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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the municipality of Frielendorf
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Frielendorf highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 59 ′  N , 9 ° 20 ′  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : kassel
County : Schwalm-Eder district
Height : 229 m above sea level NHN
Area : 85.83 km 2
Residents: 7253 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 85 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 34621
Primaries : 05684, 06691
License plate : HR, FZ, MEG, ZIG
Community key : 06 6 34 004
Address of the
municipal administration:
Ziegenhainer Strasse 2
34621 Frielendorf
Website :
Mayor : Thorsten Vaupel ( SPD )
Location of the municipality of Frielendorf in the Schwalm-Eder district
Kassel Landkreis Fulda Landkreis Hersfeld-Rotenburg Landkreis Kassel Landkreis Marburg-Biedenkopf Landkreis Waldeck-Frankenberg Vogelsbergkreis Vogelsbergkreis Werra-Meißner-Kreis Knüllwald Homberg (Efze) Frielendorf Schwarzenborn (Knüll) Neukirchen (Knüll) Oberaula Ottrau Schrecksbach Willingshausen Schwalmstadt Gilserberg Jesberg Neuental Bad Zwesten Borken (Hessen) Morschen Malsfeld Wabern (Hessen) Felsberg (Hessen) Spangenberg Melsungen Körle Guxhagen Edermünde Gudensberg Niedenstein Fritzlarmap
About this picture

Frielendorf is a municipality in the Schwalm-Eder district in northern Hesse . It is a state-approved climatic health resort and has been officially known as "Marktflecken" since September 1st, 2019.

Geographical location

Frielendorf is located on the northwestern edge of the Knüllgebirge about 8.5 km southwest of Homberg . To the north-west of the village lies the Sendberg ( 339  m above sea level ), on which the Sendberg court met until it was moved to Frielendorf at the end of the 13th century , to the north-east the Silbersee and to the south-east the Mark ( 382.7  m above sea level) rises . NN ). The Efze tributary Ohebach flows through it .

Neighboring communities

Frielendorf borders in the northeast and east on the city of Homberg , in the southeast on the city of Schwarzenborn , in the south on the city of Neukirchen and the municipality of Willingshausen , in the southwest and west on the city of Schwalmstadt , in the west on the municipality Neuental and in the northwest on the City of Borken ; they all belong to the Schwalm-Eder district.

Community structure

In addition to the core town, the municipality of Frielendorf includes the fifteen districts:


The name-giving district of Frielendorf was first mentioned in a document as Frilingendorf in 1197 in an income directory of the Spieskappel monastery . Other historical forms of name are Frilingestorf (around 1220), Vrilingedorph (1247), Frilendorf (1333) and Frielndorff (1585).

Territorial reform

In order to professionalize the administration, to create better coordination and coordination possibilities for larger planning areas and the realization of the principle of equality , the Hessian administrative and territorial reform was carried out. The first phase was the voluntary union of the communities. This was also promoted by financial benefits from the state. In this phase, the communities of Frielendorf, Gebersdorf, Lenderscheid (united with the community of Lanertshausen since September 15, 1968 and with the community of Siebertshausen since July 1, 1970), Linsingen and Todenhausen to form the new large community of Frielendorf . On January 1, 1974, the two large municipalities of Frielendorf and Grenzebach (which had formed on January 31, 1971 from the municipalities of Leimsfeld, Oberbegrenzebach and Schönborn) became one with the previously independent municipalities of Allendorf, Großropperhausen, Leuderode, Spieskappel and Verna turn new major community Frielendorf together . The seat of the municipal administration became Frielendorf.

Overview table

Former parish date annotation
Allendorf 01st January 1974
Gebersdorf December 31, 1971
Grenzebach 01st January 1974
Grossropperhausen 01st January 1974
Lanertshausen 15th September 1968 Incorporation to Lenderscheid
Glue field December 31, 1971 Merger with Oberbegrenzebach and Schönborn zu Grenzebach
Lenderscheid December 31, 1971
Leuderode 01st January 1974
Lentil singing December 31, 1971
Upper limit stream December 31, 1971 Merger with Leimsfeld and Schönborn zu Grenzebach
Schönborn December 31, 1971 Merger with Leimsfeld and Ober Grenzebach to Grenzebach
Siebertshausen 0July 1, 1970 Incorporation to Lenderscheid
Spieskappel 01st January 1974
Todenhausen December 31, 1971
Verna 01st January 1974


Community representation

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the municipal council 2016
A total of 31 seats
Parties and constituencies %
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 51.7 16 53.9 17th 51.3 16 56.7 18th
FWGF Free voter community Frielendorf 28.7 9 22.1 7th 22.2 7th 14.1 4th
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 19.7 6th 24.0 7th 26.6 8th 25.5 8th
total 100.0 31 100.0 31 100.0 31 100.0 31
Voter turnout in% 58.0 55.4 58.7 68.0


After the Hessian municipal constitution is the Mayor Chairman of the Municipal Executive Board , the next to the mayor twelve volunteer in the community Frielendorf Associate members. Thorsten Vaupel (SPD) has been mayor since May 21, 2016. His directly elected predecessors were

  • 1998 to 2016 Birger Fey (SPD)

coat of arms

The Spike Tower (2008)

Blazon : " A silver four-pinned tower growing in red on a green three -pinnacle, topped by stakes with a black spike with two barbs on both sides between two central black-rimmed silver arrow slits, each with a growing, averted and bent golden ear of corn."

Declaration of coat of arms: The silver four-pinned tower symbolizes the Frielendorf landmark, the spear tower , which, as a partially speaking coat of arms with the spear in place, gives its name.

Parish partnership

The municipality of Frielendorf maintains a partnership with Kleinschmalkalden in Thuringia and, since May 30, 2009, with the West Flanders town of Poperinge .

Culture and sights


In the museum shop with the exhibition Die Zeche Frielendorf information is provided about the history of Frielendorf and the former lignite mining in and around the village.

The Verna Village Museum provides information about village living culture, furniture and hand tools .


Church of St. Johannes in Spieskappel

In the district of Spieskappel is the church of St. Johannes of the former Spieskappel monastery , consecrated in 1255 , which originally belonged to the Premonstratensian choir monastery of Cappel, founded in 1143 . The church is usually only referred to as a monastery church . The organ was built in the workshop of the organ builder Johannes Schlottmann from Hersfeld .

The Spiessurm (also called "Spieskappeler Warte") is a medieval watch tower , on the road between Spieskappel and Oberbegrenzebach. It stands at a point where important medieval trade routes intersected, as well as on the former border between Upper Hesse and Lower Hesse . In the 15th and 16th centuries, the state parliaments of the Hessian estates took place on the spit . The spike tower is part of the Frielendorfer coat of arms.


The Silbersee vacation rental park is located east of Frielendorf on the Silbersee . The monastery park in Spieskappel is also a popular destination.

Economy and Infrastructure


The Silbersee near Frielendorf

For around 150 years, until the 1960s, lignite mining and briquette production were the economic basis of the core town and the surrounding villages. Frielendorf was one of the most important lignite mining areas in Hesse, and opencast mines shaped the landscape. The village itself was dominated by the Briquette factory of the Frielendorf union . In the 1920s around 1400 people worked in the Frielendorfer mining industry. A total of around 26.5 million tons of brown coal were mined and around 6.5 million tons of briquettes were produced. The “Hassia” brand briquettes were known far beyond the region.

With the end of coal mining in Frielendorf, a drastic structural change began, from mining and industry to tourism. The centerpiece of this structural change was the conversion of a large open- cast mine into a bathing and fishing lake , the Silbersee , the surroundings of which have long since been renatured and around which a holiday village has been created.


Frielendorf is on the federal road 254 (Homberg – Fulda). It is about 11 km to the federal motorway 49 ( Kassel - Fritzlar - Marburg ) junction Neuental. The community belongs to the North Hessian Transport Association . The next train stations are Wabern, Schwalmstadt-Treysa, Borken (Hessen) and Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe. Frielendorf used to have a train station on the Leinefelde – Treysa line .



  • Fritz Gerich: Chronicle of Frielendorf. Frielendorf 1956, DNB 451490592 .
  • Hans Mittendorf: Gebersdorf. A village book. Frielendorf 1997, DNB 952784548 .
  • Karl Schmidt: The village of Spieskappel. Frielendorf 1995, DNB 944729630 .
  • Gerd Kanke: Frielendorf and its districts. Literature and documents on local history in libraries and archives. An overview. On behalf of the Hessian Academy of Research and Planning in Rural Areas and the municipality of Frielendorf. (III. Working report of the Hessian Academy of Research and Planning in Rural Areas.) Bad Karlshafen 1996, ISBN 3-928069-17-9 .
  • Horst Schönhut: The Frielendorf Union: History of the Frielendorfer brown coal mine. History Association Borken eV, Borken 1998, ISBN 3-932739-03-5 .

Web links

Commons : Frielendorf  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Frielendorf  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. 77th meeting of the specialist committee for health resorts, recreation places and healing wells in Hesse on November 17, 2011 . In: State pointer for the state of Hesse . No. 7 , 2012, ISSN  0724-7885 , p. 221 .
  4. a b Frielendorf, Schwalm-Eder district. Historical local lexicon for Hesse (as of June 11, 2014). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on July 10, 2014 .
  5. Law on the reorganization of the districts Fritzlar-Homberg, Melsungen and Ziegenhain (GVBl. II 330-22) of September 28, 1973 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1973 No. 25 , p. 356 , § 8 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2,3 MB ]).
  6. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 411-413 .
  7. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  8. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  9. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  10. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: direct elections in Frielendorf
  11. Thorsten Vaupel on the Internet on his inauguration , accessed on July 28, 2016.
  12. Article on Nordhessennews nh24
  13. The former colliery area, with photos ( Memento of the original from September 12, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /