In the Federal Republic of Germany, any general school type such as elementary school , secondary school , secondary school , comprehensive school or grammar school, with the exception of special schools , which are publicly sponsored (state / federal state or local authority) is referred to as regular school . The mainstream school system is thus separated from the system of so-called private or “free” or “alternative” schools .
Special schools or special needs schools are attended by pupils who have been identified as having a special disability or special educational needs . However, children and young people with disabilities are also increasingly being integrated into mainstream school systems , for example in North Rhine-Westphalia as part of joint lessons . The UN disability rights convention , which has been legally binding for the Federal Republic of Germany since March 26, 2009, fundamentally calls into question the German system of special schools. The convention enables all parents to ask the responsible school authority not only to integrate their disabled children into the mainstream school system, but also to include them there.
Germany has a compulsory education , and in principle in the form of compulsory education . As compliance with this obligation is strictly monitored by the school supervisory authorities, a large proportion of a year in Germany attend primary school and secondary schools in the mainstream school system.
Students in mainstream schools
In 2009 the following language rules apply: The pupils who attend a mainstream school are called mainstream pupils. Pupils with a disability who are recognized as integration pupils and attend the integration class of a mainstream school are not considered to be mainstream pupils. A schoolchildren with a disability that does not allow him to be recognized as an integration student, but grants the right to attend an integration class, is very much considered to be a regular school student. This group includes, for example, schoolchildren with impaired senses ( blind , visually impaired , hard of hearing , deaf ) who may have the opportunity to be supported by the mobile service at regular schools , provided there is this or a comparable facility in the relevant federal state.
- Spiegel.de: Matthias Bartsch: Schools - End of sorting out. Edition 50/2009, December 7, 2009, p. 46f.