City of Östringen
|Height :||148.4 - m|
|Area :||2.1 km²|
|Residents :||3720 (Dec. 31, 2017)|
|Population density :||1,771 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1974|
|Postal code :||76684|
|Area code :||07259|
Odenheim is a village in the district of Karlsruhe in Kraichgau , which was incorporated into Östringen in 1974 . The Odenheim monastery had been located on the site since the high Middle Ages , and it had a significant influence on the development of the place until its abolition in 1802/03.
Odenheim is located in the Katzbachtal in the hill country of the Kraichgau .
Odenheim was first mentioned as Otemheim 769 in the Lorsch Codex . The place is located on an old Roman road and was probably a meeting place for district assemblies as early as Germanic times.
In the Franconian settlement period, various settlements were founded in Odenheim as the central location. The most important of these settlement locations was once Atzelberg , where a stone church and a mill were located next to residential buildings. The early expansion settlements probably went under during the Hungarian invasions in 954. The great moth Wigoldesberg , which was built on the nearby Greifenberg (formerly Wigoldesberg ) and was the seat of the Kraichgau Counts in the 10th and 11th centuries, was of particular importance .
From the 12th century onwards, the history of Odenheim was closely linked to the Benedictine monastery founded by the Counts of Lauffen initially on the Wigoldesberg, later the Odenheim knight's monastery , which had extensive possessions in the area and from which the founding of further towns and monasteries was based. The important monastery led to an upswing in the town, which was granted market rights in 1273 and became an important trading point for cattle and agricultural products. In 1290 the monastery received the right to appoint the town mayor .
After the monastery was destroyed in the Peasants' War in 1525, the management of the monastery property was transferred to the town.
Odenheim has belonged to Östringen since January 1st 1974 and has around 3700 inhabitants on around 2100 hectares.
- The parish church of St. Michael in Odenheim is a Baroque church built in 1778 and expanded in the early 20th century , which towers over the town on a hill. The Protestant Church of Thanks in Odenheim was built in 1967 according to plans by the Bretten architect Baumgärtner.
- The town hall of Odenheim is a massive sandstone building from 1903 with a painted facade. There are also numerous historical half-timbered buildings as well as various small monuments such as wayside crosses, sculptures and fountains.
- In the Lower Abbey Street , a memorial stone commemorates the former synagogue located there.
- The remains of the Benedictine monastery Wigoldesberg in the area of the Stifterhof between Odenheim and Eichelberg include two towers and a storage building from the 15th century.
- Outside of Odenheim is the Siegfriedsbrunnen , which takes up the handwriting C of the Nibelungen saga (sheet 38, stanza 1013, 1-4), in which a well in Otenhaim is named as the scene of the murder of Siegfried.
Odenheim is the only district in the municipality of Östringen to have a train station, the Odenheim train station on the Katzbachbahn . The S 31 line of the Karlsruher Verkehrsverbund (KVV) runs at least every hour, and during rush hour even every 20 minutes on the Odenheim-Karlsruhe route.
- Josef Julius Siebold , pastor in Odenheim 1909–1919, owner of the extension of the parish church
Sons and daughters of the place
- Carl Ludwig August Dänzer (1820–1906), freedom fighter from Baden 1848/49, member of the constituent state assembly, founder and publisher of German-language newspapers in St. Louis, Missouri, USA
- Hermann Hecht (1877–1969), shipping entrepreneur, General Director of the Rhenania Group
- Franz Hörner (1882–1944), automobile racing driver
- Ludwig Basnizki (1885–1957), high school professor
- Günther Hepp (1909–1937), first ascent with the German Himalaya Expedition of three giants: Simon (6545 m), Nepal Peak (7100 m), Siniolchu (6897 m); died in an ice avalanche on Nanga Parbat
- August Vogel (1927–2015), architect, archbishop building director
- Friedrich Hodecker: Odenheim. A hike through 2000 years of Odenheim history . Mosbach / Baden no year (1962)
- Klaus Rössler: Family book (Ortssippenbuch) from Odenheim (district Karlsruhe), created on the basis of local sources (church books from 1695 to 1925) . Odenheim: Local History Working Group 2000 (= Badische Ortssippenbücher 86)
- Östringen , data and facts
- Minst, Karl Josef [transl.]: Lorscher Codex (Volume 4), Certificate 2228, November 21, 769 - Reg. 463. In: Heidelberger historical stocks - digital. Heidelberg University Library, p. 79 , accessed on February 13, 2016 .
- Hodecker 1962, pp. 48-65.
- Erhard Nietzschmann: The free in the country. Former German imperial villages and their coats of arms. Melchior, Wolfenbüttel 2013, ISBN 978-3-944289-16-8 , p. 60.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 482 .