
  3. ^ "Facts & Figures" on the website of the city of Neukirchen (Küll) , accessed in January 2019
  4. ( Memento from February 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
  5. Law on the reorganization of the districts Fritzlar-Homberg, Melsungen and Ziegenhain (GVBl. II 330-22) of September 28, 1973 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1973 No. 25 , p. 356 , § 5 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2,3 MB ]).
  6. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 412 f .
  7. From of September 11, 2014: Two dead in plane crash in the Schwalm-Eder district
  8. Three children drown in a fire pond in Hessen
  9. Accusation of negligent homicide admitted: Mayor comes to court after village pond tragedy -
  10. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  11. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  12. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  13. ^ Sister cities contribution to the topic on the website of the city of Neukirchen
  14. ^ City of Neukirchen - International Partnerships: Award for Erich Musack and Helmut Weidemeyer. In: Retrieved July 9, 2016 .
  15. ^ Description on the website of the city of Neukirchen
  16. ^ Pro Neukirchen eV on the website of the city of Neukirchen
  17. Overview of the "Stadtarchiv Neukirchen"  holdings (HStAM holdings 330 Neukirchen). In: Archive Information System Hessen (Arcinsys Hessen), accessed on July 18, 2011.