|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||kassel|
|County :||Schwalm-Eder district|
|Height :||338 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||61.58 km 2|
|Residents:||2943 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||48 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||34630|
|Area code :||06696|
|License plate :||HR, FZ, MEG, ZIG|
|Community key :||06 6 34 006|
|LOCODE :||DE GS5|
|Community structure:||11 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Rainer Barth ( non-party )|
|Location of the community Gilserberg in the Schwalm-Eder district|
The municipality comprises of the Rhine-Weser watershed located Gilserberger Highlands (and therefore in the vernacular often referred to only as "Highland"). Its central part around the core village of Gilserberg consists of a plateau through which the upper reaches of the Gilsa flow. The southwestern districts of Lischeid, Winterscheid and Heimbach, which are drained by the Wohra tributaries Josbach and Heimbach , are the only places in the Schwalm-Eder district that lie in the catchment area of the Rhine . The southeastern part of the municipality with the districts Sachsenhausen, Itzenhain, Bellnhausen and Appenhain is drained via the Katzenbach and the Wiera tributary Hardwasser to the Schwalm .
In the north, around the Schönstein district, the community extends into the Kellerwald . There is located on the north-western boundary of Gemünden with the high Jeust is the highest point in the municipality. In the northeast, near the districts of Schönau and Sebbeterode, is the Hemberg ridge . The southernmost point of the Kellerwald-Edersee nature park is located in the core town of Gilserberg . The districts of Schönstein and Schönau are within the boundaries of the nature park, Gilserberg, Moischeid and Sebbeterode are partly within this.
The federal highway 3 , which for example connects Kassel (60 km) in the northeast with Marburg (30 km) in the southwest, runs through the municipality. It crosses the Rhine-Weser watershed between the core town of Gilserberg and the district of Lischeid.
The community consists of eleven districts. In addition to the core village of Gilserberg , these are Appenhain , Heimbach , Itzenhain with the former domain and today's settlement Bellnhausen , Lischeid , Moischeid , Sachsenhausen , Schönau , Schönstein , Sebbeterode and Winterscheid .
According to the municipality's own presentation (citizen brochure of the municipality of Gilserberg, edition 2018/2019) the districts of the municipality had the following population figures in 2017:
Gilserberg borders in the northwest on the municipality of Haina ( district Waldeck-Frankenberg ), in the northeast on the municipality Jesberg , in the southeast on the city of Schwalmstadt (both in the Schwalm-Eder district), in the south on the city of Neustadt , in the southwest on the cities Stadtallendorf and Rauschenberg , and in the west to the community of Wohratal (all four in the Marburg-Biedenkopf district ) and the city of Gemünden (Waldeck-Frankenberg district).
Gilserberg was first mentioned in a document in 1262. On December 31, 1971, as part of the regional reform in Hesse, the previously independent communities Gilserberg, Heimbach, Lischeid, Sachsenhausen, Schönau and Winterscheid merged to form the new community Gilserberg. Due to its central location in the Gilserberg highlands, Gilserberg became the seat of administration and namesake of the new community. On April 1, 1972, Appenhain and Itzenhain were added with Bellnhausen, which was incorporated in 1928. After these mergers took place voluntarily, Moischeid, Sebbeterode and Schönstein were incorporated by state law on January 1, 1974 .
Gilserberg, Moischeid and Schönau belong to the parish of Sebbeterode, to the parish of Lischeid Heimbach, Winterscheid, Sachsenhausen, Itzenhain and Appenhain. Schönstein is part of the parish of Densberg .
In Gilserberg there was a Jewish community from the 18th century until after 1933. The maximum number of Jewish residents was reached around 1900 with a good 70 people. A first synagogue was probably established at the beginning of the 19th century. A new synagogue was inaugurated on January 12, 1898. It was destroyed in the November pogrom in 1938 . At least four of the community's former Jewish residents were murdered in extermination camps . A small Jewish cemetery on site reminds of the Jewish community.
On September 16, 2012, Rainer Barth (independent) was elected mayor of the community of Gilserberg with 53.4% of the vote. His only opponent was Lothar Dietrich from the SPD. The turnout was 79.3%. On January 2, 2013, Barth took office.
Former mayors since the territorial reform were:
- Johannes Drescher (SPD), (1964) to 1988
- Ernst Thiel (SPD), 1989 to 2000
- Lothar Vestweber (SPD), 2000 to 2013
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||46.1||11||58.0||13||52.3||12||43.2||10|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||33.9||8th||42.0||10||32.7||8th||36.2||8th|
|BLH||Citizens' list Hochland||20.0||4th||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|WGH||Highland voter community||-||-||-||-||10.9||2||16.0||4th|
|Voter turnout in%||66.4||70.8||72.9||76.1|
coat of arms
The coat of arms was approved on April 12, 1984 by the Hessian Ministry of the Interior.
|Blazon : "In the shield, divided by a slanting silver wave bar, a golden tin tower emerging from the wave bar above in red, a six-pointed silver star below in black."|
Justification for the coat of arms: The sloping wave bar indicates the eponymous Gilsa , the tower stands for the old Schönstein Castle in the municipality and the star indicates that the municipality was part of the Ziegenhain county . The colors black and white were taken from the Ziegenhain Count's coat of arms, the colors red and white indicate that it belongs to the state of Hesse.
The design of the coat of arms was in the hands of the Bad Nauheim heraldist Heinz Ritt .
The spoken dialect is very regional and cannot be clearly classified due to its geographical location. It lies between North Hessian and Middle Hessian and is known as "Platt", although differences are discernible even between different villages in the municipality. The linguistic demarcation to the east is the "Schwälmer Platt".
As part of the Upper Hessian threshold, the Gilserberg highlands culturally represent a border area between the Schwalm , Lahn and Eder as well as between Lower and Upper Hesse . For this reason, no uniform and individual costume has developed for the area . However, women's and men's clothing existed within the localities. These costumes disappeared from the village appearance at the beginning of the 20th century. Surveys of people around 1900 revealed the traditional costume worn in the villages of Appenhain, Itzenhain, Gilserberg, Moischeid and Winterscheid as "Gilserberger traditional costume" and that in Sachsenhausen, Lischeid and Josbach as "Lower Hessian costume". The Schönauer traditional costume was a transition from the upper - described for the Lower Hessian costume and the Heimbach costume as "Edertaler costume". The Schönstein costume can be seen as the middle position between this variety of costumes.
The Schönstein women's costume consists of:
- A white shirt (hand-woven linen, cotton or mixed fabrics; for Sundays with embroidery or white linen lace on the sleeve edges)
- A waist-length, checkered or floral, dark loaf (cotton fabric; black, blue, green or brown; back in princess cut; for Sundays made of velvet)
- Two petticoats (first made of white linen or cotton; second in summer made of gray cotton fabric or nurse's linen, worn as a work skirt in hot weather, in winter made of gray brushed cotton or beaver fabric)
- A calf-length to ankle-length skirt in muted tones (black, brown, green, gray, blue or purple; both walls and wool, later also cotton; laid in folds; with "chaos"; at least two black velvet ribbons; decorated with braids, woven ribbons and Guimps)
- A jacket (black, brown, green, or blue; printed cotton; high-necked with stand-up or turn-down collar; for Sundays embroidered velvet or jacquard fabric)
- An apron to match the jacket (with or without a waistband and with fine folds at the waist)
- A cloth (embroidered in different colors, matching the color of the robe; folded into a triangle)
- A ribbon bonnet, the so-called Schlinkebätzel (Schleifenbätzel) for going to church, with an additional white lace bonnet for the Last Supper and weddings
The Schönsteiner male costume consists of:
- A blue hessian smock (white and blue embroidered on the shoulder pieces; embroidered cuffs and neck opening; white buttons)
- Dark pants
- A scarf (red for young, black for older men)
- On Sundays a white shirt, black trousers, possibly a waistcoat, black frock coat and top hat instead of a Hessenkittel
Sports and clubs
The community of Gilserberg is rich in clubs and associations in all parts of the village, which are run on a voluntary basis. In addition to the association work, they are also socially active in the cultural and social area and are therefore a cornerstone of the municipality. The most successful sports club so far has been the Sebbeterode table tennis club, which played for many seasons in the association league and was active for two seasons in the Hessen league, the highest class in the state.
There are also a number of other associations in the community of Gilserberg, these are:
- Carrier pigeon club Gilserberg
- The fraternities in Gilserberg, Lischeid, Sachsenhausen and Sebbeterode. The fraternities Gilserberg and Sebbeterode organize the local village fair every year.
- Village association "We for Schönau"
- The development associations of the Hochlandschule, Hospiz Kellerwald and the Hochlandstrolche day care center
- The mixed choirs Moischeid and Sebbeterode
- Trade and trade association active Gilserberger Hochland (HGV)
- Local, cultural and history association Gilserberg
- Sachsenhausen church choir
- Kuhlo wind group
- The rural women's clubs Gilserberg, Itzenhain Appenhain Lischeid, Moischeid, Sachsenhausen, Schönstein and Sebbeterode
- The motorcycle clubs MC Moischeid and Sebbeterode
- Local association Sebbeterode
- The trombone choir Lischeid Winterscheid Heimbach
- Travel friends Schönau
- The shooting clubs 1925 Heimbach, Tell 1965 Sachsenhausen and Schönstein 1966
- The singing circles Schönau and Winterscheid
- TSV 1922 Hochland Gilserberg
- TSV 1930 Moischeid
- TTC Sebbeterode-Winterscheid
- Sonnenmühle Association
- The Lischeid and Moischeid beautification clubs
- Gilserberg hiking club
Born in Gilserberg
- Ernst Engeland (1853–1925), politician and member of parliament in Bremen
- Heinrich Kohl (1912–1984), lawyer, officer, pilot, district administrator and state secretary
- Harald Habermann (* 1951), politician and member of the Hessian state parliament
With reference to Gilserberg
- Johann I von Ziegenhain (unknown – 1359), Count of Ziegenhain, Count of Nidda and High Bailiff of the Fulda Monastery, built Schönstein Castle near Gilserberg
- Thomas Gunkel (* 1956), translator, lives in Gilserberg
- Website of the community of Gilserberg
- Gilserberg, municipality, Schwalm-Eder district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Gilserberg, Schwalm-Eder district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Gilserberg, Schwalm-Eder district. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. (As of June 4, 2018). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Law on the reorganization of the districts Fritzlar-Homberg, Melsungen and Ziegenhain (GVBl. II 330-22) of September 28, 1973 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1973 No. 25 , p. 356 , § 1 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2,3 MB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 411 f .
- Gilserberg with the Winterscheid district (Schwalm-Eder district). Alemannia Judaica , accessed January 25, 2016 .
- elections: Barth wins in Gilserberg. In: HNA . September 16, 2012, accessed January 25, 2016 .
- Claudia Schittelkopp: After the election: Barth is in high spirits - SPD is excited. In: HNA. September 17, 2012, accessed January 25, 2016 .
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
- Gilserberg. In: Internet presence. Gilserberg community, accessed on March 27, 2018 .
- Dr. J. Führer: Looking for traces in the Gilserberg highlands - history and stories from home . Ed .: Heimatgeschichtlicher Arbeitskreis in the Heimat-, Kultur- und Geschichtsverein Gilserberg eV 1st edition. 2003.
- Brunhilde Miehe: Stayed true to the costume: Studies on regional clothing behavior in Hesse . Ed .: Miehe-Medien. 2nd Edition. 1995, ISBN 3-9801197-7-7 .
- Schönstein costume. In: Trachtenland Hessen. Retrieved April 12, 2018 .
- Clubs & Associations. In: Internet presence. Gilserberg community, accessed on October 4, 2018 .
- Fraternities. Retrieved April 28, 2019 .