|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||kassel|
|County :||Schwalm-Eder district|
|Height :||229 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||85.83 km 2|
|Residents:||7253 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||85 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||34621|
|Primaries :||05684, 06691|
|License plate :||HR, FZ, MEG, ZIG|
|Community key :||06 6 34 004|
|LOCODE :||DE FHE|
|Address of the
|Ziegenhainer Strasse 2
|Mayor :||Thorsten Vaupel ( SPD )|
|Location of the municipality of Frielendorf in the Schwalm-Eder district|
Frielendorf is located on the northwestern edge of the Knüllgebirge about 8.5 km southwest of Homberg . To the north-west of the village lies the Sendberg ( ), on which the Sendberg court met until it was moved to Frielendorf at the end of the 13th century , to the north-east the Silbersee and to the south-east the Mark ( rises ). The Efze tributary Ohebach flows through it .
Frielendorf borders in the northeast and east on the city of Homberg , in the southeast on the city of Schwarzenborn , in the south on the city of Neukirchen and the municipality of Willingshausen , in the southwest and west on the city of Schwalmstadt , in the west on the municipality Neuental and in the northwest on the City of Borken ; they all belong to the Schwalm-Eder district.
In addition to the core town, the municipality of Frielendorf includes the fifteen districts:
The name-giving district of Frielendorf was first mentioned in a document as Frilingendorf in 1197 in an income directory of the Spieskappel monastery . Other historical forms of name are Frilingestorf (around 1220), Vrilingedorph (1247), Frilendorf (1333) and Frielndorff (1585).
In order to professionalize the administration, to create better coordination and coordination possibilities for larger planning areas and the realization of the principle of equality , the Hessian administrative and territorial reform was carried out. The first phase was the voluntary union of the communities. This was also promoted by financial benefits from the state. In this phase, the communities of Frielendorf, Gebersdorf, Lenderscheid (united with the community of Lanertshausen since September 15, 1968 and with the community of Siebertshausen since July 1, 1970), Linsingen and Todenhausen to form the new large community of Frielendorf . On January 1, 1974, the two large municipalities of Frielendorf and Grenzebach (which had formed on January 31, 1971 from the municipalities of Leimsfeld, Oberbegrenzebach and Schönborn) became one with the previously independent municipalities of Allendorf, Großropperhausen, Leuderode, Spieskappel and Verna turn new major community Frielendorf together . The seat of the municipal administration became Frielendorf.
|Allendorf||1st January 1974|
|Gebersdorf||December 31, 1971|
|Grenzebach||1st January 1974|
|Grossropperhausen||1st January 1974|
|Lanertshausen||15th September 1968||Incorporation to Lenderscheid|
|Glue field||December 31, 1971||Merger with Oberbegrenzebach and Schönborn zu Grenzebach|
|Lenderscheid||December 31, 1971|
|Leuderode||1st January 1974|
|Lentil singing||December 31, 1971|
|Upper limit stream||December 31, 1971||Merger with Leimsfeld and Schönborn zu Grenzebach|
|Schönborn||December 31, 1971||Merger with Leimsfeld and Ober Grenzebach to Grenzebach|
|Siebertshausen||July 1, 1970||Incorporation to Lenderscheid|
|Spieskappel||1st January 1974|
|Todenhausen||December 31, 1971|
|Verna||1st January 1974|
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||51.7||16||53.9||17th||51.3||16||56.7||18th|
|FWGF||Free voter community Frielendorf||28.7||9||22.1||7th||22.2||7th||14.1||4th|
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||19.7||6th||24.0||7th||26.6||8th||25.5||8th|
|Voter turnout in%||58.0||55.4||58.7||68.0|
After the Hessian municipal constitution is the Mayor Chairman of the Municipal Executive Board , the next to the mayor twelve volunteer in the community Frielendorf Associate members. Thorsten Vaupel (SPD) has been mayor since May 21, 2016. His directly elected predecessors were
- 1998 to 2016 Birger Fey (SPD)
coat of arms
Blazon : " A silver four-pinned tower growing in red on a green three -pinnacle, topped by stakes with a black spike with two barbs on both sides between two central black-rimmed silver arrow slits, each with a growing, averted and bent golden ear of corn."
Culture and sights
In the museum shop with the exhibition Die Zeche Frielendorf information is provided about the history of Frielendorf and the former lignite mining in and around the village.
The Verna Village Museum provides information about village living culture, furniture and hand tools .
In the district of Spieskappel is the church of St. Johannes of the former Spieskappel monastery , consecrated in 1255 , which originally belonged to the Premonstratensian choir monastery of Cappel, founded in 1143 . The church is usually only referred to as a monastery church . The organ was built in the workshop of the organ builder Johannes Schlottmann from Hersfeld .
The Spiessurm (also called "Spieskappeler Warte") is a medieval watch tower , on the road between Spieskappel and Oberbegrenzebach. It stands at a point where important medieval trade routes intersected, as well as on the former border between Upper Hesse and Lower Hesse . In the 15th and 16th centuries, the state parliaments of the Hessian estates took place on the spit . The spike tower is part of the Frielendorfer coat of arms.
Economy and Infrastructure
For around 150 years, until the 1960s, lignite mining and briquette production were the economic basis of the core town and the surrounding villages. Frielendorf was one of the most important lignite mining areas in Hesse, and opencast mines shaped the landscape. The village itself was dominated by the Briquette factory of the Frielendorf union . In the 1920s around 1400 people worked in the Frielendorfer mining industry. A total of around 26.5 million tons of brown coal were mined and around 6.5 million tons of briquettes were produced. The “Hassia” brand briquettes were known far beyond the region.
With the end of coal mining in Frielendorf, a drastic structural change began, from mining and industry to tourism. The centerpiece of this structural change was the conversion of a large open- cast mine into a bathing and fishing lake , the Silbersee , the surroundings of which have long since been renatured and around which a holiday village has been created.
Frielendorf is on the federal road 254 (Homberg – Fulda). It is about 11 km to the federal motorway 49 ( Kassel - Fritzlar - Marburg ) junction Neuental. The community belongs to the North Hessian Transport Association . The next train stations are Wabern, Schwalmstadt-Treysa, Borken (Hessen) and Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe. Frielendorf used to have a train station on the Leinefelde – Treysa line .
- Margot Käßmann (* 1958), theologian, former pastor in Spieskappel (1985–1990)
- Kurt Lotz (1912–2005), former Chairman of the Board of Management of Volkswagen AG
- Stefan Marx (illustrator) (* 1979), artist
- Regine Müller (* 1959), MdL, former head of the kindergarten in Oberbegrenzebach
- Evelin Schönhut-Keil (* 1960 in Homberg / Efze), MdL 1990–2005; former First Alderman of the State Welfare Association of Hesse
- Fritz Gerich: Chronicle of Frielendorf. Frielendorf 1956, .
- Hans Mittendorf: Gebersdorf. A village book. Frielendorf 1997, .
- Karl Schmidt: The village of Spieskappel. Frielendorf 1995, .
- Gerd Kanke: Frielendorf and its districts. Literature and documents on local history in libraries and archives. An overview. On behalf of the Hessian Academy of Research and Planning in Rural Areas and the municipality of Frielendorf. (III. Working report of the Hessian Academy of Research and Planning in Rural Areas.) Bad Karlshafen 1996, ISBN 3-928069-17-9 .
- Horst Schönhut: The Frielendorf Union: History of the Frielendorfer brown coal mine. History Association Borken eV, Borken 1998, ISBN 3-932739-03-5 .
- Official website of Frielendorf
- "Frielendorf, Schwalm-Eder district". Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Literature on Frielendorf in the Hessian Bibliography
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- 77th meeting of the specialist committee for health resorts, recreation places and healing wells in Hesse on November 17, 2011 . In: State pointer for the state of Hesse . No. 7 , 2012, ISSN 0724-7885 , p. 221 .
- Frielendorf, Schwalm-Eder district. Historical local lexicon for Hesse (as of June 11, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on July 10, 2014 .
- Law on the reorganization of the districts Fritzlar-Homberg, Melsungen and Ziegenhain (GVBl. II 330-22) of September 28, 1973 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1973 No. 25 , p. 356 , § 8 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2,3 MB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 411-413 .
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
- Hessian State Statistical Office: direct elections in Frielendorf
- Thorsten Vaupel on the Internet on his inauguration , accessed on July 28, 2016.
- Article on Nordhessennews nh24
- The former colliery area, with photos ( Memento of the original from September 12, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.