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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the community of Schrecksbach
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Schrecksbach highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 50 ′  N , 9 ° 17 ′  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : kassel
County : Schwalm-Eder district
Height : 228 m above sea level NHN
Area : 36.61 km 2
Residents: 3024 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 83 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 34637
Area code : 06698
License plate : HR, FZ, MEG, ZIG
Community key : 06 6 34 021
Address of the
municipal administration:
Immichenhainer Strasse 1
34637 Schrecksbach
Website :
Mayor : Andreas Schultheis ( independent )
Location of the community Schrecksbach in the Schwalm-Eder district
Kassel Landkreis Fulda Landkreis Hersfeld-Rotenburg Landkreis Kassel Landkreis Marburg-Biedenkopf Landkreis Waldeck-Frankenberg Vogelsbergkreis Vogelsbergkreis Werra-Meißner-Kreis Knüllwald Homberg (Efze) Frielendorf Schwarzenborn (Knüll) Neukirchen (Knüll) Oberaula Ottrau Schrecksbach Willingshausen Schwalmstadt Gilserberg Jesberg Neuental Bad Zwesten Borken (Hessen) Morschen Malsfeld Wabern (Hessen) Felsberg (Hessen) Spangenberg Melsungen Körle Guxhagen Edermünde Gudensberg Niedenstein Fritzlarmap
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Schrecksbach is a municipality in the Schwalm-Eder district in northern Hesse .


Geographical location

Schrecksbach is located in the southern part of the Schwalm-Eder district on the border with the Vogelsberg district . The village is located in the valley of the river Schwalm in the cultural area Schwalm and natural area Schwalm . The natural monument Wippchensteine is located between the villages of Röllshausen , Holzburg and Merzhausen in the municipality of Willingshausen .

Neighboring communities

Schrecksbach borders in the north on the city of Neukirchen , in the east on the community Ottrau (both in the Schwalm-Eder district), in the south on the city of Alsfeld ( Vogelsberg district ), and in the west on the community Willingshausen .

Community structure

The following districts belong to the municipality:


In 1140, Schrecksbach, which was first mentioned in a document at that time, became the property of the Fulda Monastery . In the 14th century, a Julian's tithe court was established in the village ; A decimator resided there , who managed the goods and kept supplies for senior servants passing through. Between 1307 and 1447 the place gradually fell to the Counts of Ziegenhain , who successfully used their position as bailiffs of the Fulda Abbey to expand their own property. After the Ziegenhain family of counts died out in 1450 with Johann II , the entire county fell to Landgrave Ludwig I of Hesse .

Old castle house

In 1526 Schrecksbach became Protestant with the introduction of the Reformation in the Landgraviate of Hesse. As the first Lutheran pastor, Diedrich Helm (also known as Hell in a different spelling) began his work in 1568. Since Schrecksbach had become the southern border town of the Landgraviate of Hesse-Kassel opposite the Landgraviate of Hesse-Marburg when the Landgraviate of Hesse was divided in 1567 , the place was fortified in the following years by defensive systems and castle-like aristocratic seats connected by underground passages. As feudal men of the Landgraves of Hesse-Kassel, various noble families had castle seats, fortified houses, and the associated obligation to protect the place militarily. Of the six well-known castle seats in the village - Altes Burghaus , Hattenbachscher Burgsitz , Schleierscher Burgsitz , Schwertzellscher Burgsitz as well as one more from Langenstein and one from Hattenbach - only two parts are preserved today, the old one built by the Lords of Langenstein called Gonzenrod Burghaus (now used as a restaurant) and Schwerzellsche Burgsitz (remains of the wall are now integrated into the community center).

During the Thirty Years' War , Schrecksbach was plundered by Croatian horsemen on Christmas Day 1635 and largely burned down. A number of the residents are said to have escaped into the corridors between the cellars of two castle seats, others fled to the crypt under the church, according to ancient traditions. The local area was hit a second time on November 14, 1640, the day before the battle on Riebelsdorfer Berg , when the imperial troops of General Hans Rudolf von Breda burned down the settlements in the area.

The tunnel system, if there was one, has not been accessible for generations, but in the basement of the old castle house the entrances of at least three corridors (or further cellar vaults) are still visible, framed with heavy sandstone blocks and lined with field stones.

The name of the Holzburg district also suggests a former castle. There was once a small hilltop castle on the Burgküppel between Schrecksbach and Röllshausen , from which the wall and moat can still be seen today.

With the annexation of Kurhessen in 1866, Schrecksbach fell to Prussia . The place was modernized in the 1920s and 1930s. A sewerage system was created, the streets improved and a water pipe installed in 1938/39. After 1945 about 200 displaced Sudeten Germans came to the town.


As part of the regional reform in Hesse , the previously independent municipality of Holzburg was incorporated on December 31, 1971 . On January 1, 1974, Röllshausen and Salmshausen were added by virtue of state law.


Schoenberg Chapel

The first Christian church was built around the year 800. Only one arched window in Romanesque style is left of it. A new building in Gothic style was inaugurated on February 22nd, 1413, as indicated by an inscription on a nearby homestead. 300 years later, this church was also dilapidated. Thanks to generous support from the community and Landgrave Wilhelm VII, the new baroque church was inaugurated in 1754 . The church bells date from 1350, 1430 and 1755. The church organ dates from 1770 and was a donation from the childless farmer Adam Michel.

In 1526 Schrecksbach became Protestant with the introduction of the Reformation in the Landgraviate of Hesse.

In 1933 the only local Jewish family Spier was mistreated by SA men from the city of Alsfeld .

After the end of the Second World War , the Protestant church was initially used for the services of the mostly Catholic Sudeten German immigrants , until a separate Catholic church was consecrated in 1950.


Community representation

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the municipal council 2016
A total of 17 seats
Parties and constituencies %
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 48.5 8th 49.4 9 46.5 11 50.9 12
UWG Independent voter community 28.8 5 25.8 4th 23.2 5 16.0 4th
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 22.6 4th 24.8 4th 17.3 4th 19.7 4th
FWG Free community of voters - - - - 13.0 3 13.5 3
total 100.0 17th 100.0 17th 100.0 23 100.0 23
Voter turnout in% 59.5 57.7 54.8 69.3

Irregularities and new elections

The administrative court of Kassel declared the election to the municipal parliament in constituency 1 (Schrecksbach) to be invalid on August 30, 2012, as irregularities were found. The court ordered a new election in constituency 1 within four months. Due to the narrow outcome of the original election, the new election could bring about a change in the majority in the local parliament.


Erich Diehl (SPD) served as mayor for almost 23 years. At the meeting of the municipal council on September 29, 2011, he announced that he would be leaving office one year earlier than planned at the end of December 31, 2011. The new mayor was elected on March 11, 2012. Andreas Schultheis won the elections on March 11th with 71.1% of the vote and a turnout of 84.9%. The SPD candidate, Torsten Biesenroth, won 28.9%. On December 3, 2017, Andreas Schultheis was the only candidate to be confirmed in office with 89.1% of the votes and a voter turnout of 61.1%.


The Schönberg Chapel is a cultural monument in the Schönberg district .

Schrecksbach and especially Röllshausen were the residence of some members of the Willingshausen painters' colony .

The band The Petards originally came from Schrecksbach and also played in the local disco Mylord. The Wald Beat Show from 1967 in Schrecksbach can be seen as a forerunner of the Burg-Herzberg Festival .


With the Metzenberg Stadium, which is used by VfB Schrecksbach and the motocross race track "Rund am Bodenrain", the place has comparatively large sports facilities. The motocross track used by the Schrecksbach Motorsport Club (MCS) has existed since 1966 and was the venue for the German Grand Prix as part of the FIM - Motocross World Championship in 1975 and 1977 .

Economy and Infrastructure


There is a large precast concrete plant in Schrecksbach .


Local public transport is organized by the North Hessian Transport Association. The municipality is accessed by bus lines and connected to the Treysa (Intercity stop) and Alsfeld train stations . Federal highway 254 runs west of the village , in the form of a bypass . The Hessian long -distance cycle path R4 and the Schwalm cycle path run through the village .


Born in Schrecksbach

Connected with Schrecksbach

  • Johann Georg Meyer (1813–1886), painter, had been studying in Schrecksbach since 1841
  • Emil Beithan (1878–1955), painter, lived and died in Schrecksbach
  • Berndt Schulz (* 1942), writer, has lived in Schrecksbach since 2015


Web links

Commons : Schrecksbach  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Schrecksbach  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. s: Topographia Hassiae: Treysa
  3. The Secret Remains Hidden , in HNA, August 20, 2010
  4. Law on the reorganization of the districts Fritzlar-Homberg, Melsungen and Ziegenhain (GVBl. II 330-22) of September 28, 1973 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1973 No. 25 , p. 356 , § 3 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2,3 MB ]).
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 412 .
  6. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  7. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  8. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  9. "Local election 2011: Court orders new election in Schrecksbach" , in the HNA of August 30, 2012.
  10. ^ "Schrecksbach: Mayor Diehl gives up his office prematurely" , in HNA of September 30, 2011.
  11. ^ "Andreas Schultheis is the new mayor of Schrecksbach" , HNA dated November 3, 2012.
  12. ^ "Schultheis remains mayor in Schrecksbach" , of December 3, 2017.
  13. "Legend lives on the Bodenrain" Hessische Niedersächsische Allgemeine from April 26, 2010.
  14. ^ Motorsport Club Schrecksbach , accessed on September 18, 2014.