Josef Durm was the son of master tailor Philipp Durm and his wife Katharina, née Singer. After studying architecture in Karlsruhe with Friedrich Theodor Fischer and Heinrich Lang , he passed the state examination with Heinrich Hübsch in 1860 . From 1862–64 he worked in Konrad Kraus' construction office in Mainz, after which he was accepted into the Baden civil service. A state scholarship allowed him to study extensively in Italy in 1866/67, and on the return trip he attended the World Exhibition in Paris . In 1868 he became professor of architecture at the Technical University of Karlsruhe , where he taught until his death. In 1877 he was appointed building officer and in 1883 senior building officer. From 1887 Durm was construction director, from 1894 as senior construction director until 1902, the chief construction officer in the Grand Duchy of Baden .
In addition, Durm dealt with archaeological building research and was co-editor of the Handbuch der Architektur , in which he published the volumes Die Baukunst der Greeks (1881), Die Baukunst der Etrusker - Die Römer (1885) and Die Baukunst der Renaissance in Italien (1903 ) wrote. Renaissance and early baroque forms determined his own design activity. With the advent of modern architecture , Durm's historicism lost its reputation in the 20th century. Many of his buildings were demolished or simply converted or rebuilt after war damage.
His extensive correspondence with his Greek student Aristotle Zachos provides an instructive insight into the Karlsruhe architecture scene at the beginning of the 20th century.
(under Durm's leadership)
- Freiburg in Breisgau
- Main cemetery (1873)
- Synagogue on Kronenstrasse (1875)
- Vierordtbad (1873)
- Festival hall (1877)
- Hereditary Grand Ducal Palace (1891–1897, Federal Court of Justice since 1950 )
- Schmieder residence (1881–1884, Prinz-Max-Palais since 1900 ; seat of the Federal Constitutional Court 1951–1969)
- Bürklin Palace (1874–1879)
- Official prison (1897)
- School of Applied Arts (1898–1901)
- Grand-Ducal District Office , today the Karlsruhe-Marktplatz police station
- Building of the Upper Rhine Insurance Company
- Ulrike Grammbitter: Josef Durm (1837-1919). An introduction to the architectural work. Dissertation University of Heidelberg 1982, tuduv Munich, 1984. ( digitized version )
- Oswald Hederer: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 4, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1959, ISBN 3-428-00185-0 , p. 202 ( ). In:
- Ernst Koch: Senior Building Director Professor Dr. Josef Durm 1837–1919. An important architect from Baden. In: Badische Heimat , 67 (1987), pp. 288-299.
- Helen Fessas-Emmanouil: Aristoteles Zachos and Josef Durm. A German-Greek architectural friendship . In: "A somewhat bankrupt art institution ...". The old Karlsruhe school between Heinrich Hübsch and Josef Durm ( materials on building history 24). Karlsruhe 2017, pp. 178–212.
- Josef Durm at the Southwest German Archive for Architecture and Civil Engineering
- Heidelberg University Library via Durm
- Josef Durm. In: arch INFORM .
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Durm, Joseph|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German architect|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 14, 1837|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Karlsruhe|
|DATE OF DEATH||April 3, 1919|
|Place of death||Karlsruhe|