Higher Regional Court of Dresden
The Dresden Higher Regional Court is the highest court in Saxony's ordinary jurisdiction . It was re-established by the Free State of Saxony on January 1, 1993 and was initially located in the courthouse on Sachsenplatz ; since 2001 it has been located in the Saxon State House in Dresden's historic old town .
Seat and District of the Court
The Dresden Higher Regional Court goes back to the Royal Higher Appeal Court established in 1835 . In 1879 this was repealed in the execution of the court constitution law of the empire and at the same time the higher regional court of Dresden was established. At that time, the regional courts of Dresden (with 14 districts), Leipzig (with 15 districts), Bautzen (with 18 districts), Zwickau (with 16 districts), Chemnitz (with 16 districts), Freiberg (with 14 districts) and Plauen (with 12 district court districts).
In 1952 the higher regional courts in the area of the GDR were abolished and the jurisdiction was reorganized through the establishment of district and district courts . After reunification, the Dresden Higher Regional Court was re-established in 1993. Until the building was destroyed in 1945, the Higher Regional Court was housed together with the civil chambers of the Regional Court in the courthouse on Pillnitzer Strasse, which was built between 1876 and 1878 .
Courthouse - House of Estates
The Ständehaus was built between 1901 and 1906 by the architect Paul Wallot , who also designed the Reichstag building, on the site of the Brühl Palace . From 1907 to 1934 it was the seat of the Saxon state parliament. In 1945 it burned out after a bombing raid , and in 1946 a simplified reconstruction took place. Between 1996 and 2001 the building was extensively renovated. Until 1999 the Museum für Tierkunde Dresden , the Museum für Mineralogie und Geologie Dresden , the Deutsche Fotothek and the seat of the State Office for the Preservation of Monuments were housed in it. The OLG Dresden has been housed in the Ständehaus since 2001. The President of the Higher Regional Court acts as host in this building, in which, in addition to the OLG, the State Office for the Preservation of Monuments of Saxony has its seat and the Saxon State Parliament maintains rooms.
Superordinate and subordinate courts
The Federal Court of Justice is the only superordinate court of the Dresden Higher Regional Court. The 5th Criminal Senate of the Federal Court of Justice with its seat in Leipzig is responsible for revisions in criminal law from the district of the OLG Dresden . Subordinate are the five Saxon regional courts of Chemnitz , Dresden , Görlitz , Leipzig and Zwickau with their respective subordinate local courts .
- Anton von Weber (1879–1888)
- Heinrich Bethmann Klemm (1888–1890)
- Friedrich Alfred Degner (1890-1893)
- Karl Edmund Werner (1893–1898)
- August Julius Loßnitzer (1898–1908)
- Karl Heinrich Börner (1908–1913)
- Georg Albert Geßler (1913–1920)
- Karl Georg Paul Grützmann (1920–1922)
- Karl Emil Mannsfeld (1922–1929 / 31)
- Alfred Hüttner (1931–1939)
- Rudolf Beyer (1939–1945)
- Wilhelm Weiland (1945–1948)
- Carl Günther Ruland (1948–1950)
- Fritz Pogorschelsky (1950–1952)
- Günter Hirsch (1993–1995)
- Klaus Budewig (1995-2006)
- Ulrich Hagenloch (2006-2017)
- Gilbert Häfner (since 2017)
- Adolf Lobe : Origin and development of the highest Saxon courts: a contribution to the history of the Saxon administration of justice . Leipzig 1905 ( digital collections of the Berlin State Library )
- Federal Bar Association, www.brak.de: Large membership statistics as of January 1, 2018. (PDF; 37.3 kB) Accessed September 5, 2018 .
- Sächsisches Staatsarchiv: Oberlandesgericht Dresden (1607–1952), section detailed introduction . Accessed on December 20, 2015.
- On Hammerweg. Freistaat shows new courtroom for trial against "Gruppe Freital". DNN February 8, 2017.
- Calendar for the Saxon state official for the year 1932 . Dresden 1932, p. 186.
- Lothar Gruchmann: Justice in the Third Reich 1933–1940: Adaptation and Submission in the Gürtner Era , Volume 28 of Sources and Representations for Contemporary History, 3rd Edition, 2002, ISBN 9783486595475 , p. 1212 ( limited preview in Google book search) .