Higher Regional Court of Karlsruhe
The history of the Higher Regional Court in Karlsruhe goes back to 1803. With the acquisition of the electoral dignity , the Baden rulers had also obtained their own jurisdiction, so that a separate higher court had to be established, which was called the Badisches Oberhofgericht and its seat was initially in the previous one until 1810 Had residence of the Prince-Bishop of Speyer in the Bruchsal Palace , then until 1879 in the Mannheim Palace . Four court courts were initially subordinate as the intermediate instance, and in their place were five district and court courts and six simple district courts in 1864. In the first instance, the district offices belonging to the administration decided, from which the independent local courts were spun off in 1857.
In the course of the reorganization of the judiciary, the Higher Court was transferred to the Higher Regional Court in 1879 and its seat moved from Mannheim to Karlsruhe ; at that time the judiciary consisted of the president, two senate chairmen and 18 councilors. The Higher Regional Court has been located at its current location at Hoffstrasse 10 since 1902.
When a separate state of Baden was created in the French occupation zone in the southern part of Baden after the Second World War , Freiburg im Breisgau was also the seat of a higher regional court for a few years, while Karlsruhe only received the external senate of the Stuttgart higher regional court , which was responsible for northern Baden . When the south-western state of Baden-Württemberg was founded in 1952, Freiburg was compensated for the loss of function by forming external senates, the Freiburg Senates of the Karlsruhe Higher Regional Court, for proceedings from the southern Baden region.
In the district of the Karlsruhe Higher Regional Court, the Baden files have been preserved to this day.
The building of the Karlsruhe Higher Regional Court was built from 1898–1902 according to plans by the chief building director Josef Durm after the Karlsruhe Palace of Justice , which was only completed in 1879, turned out to be too small to accommodate all judicial authorities. The three-storey complex, designed in Italian and French mannerism forms , which adjoins the recently built official prison to the south , consists of the main wing on Hoffstrasse and two side wings; the originally planned fourth wing was not implemented.
The facade of the main wing is divided into two side risalits and a triumphal arch- shaped central risalite. The central pavilion, which encompassed the main portal and stairwell, as well as the meeting rooms on the upper floors, was crowned by a light dome, which was destroyed in the Second World War and only replaced by a simple roof when it was restored. The stairwell has repeatedly served as a backdrop for court scenes in television films.
In the entrance hall there has been a memorial for the war dead of the First World War since 1928 with the bronze figure of a mourning Justitia created by the Karlsruhe sculptor Karl Dietrich (1883–1954) and marble memorial plaques with the names of 215 fallen employees of the Baden judiciary (including the notaries' offices) and the legal profession).
Seat and District of the Court
Responsibility and composition
In fact, the Higher Regional Court - in addition to numerous special competences - is responsible as an appeal and complaint authority for civil , family and criminal matters as well as a complaints authority for matters of voluntary jurisdiction .
91 judges (including a president, a vice-president and 21 chairmen) work at the court. The court has three criminal senates (also senates for fine matters ), 20 civil senates (five of which are family senates), two senates for agricultural matters , a cartel and public procurement senate , a senate for building land matters and a senate for tax advisers and tax agents matters . In addition, there is also the Higher Shipping Court and the Rhine Higher Shipping Court at the Higher Regional Court . Seven civil senates (including two family senates) and one senate for agricultural matters are housed in the branch office of the Higher Regional Court in Freiburg; they are responsible for appeals against decisions by the southern Baden courts (regional court districts Freiburg , Konstanz , Offenburg and Waldshut-Tiengen ).
President of the Higher Regional Court
The service board of the Higher Regional Court is its president. The President is represented by the Vice-President of the Higher Regional Court.
- 1899– ?: Friedrich Neubronn von Eisenburg
- 1930–1937: Karl Buzengeiger
- 1937–1945: Heinrich Reinle
- 1953–1954: Wilhelm Martens (1889–1974)
- 1955–1963: Max Silberstein (1897–1966), previously President of the Mannheim Regional Court .
- 1963–1967 Wilhelm Müller (1902–1993)
- 1967–1975 Kurt Goller (1910–1990), previously President of the Ulm Regional Court
- 1975–1986 Karlheinz Keller (1921–2012)
- 1986–1991 Wilhelm Gohl (* 1926)
- 1991–1998 Heinz Jordan (1933–2017)
- 1998–2009: Werner Münchbach (* 1944), before a. a. Chairman of the 2nd Family Senate at the Karlsruhe Higher Regional Court and President of the Heidelberg Regional Court .
- 2009 – April 2015: Christine Hügel (* 1950), previously attorney general at the attorney general in Karlsruhe
- since August 5, 2015: Alexander Riedel (* 1955), previously President of the Karlsruhe Regional Court
Superordinate and subordinate courts
The Federal Court of Justice is superordinate to the Karlsruhe Higher Regional Court ; subordinate are the nine regional courts in Baden-Baden , Freiburg , Heidelberg , Karlsruhe , Konstanz , Mannheim , Mosbach , Offenburg and Waldshut-Tiengen with the respective subordinate local courts . It is also superordinate to the Rhine navigation courts of Kehl , Mannheim and Mainz .
- Werner Münchbach (Hrsg.): Festschrift 200 years Badisches Oberhofgericht. Higher Regional Court of Karlsruhe . Munich 2003. Online (PDF, 7.98 MB)
- Detlev Fischer , Legal history tours through Karlsruhe, series of publications by the Legal History Museum, Karlsruhe 2005, ISBN 3-922596-65-7 .
- Official website
- Selected decisions of the Higher Regional Court Karlsruhe from 2002 in the state case law database (responsible: Ministry of Justice Baden-Württemberg)
- Overview of the jurisprudence of the Karlsruhe Higher Regional Court
- Order of the Baden-Württemberg Ministry of Justice of June 19, 1953, Die Justiz, p. 149.
- Federal Bar Association, www.brak.de: Large membership statistics as of January 1, 2018. (PDF; 37.3 kB) Accessed September 5, 2018 .
- Lothar Gruchmann: Justice in the Third Reich 1933-1940. Adaptation and submission in the Gürtner era (= sources and representations on contemporary history . Volume 28). 3rd edition, Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag, Munich 2002, ISBN 3-486-53833-0 , p. 1212 (online) .
- Reiner von Lanzenauer: The Karlsruhe Higher Regional Court and its President Max Silberstein . In: Yearbook of contemporary legal history , No. 6 from 2004/2005, pp. 399–412 (PDF; 2.5 MB) .
- Dr. Christine Hügel is the new President of the Karlsruhe Higher Regional Court . Press release of the Ministry of Justice of Baden-Württemberg from September 3, 2009.
- Focus of February 26, 2015
- Information from the Ministry of Justice Baden-Württemberg ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )